NAME

Question types


Start with


Question limit

of 170 available terms

Print test

170 True/False questions

  1. Slow SpeedThe observed vehicle is traveling at a speed that is 10 mph or more below the speed limit.

          

  2. EducationIf the results of the test indicate an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher, the officer needs to complete a ___.

          

  3. Slow Response to Traffic SignalsThe observed vehicle exhibits a longer than normal response to a change in traffic signal.

          

  4. Driving in Opposing Lanes or Wrong Way on a One-way StreetThe vehicle is heading into opposing or crossing traffic by driving in the opposing lane, backing into traffic, failing to yield the right-of-way, or driving the wrong way on a one-way street.

          

  5. "Speedball"___ nystagmus occurs when the person is spun around or rotated rapidly, causing the fluid in the inner ear to be disturbed. If it were possible to observe the eyes of a rotating person, you would be able to see them jerk.

          

  6. Increased Risk TakingCommon Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.08 is ___.

          

  7. ...stopped at pg. 480

          

  8. SpecifiedAccording to ss. 316.1932(1)(f)2.a. and 316.1933(2)(a), F.S., only ___ personnel are authorized to draw
    blood.

          

  9. DUI Citation___ is the process by which alcohol is carried via the bloodstream to the body's tissues and organs.

          

  10. .015The average alcohol elimination rate of humans is ___ percent per hour.

          

  11. DUI Detection Process___ generally means the entire process of identifying and gathering evidence accumulated to determine whether or not a subject should be arrested for a DUI offense.

          

  12. Driving on Other than a Designated RoadwayDUI stands for ___.

          

  13. Driving Under the InfluenceDUI stands for ___.

          

  14. Standardized Field Sobriety TestsIf a subject is placed under lawful arrest for the offense of DUI, refuses to submit to a lawfully requested test of his or her breath/urine/blood, and has had his or her driving privilege suspended before for refusing to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath, urine or blood, the subject commits the offense of ___ per s. 316.1939, F.S.

          

  15. Two or moreThis test requires the subject to count out loud 15 or more numbers in reverse sequence.

          

  16. Slow or Failure to Respond to Officer's SignalsThe driver is unusually slow to respond to an officer's lights, siren, or hand signals.

          

  17. Null____: Neither drug has an effect on the indicator. For example, neither a Central Nervous System Stimulant nor a Narcotic Analgesic will cause Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN); therefore, HGN will not be present.

          

  18. Clues___ are something that leads to the solution of a problem, such as a fingerprint or DNA evidence.

          

  19. Appearing to Be ImpairedThis cue is actually one or more indicators related to the personal behavior or appearance of the driver. Examples of specific indicators might include eye fixation, tightly gripping the steering wheel, slouching in the seat, gesturing erratically or obscenely, holding face close to the windshield, or protruding head from the vehicle.

          

  20. Drifting___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes as they look straight ahead. Its presence usually indicates a pathological condition or high doses of a dissociative anesthetic drug, such as PCP. If detected, take precautions.

          

  21. Medical Facility___ is an essential component of the solution.

          

  22. Refusal to Submit to TestingCommon Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.05 is ___.

          

  23. Standardized Field Sobriety TestsThe ____ are a series of standardized validated psychophysical tests given by law enforcement to determine chemical impairment.

          

  24. 30Administration of some structured standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment is done in Phase ___.

          

  25. VestibularSection 316.003(75), F.S., defines a ___ as "every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks."

          

  26. Medical ConditionIf vertical gaze nystagmus is present and horizontal gaze Nystagmus is not, it could be the result of a ___.

          

  27. 0.08Florida Statute s. 316.193 establishes that limit as ___ BAC.

          

  28. 80The One-Leg Stand will be timed for ___ seconds.

          

  29. Instructions Stage and Balance and Counting StageThe One-Leg Stand test also has been validated through NHTSA research. This divided attention test consists of two stages: ___ and ___.

          

  30. Following Too CloselyThe vehicle is following another vehicle while not maintaining the legal minimum separation.

          

  31. Resting___ occurs when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the roadway and then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of lateral movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is closely followed by another.

          

  32. ImpairedAccording to ss. 316.1932(1)(f)2.a. and 316.1933(2)(a), F.S., only ___ personnel are authorized to draw
    blood.

          

  33. Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN); Vertical gaze Nystagmus (VGN); Resting NystagmusAlthough this type of nystagmus is most accurate for determining alcohol impairment, its presence may also indicate use of certain other drugs.

          

  34. Standardized Field Sobriety Exercises or EvaluationsSFSE stands for ____.

          

  35. Alcohol___ is the most abused drug in the United States.

          

  36. Clues___ are also the behaviors observed during the performance of the standardized field sobriety tests.

          

  37. Optokinetic___ nystagmus occurs when the eyes fixate on an object that suddenly moves out of sight, or when the eyes watch sharply contrasting moving images. Examples include watching rotating lights or rapidly moving traffic in close proximity. The horizontal gaze nystagmus test will not be influenced by this nystagmus when administered properly.

          

  38. Polydrug___ use is using drugs from two or more drug categories simultaneously.

          

  39. Mothers Against Drunk DrivingIn the ___ Stage, during the OLS test, the subject must stand with feet together, keeping arms at sides and listening to instructions. This divides the subject's attention between a balancing task (maintaining a stance) and an information processing task (listening to and remembering instructions).

          

  40. 3The Colorado SFST validation study was the first full field study that utilized law enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially higher than the initial study results.

          

  41. DiabeticA ___ driver's behavior may be impacted, for instance, when sugar levels are too high. At this time, his or her breath could emit an odor similar to that of an alcoholic beverage or the driver could demonstrate a comprehension or awareness problem.

          

  42. 25The One-Leg Stand will be timed for ___ seconds.

          

  43. 210 LitersBAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every ___ of blood.

          

  44. Nystagmus___ is defined as an involuntary jerking of the eyes, which can be caused by the use of alcohol and certain other drugs.

          

  45. Physiological___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by a disruption of the central nervous
    system.

          

  46. Stopping ProblemsA driver may alternate between speeding up and slowing down.

          

  47. Illegal or Improper TurnResearch shows that if a subject exhibits ___ of the clues during the WAT test or cannot complete the test, the subject's alcohol concentration is likely to be above 0.08.

          

  48. • Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN)
    • Walk-and-Turn (WAT)
    • One-Leg Stand (OLS)
    The three scientifically standardized and validated psychophysical (field) sobriety tests are the ___, ___, and ___.

          

  49. Department of Highway Safety and Motor VehiclesThe ___ provides refusal affidavits to law enforcement agencies. You must complete this form, notarize it, and forward it to them as part of the DUI arrest report.

          

  50. Dementia; Alzheimer'sBAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every ___ of blood.

          

  51. RequiredA person suspected of DUI who kills or seriously injures any person, including the driver, is ___ to submit to a blood test according to s. 316.1933, F.S.

          

  52. Psychophysical___ nystagmus is a natural nystagmus that keeps the sensory cells of the eye from tiring. It is the most common type of nystagmus. It happens to all of us, all the time. This type of nystagmus produces extremely minor tremors or jerks of the eyes. These tremors are generally too small to be seen with the naked eye. This nystagmus will have no impact on the HGN test because its tremors are generally invisible.

          

  53. Implied ConsentAn ___ driver may have difficulty in steering, controlling the accelerator, signaling, and making decisions (whether to stop, turn, speed up, slow down, etc.).

          

  54. 100 MillilitersBAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every ___ of blood.

          

  55. WalkingThe ___ stage, during the WAT test, divides the subject's attention among a balancing task (walking heel-to-toe and turning), a small muscle control task (counting out loud), and a short-term memory task (recalling the number of steps and the turning instructions).

          

  56. Deterrence___ is an abrupt turn away from a generally straight course. It might occur after a period of drifting when the driver discovers the approach of traffic in an oncoming lane or discovers that the vehicle is going off the road. It may also occur as the driver executes an abrupt turn to return the vehicle to the traffic lane.

          

  57. DrugA ___ is a reminder, prompt or a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely.

          

  58. Weaving Across Lane Lines___ may include stopping abruptly or too far from a curb, at an inappropriate angle, too short or beyond the intersection limit line, or with a jerking motion.

          

  59. Prevention; Education; Deterrence.___ promises the ultimate, lasting solution to the DUI problem, but it will require a substantial amount of time to fully accomplish.

          

  60. Deterrence___ is only part of the solution.

          

  61. Driving___ occurs when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the roadway and then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of lateral movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is closely followed by another.

          

  62. State of Florida Refusal AffidavitThe ___ must be completed in conjunction with a DUI Citation issued for a refusal to submit to a chemical test.

          

  63. MetabolismA ___ driver's behavior may be impacted, for instance, when sugar levels are too high. At this time, his or her breath could emit an odor similar to that of an alcoholic beverage or the driver could demonstrate a comprehension or awareness problem.

          

  64. 79The research for the WAT test has been shown to be accurate ___ percent of the time.

          

  65. 1The 1998 San Diego SFST validation field study was undertaken because of the nationwide trend towards lowering the alcohol concentration limits to 0.08. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).

          

  66. Overlapping____: One drug affects some indicator of impairment, and the other drug has no effect whatsoever on that indicator. For example, alcohol will cause HGN, but marijuana will not cause HGN. Therefore, HGN will be present.

          

  67. Miranda warningsAlso, ___ are not typically required prior to administering the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs).

          

  68. Urine TestIf a breath test result is below a 0.08 and an officer has probable cause to believe that the subject is impaired by substances other than alcohol, the officer should request a ___.

          

  69. Portable Breath Test___ may be used for violations such as drivers under 21 years of age (0.02 violation) or for commercial motor vehicle enforcement when there is insufficient evidence of DUI.

          

  70. Swerving___ is an abrupt turn away from a generally straight course. It might occur after a period of drifting when the driver discovers the approach of traffic in an oncoming lane or discovers that the vehicle is going off the road. It may also occur as the driver executes an abrupt turn to return the vehicle to the traffic lane.

          

  71. Tracking abilityA ___ driver's behavior may be impacted, for instance, when sugar levels are too high. At this time, his or her breath could emit an odor similar to that of an alcoholic beverage or the driver could demonstrate a comprehension or awareness problem.

          

  72. Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN)___ refers to an involuntary jerking occurring as the eyes
    move toward the side.

          

  73. 24The Florida SFST field validation study was undertaken in order to answer the question of whether SFSTs are valid and reliable indices of the presence of alcohol when used under present day traffic and law enforcement conditions. Correct decisions to arrest were made ___ percent of the time based on the three test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).

          

  74. Vehicle___ occurs when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the roadway and then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of lateral movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is closely followed by another.

          

  75. Uniform Traffic CitationThe DUI Citation is very similar to the ___, except the DUI Citation is used either for a DUI with an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher or when the violator has refused any chemical test after being lawfully arrested.

          

  76. Inappropriate or Unusual BehaviorIf the result is below a 0.08, the officer should complete a ___ for the charge of DUI based on the probable cause for the arrest.

          

  77. Sight; Hearing; Smell___ includes anywhere in Florida, whether on roadways or public or private property.

          

  78. Positional Alcohol Nystagmus (PAN)___ refers to an involuntary jerking occurring as the eyes
    move toward the side.

          

  79. Behavioral change___ occurs when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the roadway and then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of lateral movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is closely followed by another.

          

  80. Standardized Field Sobriety TestsFor many years, law enforcement officers have utilized ___ to determine the impairment of a person's driving due to alcohol influence.

          

  81. Any___ amount of alcohol will affect a person's ability to drive to some degree.

          

  82. Driving While IntoxicatedDWI stands for ___.

          

  83. Pathological___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes which can occur as a result of brain tumors, other brain damage, or some diseases of the inner ear. These disorders occur in very few people and even in fewer drivers.

          

  84. Two or more___ is only part of the solution.

          

  85. SevenThere are ___ broad categories of drugs that
    may impair drivers.

          

  86. 0.04If an officer is involved in a DUI investigation with a driver under the age of 21 and the driver's alcohol concentration level is at or above ___, or if he or she refuses to submit to a breath test, his or her driver's license privilege will be suspended.

          

  87. Stopping in Lane for No Apparent Reason___ may include stopping abruptly or too far from a curb, at an inappropriate angle, too short or beyond the intersection limit line, or with a jerking motion.

          

  88. Actual Physical ControlIf vertical gaze nystagmus is present and horizontal gaze Nystagmus is not, it could be the result of a ___.

          

  89. Turning with Wide RadiusDuring a turn, the radius defined by the distance between the turning vehicle and the center of the turn is greater than normal. The vehicle may drive wide in a curve.

          

  90. Elimination____ is when the body expels alcohol through exhaled breath, sweat, tears, saliva, urine, etc.

          

  91. 93Administration of some structured standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment is done in Phase ___.

          

  92. Varying SpeedIf a breath test result is below a 0.08 and an officer has probable cause to believe that the subject is impaired by substances other than alcohol, the officer should request a ___.

          

  93. Divided AttentionIf a breath test result is below a 0.08 and an officer has probable cause to believe that the subject is impaired by substances other than alcohol, the officer should request a ___.

          

  94. DistributionIf the results of the test indicate an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher, the officer needs to complete a ___.

          

  95. Accelerating or Decelerating RapidlyThis cue encompasses any acceleration or deceleration that is significantly more rapid than that required by the traffic conditions. Rapid acceleration might be accompanied by breaking traction; rapid deceleration might be accompanied by an abrupt stop.

          

  96. Monetary fines; Imprisonment; A temporary or permanent loss of driving privilegesThe vehicle is heading into opposing or crossing traffic by driving in the opposing lane, backing into traffic, failing to yield the right-of-way, or driving the wrong way on a one-way street.

          

  97. Central Nervous System DepressantIf a subject is placed under lawful arrest for the offense of DUI, refuses to submit to a lawfully requested test of his or her breath/urine/blood, and has had his or her driving privilege suspended before for refusing to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath, urine or blood, the subject commits the offense of ___ per s. 316.1939, F.S.

          

  98. Driving Without HeadlightsDWI stands for ___.

          

  99. Caloric___ nystagmus occurs when the fluid motion in the canals of the vestibular system is stimulated by temperature, as by putting warm water in one ear and cold in the other.

          

  100. Blue; Transmittal____: Drugs from two categories may produce some effects that are exactly the opposite, but, in combination, the effects are difficult to predict. For example, cocaine dilates the pupils, and heroin constricts the pupils. The eyes may be dilated, constricted, or normal.

          

  101. Failure to Signal or Signal Inconsistent with ActionThis cue occurs when you observe inconsistencies such as failing to signal a turn or a lane change, signaling opposite to the turn or lane change executed, signaling constantly with no accompanying driving action, and driving with four-way hazard flashers on.

          

  102. Absorption___ is an essential component of the solution.

          

  103. Normal FacultiesEven though that suspicion may be very strong, ___ is required to make a DUI arrest.

          

  104. Improper or Unsafe Lane Change___ in individuals is fundamental to prevention.

          

  105. DWI Detection and Standardized Field Sobriety
    Testing course
    This chapter has been adapted from the ___ produced by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

          

  106. 95Some estimates indicate that about ___ percent of America's drivers at least occasionally drive while under the influence.

          

  107. Psychophysical___ nystagmus is a natural nystagmus that keeps the sensory cells of the eye from tiring. It is the most common type of nystagmus. It happens to all of us, all the time. This type of nystagmus produces extremely minor tremors or jerks of the eyes. These tremors are generally too small to be seen with the naked eye. This nystagmus will have no impact on the HGN test because its tremors are generally invisible.

          

  108. Instructions___ is an essential component of the solution.

          

  109. Safety___ nystagmus occurs as the eyes are focused on a stimulus and move from the center position.

          

  110. Non-Governmental Organizations___ include the ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life.

          

  111. Almost Striking Object or VehicleThe vehicle is moving straight ahead with the center or lane marker between the left-hand and right-hand wheels.

          

  112. Post-Rotational___ nystagmus is closely related to rotational nystagmus. When a person stops spinning, the fluid in the inner ear remains disturbed for a short period of time and the eyes continue to jerk.

          

  113. More; LessWhile driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, impaired drivers are ___ likely than other drivers to take excessive risks and have slowed reaction times; they are also ___ likely to wear seatbelts.

          

  114. Finger CountThe charge of a Refusal to Submit to Testing
    is a misdemeanor of the ___ degree.

          

  115. Unconscious SubjectThe ___ stage, during the WAT test, divides the subject's attention between a balancing task (standing with toes facing forward while maintaining the heel-to-toe position) and an information processing task (listening to and remembering instructions).

          

  116. 0.02If an officer is involved in a DUI investigation with a driver under the age of 21 and the driver's alcohol concentration level is at or above ___, or if he or she refuses to submit to a breath test, his or her driver's license privilege will be suspended.

          

  117. Breath Alcohol ConcentrationBrAC stands for ___.

          

  118. Walk-and-Turn; One-Leg StandThe most significant psychophysical tests are the two scientifically-validated divided attention tests that you administer roadside: ___ and ___.

          

  119. Phase One: Vehicle in Motion; Phase Two: Personal Contact; Phase Three: Pre-arrest screeningThe typical DUI investigation involves three phases: ___

          

  120. Slowed ReactionCommon Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.03 is ___.

          

  121. Within the State___ includes anywhere in Florida, whether on roadways or public or private property.

          

  122. Vertical Gaze Nystagmus (VGN)Even though that suspicion may be very strong, ___ is required to make a DUI arrest.

          

  123. Third District Court of AppealFlorida's ___ held that the term "vehicle" includes bicycles, and a person biking while under the influence of alcohol could be charged with a DUI (State v. Howard).

          

  124. Cue___ are something that leads to the solution of a problem, such as a fingerprint or DNA evidence.

          

  125. Standardized Field Sobriety Exercises or EvaluationsThis course uses NHTSA's term, Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs), even though case law and many Florida law enforcement agencies use the term _____.

          

  126. Societal; Law EnforcementDUI is both a ___ and a ___ problem.

          

  127. Rotational___ nystagmus occurs when the person is spun around or rotated rapidly, causing the fluid in the inner ear to be disturbed. If it were possible to observe the eyes of a rotating person, you would be able to see them jerk.

          

  128. Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN)The presence of this type of nystagmus is associated with high doses of alcohol for that individual and certain other drugs.

          

  129. AlphabetA ___ driver's behavior may be impacted, for instance, when sugar levels are too high. At this time, his or her breath could emit an odor similar to that of an alcoholic beverage or the driver could demonstrate a comprehension or awareness problem.

          

  130. Straddling a Lane LineThe vehicle is moving straight ahead with the center or lane marker between the left-hand and right-hand wheels.

          

  131. Driving Under the Influence___ refers to a person who is driving, who has driven, or who is in actual physical control of a vehicle while impaired by alcohol or certain substances that adversely affect the auditory, visual, or mental processes.

          

  132. Probable CauseEven though that suspicion may be very strong, ___ is required to make a DUI arrest.

          

  133. Blood Alcohol ConcentrationBased on ___, Florida law requires a lawfully arrested driver of a vehicle to take any breath, blood, or urine test requested by a law enforcement officer.

          

  134. Additive____ : Drugs from two categories both affect some indicator in the same way, and these effects reinforce each other when combined. For example, CNS Stimulants and Hallucinogens both cause pupil dilation; therefore, pupils will be dilated.

          

  135. Instructions___ promises the ultimate, lasting solution to the DUI problem, but it will require a substantial amount of time to fully accomplish.

          

  136. FirstA ___ is any substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely.

          

  137. EyesOffenders actually commit the offense an average of ___ times per year.

          

  138. Alcohol___ nystagmus occurs when the fluid motion in the canals of the vestibular system is stimulated by temperature, as by putting warm water in one ear and cold in the other.

          

  139. 8Officers administering the Walk-and-Turn test observe the subject's performance for ___ clues.

          

  140. Gaze___ nystagmus occurs as the eyes are focused on a stimulus and move from the center position.

          

  141. 83This criterion, for the OLS test, has been shown to be accurate ___ percent of the time.

          

  142. 24The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration sponsored research to identify the most common and reliable initial indicators of DUI. This research identified ___ cues, each with a high probability that the driver exhibiting the cue is impaired.

          

  143. Uniform Traffic Citation___ include the ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life.

          

  144. 91The 1998 San Diego SFST validation field study was undertaken because of the nationwide trend towards lowering the alcohol concentration limits to 0.08. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).

          

  145. National Highway Traffic Safety AdministrationThe DUI Citation is very similar to the ___, except the DUI Citation is used either for a DUI with an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher or when the violator has refused any chemical test after being lawfully arrested.

          

  146. Impaired VisionA person suspected of DUI who kills or seriously injures any person, including the driver, is ___ to submit to a blood test according to s. 316.1933, F.S.

          

  147. Neurological___ nystagmus occurs when the person is spun around or rotated rapidly, causing the fluid in the inner ear to be disturbed. If it were possible to observe the eyes of a rotating person, you would be able to see them jerk.

          

  148. Yes—Do It Now; Wait—Look for Additional Evidence; No—Don't Do It.At the conclusion of each phase an officer will make a major decision in the DUI investigation. The decision can have one of three different outcomes: ___

          

  149. 2A person who has any alcohol in his or her body may not drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle in this state. See s. 322.62(1), F.S. Any driver in violation of this section must be placed out-of service immediately for a period of ___ hours.

          

  150. Vertical gaze nystagmus (VGN)MADD stands for ___.

          

  151. 1The 1998 San Diego SFST validation field study was undertaken because of the nationwide trend towards lowering the alcohol concentration limits to 0.08. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).

          

  152. Drug Recognition Expert___ promises the ultimate, lasting solution to the DUI problem, but it will require a substantial amount of time to fully accomplish.

          

  153. Observable Indicators; Symptoms they produceAlcohol falls into the drug category of ___.

          

  154. Actual Physical ControlA person may be in ___ of a vehicle even though he or she is not actually driving.

          

  155. Poor CoordinationCommon Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.10 is ___.

          

  156. Southern California Research InstituteSCRI stands for ___.

          

  157. Certified Breath Test OperatorA ___ will administer the breath test to an arrested driver per agency policy.

          

  158. Portable Breath TestEven though that suspicion may be very strong, ___ is required to make a DUI arrest.

          

  159. DUI Citation___ is the process by which alcohol is carried via the bloodstream to the body's tissues and organs.

          

  160. Drug Recognition ExpertA ___ is specially trained and certified in investigations involving drug-impaired drivers. He or she will be able to testify in court in great detail and provide expert opinions regarding drug impairment.

          

  161. Antagonistic____: Drugs from two categories may produce some effects that are exactly the opposite, but, in combination, the effects are difficult to predict. For example, cocaine dilates the pupils, and heroin constricts the pupils. The eyes may be dilated, constricted, or normal.

          

  162. Weaving___ occurs when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the roadway and then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of lateral movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is closely followed by another.

          

  163. Berkemer v. McCarty___ is only part of the solution.

          

  164. 25; 30Research has shown that many impaired subjects are able
    to stand on one leg for up to ___ seconds, but few can do so for ___ seconds.

          

  165. Stopping Inappropriately in Response to an Officer___ may include stopping abruptly or too far from a curb, at an inappropriate angle, too short or beyond the intersection limit line, or with a jerking motion.

          

  166. Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus; Walk-and-Turn; One-Leg StandThe three scientifically standardized and validated psychophysical (field) sobriety tests are the ___, ___, and ___.

          

  167. Count Down___ is the process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream. The ___ rate of alcohol varies based on many factors, including the person's weight and gender, whether and how much food he or she has eaten, and the alcohol concentration of the substances consumed.

          

  168. Instructions Stage; Walking Stage___ includes anywhere in Florida, whether on roadways or public or private property.

          

  169. Prevention___ promises the ultimate, lasting solution to the DUI problem, but it will require a substantial amount of time to fully accomplish.

          

  170. Balance and CountingIn the ___ Stage, the subject must raise either leg with the foot approximately six inches off the ground, keeping the raised foot parallel to the ground. While looking at the elevated foot, the subject counts out loud in the following manner: "one thousand and one," "one thousand and two," "one thousand and three" until told to stop. This divides the subject's attention between balancing (standing on one foot) and small muscle control (counting out loud).