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  1. a formal or informal ongoing organization, association, or group that has as one of its primary activities the commission of criminal or delinquent acts, and that consists of three or more persons who have a common name or common identifying signs, colors, or symbols and have two or more members who, individually or collectively, engage in or have engaged in a pattern of criminal street gang activity (according to s. 874.03, F.S.)
  2. multiple members of the gang assault the prospective member for a predetermined length of time
  3. mild, moderate, severe, and profound.

    the majority of individuals with an intellectual disability function at the mild level of disability which may not be easily identifiable. people functioning at this level can learn academic and prevocational skills with special training and work within their community. Individuals with a mild intellectual disability might not understand long- range consequences or be able to make appropriate choices, but they do sometimes realize when they have done something wrong.
  4. • anti-government bumper stickers on vehicles
    • may videotape interactions with law enforcement
    • homemade vehicle registration tags on vehicles
    • present fraudulent ID or claim to have no identification
    • spell personal names in all capital letters or first and last name
    • signatures followed by the words "under separated by a colon (e.g., JOhN DOe, jane:doe) duress," "Sovereign Living Soul" (SLS), or the copyright symbol (©)
  5. not officially gang members but are accepted to some degree.
  6. The individual must be examined within 72 hours of arriving at a receiving facility. If that examination does not determine that the person meets the criteria for involuntary treatment under the Baker act, the person must be released unless he or she consents to voluntary treatment.
  7. involves managing and resolving a dispute rationally and effectively.
  8. is a physiological condition that causes someone to have difficulty in producing sound or understanding language.
  9. a lifelong pattern of behavior that violates rules, social norms, and the rights of others. These individuals also seem to lack the capacity for empathy, guilt, and remorse.
    they will lie and exploit for personal gain and pleasure, have no regard for right or wrong, and are unnecessary risk takers. people with an antisocial personality disorder are often child abusers, pedophiles, rapists, or gang members, and are homicidal. There is limited effective medical or psychological treatment for this personality disorder.
  10. Officers interacting with individuals who display any of these symptoms of having a mental illness should ask them if they have been diagnosed with a mental illness. ask if they are taking any medications, prescribed or illicit, and whether they are taking the appropriate dosage. If the person is experiencing auditory or visual hallucinations, ask them what they are hearing or seeing.


    people with mental illnesses who stop taking their medications or are overmedicated will also be symptomatic.
  11. different from the brief, situational depressive episodes that most people commonly experience with the loss of a loved one, the loss of a job, or financial loss. e term "major depressive" refers to a clinically diagnosed mental illness for someone having multiple, major depressive episodes. Symptoms may be severe, can last for several weeks, and do not include periods of persistent high moods (mania).
  12. changes in their eyesight, including a loss of visual acuity and a deterioration of depth, distance, and peripheral perception. ey are more likely than younger people to suffer loss of balance, which increases their risk of falling. In addition, hearing loss and the loss of the ability to tell from where a sound originates may occur. Sensory impairment may limit a person's mobility, increase their likelihood of accidents, or lead to fear and isolation.
  13. is a hearing loss of such severity that the individual must rely primarily on visual tools such as writing, gestures, sign language, and lip-reading to communicate.
  14. form within schools, neighborhoods, or regions, and in youthful offender, juvenile, and adult correctional facilities. These gangs can be composed of members from other gangs uniting to form a group. hybrid gangs can also be composed of individuals who are loosely organized. their activities can be limited to specific geographic areas or neighborhoods. examples include 704 (or local area codes), Zoe Mafia, and Guatemalans taking Over (GtO).
  15. refers to the people and locations that make up the neighborhoods, institutions, and businesses in the area where you work.
  16. provides substance abusers access to emergency services and temporary detention on either a voluntarily or involuntarily basis.
  17. • a military-style haircut
    • tattoos with military subject matter
    • blended clothing such as a t-shirt with camouflage pants and a cap
    • carrying multiple weapons
    • body language, e.g., military stance
    • license plates and bumper stickers with military subject matter
    • providing a military ID along with driver's license
    • Florida license with "V" for veteran code
  18. Psychological needs:
    Security:
    Social acceptance:
    Self-esteem:
    Fame:
  19. is a formal or informal association of individuals acting in concert or independently to advocate violence and the illegal disruption of the lawful activities of others. extremist groups are either domestic or international.
  20. want to push the boundaries of the rules, both at home and in public, and may show a high degree of irresponsibility, little respect for authority, and unpredictable behavior patterns. Juveniles may also be manipulative and defiant when interacting with anyone, including law enforcement.
  21. generally profess a revolutionary socialist doctrine and view themselves as protectors of the people against capitalism and imperialism.
  22. is the process of allowing the body to rid itself of a drug while managing the symptoms of withdrawal.
  23. a court order issued and signed by a judge that is initiated by one person in the absence of and without representation or notification of other parties
  24. a solution is achieved.

    There are several options available to you when determining how to handle a person in crisis. Observe the individual's behavior prior to taking any legal action, such as arrest, or using the Baker act or Marchman act (both of which will be discussed in greater detail in a few lessons). It may be necessary to use a crisis intervention team (CIt). Not every instance requires action. Some crises can be resolved through effective communication.
  25. (listener)
  26. can be without laws or codes but still have an organizational structure.
  27. involves violent criminal acts intended to coerce or intimidate civilians or influence government policy. e primary objective of these groups is to plan and implement large-scale, high-profile, high-casualty attacks against U.S. residents and interests as well as those of its allies worldwide.
  28. is an individual with an inflated sense of importance, a need for admiration, or a desire to be feared or notorious. Characteristics are dramatic emotional behaviors, difficulties with relationships, a lack of empathy for others, and being aggressive when challenged. ere are no medications to treat narcissistic personality disorder, only psychotherapy.
  29. by showing consideration, respect, and cooperation when interacting with others.
  30. states that no qualified individual with a disability shall be discriminated against or excluded from participation in or sharing of the benefits of the services, programs, employment, or activities of a public entity.
  31. is a restriction of the manner, condition, or duration in which one can perform major life activities compared to non impaired people.
  32. initiated members who usually participate in the gang's social and criminal activities.
  33. the is a public notification system that assists law enforcement in recovering lost elderly people after family members report them as missing. is is particularly helpful when locating elderly individuals with alzheimer's, dementia, or other mental illnesses.
  34. is a person who can both receive and express information and interpret it effectively, accurately, and impartially.
  35. may despair over the loss of a loved one, be depressed by life stressors, lack interest in daily activities, or feel the future is hopeless. people's changes in behavior may lead to actions such as giving away personal belongings, lacking an interest in eating, and participating in self-destructive behaviors such as drinking heavily, using drugs, or cutting their bodies.
  36. a high degree of self-control, patience, flexibility, and understanding is required to work effectively with youthful offenders. You must be able to adapt to whatever situation arises with a juvenile, such as truancy, rebellion, or dangerous behavior.
  37. may be a situation that is uncertain, difficult, or painful, especially when a person in crisis feels unprepared and pressured to take action or make a decision.
  38. such as bullying, violence, aggression, and petty crimes. ere may also be a higher incidence of drug or alcohol involvement among these youths.
  39. is a formal or informal association of individuals acting in concert or independently to advocate violence and the illegal disruption of the lawful activities of others. extremist groups are either domestic or international.
  40. include theft, burglary, fraud, narcotics manufacturing and distribution, assault and battery, racketeering, witness intimidation, extortion, arson, weapons and explosives, counterfeiting, and homicide. typically, violent crime associated with gangs is attributed to hostility between rival gangs.
  41. is an enhanced state of awareness or "being on guard" that impedes one's ability to relax and disengage from a stressful situation.
  42. homeless people may commit thefts, burglaries, or other crimes of opportunity. homeless individuals can be runaways or be truant from school, littering, urinating in public, or defacing public areas.

    the homeless can also become the victims of crime by appearing to be an easy target. Without the security of a home, these individuals can be more vulnerable.
  43. include caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working.
  44. is a false belief that is firmly held in spite of obvious proof or evidence to the contrary; the delusion is this person's reality.
  45. Suicide
  46. is an impairment of the mental or emotional processes that exercise the conscious control of one's actions. Mental illness impairs one's ability to perceive or understand reality.
  47. s the decision by an individual to willingly seek a psychiatric evaluation for symptoms that may be due to mental illness.
  48. have a documented history, a written set of laws or codes, and can have an organizational structure.
  49. is defined as a person who meets one of the following criteria

    a) admits to criminal gang membership.
    b) Is identified as a criminal gang member by a parent or guardian.
    c) Is identified as a criminal gang member by a documented reliable informant.
    d) adopts the style of dress of a criminal gang.
    e) adopts the use of a hand sign identified as used by a criminal gang.
    f ) has a tattoo identified as used by a criminal gang.
    g) associates with one or more known criminal gang members.
    h) Is identified as a criminal gang member by an informant of previously un tested reliability and such identification is corroborated by independent information.
    i) Is identified as a criminal gang member by physical evidence.
  50. is a functional loss of vision.
  51. is the understanding of one's own nature, character, abilities, motives, and limitations.
  52. :a gang provides the youth who have trouble making friends with someone to "hang out" with. Joining a gang can provide members with role models and a sense of identity.
  53. referred to as mental retardation by the american Medical association, is a type of developmental disability,the result is a lifelong condition characterized by slow intellectual development.
  54. occurs when a person needs to increase the dosage of the drug to produce the same effect as the initial dosage.
  55. (graffiti) is defined as writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surface in a public area.
  56. is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities and requires public buildings and spaces to have equal opportunity for access.
  57. the person in crisis is open to suggestions and is willing to try new options.
  58. involves the exchange of messages, verbally and nonverbally, through signals or writing.
  59. is unable to solve the crisis and is overwhelmed by emotions. The individual cannot cope with the situation rationally. Thee inability to cope combined with the loss of problem-solving skills leads to diminished self-esteem. a downward cycle begins in which failure to cope lowers self-esteem, and lowered self-esteem interferes with the ability to cope.
  60. excessive nervousness, tension, apprehension, "fight or flight" behavior, excessive fear or anticipation of imminent danger, flashbacks, or ritualistic behavior such as excessive hand washing.
  61. is an officer's demeanor and confidence exhibited by personal appearance, erect posture, alertness, and attention to surroundings.
  62. provides individuals who have a mental illness, or who may harm or neglect themselves or others, with an emergency service and temporary detention for psychiatric evaluation and voluntary or involuntary short-term community inpatient treatment.
  63. incurable intellectual or behavioral impairment that shows itself before the age of 22 and is likely to continue indefinitely.
  64. age gaps and gender differences may be a barrier to communication or a key factor in the disagreement. Be aware of the juvenile's nonverbal messages, like eye-rolling and using a defensive body posture and a suitable tone of voice. If a juvenile's body language and tone of voice are in conflict with his or her statement, you may want to ask for clarification.
  65. • the subject volunteers to receive treatment, or
    • the court can be petitioned for an ex parte order
    • the officer takes the subject into custody
    • the execution of a certificate by a physician, clinical psychologist, psychiatric nurse, mental health counselor, marriage and family therapist, or clinical social worker stating that the subject meets the criteria for a Baker act
  66. • musculoskeletal injuries
    - limited range of motion - amputation

    • neurological injuries-
    traumatic brain injury (tBI)
    - loss of vision and/or hearing
    - chronic headaches
    - peripheral nerve injuries

    • psychological disorders
    - stress-induced conditions such as ulcers
    - lack of impulse control
    - hyper-vigilance
    - post-traumatic stress disorder (ptSD)
    - suicidal thoughts or attempts to commit suicide
    - homicidal thoughts
  67. rough documentation, a potential gang member can be statutorily identified as a gang member. is identification can then be used in prosecutions to enhance penalties.

    photograph the member's clothing, tattoos, and any other observable identifiers. Many members are proud of their gang affiliation and will often pose for photographs while showing hand signs. Interview the member in an attempt to obtain gang intelligence.
  68. antisocial,
    narcissistic,
    borderline.
  69. may suffer a hearing loss but not to the extent that he or she must rely primarily on visual communication (such as written notes or sign language).
  70. . Individuals with low-functioning autism may engage in coping skills, which allow an overstimulated individual to calm down and behave appropriately in their environment.
  71. Crossed arms or legs may indicate deception or defensiveness. Sweating, rapid breathing, fidgeting, or blinking may indicate nervousness. anger is sometimes demonstrated through clenched fists, pacing, clamped teeth, or a clear unwillingness to communicate. When a person is nervous or withholding information, he or she might rock back and forth. Frowns can show displeasure, uneasiness, or confusion.Smiles may indicate pleasure, confusion, or failure to understand. a lack of obvious emotion may indicate shock, fear, not hearing or understanding, or a sociopathic personality.
  72. a person is at a high risk for suicide when he or she talks about committing suicide, attempts self-injury, or has formulated or indicated a suicide plan.
  73. Officers should use extreme caution when dealing with gang members. Gangs, historically, have no respect for authority, and they typically do not honor the same rules and laws which govern society. If possible, gang members should not be allowed to use hand signs while in the presence of officers. Gang members have been known to use hand signs to silently communicate with other gang members to launch attacks against law enforcement. Some gang members may have military or law enforcement training. as a result, they may have advanced knowledge of and training with combat and weapons tactics.
  74. occurs when a person is chemically and physically dependent upon the substance to maintain normal functioning, not just of the central nervous system, but of all systems.
  75. (TBI) is structural damage sustained by the brain resulting in temporarily or permanently impaired brain function.
  76. is a deeply ingrained, non-psychotic, inflexible pattern of relating, perceiving, and behaving. It is serious enough to cause distress to the people around the individual with a personality disorder.
  77. is the accidental or intentional use of a dangerously large amount of a substance that leads to death.
  78. a good listener concentrates on what is said, focusing on the words, ideas, and important information related to the subject, to encourage clear communication, use active listening skills,repeat to the speaker what you have heard by restating or paraphrasing the speaker's words. Listen carefully, evaluate the statement, and state back key points to the sender to show that you understand what they are saying.
  79. which is signaling with the hand and arm, or body movements simultaneously combined with facial expressions in order to express their thoughts.
  80. is the compulsive abuse of substances. The abuser has no choice but to continue to consume the substance because of uncontrollable physical or psychological addiction.
  81. an assistive listening device (sound amplifier with headphones), or sign-language interpreter also may be used to help with communication.
  82. is an organic, progressive mental disorder characterized by a loss of memory, an impairment of judgment and abstract thinking, and changes in personality.
  83. groups typically believe in racial supremacy, and embrace anti-government and anti-regulatory beliefs.
  84. ASD), sometimes called pervasive developmental disorders (pDD), is a term used to describe a group of conditions that are diagnosed in early childhood that continue throughout adulthood, and that are more prevalent among males than females.
  85. the gang provides protection from enemies, either real or imagined. peer pressure and intimidation from a dominant gang often influences juveniles, so juveniles may join gangs to protect themselves.
  86. sometimes called "mission" or "work," the test of heart requires the gang prospect to commit a criminal act such as a drive-by shooting, assault or battery, robbery, graffiti, or burglary.
  87. (formerly known as manic-depressive illness). Mania is the opposite of depression. Usually, people with mania have previously experienced one or more episodes of major depression. a person in a manic episode feels charged up, high, or excitable. Symptoms of a manic episode include loud, quick, uninterrupted speech, "racing" thoughts, fidgeting, and hyperactivity.
  88. is responsible for the safe placement of abused and neglected children.
  89. Gang membership provides the youth with an outlaw image and substantial amounts of money, providing a sense of power and prestige.
  90. movement consists of a subculture of society that holds anti- government beliefs. Those who follow the sovereign ideology believe, as sovereign citizens, that they are subject only to "common law." They feel they are free from the taxes, regulations, and statutes established by what they believe to be an illegitimate government.
  91. the gang prospect must have sex with one or more members of the gang.
  92. Sovereign citizens are known for clogging the courts with a multitude of filings consisting of hundreds of documents containing unintelligible language
  93. can include having a casual drink with friends, taking a prescribed drug according to label directions, or taking aspirin daily to prevent heart disease.
  94. requires very little from the prospect. e prospect is blessed into the gang due to a family member being a high ranking or well-respected member of the gang
  95. Tagging (graffiti)
    tattoos are used to show commitment to a gang.
    hand signs
    Clothing and jewelry
  96. occurs when a person feels that he or she needs drugs to cope with problems, function better in life, or feel happier.
  97. Gangs typically recruit youths who have low self-esteem or are bullied by others. e gang provides "backup" for these kids and protects them from further harassment.
  98. is a continual internal monologue that occurs as the officer evaluates the events taking place around him or her.
  99. aspires to become gang members. Not yet accepted, they experiment with the gang lifestyle.
  100. (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder that develops after experiencing an extremely terrifying event.
  101. prospective members who are generally accepted by the gang.
  102. These individuals may ambush an officer after distracting him or her with confusing documents and animated arguments for sovereignty status.
  103. Third-highest number of people living on its streets or in emergency shelters in our country, according to the Department of Children and Families Council on homelessness. Nearly 60,000 people live on the streets or in shelters daily. These numbers do not capture the "invisible" homeless, or those who are forced to share housing with others. a one-day count of the homeless in Florida found that 56,000 children and youth were homeless.
  104. is a sensory experience in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that is not there.
  105. that is expressed through tone of voice, facial expressions, gestures, and body language.
  106. is the continued misuse of substances that negatively affect the mind and body.
  107. When communicating with an older person, always treat him or her with dignity, respect, and patience. Speak directly to the person, establish and maintain eye contact, use a conversational tone, and only speak loudly if necessary. Use caution when allowing caregivers to speak on behalf of the elderly person to eliminate any third- party agenda. Include the elderly person in all discussions concerning his or her welfare and adjust your communication based on any disabilities or other limitations.
  108. can range in intensity from mild to debilitating. Some people with anxiety disorders can have panic attacks that are so severe that they mimic a heart attack. During a panic attack, the person will likely experience rapid heartbeat, chest discomfort, sweating, tension, trembling, choking, and a feeling that something terrible is about to happen.
  109. is a visual impairment in which, after correction, objects still look dim or out of focus.
  110. 1. Separate the involved people, making sure they are in a safe location.
    2. assess the needs of the people.
    3. Gather information from all sides.
    4. explore possible options within the boundaries of the law.
    5. Implement a solution.
  111. is significantly higher than that of the general population. Factors that place the elderly at risk for suicide include debilitating physical illnesses (often accompanied by severe pain), the death of a loved one, the loss of independence, and financial inadequacy.
  112. is defined as a person who meets two or more of the following criteria

    a) admits to criminal gang membership.
    b) Is identified as a criminal gang member by a parent or guardian.
    c) Is identified as a criminal gang member by a documented reliable informant.
    d) adopts the style of dress of a criminal gang.
    e) adopts the use of a hand sign identified as used by a criminal gang.
    f ) has a tattoo identified as used by a criminal gang.
    g) associates with one or more known criminal gang members.
    h) Is identified as a criminal gang member by an informant of previously un tested reliability and such identification is corroborated by independent information.
    i) Is identified as a criminal gang member by physical evidence.
  113. refers to the physical and mental symptoms that occur after chronic use of a drug is reduced or stopped.
  114. as a functional limitation that affects one or more of a person's limbs.
  115. is terrorist activity conducted by a group or by individuals who are U.S. citizens operating within the U.S. or its territories.
  116. including language impairments or voice and sound disorders. people with speech impairments are entitled to the same rights as people without a disability and may not be excluded or segregated from services, denied services, or treated differently, even if they require the use of an interpreter.
  117. the person struggles to resolve the situation using methods that worked in a previous similar situation. however, these methods may not always work in every situation. The person's failure to resolve the problem leads to the emotional blockage stage of crisis response.
  118. The inability to easily transition to civilian life is an underlying stressor for veterans. In combat, veterans' survival techniques included swift and strong mental and physical reactions; in civilian life, these techniques can interfere with the foundation of relationships and interpersonal interactions.

    • Family dynamics:
    • Career difficulties:
  119. Gangs provide love, brotherhood, and compassion which are very often lacking in a child's life. is attention is often the only affection the child will receive and is very powerful in forging a strong bond between the child and his or her fellow gang members. Gangs also provide the discipline and leadership (however twisted) needed in this stage of a child's life.
  120. is the ability to understand what someone is saying by watching the movement of the lips, the facial expressions, and the body language of the other speaker when he or she is talking.
  121. include personal prejudices, stereotyping, and racial or ethnic slurs. Miscommunication may occur as a result of age or generational differences. Language differences, profane or derogatory language, and disrespectful hand or body gestures can also serve as communication barriers. personal, environmental, and situational distractions can also disrupt accurate communication.
  122. is defined as any mental, physiological, or physical disorder that makes the completion of major life activities using traditional methods difficult.
  123. are significantly emotionally unstable, and are usually aware of their behavior, but lack the ability to control it. these people often experience rapid and intense mood swings that typically involve angry, erratic, self-destructive, and impulsive behavior toward themselves and others.
  124. (speaker) transmits a message
  125. such as someone avoiding eye contact. One groupmight consider certain mannerisms and gestures to be appropriate, while another group might consider themextremely rude. an officer's eye contact can either intimidate the listener or indicate concern and openness.Culture can also influence how much eye contact is considered permissible. Certain cultures view eye contact asa sign of disrespect or aggression.
  126. Some people in a crisis may display behavioral characteristics that include anger, cursing, making threats, and shouting. physical signs can include a flushed face, heavy or rapid breathing, clenching and unclenching of fists, pacing, pointing fingers, tightening the lips, clenching the teeth, or sweating. Others may appear calm.
  127. directly related to intelligence and occurs in people of all intellectual abilities.
  128. refuse to recognize the authority of municipal, state, and federal governments. They view law enforcement officers as representatives of the government, which they feel is controlled by people who cannot be trusted to preserve law and order. They often train for preemptive attacks or ambushes by the government and are often arrested for weapons violations.
  129. are individuals or a group of gang members that come to prison and realign themselves with traditional and non-traditional gangs.
  130. these services include home-delivered meals, medical care, emotional support, financial management, and assistance with the activities of daily living.

    The Florida Department of elder affairs created a task force to ensure the continued development of strategies to address the needs of people suffering with forms of dementia, such as alzheimer's disease.

    One important resource is the Florida elder help Line at 1-800-96-eLDer.

    1-800-96-aBUSe.
  131. the person realizes he or she is unable to cope with the situation. Life is out of control, emotions are high, and reasoning ability is low. emotions may range from anger to rage, from fear to panic, all leading to confusion.
  132. is a state of physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance.
  133. juveniles as well as adults.
  134. with the officer and the situation may have a relaxed posture with arms down by the side or comfortably in the lap. avoiding eye contact with an officer may mean the person is shy, uneasy, shameful, fearful, or guilty. Looking directly at the officer may indicate that the person is truthful or challenging. If a person takes quick or cautious peeks at the officer, he or she may be seeking approval from the officer.
  135. is any degree of hearing loss. e two classifications of hearing loss are hard of hearing and deafness.