99 Multiple choice questions
is a nonthreatening, noncustodial physical contact and can be used to
support or emphasize a verbal command. It can be effective to enhance
your communication; however, you must evaluate carefully so as not to
escalate a subject's resistance.
- ___ is force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm.
- ___ is a controlling technique used to break the subject's balance through the use of leverage principles.
- ___ is when a person's hearing may be diminished or amplified.
- ___ is the parts of the brain that are especially focused on emotion and motivation.
- ___ skills refer to the muscle control required to make small, precise movements, such as unlocking handcuffs with a key.
immobilizing the subject's head so the subject cannot move or escape.
Be careful not to apply too much pressure or torque on the neck or spine
when stabilizing the head.
- These techniques are based on a combination of ___, ___, and ___.
- There are four instinctual reactions to survival stress: ___, ___, ___, and ___.
- ___ is discontinuing a command or physical use of force
is touching the location of a nerve or sensitive area and applying
continual, uninterrupted pressure with the tip of the finger(s) or thumb
until the subject complies.
- Under the ___, the officer may seize any object "whose contour or mass" he or she identifies as apparent contraband.
- General awareness of possible threats
- ___ is the officer's evaluation and assignment of challenge or threat value to a stimulus.
is a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the
officer such as bracing, tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the
officer from establishing control over the subject.
- A ___ is a government intrusion into a place in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy.
- ___ is a mind-body reaction to fear.
who are exposed to an extremely stressful situation, such as an
officer-involved shooting, may experience short and long-term memory
loss. This is a temporary or sometimes permanent condition known as
- The ___ is composed of the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system.
- ___ is a type of incapacitation that causes temporary impairment of muscle control, such as a charley horse.
is the use of proper, clear, and concise commands to let a subject know
what you need or expect him or her to do. It is usually the first step
in controlling the subject's actions. Establish yourself as a criminal
justice officer. Give clear and concise commands. Make sure that your
commands are loud enough for the subject to hear.
- ___ is the leading cause of premature death for both men and women, cardiovascular fitness is extremely important.
is when blood flow is restricted from the extremities and skin. The
body pulls the blood away from the arms and legs into the torso. This
keeps the blood near vital organs in case of emergency and also protects
the arms and legs (our weapons) from losing blood in case of injury.
skills are the movements of the large or major muscles of the body,
which are used in tasks such as running, punching, or kicking.
- ____ cues may include abnormal stuttering, serious and specific swearing, and specific verbal threats.
- The statute identifies two general areas in which an officer's use of force is justified: ___ and ___.
is the exchanging of information through verbal and nonverbal methods
which provides valuable insight into the likelihood of cooperation and
compliance of a subject.
- Survival stress is sometimes called ___ or ___.
___ is used when a subject is taken into custody in an unsecured
environment. Unlike the pat down, this is a complete search of the
- The physical skills in defensive tactics require ___ and ___ to master.
is a term the court uses to refer to all facts and circumstances known
to the officer at the time, or reasonably perceived by the officer as
the basis for, a use of force decision.
is the tendency of your eyes to fixate to one location. When an officer
focuses on the perceived threat, this focus may cause the officer to
not see other details of the event.
is due to physiological changes in the eye, vision may become
distorted. Officers may as see darkness around the edges of their vision
(tunnel vision). Officers may also lose the ability to see close
objects with detail (farsightedness).
- ___ is the way you carry yourself. Your presence can determine whether a subject's resistance escalates or de-escalates.
- An ___ is any object used for striking. They may disable or cause temporary motor dysfunction.
is a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used
by criminal justice officers to respond to a subject's aggression or
officer may gain control over a subject by using an incapacitation
technique that causes temporary impairment of muscular control.
is using a great force against a weaker resistance. It is used in
conjunction with joint manipulation and/or pain and mechanical
compliance in order to gain control.
- REMINDER! Study the Handcuff Nomenclature!
is the officer's elevated mind-body state that occurs in the presence
of a perceived challenge or threat. When the stimulus exceeds an
officer's coping mechanisms, the stimulus will now be perceived as a
threat and lead to extreme ___.
- To ___ is to completely relinquish control to another.
___ is a physical restraint compressing certain veins and arteries in
the neck to cause a subject to lose consciousness for a brief period of
a balanced posture is essential in performing any technique. Your head
and hips must be aligned and your weight distributed evenly between your
feet. If any one of these points is misaligned, you are not in ___.
- ___ is facts or circumstances which reasonably
indicate that the person has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a violation of the law
- Occurrences seem to be faster or slower than they actually are.
- During this close contact inside the danger zone, an officer is most vulnerable to a subject's ___.
- A ___ after physical activity redistributes the blood flow, causing the metabolic rate to decrease.
- ___ refers to the subject having the means to carry out his or her intent to cause death or great bodily harm.
is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an
officer's lawful direction causing the officer to use physical
techniques to establish control.
officer may gain control over a subject by applying pressure or
leverage on a joint by locking it up so that no movement of the joint is
possible, causing the subject to comply with verbal direction.
- ___ is a measure of anxiety caused by an appraisal of a stimulus that leads to an extreme state of arousal.
strike with an impact weapon affects a subject ___ when he sees an
officer use the weapon in a controlled, competent manner. It gives the
impression of a well trained officer and emphasizes his or her authority
and command presence.
- ___ is a subject's response to a combination of pain and verbal commands to stop resisting.
is a state of extreme mental and physiological excitement characterized
by exceptional agitation and hyperactivity, overheating, excessive
tearing of the eyes, hostility, superhuman strength, aggression, acute
paranoia, and endurance without apparent fatigue".
- ___ is decreasing the use of force or resistance.
all pressure point techniques, applying pressure longer than ___
seconds without a response may result in an adrenaline surge.
- ___ appears to play a vital role in the officer's recovery from the critical incident.
- An ___ is a low profile stance with the weapon held partially hidden behind the leg.
- ___ are temporary restraining devices used frequently to control a subject.
- The most common impact weapon is the ___.
officer may gain control over a subject by bending or twisting a joint
in a direction that will cause pain or discomfort to the joint.
___ is a physical frisk of a subject conducted in a predetermined
pattern to locate weapons. Before a law enforcement officer may conduct
it, he or she must have reasonable suspicion that the subject is armed.
(See F.S. §901.151, Florida Stop and Frisk Law.)
- ___ is any exercise that elevates the heart rate to a range between 60 to 85 percent of the maximum rate.
- Because ___ reduces the risk of injuries, stretching exercises should be conducted every day.
- Electronic control devices (ECD) are also called ___.
is a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon
that create a reasonable perception by the officer that the subject
intends to cause and has the capability of causing death or great bodily
harm to the officer or others.
- The primary purpose of a ___ is to detect potential weapons and/or contraband.
- ___ means the subject is capable of acting on a plan to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
- A ___ is a weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm.
- ___ is increasing the use of force or resistance.
- Recognition that a threat exists
is a reasonably perceived, imminent threat to an officer or another
person based on the subject's actions, behaviors, words, or other
indicators. It is a perception derived from the totality of the
- Objects appear to be closer or farther than they actually are.
___ provide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable
use of force by criminal justice officers. The structure is based on
constitutional considerations and case law and describes appropriate
decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines
consider the relationship between subject resistance and various
situational factors in determining the officer's response options.
is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or
leverage-enhanced techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters,
restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.
___ course provides basic recruits with training in the physical skills
necessary for the use of force in controlling subjects and for
___, sometimes called the rest and digest system, is the part of the
autonomic nervous system that is concerned with controlling the body
during normal, routine situations.
- ___ is the amount of force reasonably necessary to make an arrest.
- ___ are tools used when empty-handed control is ineffective, but the subject's level of resistance does not merit deadly force.
- ___ includes physical control, the use of nonlethal weapons, and deadly force.
maximum effectiveness, most strikes are delivered utilizing penetration
so that the striking object stays on or indented in the target for an
instant allowing for energy transfer. When a major muscle mass is struck
this way, it displaces the water content in the muscle and penetrates
the nerves within, creating a shock wave. The effect on the subject will
be greatly multiplied. This is known as the ____. When delivering a
strike, an officer strikes a muscle so that the striking object
penetrates the muscle and nerves of the target area. This is a full
transfer f kinetic energy that increases the power of the strike.
- An ___ is a high profile stance with the weapon held at a shoulder position to enable a rapid strike.
is a controlled, non-emotional communication between an officer and a
subject aimed at problem solving and communication. Used as a strategy,
it is intentionally designed to gain rapport and exchange information.
- ___ is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without apparent threat of resistance or violence.
- ECD stands for ___.
- ___ is when blood flows into the larger muscle groups providing oxygen to power flight and aid in escape.
are weapons that use a battery-powered current of electricity. The
current is high voltage and low amperage and is considered safe when
used on people. These devices control a subject through an artificial
contraction of the muscles which may cause extreme muscular tension and
complete structural dysfunction.
courts have used the term ___ to describe the process for evaluating
the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.
- ___ are techniques used to control resistant behavior by using pain compliance.
- A ___ session elevates the heart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscles, which saturates the muscles with oxygen.
- ___ cues may include the following:
• increased breathing and pulse rates
• cessation of all movement
• clenched fists and quivering hands
• refusal to show palms of hands
• reddened or flushed face
• expanding veins showing prominently on face and forearms
• shifting of shoulders or change of stance
• target glance
• ignoring the officer
• rapid, angry movements
custodial search of a subject should be done in a systematic and
predetermined pattern using the ___, which is dividing the body into
four sections horizontally and vertically.
- ___ are mental shortcuts that allow people to solve problems and make judgments quickly and efficiently.
- ___ are tools designed to temporarily restrain a subject's movements, such as handcuffs.
skills combine fine and gross motor skills using hand and eye
coordination timed to a single event, such as driving a vehicle.
is a subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause
injury but are not likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the
officer or others.
baton is not the only impact weapon available to an officer. Any item
an officer has at hand may be used as a potential impact weapon when
needed, such as a broomstick, flashlight, clipboard, or radio. These
unconventional impact weapons are also known as ___.
___ is the part of the autonomic nervous system that is concerned
especially with preparing the body to react to situations of stress or
emergency. This system activates what is often called the fight or
is your ability to convey to subjects and onlookers that you are able
and ready to take control. Subjects' and onlookers' reaction toward you
depends on their perceptions of how you present yourself.