105 Multiple choice questions
- ___ is for the use and enjoyment of the public and is open to the public.
surveillance is following a person of interest on foot or in a police
vehicle. It requires a safe distance, more than one police officer, more
than one police vehicle, and a coordinated approach, none of which can
draw undue attention to the officers' presence.
- Because of the nature of the evidence, a ___ or a trained ___ should see the bones
at the site as discovered.
- Follow agency guidelines concerning confidential informants, as outlined in ___ Law, s. 914.28, F.S.
- A ___ is a documentation of everyone who handled the evidence as well as
when, why, and what changes, if any, were made to it.
- A ___ is an official court
proceeding in which all parties, with the exception of the defendant, provide sworn testimonies regarding the
facts of the case to one of the attorneys (defense or prosecutor) prior to trial. It is the attorneys' chance to
assess the case further and document your verbal testimony before a trial or hearing.
___ investigation focuses on establishing whether a criminal act has
been committed and, if so, what type and when and where it was
- ___ consists of objects or perishable evidence such as fingerprints, blood, or tire tracks.
- A photographic array is a group of photographs used in a photographic line-up. A photographic array can
be more efficient than a live line-up because the agency can reprint existing photographs. Photographic arrays
can increase the possibility that an adequate number of similar photographs are available for identification.
- Sequential presentation occurs when an independent administrator presents individual photographs to the
victim or witness one at a time
- A ___ supplements your field notes and photographs and helps with report writing.
is entails dividing the area into a number of wedgeshaped sections,
which are usually searched using the strip/line search pattern. Use this
method for extremely large search areas.
- ___ is generally less reliable than ___ because people perceive events differently, do not remember accurately, or lie.
Statutes defines ___ evidence as relevant evidence tending to prove or
disprove a material fact, with numerous exceptions specified.
- There are two main types of information—___ and ___.
- ___ is evidence gathered from witnesses.
- Standard camera flashes will only project ___ feet.
- The job of a ___ is to determine what evidence at the scene belongs to the criminal and not to the victims or witnesses.
- A ___ is the second event that should take
place after photographing the scene and before any detailed work begins.
- ___ prints result from body residues left behind when the friction ridges of the hands or feet make contact with a surface.
- ___ prints are generally invisible to the naked eye.
- 911 Dispatch is also known as the ___.
presentation occurs when the independent administrator presents a group
of photographs to the victim or witness all at once, at the same time.
- A photographic line-up is the process of showing a photographic array to a victim or witness, one at a time,
to allow for the identification or elimination of suspects.
- The ___ view shots show the relationship between the evidence items within the scene.
- Include the ___, ___, ___ and ___, and ___ when submitting photographs.
___ is any person an officer has contact with while on patrol—such as a
concerned citizen or an anonymous complainant with a sense of civic
duty—who does not necessarily generate an incident report. They are
often instrumental to solving a case.
- Modus operandi, meaning mode of operating or MO, refers to how someone does
something, usually repetitive in nature. People are creatures of habit. If something works
one time, they tend to think it should work the next time. This thinking often shows
up in criminal activity. The same person or group may well have committed similar
crimes that exhibit a pattern, or the same or similar MO.
- ___ evidence left at crime scenes may contain DNA.
- A ___ is a person who alleges that a crime has been committed or can be the person who calls the police.
- The most common way to process latent fingerprints is by dusting them with one of several types of ___.
is often used indoors; a variation of the strip/line search pattern.
Searchers overlap a series of lanes in a cross pattern, making the
search more methodical and thorough.
- tool marks
reviewing the report, a ___ investigation can include contacting
witnesses, victims, and suspects, reviewing evidence, locating
additional evidence, and writing a capias request, arrest affidavit, or
evidence, such as items soaked with bodily fluids or living plant
material, must either be air-dried, packaged in breathable containers
such as ___, or both.
- An ___ occurs when you make detailed and systematic inquiries or observations.
- ___ belongs to an individual and is not open to the public.
___ is an officer who administers a photographic array, has no
knowledge of the suspect information, and will meticulously avoid any
conduct that might influence, directly or indirectly, a victim's or a
___ is the process of making detailed and systematic inquiries and
observations about a criminal complaint. The purpose is to recreate what
happened during the incident, identify and locate the suspect, and
develop enough evidence to establish probable cause to make an arrest.
- ___ view shots show the details of a specific item of evidence and must include a scale or identifier.
help to document the relative positions of evidence items in the crime
scene. Place them next to each piece of evidence within the crime scene
after initially photographing the scene and developing your initial
___ at a specific location involves an officer behaving as though
passing by this area is just a part of a normal driving routine.
- A ___ is a door-to-door inquiry of all possible sources of information in a given area.
- Florida's climate is particularly hard on batteries, as ___ deteriorates batteries.
- ___ is composing the photograph so that it depicts what you are trying to document.
- A ___ is a person believed to have committed a crime or offense.
- ___ can provide information that will further your investigation.
- It is easier to ___ the size of a perimeter than to ___ it.
- Examples of ___ evidence can include blood, footwear, and tire impressions, or trace evidence such as hair or fibers.
- Checking for a driver's license is one of the most common ways to locate an individual.
person occupying private property has an ___ that no one can violate
without a search warrant or a valid exception to the warrant
- Include a ___, ___, or ___ in each close-up photograph you take.
- Before trial, you may receive a ___ or notice to give a deposition.
- ___ (1877-1966), a pioneer in forensic science, formulated the
fundamental principle of forensic science: "Every contact leaves a trace."
prints allow fingerprint analysts to distinguish between prints
belonging to either the victims and witnesses or the possible suspects.
___ transfer between the clothes of the victim and the assailant. They
can come from clothing, carpet, rope, automobile carpeting, upholstery,
or other common
Statute s. ___ states that it is a felony to alter, destroy, conceal,
or remove any record, document, or thing with the purpose to impair its
truth or availability in a criminal trial or investigation.
___ is the examination of facts and related law presided over by a
judge or other magistrate who has the authority or jurisdiction to hear
- The ___ and ___ of search dictates the number and type of personnel or resources needed for crime scene processing.
is usually used outside by several people. Divide the search area into
lanes. Have one or more people search each lane by moving in both
directions, examining all areas.
- A ___ is a person who sees, knows, or vouches for something and may make a sworn statement about that information.
- There are several ways to perform surveillance on a suspect's location: ___, ___, and ___
- A ___ is a person harmed by a crime.
- You will collect two types of evidence at a crime scene, ___ and ___.
- A photographic array consists of a minimum of six photographs
- ___ refers to
information not recorded in an official document.
- ___ transfer can provide useful evidence in solving crimes such as a hit-and-run crash.
are people who furnish police with information about crimes, primarily
because of the expectation of some personal benefit or advantage, and
rarely out of a sense of civic duty.
- ___ is anything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact.
___ with a flashlight or using the vehicle spotlight or headlights if
the overall picture requires you to photograph the scene from more than
nine to twelve feet away.
prints are transferred from the friction ridges on fingers by a foreign
substance (not a body residue), like blood, paint, or dirt, and are
Statutes, s. 90.616, addresses the rule of sequestration, which states
that you must follow the judges' orders completely when he or she
invokes the rule. You must not be in the courtroom when other witnesses
are giving testimony. Violating the rule of sequestration may mean the
judge will penalize or punish the witness. The judge may instruct the
jury to disregard the testimony of the witness or strike it from the
record. The judge could even declare a mistrial. Whether or not the
judge invokes the rule, you must never communicate with a juror or known
potential juror, except as directed by the court. If you observe a
possible violation, report it immediately to the courtroom bailiff or
the presiding judge.
___ occurs after the defense files a motion to suppress or to exclude
certain testimony or evidence from the trial, alleging that your
improper actions violated their client's rights. This hearing usually
occurs before the trial but also may occur during the trial. The court
will call on you to testify to your actions related to the stop,
detention, arrest, search, seizure, statements, confessions, or evidence
that the defense is trying to suppress.
- ___ evidence can include bruises, lacerations, broken bones, gunshot wounds, and trace or transfer evidence.
- A patrol officer looking for a wanted person often performs this surveillance.
- The most common method of sketching is using the ___ or ___.
records of privately owned businesses or organizations, including privately owned
utilities, are not open to the public, including law enforcement, and require court orders
to access them.
- ___ the crime scene is the first event that should take place before any detailed crime scene work begins.
records of government entities and publicly owned utilities are records
that, with few exceptions, you may access on demand. The records from
federal, state, county, and city databases can provide additional
information regarding the suspect's address, employment information, and
other essential facts.
- When you correctly identify, protect, collect, preserve, transport, and analyze the ___, it cannot deliver false results.
is the most common method of surveying (measuring and documenting)
objects within the crime scene. This method measures objects from at
least two fixed points, forming a triangle.
- Referred to as
___, this contends that everyone who enters a crime scene will
both bring something into and take something from it.
is used for vehicle searches, outdoors, or a large area. Divide the
area into four different sections and search each using one of the
- Filler photographs are photographs of people,
other than the suspect, that complete the array.
surveillance involves monitoring a person of interest through tracking
devices—cell phone or credit card use—which typically requires a court
___ occurs when an officer presents a victim or witness with a single
suspect for identification, during the same time as the initial
- Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) is a computerized logging system in which dispatch
records every event reported and every instruction given chronologically by date
- The ___ provides proof of security and validates the evidence collected at a crime scene.
prints are among the most valuable types of physical evidence and one
of the most common types of evidence you will recover at a crime scene.
should include the statement ___ unless you are prepared to testify
that every item is precisely drawn to scale on the sketch.
- Use ___ whenever you handle or collect evidence.
- ___ evidence can include a bullet hole in glass held into place by a thin window tint.
is usually used outside by one person. The searcher begins at a certain
point and walks in increasingly larger circles to the outermost
boundary of the search area.
is the process of microscopically analyzing trace evidence, such as
paint, glass, and cloth fibers, to determine a possible source or
origin. It can identify and compare other materials such as textile
fibers, plastics, duct tape, lamp filaments, and fractured, torn, or cut
photographing specific items such as blood drops, weapons, or tire
marks, place a ___ or ___ in the photograph with the evidence to
establish the original positions and draw attention to relevant objects
or evidence for photographing and sketching.
- A ___ is a legal order for an arrest issued by the clerk of courts at the request of the state attorney's office.
surveillance involves parking your vehicle some distance away in a
location that allows an approach to the area on foot in a covert manner.
are a means of documentation that aid in the reconstruction,
explanation, and permanent recording of an incident. It can show
relative positions (spatial relationships) of objects within the crime
scene that are not readily visible in photographs. They can be used to
document where evidence was recovered within the crime scene.
- Records pertaining to ___ arrests and incidents with law enforcement are restricted from the public by Florida law.
- A ___ is anything containing a mark to convey a message.
- In responding to a potential crime scene, you will receive pertinent information regarding the incident from the ___.
- ___ evidence is evidence that can blow or wash away.
- A ___ print is a molded or imbedded fingerprint created by touching an impressionable
surface, such as wet paint or mud that you can easily see.
- According to Florida law, the first appearance hearing must occur within ___ hours of the