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170 Multiple choice questions

  1. If vertical gaze nystagmus is present and horizontal gaze Nystagmus is not, it could be the result of a ___.
  2. Gaze nystagmus is separated into three types:
  3. The legal consequences of a DUI conviction include ___, ___, and ___.
  4. ___ are also the behaviors observed during the performance of the standardized field sobriety tests.
  5. ___ is only part of the solution.
  6. Face-to-face observation and interview of the driver allow you to use three senses to gather evidence of alcohol and other drug influence: ___, ___, and ___.
  7. Phase ___ is the observation of the driver operating the vehicle.
  8. The vehicle is heading into opposing or crossing traffic by driving in the opposing lane, backing into traffic, failing to yield the right-of-way, or driving the wrong way on a one-way street.
  9. ___ nystagmus is closely related to rotational nystagmus. When a person stops spinning, the fluid in the inner ear remains disturbed for a short period of time and the eyes continue to jerk.
  10. In the ___ Stage, the subject must raise either leg with the foot approximately six inches off the ground, keeping the raised foot parallel to the ground. While looking at the elevated foot, the subject counts out loud in the following manner: "one thousand and one," "one thousand and two," "one thousand and three" until told to stop. This divides the subject's attention between balancing (standing on one foot) and small muscle control (counting out loud).
  11. Officers must write the breath test results on the ___.
  12. In the case ___, The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that a law enforcement officer is not required to administer Miranda warnings during the course of a traffic stop in which the officer temporarily detains a motorist in order to ask a few brief questions and issue a citation.
  13. While driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, impaired drivers are ___ likely than other drivers to take excessive risks and have slowed reaction times; they are also ___ likely to wear seatbelts.
  14. The observed vehicle almost strikes a stationary object or another moving vehicle.
  15. Officers administering the Walk-and-Turn test observe the subject's performance for ___ clues.
  16. Florida Statute s. 316.193 establishes that limit as ___ BAC.
  17. The vehicle is moving straight ahead with the center or lane marker between the left-hand and right-hand wheels.
  18. In the ___ Stage, during the OLS test, the subject must stand with feet together, keeping arms at sides and listening to instructions. This divides the subject's attention between a balancing task (maintaining a stance) and an information processing task (listening to and remembering instructions).
  19. ____ is a straight-line movement of the vehicle at a slight angle to the roadway. As the driver approaches a marker or boundary (lane marker, center line, edge of the roadway), the direction of drift might change. It can occur within a single lane, across lanes, across the center line, or onto the shoulder.
  20. ___ use is using drugs from two or more drug categories simultaneously.
  21. ___ includes anywhere in Florida, whether on roadways or public or private property.
  22. The research for the WAT test has been shown to be accurate ___ percent of the time.
  23. ___ include the ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life.
  24. ___ may include stopping abruptly or too far from a curb, at an inappropriate angle, too short or beyond the intersection limit line, or with a jerking motion.
  25. Some estimates indicate that about ___ percent of America's drivers at least occasionally drive while under the influence.
  26. The charge of a Refusal to Submit to Testing
    is a misdemeanor of the ___ degree.
  27. stopped at pg. 480
  28. A ___ driver's behavior may be impacted, for instance, when sugar levels are too high. At this time, his or her breath could emit an odor similar to that of an alcoholic beverage or the driver could demonstrate a comprehension or awareness problem.
  29. ___ nystagmus occurs as the eyes are focused on a stimulus and move from the center position.
  30. The vehicle stops in an inappropriate location, such as a prohibited zone, crosswalk, intersection, or sidewalk, or under inappropriate conditions such as a green or flashing yellow traffic signal.
  31. SFSTs stands for ___.
  32. According to ss. 316.1932(1)(f)2.a. and 316.1933(2)(a), F.S., only ___ personnel are authorized to draw
    blood.
  33. ___ is defined as a person who is physically in, on, or around the vehicle and has the capability to operate the vehicle is legally in actual physical control of the vehicle and can be arrested and prosecuted for DUI.
  34. This cue encompasses any acceleration or deceleration that is significantly more rapid than that required by the traffic conditions. Rapid acceleration might be accompanied by breaking traction; rapid deceleration might be accompanied by an abrupt stop.
  35. ____ is when the body expels alcohol through exhaled breath, sweat, tears, saliva, urine, etc.
  36. ___ promises the ultimate, lasting solution to the DUI problem, but it will require a substantial amount of time to fully accomplish.
  37. ___ tests describe field sobriety tests that measure a person's ability to perform both mental and physical tasks simultaneously.
  38. The driver maneuvers onto an area other than the designated roadway. Examples include driving at the edge of the roadway, on the shoulder, off the roadway entirely, or straight through turn-only lanes or areas.
  39. The observed vehicle is traveling at a speed that is 10 mph or more below the speed limit.
  40. The ___ must be completed in conjunction with a DUI Citation issued for a refusal to submit to a chemical test.
  41. The driver or occupants display inappropriate or unusual behavior such as throwing objects from the vehicle, drinking in the vehicle, or urinating on the roadside.
  42. All blood draws must be conducted at a ___, as defined by s. 316.1932(1)(c), F.S.
  43. ___ is the ability of the eyes to track together when the subject attempts to follow a stimulus moving side-to-side.
  44. A ___ will administer the breath test to an arrested driver per agency policy.
  45. If the subject has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or above, or refuses chemical testing, seize his or her driver's license and attach it to the ___ or ___ copy of the DUI citation per s. 316.650, F.S.
  46. These drugs are classified by category based on the ___ and ___.
  47. Research shows that when the subject displays ___ clues during the OLS test or is unable to complete the test, the alcohol concentration is probably above 0.08.
  48. Section 316.003(75), F.S., defines a ___ as "every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks."
  49. Offenders actually commit the offense an average of ___ times per year.
  50. The typical DUI investigation involves three phases: ___
  51. ___ tests are methods of assessing a subject's mental and physical impairment by asking him or her to perform divided attention tasks.
  52. If a breath test result is below a 0.08 and an officer has probable cause to believe that the subject is impaired by substances other than alcohol, the officer should request a ___.
  53. A ___ is any substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely.
  54. ___ nystagmus is a natural nystagmus that keeps the sensory cells of the eye from tiring. It is the most common type of nystagmus. It happens to all of us, all the time. This type of nystagmus produces extremely minor tremors or jerks of the eyes. These tremors are generally too small to be seen with the naked eye. This nystagmus will have no impact on the HGN test because its tremors are generally invisible.
  55. ___ is the biological process by which the body breaks alcohol down into compounds that are more readily eliminated.
  56. ___ occurs when a foreign fluid, such as alcohol, that alters the specific gravity of the blood is in unequal concentrations in the blood and the vestibular system.
  57. BAC stands for ___.
  58. If a driver is arrested for a violation of s. 316.193, F.S., or is in possession of a controlled substance while operating or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle or a commercial motor vehicle, the driver may be subject to the loss of his or her commercial driver license (CDL) for a period of ___ year.
  59. ___ refers to a person who is driving, who has driven, or who is in actual physical control of a vehicle while impaired by alcohol or certain substances that adversely affect the auditory, visual, or mental processes.
  60. The observed vehicle is being driven without headlights during a period of the day when headlights are required.
  61. This criterion, for the OLS test, has been shown to be accurate ___ percent of the time.
  62. Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.03 is ___.
  63. DWI stands for ___.
  64. ____: One drug affects some indicator of impairment, and the other drug has no effect whatsoever on that indicator. For example, alcohol will cause HGN, but marijuana will not cause HGN. Therefore, HGN will be present.
  65. NGOs stands for ___.
  66. The One-Leg Stand will be timed for ___ seconds.
  67. Research has shown that many impaired subjects are able
    to stand on one leg for up to ___ seconds, but few can do so for ___ seconds.
  68. The 1998 San Diego SFST validation field study was undertaken because of the nationwide trend towards lowering the alcohol concentration limits to 0.08. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
  69. The vehicle is following another vehicle while not maintaining the legal minimum separation.
  70. A person suspected of DUI who kills or seriously injures any person, including the driver, is ___ to submit to a blood test according to s. 316.1933, F.S.
  71. A driver may alternate between speeding up and slowing down.
  72. The Walk-and-Turn is a test that has been validated through extensive research by NHTSA. This divided attention test consists of two stages: ___ and ___.
  73. A person who has any alcohol in his or her body may not drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle in this state. See s. 322.62(1), F.S. Any driver in violation of this section must be placed out-of service immediately for a period of ___ hours.
  74. The One-Leg Stand test also has been validated through NHTSA research. This divided attention test consists of two stages: ___ and ___.
  75. Heroin laced with cocaine is known as a ___.
  76. During a turn, the radius defined by the distance between the turning vehicle and the center of the turn is greater than normal. The vehicle may drive wide in a curve.
  77. The Florida SFST field validation study was undertaken in order to answer the question of whether SFSTs are valid and reliable indices of the presence of alcohol when used under present day traffic and law enforcement conditions. Correct decisions to arrest were made ___ percent of the time based on the three test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
  78. ___ is a complex divided attention task.
  79. MADD stands for ___.
  80. The presence of this type of nystagmus is associated with high doses of alcohol for that individual and certain other drugs.
  81. This cue occurs when you observe inconsistencies such as failing to signal a turn or a lane change, signaling opposite to the turn or lane change executed, signaling constantly with no accompanying driving action, and driving with four-way hazard flashers on.
  82. DUI is both a ___ and a ___ problem.
  83. The ____ are a series of standardized validated psychophysical tests given by law enforcement to determine chemical impairment.
  84. PBT stands for ___.
  85. This test requires the subject to recite a part of the alphabet. Instruct the subject to recite the alphabet beginning with a letter other than A and stopping at a letter other than Z.
  86. Research shows that if a subject exhibits ___ of the clues during the WAT test or cannot complete the test, the subject's alcohol concentration is likely to be above 0.08.
  87. DRE stands for ___.
  88. ___ simply means the ability to concentrate on two or more tasks at the same time.
  89. DUI stands for ___.
  90. A driver's ___ can be examined for medical impairment.
  91. Although this type of nystagmus is most accurate for determining alcohol impairment, its presence may also indicate use of certain other drugs.
  92. ___ nystagmus occurs when the fluid motion in the canals of the vestibular system is stimulated by temperature, as by putting warm water in one ear and cold in the other.
  93. Someone who is unable to have withdrawn consent (such as an ____) is deemed to have given consent to the test.
  94. Even though that suspicion may be very strong, ___ is required to make a DUI arrest.
  95. ___ considerations take precedence over all other considerations.
  96. ___ nystagmus occurs when the person is spun around or rotated rapidly, causing the fluid in the inner ear to be disturbed. If it were possible to observe the eyes of a rotating person, you would be able to see them jerk.
  97. ___ is the most abused drug in the United States.
  98. General ___ is based upon the driving public's fear of being arrested.
  99. Alcohol falls into the drug category of ___.
  100. This cue is actually one or more indicators related to the personal behavior or appearance of the driver. Examples of specific indicators might include eye fixation, tightly gripping the steering wheel, slouching in the seat, gesturing erratically or obscenely, holding face close to the windshield, or protruding head from the vehicle.
  101. Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.10 is ___.
  102. ___ may be used for violations such as drivers under 21 years of age (0.02 violation) or for commercial motor vehicle enforcement when there is insufficient evidence of DUI.
  103. The Colorado SFST validation study was the first full field study that utilized law enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially higher than the initial study results.
  104. There are ___ broad categories of drugs that
    may impair drivers.
  105. Also, ___ are not typically required prior to administering the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs).
  106. NHTSA stands for ____.
  107. ____: Neither drug has an effect on the indicator. For example, neither a Central Nervous System Stimulant nor a Narcotic Analgesic will cause Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN); therefore, HGN will not be present.
  108. ___ refers to an involuntary jerking occurring as the eyes
    move toward the side.
  109. The three scientifically standardized and validated psychophysical (field) sobriety tests are the ___, ___, and ___.
  110. ___ is an essential component of the solution.
  111. SCRI stands for ___.
  112. Phase ___ occurs after the vehicle stops, there usually is an opportunity to observe and speak with the driver face-to-face.
  113. The average alcohol elimination rate of humans is ___ percent per hour.
  114. A ___ is a reminder, prompt or a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely.
  115. ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes as they look straight ahead. Its presence usually indicates a pathological condition or high doses of a dissociative anesthetic drug, such as PCP. If detected, take precautions.
  116. ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by a disruption of the central nervous
    system.
  117. For many years, law enforcement officers have utilized ___ to determine the impairment of a person's driving due to alcohol influence.
  118. To conduct this test, ask the subject to touch the tip of his or her thumb in turn to the tip of each finger on the same hand while simultaneously counting up one, two, three, four; then reverse direction on the fingers while simultaneously counting down four, three, two, one.
  119. ____ is an involuntary jerking of the eyes (up and down) which occurs when the eyes gaze upward at maximum elevation.
  120. The driver executes any turn that is abnormally abrupt or is illegal, such as turning with excessive speed, turning sharply from the wrong lane, or making an illegal U-turn.
  121. ___ is the active ingredient in beer, wine, whiskey, liquors, etc.
  122. The driver is unusually slow to respond to an officer's lights, siren, or hand signals.
  123. Florida's ___ held that the term "vehicle" includes bicycles, and a person biking while under the influence of alcohol could be charged with a DUI (State v. Howard).
  124. Administration of some structured standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment is done in Phase ___.
  125. The ultimate goal is to reduce the number of impaired drivers through ___, ___, and ___.
  126. At the conclusion of each phase an officer will make a major decision in the DUI investigation. The decision can have one of three different outcomes: ___
  127. ___ occurs when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the roadway and then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of lateral movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is closely followed by another.
  128. ___ generally means the entire process of identifying and gathering evidence accumulated to determine whether or not a subject should be arrested for a DUI offense.
  129. ___ amount of alcohol will affect a person's ability to drive to some degree.
  130. ___ is defined as an involuntary jerking of the eyes, which can be caused by the use of alcohol and certain other drugs.
  131. ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes which can occur as a result of brain tumors, other brain damage, or some diseases of the inner ear. These disorders occur in very few people and even in fewer drivers.
  132. ___ is the process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream. The ___ rate of alcohol varies based on many factors, including the person's weight and gender, whether and how much food he or she has eaten, and the alcohol concentration of the substances consumed.
  133. The ___ stage, during the WAT test, divides the subject's attention between a balancing task (standing with toes facing forward while maintaining the heel-to-toe position) and an information processing task (listening to and remembering instructions).
  134. Extreme cases of weaving occur when the vehicle's wheels cross the lane lines before correction is made which is known as ___.
  135. This test requires the subject to count out loud 15 or more numbers in reverse sequence.
  136. Laboratory research indicated three tests that, when administered in a standardized manner, were the most
    accurate and reliable battery of tests for distinguishing alcohol impairment: ___
  137. Based on ___, Florida law requires a lawfully arrested driver of a vehicle to take any breath, blood, or urine test requested by a law enforcement officer.
  138. Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.08 is ___.
  139. ___ is the process by which alcohol is carried via the bloodstream to the body's tissues and organs.
  140. This course uses NHTSA's term, Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs), even though case law and many Florida law enforcement agencies use the term _____.
  141. The most significant psychophysical tests are the two scientifically-validated divided attention tests that you administer roadside: ___ and ___.
  142. ___ nystagmus occurs when the eyes fixate on an object that suddenly moves out of sight, or when the eyes watch sharply contrasting moving images. Examples include watching rotating lights or rapidly moving traffic in close proximity. The horizontal gaze nystagmus test will not be influenced by this nystagmus when administered properly.
  143. The driver takes risks or endangers others by frequently or abruptly changing lanes without regard to other motorists.
  144. ____ : Drugs from two categories both affect some indicator in the same way, and these effects reinforce each other when combined. For example, CNS Stimulants and Hallucinogens both cause pupil dilation; therefore, pupils will be dilated.
  145. BAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every ___ of blood.
  146. The ___ stage, during the WAT test, divides the subject's attention among a balancing task (walking heel-to-toe and turning), a small muscle control task (counting out loud), and a short-term memory task (recalling the number of steps and the turning instructions).
  147. An ___ driver may have difficulty in steering, controlling the accelerator, signaling, and making decisions (whether to stop, turn, speed up, slow down, etc.).
  148. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration sponsored research to identify the most common and reliable initial indicators of DUI. This research identified ___ cues, each with a high probability that the driver exhibiting the cue is impaired.
  149. This chapter has been adapted from the ___ produced by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
  150. ___ in individuals is fundamental to prevention.
  151. ___ is an abrupt turn away from a generally straight course. It might occur after a period of drifting when the driver discovers the approach of traffic in an oncoming lane or discovers that the vehicle is going off the road. It may also occur as the driver executes an abrupt turn to return the vehicle to the traffic lane.
  152. Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.05 is ___.
  153. Cognitive problems includes ___ or ___.
  154. The critical element in this cue is that there is no observable justification for the vehicle to stop in the traffic lane.
  155. ___ are something that leads to the solution of a problem, such as a fingerprint or DNA evidence.
  156. ____: Drugs from two categories may produce some effects that are exactly the opposite, but, in combination, the effects are difficult to predict. For example, cocaine dilates the pupils, and heroin constricts the pupils. The eyes may be dilated, constricted, or normal.
  157. The ___ provides refusal affidavits to law enforcement agencies. You must complete this form, notarize it, and forward it to them as part of the DUI arrest report.
  158. BrAC stands for ___.
  159. A ___ is specially trained and certified in investigations involving drug-impaired drivers. He or she will be able to testify in court in great detail and provide expert opinions regarding drug impairment.
  160. SFSE stands for ____.
  161. If a subject is placed under lawful arrest for the offense of DUI, refuses to submit to a lawfully requested test of his or her breath/urine/blood, and has had his or her driving privilege suspended before for refusing to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath, urine or blood, the subject commits the offense of ___ per s. 316.1939, F.S.
  162. A person may be in ___ of a vehicle even though he or she is not actually driving.
  163. BrAC is expressed as grams of alcohol per ___ of breath.
  164. The observed vehicle exhibits a longer than normal response to a change in traffic signal.
  165. The DUI Citation is very similar to the ___, except the DUI Citation is used either for a DUI with an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher or when the violator has refused any chemical test after being lawfully arrested.
  166. If the results of the test indicate an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher, the officer needs to complete a ___.
  167. If an officer is involved in a DUI investigation with a driver under the age of 21 and the driver's alcohol concentration level is at or above ___, or if he or she refuses to submit to a breath test, his or her driver's license privilege will be suspended.
  168. If the result is below a 0.08, the officer should complete a ___ for the charge of DUI based on the probable cause for the arrest.
  169. ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by movement or action to the inner ear system.
  170. The driver may be subject to the loss of his or her commercial driver license (CDL) for a period of one year. This penalty also applies if the driver refuses to submit to a breath, urine, or blood test to determine alcohol concentration, or if the driver is driving a commercial motor vehicle with an alcohol concentration of ___ or higher.