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99 True/False questions

  1. Central Nervous System___ are tools designed to temporarily restrain a subject's movements, such as handcuffs.

          

  2. Objective ReasonablenessAn ___ is any object used for striking. They may disable or cause temporary motor dysfunction.

          

  3. Active Resistance___ is a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing, tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.

          

  4. Auditory Distortion___ is when a person's hearing may be diminished or amplified.

          

  5. Physical AssaultDuring this close contact inside the danger zone, an officer is most vulnerable to a subject's ___.

          

  6. Intent___ is a reasonably perceived, imminent threat to an officer or another person based on the subject's actions, behaviors, words, or other indicators. It is a perception derived from the totality of the circumstances.

          

  7. Electronic Control DevicesECD stands for ___.

          

  8. Joint Manipulation___ immobilizing the subject's head so the subject cannot move or escape. Be careful not to apply too much pressure or torque on the neck or spine when stabilizing the head.

          

  9. Force GuidelinesThe ___ provide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force by criminal justice officers. The structure is based on constitutional considerations and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the officer's response options.

          

  10. Interview stance with an impact weaponAn ___ is a low profile stance with the weapon held partially hidden behind the leg.

          

  11. Pain ComplianceAn officer may gain control over a subject by applying pressure or leverage on a joint by locking it up so that no movement of the joint is possible, causing the subject to comply with verbal direction.

          

  12. Martial arts; Wrestling; BoxingThese techniques are based on a combination of ___, ___, and ___.

          

  13. Custodial SearchThe primary purpose of a ___ is to detect potential weapons and/or contraband.

          

  14. Disengagement___ is discontinuing a command or physical use of force

          

  15. Survival Stress___ is a measure of anxiety caused by an appraisal of a stimulus that leads to an extreme state of arousal.

          

  16. Psychologically___ is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without apparent threat of resistance or violence.

          

  17. Verbal Direction___ immobilizing the subject's head so the subject cannot move or escape. Be careful not to apply too much pressure or torque on the neck or spine when stabilizing the head.

          

  18. Defensive tactics___ is a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by criminal justice officers to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance.

          

  19. Custodial Search TechniqueThe primary purpose of a ___ is to detect potential weapons and/or contraband.

          

  20. Arousal___ is the officer's elevated mind-body state that occurs in the presence of a perceived challenge or threat. When the stimulus exceeds an officer's coping mechanisms, the stimulus will now be perceived as a threat and lead to extreme ___.

          

  21. Warm-upA ___ session elevates the heart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscles, which saturates the muscles with oxygen.

          

  22. Condition OrangeRecognition that a threat exists

          

  23. Reasonable Suspicion___ is when blood flow is restricted from the extremities and skin. The body pulls the blood away from the arms and legs into the torso. This keeps the blood near vital organs in case of emergency and also protects the arms and legs (our weapons) from losing blood in case of injury.

          

  24. Deadly Force Resistance___ is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.

          

  25. Critical Incident AmnesiaOfficers who are exposed to an extremely stressful situation, such as an officer-involved shooting, may experience short and long-term memory loss. This is a temporary or sometimes permanent condition known as ____.

          

  26. Appraisal___ is the officer's evaluation and assignment of challenge or threat value to a stimulus.

          

  27. Appropriate Force___ is the amount of force reasonably necessary to make an arrest.

          

  28. Condition YellowGeneral awareness of possible threats

          

  29. Vasodilation___ is when blood flows into the larger muscle groups providing oxygen to power flight and aid in escape.

          

  30. Visual Distortion___ is when a person's hearing may be diminished or amplified.

          

  31. Touch___ is a nonthreatening, noncustodial physical contact and can be used to support or emphasize a verbal command. It can be effective to enhance your communication; however, you must evaluate carefully so as not to escalate a subject's resistance.

          

  32. BalanceThe most common impact weapon is the ___.

          

  33. Fear-induced stress or Combat stress.___ is a mind-body reaction to fear.

          

  34. Fluid Shock PrincipleFor maximum effectiveness, most strikes are delivered utilizing penetration so that the striking object stays on or indented in the target for an instant allowing for energy transfer. When a major muscle mass is struck this way, it displaces the water content in the muscle and penetrates the nerves within, creating a shock wave. The effect on the subject will be greatly multiplied. This is known as the ____. When delivering a strike, an officer strikes a muscle so that the striking object penetrates the muscle and nerves of the target area. This is a full transfer f kinetic energy that increases the power of the strike.

          

  35. CMS Criminal Justice Defensive TacticsThe ___ course provides basic recruits with training in the physical skills necessary for the use of force in controlling subjects and for self-defense.

          

  36. Offensive ready stance with an impact weaponAn ___ is a high profile stance with the weapon held at a shoulder position to enable a rapid strike.

          

  37. Impact WeaponAn ___ is any object used for striking. They may disable or cause temporary motor dysfunction.

          

  38. Eye Gaze___ is the tendency of your eyes to fixate to one location. When an officer focuses on the perceived threat, this focus may cause the officer to not see other details of the event.

          

  39. Electronic Immobilization DevicesElectronic control devices (ECD) are also called ___.

          

  40. Verbal____ cues may include abnormal stuttering, serious and specific swearing, and specific verbal threats.

          

  41. Motor Dysfunction___ is when a person's hearing may be diminished or amplified.

          

  42. Perceptual Time DistortionOccurrences seem to be faster or slower than they actually are.

          

  43. Restraint Devices___ are tools designed to temporarily restrain a subject's movements, such as handcuffs.

          

  44. Temporary Motor DysfunctionAn officer may gain control over a subject by using an incapacitation technique that causes temporary impairment of muscular control.

          

  45. 3-5___ appears to play a vital role in the officer's recovery from the critical incident.

          

  46. Vasoconstriction___ is due to physiological changes in the eye, vision may become distorted. Officers may as see darkness around the edges of their vision (tunnel vision). Officers may also lose the ability to see close objects with detail (farsightedness).

          

  47. Stabilization___ immobilizing the subject's head so the subject cannot move or escape. Be careful not to apply too much pressure or torque on the neck or spine when stabilizing the head.

          

  48. Officer Presence___ is your ability to convey to subjects and onlookers that you are able and ready to take control. Subjects' and onlookers' reaction toward you depends on their perceptions of how you present yourself.

          

  49. Command Presence___ is the way you carry yourself. Your presence can determine whether a subject's resistance escalates or de-escalates.

          

  50. Passive Resistance___ is a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon that create a reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.

          

  51. De-escalation___ is increasing the use of force or resistance.

          

  52. Physical Control___ is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.

          

  53. Balance Displacement___ is discontinuing a command or physical use of force

          

  54. Complex Motor___ skills combine fine and gross motor skills using hand and eye coordination timed to a single event, such as driving a vehicle.

          

  55. Physical Force___ is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.

          

  56. Weapons of OpportunityThe baton is not the only impact weapon available to an officer. Any item an officer has at hand may be used as a potential impact weapon when needed, such as a broomstick, flashlight, clipboard, or radio. These unconventional impact weapons are also known as ___.

          

  57. Plain Feel DoctrineUnder the ___, the officer may seize any object "whose contour or mass" he or she identifies as apparent contraband.

          

  58. To apprehend a subject/ Make an arrest; To defend self or others.The statute identifies two general areas in which an officer's use of force is justified: ___ and ___.

          

  59. Vascular Neck Restraint___ is the use of proper, clear, and concise commands to let a subject know what you need or expect him or her to do. It is usually the first step in controlling the subject's actions. Establish yourself as a criminal justice officer. Give clear and concise commands. Make sure that your commands are loud enough for the subject to hear.

          

  60. Mechanical ComplianceAn officer may gain control over a subject by applying pressure or leverage on a joint by locking it up so that no movement of the joint is possible, causing the subject to comply with verbal direction.

          

  61. Pat DownA ___ is a physical frisk of a subject conducted in a predetermined pattern to locate weapons. Before a law enforcement officer may conduct it, he or she must have reasonable suspicion that the subject is armed. (See F.S. §901.151, Florida Stop and Frisk Law.)

          

  62. Escalation___ immobilizing the subject's head so the subject cannot move or escape. Be careful not to apply too much pressure or torque on the neck or spine when stabilizing the head.

          

  63. Cardiovascular training___ is any exercise that elevates the heart rate to a range between 60 to 85 percent of the maximum rate.

          

  64. Electronic Control Devices___ are weapons that use a battery-powered current of electricity. The current is high voltage and low amperage and is considered safe when used on people. These devices control a subject through an artificial contraction of the muscles which may cause extreme muscular tension and complete structural dysfunction.

          

  65. Pressure points___ are techniques used to control resistant behavior by using pain compliance.

          

  66. Quadrant Search ApproachA ___ is used when a subject is taken into custody in an unsecured environment. Unlike the pat down, this is a complete search of the subject.

          

  67. REMINDER! Pg. 228REMINDER! Study the Handcuff Nomenclature!

          

  68. Sympathetic Nervous SystemThe ___, sometimes called the rest and digest system, is the part of the autonomic nervous system that is concerned with controlling the body during normal, routine situations.

          

  69. Touch Pressure___ is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without apparent threat of resistance or violence.

          

  70. Totality of CircumstancesRecognition that a threat exists

          

  71. Communication___ is the exchanging of information through verbal and nonverbal methods which provides valuable insight into the likelihood of cooperation and compliance of a subject.

          

  72. Sleep___ appears to play a vital role in the officer's recovery from the critical incident.

          

  73. Fight; Flight; Posture; SubmitThere are four instinctual reactions to survival stress: ___, ___, ___, and ___.

          

  74. Deadly ForceA ___ is a government intrusion into a place in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy.

          

  75. Gross Motor___ skills are the movements of the large or major muscles of the body, which are used in tasks such as running, punching, or kicking.

          

  76. Heuristics___ are mental shortcuts that allow people to solve problems and make judgments quickly and efficiently.

          

  77. Heart Disease___ are mental shortcuts that allow people to solve problems and make judgments quickly and efficiently.

          

  78. Perceptual Space DistortionThe physical skills in defensive tactics require ___ and ___ to master.

          

  79. Limbic System___ is the parts of the brain that are especially focused on emotion and motivation.

          

  80. Opportunity___ means the subject is capable of acting on a plan to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.

          

  81. Nonlethal Weapon___ cues may include the following:
    • increased breathing and pulse rates
    • cessation of all movement
    • clenched fists and quivering hands
    • refusal to show palms of hands
    • reddened or flushed face
    • expanding veins showing prominently on face and forearms
    • shifting of shoulders or change of stance
    • target glance
    • ignoring the officer
    • rapid, angry movements

          

  82. Submit___ is a reasonably perceived, imminent threat to an officer or another person based on the subject's actions, behaviors, words, or other indicators. It is a perception derived from the totality of the circumstances.

          

  83. Practice; RepetitionThe physical skills in defensive tactics require ___ and ___ to master.

          

  84. Parasympathetic Nervous SystemThe ___ is the part of the autonomic nervous system that is concerned especially with preparing the body to react to situations of stress or emergency. This system activates what is often called the fight or flight response.

          

  85. Intermediate Weapons___ are tools designed to temporarily restrain a subject's movements, such as handcuffs.

          

  86. Aggressive Resistance___ is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.

          

  87. Fine Motor___ skills refer to the muscle control required to make small, precise movements, such as unlocking handcuffs with a key.

          

  88. Flexibility___ means the subject is capable of acting on a plan to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.

          

  89. Dialogue___ is a controlled, non-emotional communication between an officer and a subject aimed at problem solving and communication. Used as a strategy, it is intentionally designed to gain rapport and exchange information.

          

  90. HandcuffsA ___ session elevates the heart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscles, which saturates the muscles with oxygen.

          

  91. Search___ is a nonthreatening, noncustodial physical contact and can be used to support or emphasize a verbal command. It can be effective to enhance your communication; however, you must evaluate carefully so as not to escalate a subject's resistance.

          

  92. Ability___ refers to the subject having the means to carry out his or her intent to cause death or great bodily harm.

          

  93. Excited Delirium___ is decreasing the use of force or resistance.

          

  94. Nonverbal___ cues may include the following:
    • increased breathing and pulse rates
    • cessation of all movement
    • clenched fists and quivering hands
    • refusal to show palms of hands
    • reddened or flushed face
    • expanding veins showing prominently on face and forearms
    • shifting of shoulders or change of stance
    • target glance
    • ignoring the officer
    • rapid, angry movements

          

  95. Survival Stress___ is a mind-body reaction to fear.

          

  96. BatonThe most common impact weapon is the ___.

          

  97. Cool-down___ is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without apparent threat of resistance or violence.

          

  98. Compliance___ is a subject's response to a combination of pain and verbal commands to stop resisting.

          

  99. Leverage___ is using a great force against a weaker resistance. It is used in conjunction with joint manipulation and/or pain and mechanical compliance in order to gain control.