182 Multiple choice questions
is an officer's most valuable nonverbal tool, and you develop it
through a combination of training and self-confidence. (Pg. 108)
- ___ are not officially gang members but are accepted to some degree. They participate on a limited
basis in the gang's social and criminal activities.
- ___ is a lifelong condition characterized by slow intellectual developmental. (Pg. 116)
- ___ is the understanding of one's own nature, character, abilities, motives, and limitations. (Pg. 105)
- ___ is structural damage sustained by the brain resulting in temporarily or permanently impaired brain function. (Pg. 121)
is an organic, progressive mental disorder characterized by a loss of
memory, an impairment of judgment and abstract thinking, and changes in
personality. (Pg. 125)
Statutes states that a ___ is a person under the age of 18; however,
most psychologists believe that the brain is not fully developed until
the age of 25. (Pg. 122)
- ___ is an intense fear of a specific object or situation, such as a fear of heights, spiders, or leaving home.
- ___ usually participate in the gang's social and criminal activities. They
tend to back up hard-core members, who are members fully committed to gang life.
person with ___ personality disorder is an individual with an inflated
sense of importance, a need for admiration, or a desire to be feared or
notorious. Characteristics are dramatic emotional behaviors,
difficulties with relationships, a lack of empathy for others, and being
aggressive when challenged.
is caused by a traumatic event such as war, natural disaster, sexual or
physical assault, or the unexpected death of a loved one, it is
characterized by lasting thoughts and memories of terror causing
may be temporary and often occurs in early adulthood (late teens, early
20s) or middle adulthood (late 30s, early 40s), depending on the
illness. (Pg. 127)
- ___ may include theft, burglary, fraud, narcotics manufacturing and distribution, assault
and battery, racketeering, witness intimidation, extortion, arson, weapons and explosives, counterfeiting, and homicide.
- These numbers do not capture the ___, or those who are forced to share housing with others. (Pg. 127)
- ___ percent of people who are blind or visually impaired have some vision. (Pg. 113)
with a moderate intellectual disability make up about ___ of the
population of people living with an intellectual disability. (Pg. 116)
individual with highfunctioning autism, including ___, may not have the
delayed language development that is typically found in people with
autism. (Pg. 118)
___ provides individuals who have a mental illness, or who may harm or
neglect themselves or others, with an emergency service and temporary
psychiatric evaluation and voluntary or involuntary short-term community inpatient treatment.
- ___ occurs when a person feels that he or she needs drugs to cope with problems, function better in life, or feel happier.
with a ___ intellectual disability require constant care and
supervision and may or may not have developed basic speech. Generally,
officers will not come into direct contact with these individuals but
will deal directly with the caregiver. (Pg. 117)
- Bipolar disorder was formerly known as ___.
- ___ occurs when a person needs to increase the dosage of the drug to produce the same effect as the initial dosage.
is defined as any mental, physiological, or physical disorder that
makes the completion of major life activities using traditional methods
difficult. (Pg. 111)
- ___ is one of America's leading health and social problems that will affect the community you serve.
- ___ involves managing and resolving a dispute rationally and effectively. (Pg. 109)
person is at a high risk for ___ when he or she talks about committing
___, attempts self-injury, or has formulated or indicated a ___ plan.
is a formal or informal ongoing organization, association, or group
that has as one of its primary activities the commission of criminal or
delinquent acts, and that consists of three or more persons who have a
common name or common identifying signs, colors, or symbols and have two
or more members who, individually or collectively, engage in or have
engaged in a pattern of criminal street gang activity.
majority of individuals with an intellectual disability function at the
___ level of disability which may not be easily identifiable. (Pg. 116)
with ___ may not see color well or at all or may lack peripheral
vision, but they can still see and even read with magnifiers or other
aids. (Pg. 113)
- Test of heart: sometimes called ___ and ___. (Pg. 143)
___ is a physiological condition that causes someone to have difficulty
in producing sound or understanding language. (Pg. 115)
- ___ can cause sufferers to appear confused and have faulty muscular coordination or paralysis of the eye muscles.
- Demonstrate ___ by showing consideration, respect, and cooperation when interacting with others. (Pg. 105)
is a court order issued and signed by a judge that is initiated by one
person in the absence of and without representation or notification of
- There are three main types of personality disorders that officers may come in contact with:
are used to show commitment to a gang. They identify a member of a
particular gang, symbolize that person's membership, record acts of
violence, make a statement, or honor a fallen gang member.
- Stages of a Crisis
- In the ___ stage, a solution is achieved.
- If an interpreter is not available, an officer may need to use a T.D.D., which stands for ___. (Pg. 115)
- ___ is a visual impairment in which, after correction, objects still look dim or out of focus. (Pg. 113)
is the ability to understand what someone is saying by watching the
movement of the lips, the facial expressions, and the body language of
the other speaker when he or she is talking. (Pg. 114)
___ is a formal or informal association of individuals acting in
concert or independently to advocate violence and the illegal disruption
of the lawful activities of others.
- ___ builds and more of the same substance is needed to feel good, creating a dependency.
- ___ is the opposite of depression.
- - traumatic brain injury (TBI)
- loss of vision and/or hearing
- chronic headaches
- peripheral nerve injuries
definition applies both to people who cannot see at all (are unable to
distinguish light from dark) and people who have some vision in one or
both eyes. (Pg. 113)
- ___ is a leading cause of death among juveniles.
- ___ is the continued misuse of substances that negatively affect the mind and body.
- A ___ is when multiple members of the gang assault the prospective member for a predetermined length of time.
with a ___ intellectual disability can achieve a primary academic
education and may be able to perform semiskilled work under direct
supervision. They can be independent in familiar surroundings, but may
be easily frustrated with unfamiliar surroundings and circumstances.
- C.I.T. stands for... (Pg. 128)
characteristics of an ___ include excessive nervousness, tension,
apprehension, "fight or flight" behavior, excessive fear or anticipation
of imminent danger, flashbacks, or ritualistic behavior such as
excessive hand washing.
- ___ is expressed through tone of voice, facial expressions, gestures, and body language. (Pg. 105)
- ___ can be without laws or codes but still have an organizational structure.
- ___ is responsible for the safe placement of abused and neglected children. (Pg. 123)
groups generally profess a revolutionary socialist doctrine and view
themselves as protectors of the people against capitalism and
imperialism. These groups aim to change the United States by creating
- ___ promotes self-control, especially when the officer is dealing with emotional triggers. (Pg. 105)
is a severe anxiety disorder that develops after experiencing an
extremely terrifying event. The individual may display symptoms such as
depression, anxiety, flashbacks, and recurring nightmares. (Pg. 120)
a ___, the person will likely experience rapid heartbeat, chest
discomfort, sweating, tension, trembling, choking, and a feeling that
something terrible is about to happen.
- ___ allows an overstimulated individual to calm down and behave appropriately in their environment. (Pg. 118)
is a brain disorder caused by a chemical imbalance that distorts the
way a person thinks, acts, expresses emotion, and perceives reality. ___
people are out of touch with reality and may exhibit strange or
shocking behaviors. They may have sudden changes in their behaviors and
personalities when they lose touch with reality during a psychotic
- Common examples of speech impairments include ___ and ___. (Pg. 115)
- ___ impairs one's ability to perceive or understand reality. (Pg. 127)
- Extremist groups are either ___ or ___.
is a hearing loss of such severity that the individual must rely
primarily on visual tools such as writing, gestures, sign language, and
lip-reading to communicate. (Pg. 114)
is the compulsive abuse of substances. The abuser has no choice but to
continue to consume the substance because of uncontrollable physical or
psychological addiction. The need to obtain and abuse the substance by
any means necessary becomes the constant focus of a person's life.
- Your ___ is the first nonverbal message you give upon arriving at a scene. (Pg. 107)
- ___ is defined as writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a
wall or other surface in a public area.
- The term ___ refers to a clinically diagnosed mental illness for someone having multiple, major depressive episodes.
- Florida gangs are overwhelmingly populated by young males between the ages of __ and __.
- P.T.S.D. stands for... (Pg. 120)
___ is the decision by an individual to willingly seek a psychiatric
evaluation for symptoms that may be due to mental illness.
feel they are free from the taxes, regulations, and statutes
established by what they believe to be an illegitimate government.
is a state of physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance.
When use of the substance is discontinued, withdrawal occurs.
- A.S.D stands for... (Pg. 117)
certified ___ is a person who can both receive and express information
and interpret it effectively, accurately, and impartially. This
definition recognizes that some types of communication require more
sophisticated interpreting skills than others do. (Pg. 114)
has the ___ highest number of people living on its streets or in
emergency shelters in our country, according to the Department of
Children and Families Council on homelessness. (Pg. 127)
- P.D.D stands for... (Pg. 117)
- A ___ is defined as a person who meets two or more of the following criteria as per s. 874.03 (3), F.S.
___ provides substance abusers access to emergency services and
temporary detention on either a voluntarily or involuntarily basis. (Pg.
___ must transmit a message (a request, an order, a question, or a
description) in a form that the receiver/listener understands. (Pg. 104)
contrast with developmental disabilities, ___ can be cured, managed, or
treated with counseling or medication, depending on the type of
illness. (Pg. 127)
- A ___ is any degree of hearing loss. (Pg. 114)
- The badge you wear symbolizes ___ and ___. (Pg. 109)
- A ___ most effectively understands when the sender speaks clearly, using the proper tone of voice and rate of speech. (Pg. 104)
- A ___ is a sensory experience in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that is not there.
- The types of vision impairments that an officer will encounter most often are ___ and ___. (Pg. 113)
person with ___ personality disorder has a lifelong pattern of behavior
that violates rules, social norms, and the rights of others. These
individuals also seem to lack the capacity for empathy, guilt, and
remorse. They will lie and exploit for personal gain and pleasure, have
no regard for right or wrong, and are unnecessary risk takers.
___ is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against
persons with disabilities and requires public buildings and spaces to
have equal opportunity for access. (Pg. 111)
- The ARC stands for... (Pg. 117)
- The individual must be examined within ___ hours of arriving at a receiving facility.
___ may be a situation that is uncertain, difficult, or painful,
especially when a person in crisis feels unprepared and pressured to
take action or make a decision.
- A ___ is defined as a person who meets one of the following criteria as per s. 874.03 (3), F.S.:
individual with a ___ is a person who has a physical or mental
impairment that substantially limits a major life activity, has a record
of such impairment, or is regarded as having such impairment. (Pg. 111)
person who is ___ may suffer a hearing loss but not to the extent that
he or she must rely primarily on visual communication (such as written
notes or sign language). (Pg. 114)
is an enhanced state of awareness or "being on guard" that impedes
one's ability to relax and disengage from a stressful situation. (Pg.
refuse to recognize the authority of municipal, state, and federal
governments. They view law enforcement officers as representatives of
the government, which they feel is controlled by people who cannot be
trusted to preserve law and order. (Pg. 149)
___ is a false belief that is firmly held in spite of obvious proof or
evidence to the contrary; the ___ is this person's reality
is terrorist activity conducted by a group or by individuals who are
U.S. citizens operating within the U.S. or its territories.
- ___ methods include spoken or written language, gestures, facial expressions, and body movements. (Pg. 104)
- The most common types of anxiety disorders include:
an individual is willing to seek treatment, the officer should ask the
individual to submit to a ___. The individual must be competent, able to
make the decision, and be at least 18 years of age.
- Autism spectrum disorders (ASD), sometimes called ___. (Pg. 117)
- T.B.I. stands for... (Pg. 121)
- ___ requires very little from the prospect due to a family member being a high ranking or well-respected member of the gang.
- ___ have a documented history, a written set of laws or codes, and can have an organizational
structure. These gangs often have a leadership structure (implicit or explicit), codes of conduct, colors, special dress, signs, and symbols.
with ___ may have limited use of one or more of their extremities for
walking, grasping, or lifting objects. Their movement from place to
place may rely on a variety of artificial means and devices that range
from braces, canes, crutches, and walkers to regular and motorized
wheelchairs. (Pg. 113)
- ___ is the accidental or intentional use of a dangerously large amount of a substance that leads to death. (Pg. 133)
is a public notification system that assists law enforcement in
recovering lost elderly people after family members report them as
missing. (Pg. 125)
person who has a ___ can experience an extreme panic attack with a
racing heartbeat, sweating, tension, and a feeling that something
terrible is about to happen. This panic attack could be accompanied by
chest pain or discomfort, sweating, trembling, choking, or a feeling
that one is going to die.
- People experiencing ___ are always on alert, constantly scanning their environment for anticipated danger or threats. (Pg. 120)
- ___ is a condition in which they cannot sense pain in their extremities. (Pg. 125)
form within schools, neighborhoods, or regions, and in youthful
offender, juvenile, and adult correctional facilities. These gangs can
be composed of members from other gangs uniting to form a group.
- - limited range of motion
the ___ stage, the person realizes he or she is unable to cope with the
situation. Life is out of control, emotions are high, and reasoning
ability is low. emotions may range from anger to rage, from fear to
panic, all leading to confusion.
- ___ the gang prospect must have sex with one or more members of the gang. Usually this involves female gang prospects.
- ___ can cause shaking, slurred speech, and the appearance of intoxication.
a ___ is also defined by the person's perception and response to the
event. If the person sees the event as significant and threatening, has
used all of their coping strategies without success, and is unaware of
or unable to pursue other alternatives, then a state of crisis exists.
the ___ stage, the person struggles to resolve the situation using
methods that worked in a previous similar situation. However, these
methods may not always work in every situation.
disability, also referred to as ___ by the American Medical
association, is a type of developmental disability. (Pg. 116)
- The general types of commitment within gangs can be divided into the following categories; however, they do
not always follow this progression:
involves violent criminal acts intended to coerce or intimidate
civilians or influence government policy. The primary objective of these
groups is to plan and implement large-scale, high-profile,
high-casualty attacks against U.S. residents and interests as well as
those of its allies worldwide.
occurs when a person is chemically and physically dependent upon the
substance to maintain normal functioning, not just of the central
nervous system, but of all systems.
- The two classifications of hearing loss are ___ and ___. (Pg. 114)
with ___ personality disorder are significantly emotionally unstable,
and are usually aware of their behavior, but lack the ability to control
it. These people often experience rapid and intense mood swings that
typically involve angry, erratic, self-destructive, and impulsive
behavior toward themselves and others. (Pg. 130)
the ___ stage, the person in crisis is open to suggestions and is
willing to try new options. He or she may begin to explain what the
situation personally means and may begin to find answers.
- ___ is periods of persistent high moods.
- Juveniles join gangs for a variety of reasons, including:
are individuals or a group of gang members that come to prison and
realign themselves with traditional and non-traditional gangs.
- ___ is a functional loss of vision. (Pg. 113)
rely on nonverbal communication such as ___, which is signaling with
the hand and arm, or body movements simultaneously combined with facial
expressions in order to express their
thoughts. (Pg. 114)
use ___, repeat to the speaker what you have heard by restating or
paraphrasing the speaker's words. Listen carefully, evaluate the
statement, and state back key points to the sender to show that you
understand what they are saying. (Pg. 105)
are made by forming letters or numbers with hands and fingers to
communicate gang affiliation and to challenge rival gangs. ___, when
used in a particular order, can be used as a form of communication,
commonly referred to as throwing or stacking. (Pg. 144)
- ___ may limit a person's mobility, increase their likelihood of accidents, or lead to fear and isolation. (Pg. 125)
- There are four levels of intellectual disability: (Pg. 116)
- B.D. stands for...
___ is a restriction of the manner, condition, or duration in which one
can perform major life activities compared to nonimpaired people. (Pg.
may not improve the person's ability to understand words but may at
least increase his or her ability to hear sound. (Pg. 114)
with a ___ intellectual disability may recognize their own needs and
wants, but not readily identify the needs and wants of others, and have
few relationships outside of family members and caregivers. (Pg. 116)
- The largest sovereign citizen group in the nation is the ___.
- Alternating episodes of depression and mania are the main characteristics of ___.
citizens are known for clogging the courts with a multitude of filings
consisting of hundreds of documents containing unintelligible language,
known as ___.
refers to the physical and mental symptoms that occur after chronic use
of a drug is reduced or stopped. Symptoms vary depending on the drug
but can include agitation, confusion, cramps, sweating, and convulsions.
- A ___ is a deeply ingrained, non-psychotic, inflexible pattern of relating, perceiving, and behaving.
- A receiver is also known as a ___. (Pg. 104)
- ___ is a continual internal monologue that occurs as the officer evaluates the events taking place around him or her. (Pg. 108)
- ___ is a functional limitation that affects one or more of a person's limbs. (Pg. 113)
- ___ is the distance where you can suddenly react to a threat. (Pg. 106)
enables you to keep thoughts, verbal and nonverbal communications, and
emotional responses in check and on track to assessing a situation and
completing a task. (Pg. 108)
- A.D.A. stands for ___. (Pg. 111)
- ___ and ___ go hand in hand when interacting with citizens and other law enforcement professionals. (Pg. 105)
of the ADA states that no qualified individual with a disability shall
be discriminated against or excluded from participation in or sharing of
the benefits of the services, programs, employment, or activities of a
public entity. (Pg. 111)
is an officer's demeanor and confidence exhibited by personal
appearance, erect posture, alertness, and attention to surroundings.
this stage, the person is unable to solve the crisis and is overwhelmed
by emotions. The individual cannot cope with the situation rationally.
The inability to cope combined with the loss of problem-solving skills
leads to diminished self-esteem. A downward cycle begins in which
failure to cope lowers self-esteem, and lowered self-esteem interferes
with the ability to cope.
- An ___ person is a person 60 years of age or older who may be suffering from the infirmities of aging. (Pg. 124)
- ___ is an impairment of the mental or emotional processes that exercise the conscious control of one's actions. (Pg. 127)
is an incurable intellectual or behavioral impairment that shows itself
before the age of 22 and is likely to continue indefinitely. (Pg. 116)
- D.C.F. stands for... (Pg. 123)
requires the gang prospect to commit a criminal act such as a drive-by
shooting, assault or battery, robbery, graffiti, or burglary.
- A ___ is the person who transmits a message to a receiver. (Pg. 104)
- - stress-induced conditions such as ulcers
- lack of impulse control
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- suicidal thoughts or attempts to commit suicide
- homicidal thoughts
can include having a casual drink with friends, taking a prescribed
drug according to label directions, or taking aspirin daily to prevent
heart disease. It can be legal or illegal, therapeutic or recreational
and can lead to substance abuse.
who have ___ have intrusive thoughts and impulses resulting in
ritualistic behavior, such as an excessive need to count, excessively
wash their hands, or an extreme need to avoid dirt.
aspires to become gang members. Not yet accepted, they experiment with
the gang lifestyle. ___ attempt to prove themselves and gain acceptance;
therefore, they may be more likely to act violently.
is a term used to describe a group of conditions that are diagnosed in
early childhood that continue throughout adulthood, and that are more
prevalent among males than females. These disorders are characterized by
language and social development delay and self-regulating behaviors.
- It is not what is conveyed as much as how it is conveyed. (Pg. 105)
- ___ is the least effective form of visual communication. (Pg. 114)
include caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing,
hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working. (Pg. 111)
- ___ and ___ are two of the most common mood disorders that an officer may encounter.
with a ___ intellectual disability have very slow motor development and
communication skills and frequently are under close and constant
supervision or are living in a group home setting. They are usually
encouraged to contribute to their own self-maintenance; however, they
may not be fully capable of living independently. (Pg. 117)
refers to the people and locations that make up the neighborhoods,
institutions, and businesses in the area where you work. (Pg. 108)
- ___ extremist groups typically believe in racial supremacy, and embrace anti-government and anti-regulatory beliefs.
- A sender is also known as a ___. (Pg. 104)
is the process of allowing the body to rid itself of a drug while
managing the symptoms of withdrawal. It is often the first step in a
drug treatment program.
- M.D.D. stands for...
can also be composed of individuals who are loosely organized. Their
activities can be limited to specific geographic areas or neighborhoods.
- ___ involves the exchange of messages, verbally and nonverbally, through signals or writing. (Pg. 104)
- Source, message, receiver, and feedback are all terms that describe the ___. (Pg. 104)
- A ___ is a person who receives a message from a sender then acknowledges the message and provides feedback. (Pg. 104)
- members who are ___ are generally accepted by the gang. They are participating in a
probationary period with hopes of becoming full-fledged members.
will help you stay emotionally strong, even under significant
stressors. Know your strengths and weaknesses, and exhibit restraint
through the appropriate use of a professional attitude, personal
resolve, and lawful behavior. (Pg. 104)
- ___ is a loss or partial loss of vision. (Pg. 113)