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74 True/False questions

  1. Four-secondThe ___ rule establishes a minimum safe following distance for all vehicles and provides space and time for the driver to react to potential hazards. This rule applies at the posted speed limit when weather and road conditions are good.

          

  2. 450; 150According to F.S. s. 316.271(6), Every authorized emergency vehicle shall be equipped with a siren, whistle, or bell capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than ___ feet and of a type approved by the department, but such siren, whistle, or bell shall not be used except when the vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law, in which event the driver of the vehicle shall sound the siren, whistle, or bell when reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof.

          

  3. Eye-targetingOptical driving is also referred to as ___.

          

  4. Pitch; Roll; YawThe ___ stress of an emergency call may cause you to exceed your ability or your vehicle's ability in trying to catch the offender at any cost or get there before anyone else.

          

  5. Two-second___ supplies approximately 90-95 percent of incoming data to a driver.

          

  6. 500According to F.S. s. 316.271(6), Every authorized emergency vehicle shall be equipped with a siren, whistle, or bell capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than ___ feet and of a type approved by the department, but such siren, whistle, or bell shall not be used except when the vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law, in which event the driver of the vehicle shall sound the siren, whistle, or bell when reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof.

          

  7. Vision___ supplies approximately 90-95 percent of incoming data to a driver.

          

  8. City of Inellas Park v. Brown,___ is define as ability to distinguish colors.

          

  9. PitchTransmission fluid is measured in ___.

          

  10. Radius____ is define as sharpness of vision.

          

  11. Centrifugal Force___ requires entering an intersection safely and properly at normal driving speeds and making a 90-degree turn to the right or left. Proper braking is an important element of negotiating a turn.

          

  12. Pounds Per Square Inch___ is define as turning the vehicle's front tires in the desired direction to regain traction.

          

  13. Over Steer___ is the tendency of a vehicle to turn less sharply than the driver intends. The cause of this may be a combination of excessive speed, lack of traction on the steering tires, and improper braking in a turn or curve. A combination of two or more of these errors can cause an officer to lose control.

          

  14. Anti-lock Braking SystemAn ___ is a turn that gets wider during the turn much like a circle getting larger.

          

  15. Front; Rear___ is the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a sharper turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside. This generally occurs at higher speeds when the rear tires lose traction and excessive braking occurs in a turn or curve.

          

  16. Brower v. Inyo CountyIn ___, 489 U.S. 593 (1989), the U.S. Supreme Court addressed the issue of deadly force in a police pursuit. In that case, the court held that certain pursuit tactics might result in a claim of a constitutional violation as a seizure by deadly force.

          

  17. DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social ServicesIn ___, 489 U.S.189 (1989), the U.S. Supreme Court stated that an officer or agency has no duty to guarantee a person's safety unless a special relationship exists between the police and that person.

          

  18. PursuitA ___ results when the wheels lock and do not turn while the vehicle is moving. Both rolling friction and traction are lost.

          

  19. 8 and 4 O'ClockIt is recommended officers place their hands at the ___ position. This hand position provides quicker response, reduces fatigue and reduces injury if the air bag deploys. The design of some steering wheels may require a slightly different hand position.

          

  20. Night Vision___ is define as ability to see clearly in darkness.

          

  21. Centripetal Force___ is the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts outwardly away from the center of rotation.

          

  22. Counter SteeringThe ___ technique is when the vehicle is steered closest to the middle of
    the curve.

          

  23. Higher; Lower___ is the tendency of a vehicle to turn less sharply than the driver intends. The cause of this may be a combination of excessive speed, lack of traction on the steering tires, and improper braking in a turn or curve. A combination of two or more of these errors can cause an officer to lose control.

          

  24. Depth Perception___ is define as ability to judge distance and perceive space to determine how far away an object is.

          

  25. Constant RadiusAn ___ is a turn that gets wider during the turn much like a circle getting larger.

          

  26. PhysiologicalThe ___ stress of an emergency call may cause you to exceed your ability or your vehicle's ability in trying to catch the offender at any cost or get there before anyone else.

          

  27. Incipient SkidAn ___ happens just before the tires lose traction during braking. The tires lock, causing loss of steering control and a skid.

          

  28. Center ApexingThe ___ technique, in most cases,
    is the best cornering or turning method. It allows the most room for driver error.

          

  29. Under Steer___ is the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a sharper turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside. This generally occurs at higher speeds when the rear tires lose traction and excessive braking occurs in a turn or curve.

          

  30. PsychologicalThe ___ stress of an emergency call may cause you to exceed your ability or your vehicle's ability in trying to catch the offender at any cost or get there before anyone else.

          

  31. ApexAn ___ is the center point of any curve.

          

  32. AcuityAn ___ is the center point of any curve.

          

  33. YawAccording to F.S. s. 316.271(6), Every authorized emergency vehicle shall be equipped with a siren, whistle, or bell capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than ___ feet and of a type approved by the department, but such siren, whistle, or bell shall not be used except when the vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law, in which event the driver of the vehicle shall sound the siren, whistle, or bell when reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof.

          

  34. Traction___ supplies approximately 90-95 percent of incoming data to a driver.

          

  35. Peripheral Vision___ is define as ability to see clearly in darkness.

          

  36. A Fixed ObjectThe ___ is the forward motion that causes a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel.

          

  37. Roll___ occurs when turning. This shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side.

          

  38. Late ApexingThe ___ technique is when the vehicle is steered so it is closest to the inside of the curve before reaching the apex. This technique increases centrifugal force and can cause loss of control.

          

  39. Late ApexingThe ___ technique is when the vehicle is steered so it is closest to the inside of the curve before reaching the apex. This technique increases centrifugal force and can cause loss of control.

          

  40. Weight Transfer; Centrifugal Force___ and ___ can also influence a skid.

          

  41. Slight AngleWhen an officer cannot avoid striking or driving over obstacles, the officer should strike it at a ___ (when possible) with free rolling tires.

          

  42. PintsTransmission fluid is measured in ___.

          

  43. Wheel tracking___ is an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a tighter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn.

          

  44. InspectionsFor personal safety, an officer should perform ___ before and after every use of the vehicle.

          

  45. Concrete___ requires entering an intersection safely and properly at normal driving speeds and making a 90-degree turn to the right or left. Proper braking is an important element of negotiating a turn.

          

  46. LeftAn officer should always offset his or her vehicle to the ___ of the available roadway but within his or her lane.

          

  47. Rolling FrictionThe best traction is___, which is when the tires constantly rotate on the road surface without losing contact.

          

  48. Doorjamb___ is an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (with emergency equipment activated), to apprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive actions, or refuses to stop in an apparent attempt to avoid apprehension.

          

  49. Caster Effect___ is the tendency of a vehicle to turn less sharply than the driver intends. The cause of this may be a combination of excessive speed, lack of traction on the steering tires, and improper braking in a turn or curve. A combination of two or more of these errors can cause an officer to lose control.

          

  50. Cornering___ requires entering an intersection safely and properly at normal driving speeds and making a 90-degree turn to the right or left. Proper braking is an important element of negotiating a turn.

          

  51. Psychological; PhysiologicalResponding to an emergency call causes stress, which can lead to many ___ and ___ reactions.

          

  52. LiabilityAn officer creates potential for ___ if something happens because of a vehicle problem, especially if inspection and correction could have prevented that problem.

          

  53. Catalytic ConverterOfficers should be aware that a fire can start if the vehicle is left running while parked over a grassy area for an extended period of time. This is usually caused by the extreme heat from a ___.

          

  54. Decreasing RadiusAn ___ is a turn that gets wider during the turn much like a circle getting larger.

          

  55. Tire Contact PatchMost law enforcement vehicles rest on four, six-inch squares (known as the ___).

          

  56. Asphalt___ is an example of porous
    distributive surface.

          

  57. Early ApexingThe ___ technique is when the vehicle is steered so it is closest to the inside of the curve before reaching the apex. This technique increases centrifugal force and can cause loss of control.

          

  58. SlideA ___ also results from loss of both rolling friction and traction. During this, the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.

          

  59. Incipient SpinAn ___ occurs just before the drive tires lose traction during acceleration. (The drive tires are the front tires on a front-wheel drive vehicle or rear tires on a rearwheel drive vehicle.)

          

  60. QuartsEngine oil is measured in ___.

          

  61. 1. The violator stops voluntarily, and the pursuit ends.
    2. The violator is stopped involuntarily, resulting in the violator's apprehension or death.
    3. The officer ends the pursuit without apprehending the violator, permitting the violator to escape,
    at least temporarily.
    4. The violator crashes.
    5. The officer crashes.
    According to the Florida case ___ 604 So.2d 1222 (Fla. 1990), law enforcement has a duty to protect the public when choosing to continue a pursuit.

          

  62. Steering___ is one of the most important aspects of driving a vehicle.

          

  63. Overdriving of Vehicle HeadlightsAn ___ is a turn that gets wider during the turn much like a circle getting larger.

          

  64. Color Vision___ is define as ability to distinguish colors.

          

  65. Anti-lock Braking SystemABS stands for ___.

          

  66. Increasing RadiusA ___ is a turn that remains the same throughout, getting neither wider.
    nor smaller.

          

  67. Optical Driving___ is looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and
    steering in that direction.

          

  68. Pursuit
    Immobilization Technique (PIT)
    In ___, 489 U.S. 593 (1989), the U.S. Supreme Court addressed the issue of deadly force in a police pursuit. In that case, the court held that certain pursuit tactics might result in a claim of a constitutional violation as a seizure by deadly force.

          

  69. Centripetal Force; Centrifugal Force___ and ___ can also influence a skid.

          

  70. SkidA ___ results when the wheels lock and do not turn while the vehicle is moving. Both rolling friction and traction are lost.

          

  71. Power SlideA ___ also results from loss of both rolling friction and traction. During this, the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.

          

  72. Vehicular Stability___ is define as ability to see above, below, and to the sides (A person who is in a stationary vehicle and who has good ___ can see about 180 degrees from side to side.)

          

  73. One-ThirdAlthough only ___ of all driving is done at night, more than half of all fatal crashes occur during hours of darkness.

          

  74. RoadblockA ___ is the distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle. A turn or curve is a portion of a circle.