170 Multiple choice questions
- If vertical gaze nystagmus is present and horizontal gaze Nystagmus is not, it could be the result of a ___.
- Gaze nystagmus is separated into three types:
- The legal consequences of a DUI conviction include ___, ___, and ___.
- ___ are also the behaviors observed during the performance of the standardized field sobriety tests.
- ___ is only part of the solution.
observation and interview of the driver allow you to use three senses
to gather evidence of alcohol and other drug influence: ___, ___, and
- Phase ___ is the observation of the driver operating the vehicle.
vehicle is heading into opposing or crossing traffic by driving in the
opposing lane, backing into traffic, failing to yield the right-of-way,
or driving the wrong way on a one-way street.
nystagmus is closely related to rotational nystagmus. When a person
stops spinning, the fluid in the inner ear remains disturbed for a short
period of time and the eyes continue to jerk.
the ___ Stage, the subject must raise either leg with the foot
approximately six inches off the ground, keeping the raised foot
parallel to the ground. While looking at the elevated foot, the subject
counts out loud in the following manner: "one thousand and one," "one
thousand and two," "one thousand and three" until told to stop. This
divides the subject's attention between balancing (standing on one foot)
and small muscle control (counting out loud).
- Officers must write the breath test results on the ___.
the case ___, The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that a law enforcement
officer is not required to administer Miranda warnings during the course
of a traffic stop in which the officer temporarily detains a motorist
in order to ask a few brief questions and issue a citation.
driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, impaired drivers are
___ likely than other drivers to take excessive risks and have slowed
reaction times; they are also ___ likely to wear seatbelts.
- The observed vehicle almost strikes a stationary object or another moving vehicle.
- Officers administering the Walk-and-Turn test observe the subject's performance for ___ clues.
- Florida Statute s. 316.193 establishes that limit as ___ BAC.
- The vehicle is moving straight ahead with the center or lane marker between the left-hand and right-hand wheels.
the ___ Stage, during the OLS test, the subject must stand with feet
together, keeping arms at sides and listening to instructions. This
divides the subject's attention between a balancing task (maintaining a
stance) and an information processing task (listening to and remembering
is a straight-line movement of the vehicle at a slight angle to the
roadway. As the driver approaches a marker or boundary (lane marker,
center line, edge of the roadway), the direction of drift might change.
It can occur within a single lane, across lanes, across the center line,
or onto the shoulder.
- ___ use is using drugs from two or more drug categories simultaneously.
- ___ includes anywhere in Florida, whether on roadways or public or private property.
- The research for the WAT test has been shown to be accurate ___ percent of the time.
include the ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an
automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform
the mental and physical acts of daily life.
may include stopping abruptly or too far from a curb, at an
inappropriate angle, too short or beyond the intersection limit line, or
with a jerking motion.
- Some estimates indicate that about ___ percent of America's drivers at least occasionally drive while under the influence.
- The charge of a Refusal to Submit to Testing
is a misdemeanor of the ___ degree.
- stopped at pg. 480
___ driver's behavior may be impacted, for instance, when sugar levels
are too high. At this time, his or her breath could emit an odor similar
to that of an alcoholic beverage or the driver could demonstrate a
comprehension or awareness problem.
- ___ nystagmus occurs as the eyes are focused on a stimulus and move from the center position.
vehicle stops in an inappropriate location, such as a prohibited zone,
crosswalk, intersection, or sidewalk, or under inappropriate conditions
such as a green or flashing yellow traffic signal.
- SFSTs stands for ___.
- According to ss. 316.1932(1)(f)2.a. and 316.1933(2)(a), F.S., only ___ personnel are authorized to draw
is defined as a person who is physically in, on, or around the vehicle
and has the capability to operate the vehicle is legally in actual
physical control of the vehicle and can be arrested and prosecuted for
cue encompasses any acceleration or deceleration that is significantly
more rapid than that required by the traffic conditions. Rapid
acceleration might be accompanied by breaking traction; rapid
deceleration might be accompanied by an abrupt stop.
- ____ is when the body expels alcohol through exhaled breath, sweat, tears, saliva, urine, etc.
promises the ultimate, lasting solution to the DUI problem, but it will
require a substantial amount of time to fully accomplish.
tests describe field sobriety tests that measure a person's ability to
perform both mental and physical tasks simultaneously.
driver maneuvers onto an area other than the designated roadway.
Examples include driving at the edge of the roadway, on the shoulder,
off the roadway entirely, or straight through turn-only lanes or areas.
- The observed vehicle is traveling at a speed that is 10 mph or more below the speed limit.
- The ___ must be completed in conjunction with a DUI Citation issued for a refusal to submit to a chemical test.
driver or occupants display inappropriate or unusual behavior such as
throwing objects from the vehicle, drinking in the vehicle, or urinating
on the roadside.
- All blood draws must be conducted at a ___, as defined by s. 316.1932(1)(c), F.S.
- ___ is the ability of the eyes to track together when the subject attempts to follow a stimulus moving side-to-side.
- A ___ will administer the breath test to an arrested driver per agency policy.
the subject has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or above, or refuses
chemical testing, seize his or her driver's license and attach it to the
___ or ___ copy of the DUI citation per s. 316.650, F.S.
- These drugs are classified by category based on the ___ and ___.
shows that when the subject displays ___ clues during the OLS test or
is unable to complete the test, the alcohol concentration is probably
316.003(75), F.S., defines a ___ as "every device, in, upon, or by
which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a
highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or
- Offenders actually commit the offense an average of ___ times per year.
- The typical DUI investigation involves three phases: ___
tests are methods of assessing a subject's mental and physical
impairment by asking him or her to perform divided attention tasks.
a breath test result is below a 0.08 and an officer has probable cause
to believe that the subject is impaired by substances other than
alcohol, the officer should request a ___.
- A ___ is any substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely.
nystagmus is a natural nystagmus that keeps the sensory cells of the
eye from tiring. It is the most common type of nystagmus. It happens to
all of us, all the time. This type of nystagmus produces extremely minor
tremors or jerks of the eyes. These tremors are generally too small to
be seen with the naked eye. This nystagmus will have no impact on the
HGN test because its tremors are generally invisible.
- ___ is the biological process by which the body breaks alcohol down into compounds that are more readily eliminated.
occurs when a foreign fluid, such as alcohol, that alters the specific
gravity of the blood is in unequal concentrations in the blood and the
- BAC stands for ___.
a driver is arrested for a violation of s. 316.193, F.S., or is in
possession of a controlled substance while operating or in actual
physical control of a motor vehicle or a commercial motor vehicle, the
driver may be subject to the loss of his or her commercial driver
license (CDL) for a period of ___ year.
refers to a person who is driving, who has driven, or who is in actual
physical control of a vehicle while impaired by alcohol or certain
substances that adversely affect the auditory, visual, or mental
- The observed vehicle is being driven without headlights during a period of the day when headlights are required.
- This criterion, for the OLS test, has been shown to be accurate ___ percent of the time.
- Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.03 is ___.
- DWI stands for ___.
One drug affects some indicator of impairment, and the other drug has
no effect whatsoever on that indicator. For example, alcohol will cause
HGN, but marijuana will not cause HGN. Therefore, HGN will be present.
- NGOs stands for ___.
- The One-Leg Stand will be timed for ___ seconds.
- Research has shown that many impaired subjects are able
to stand on one leg for up to ___ seconds, but few can do so for ___ seconds.
1998 San Diego SFST validation field study was undertaken because of
the nationwide trend towards lowering the alcohol concentration limits
to 0.08. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time
based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
- The vehicle is following another vehicle while not maintaining the legal minimum separation.
person suspected of DUI who kills or seriously injures any person,
including the driver, is ___ to submit to a blood test according to s.
- A driver may alternate between speeding up and slowing down.
Walk-and-Turn is a test that has been validated through extensive
research by NHTSA. This divided attention test consists of two stages:
___ and ___.
person who has any alcohol in his or her body may not drive or be in
actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle in this state. See
s. 322.62(1), F.S. Any driver in violation of this section must be
placed out-of service immediately for a period of ___ hours.
One-Leg Stand test also has been validated through NHTSA research. This
divided attention test consists of two stages: ___ and ___.
- Heroin laced with cocaine is known as a ___.
a turn, the radius defined by the distance between the turning vehicle
and the center of the turn is greater than normal. The vehicle may drive
wide in a curve.
Florida SFST field validation study was undertaken in order to answer
the question of whether SFSTs are valid and reliable indices of the
presence of alcohol when used under present day traffic and law
enforcement conditions. Correct decisions to arrest were made ___
percent of the time based on the three test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
- ___ is a complex divided attention task.
- MADD stands for ___.
- The presence of this type of nystagmus is associated with high doses of alcohol for that individual and certain other drugs.
cue occurs when you observe inconsistencies such as failing to signal a
turn or a lane change, signaling opposite to the turn or lane change
executed, signaling constantly with no accompanying driving action, and
driving with four-way hazard flashers on.
- DUI is both a ___ and a ___ problem.
- The ____ are a series of standardized validated psychophysical tests given by law enforcement to determine chemical impairment.
- PBT stands for ___.
test requires the subject to recite a part of the alphabet. Instruct
the subject to recite the alphabet beginning with a letter other than A
and stopping at a letter other than Z.
shows that if a subject exhibits ___ of the clues during the WAT test
or cannot complete the test, the subject's alcohol concentration is
likely to be above 0.08.
- DRE stands for ___.
- ___ simply means the ability to concentrate on two or more tasks at the same time.
- DUI stands for ___.
- A driver's ___ can be examined for medical impairment.
this type of nystagmus is most accurate for determining alcohol
impairment, its presence may also indicate use of certain other drugs.
nystagmus occurs when the fluid motion in the canals of the vestibular
system is stimulated by temperature, as by putting warm water in one ear
and cold in the other.
- Someone who is unable to have withdrawn consent (such as an ____) is deemed to have given consent to the test.
- Even though that suspicion may be very strong, ___ is required to make a DUI arrest.
- ___ considerations take precedence over all other considerations.
nystagmus occurs when the person is spun around or rotated rapidly,
causing the fluid in the inner ear to be disturbed. If it were possible
to observe the eyes of a rotating person, you would be able to see them
- ___ is the most abused drug in the United States.
- General ___ is based upon the driving public's fear of being arrested.
- Alcohol falls into the drug category of ___.
cue is actually one or more indicators related to the personal behavior
or appearance of the driver. Examples of specific indicators might
include eye fixation, tightly gripping the steering wheel, slouching in
the seat, gesturing erratically or obscenely, holding face close to the
windshield, or protruding head from the vehicle.
- Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.10 is ___.
may be used for violations such as drivers under 21 years of age (0.02
violation) or for commercial motor vehicle enforcement when there is
insufficient evidence of DUI.
Colorado SFST validation study was the first full field study that
utilized law enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs.
Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the
three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially
higher than the initial study results.
- There are ___ broad categories of drugs that
may impair drivers.
- Also, ___ are not typically required prior to administering the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs).
- NHTSA stands for ____.
Neither drug has an effect on the indicator. For example, neither a
Central Nervous System Stimulant nor a Narcotic Analgesic will cause
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN); therefore, HGN will not be present.
- ___ refers to an involuntary jerking occurring as the eyes
move toward the side.
- The three scientifically standardized and validated psychophysical (field) sobriety tests are the ___, ___, and ___.
- ___ is an essential component of the solution.
- SCRI stands for ___.
- Phase ___ occurs after the vehicle stops, there usually is an opportunity to observe and speak with the driver face-to-face.
- The average alcohol elimination rate of humans is ___ percent per hour.
- A ___ is a reminder, prompt or a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely.
nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes as they look straight
ahead. Its presence usually indicates a pathological condition or high
doses of a dissociative anesthetic drug, such as PCP. If detected, take
- ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by a disruption of the central nervous
many years, law enforcement officers have utilized ___ to determine the
impairment of a person's driving due to alcohol influence.
conduct this test, ask the subject to touch the tip of his or her thumb
in turn to the tip of each finger on the same hand while simultaneously
counting up one, two, three, four; then reverse direction on the
fingers while simultaneously counting down four, three, two, one.
- ____ is an involuntary jerking of the eyes (up and down) which occurs when the eyes gaze upward at maximum elevation.
driver executes any turn that is abnormally abrupt or is illegal, such
as turning with excessive speed, turning sharply from the wrong lane, or
making an illegal U-turn.
- ___ is the active ingredient in beer, wine, whiskey, liquors, etc.
- The driver is unusually slow to respond to an officer's lights, siren, or hand signals.
___ held that the term "vehicle" includes bicycles, and a person biking
while under the influence of alcohol could be charged with a DUI (State
of some structured standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the
driver to determine impairment is done in Phase ___.
- The ultimate goal is to reduce the number of impaired drivers through ___, ___, and ___.
the conclusion of each phase an officer will make a major decision in
the DUI investigation. The decision can have one of three different
occurs when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the
roadway and then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of
lateral movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is
closely followed by another.
generally means the entire process of identifying and gathering
evidence accumulated to determine whether or not a subject should be
arrested for a DUI offense.
- ___ amount of alcohol will affect a person's ability to drive to some degree.
- ___ is defined as an involuntary jerking of the eyes, which can be caused by the use of alcohol and certain other drugs.
nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes which can occur as a
result of brain tumors, other brain damage, or some diseases of the
inner ear. These disorders occur in very few people and even in fewer
is the process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream. The ___ rate of
alcohol varies based on many factors, including the person's weight and
gender, whether and how much food he or she has eaten, and the alcohol
concentration of the substances consumed.
___ stage, during the WAT test, divides the subject's attention between
a balancing task (standing with toes facing forward while maintaining
the heel-to-toe position) and an information processing task (listening
to and remembering instructions).
- Extreme cases of weaving occur when the vehicle's wheels cross the lane lines before correction is made which is known as ___.
- This test requires the subject to count out loud 15 or more numbers in reverse sequence.
- Laboratory research indicated three tests that, when administered in a standardized manner, were the most
accurate and reliable battery of tests for distinguishing alcohol impairment: ___
on ___, Florida law requires a lawfully arrested driver of a vehicle to
take any breath, blood, or urine test requested by a law enforcement
- Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.08 is ___.
- ___ is the process by which alcohol is carried via the bloodstream to the body's tissues and organs.
course uses NHTSA's term, Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs),
even though case law and many Florida law enforcement agencies use the
most significant psychophysical tests are the two
scientifically-validated divided attention tests that you administer
roadside: ___ and ___.
nystagmus occurs when the eyes fixate on an object that suddenly moves
out of sight, or when the eyes watch sharply contrasting moving images.
Examples include watching rotating lights or rapidly moving traffic in
close proximity. The horizontal gaze nystagmus test will not be
influenced by this nystagmus when administered properly.
- The driver takes risks or endangers others by frequently or abruptly changing lanes without regard to other motorists.
: Drugs from two categories both affect some indicator in the same way,
and these effects reinforce each other when combined. For example, CNS
Stimulants and Hallucinogens both cause pupil dilation; therefore,
pupils will be dilated.
- BAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every ___ of blood.
___ stage, during the WAT test, divides the subject's attention among a
balancing task (walking heel-to-toe and turning), a small muscle
control task (counting out loud), and a short-term memory task
(recalling the number of steps and the turning instructions).
___ driver may have difficulty in steering, controlling the
accelerator, signaling, and making decisions (whether to stop, turn,
speed up, slow down, etc.).
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration sponsored research to
identify the most common and reliable initial indicators of DUI. This
research identified ___ cues, each with a high probability that the
driver exhibiting the cue is impaired.
- This chapter has been adapted from the ___ produced by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
- ___ in individuals is fundamental to prevention.
is an abrupt turn away from a generally straight course. It might occur
after a period of drifting when the driver discovers the approach of
traffic in an oncoming lane or discovers that the vehicle is going off
the road. It may also occur as the driver executes an abrupt turn to
return the vehicle to the traffic lane.
- Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.05 is ___.
- Cognitive problems includes ___ or ___.
- The critical element in this cue is that there is no observable justification for the vehicle to stop in the traffic lane.
- ___ are something that leads to the solution of a problem, such as a fingerprint or DNA evidence.
Drugs from two categories may produce some effects that are exactly the
opposite, but, in combination, the effects are difficult to predict.
For example, cocaine dilates the pupils, and heroin constricts the
pupils. The eyes may be dilated, constricted, or normal.
___ provides refusal affidavits to law enforcement agencies. You must
complete this form, notarize it, and forward it to them as part of the
DUI arrest report.
- BrAC stands for ___.
___ is specially trained and certified in investigations involving
drug-impaired drivers. He or she will be able to testify in court in
great detail and provide expert opinions regarding drug impairment.
- SFSE stands for ____.
a subject is placed under lawful arrest for the offense of DUI, refuses
to submit to a lawfully requested test of his or her
breath/urine/blood, and has had his or her driving privilege suspended
before for refusing to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath,
urine or blood, the subject commits the offense of ___ per s. 316.1939,
- A person may be in ___ of a vehicle even though he or she is not actually driving.
- BrAC is expressed as grams of alcohol per ___ of breath.
- The observed vehicle exhibits a longer than normal response to a change in traffic signal.
DUI Citation is very similar to the ___, except the DUI Citation is
used either for a DUI with an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher or
when the violator has refused any chemical test after being lawfully
- If the results of the test indicate an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher, the officer needs to complete a ___.
an officer is involved in a DUI investigation with a driver under the
age of 21 and the driver's alcohol concentration level is at or above
___, or if he or she refuses to submit to a breath test, his or her
driver's license privilege will be suspended.
the result is below a 0.08, the officer should complete a ___ for the
charge of DUI based on the probable cause for the arrest.
- ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by movement or action to the inner ear system.
driver may be subject to the loss of his or her commercial driver
license (CDL) for a period of one year. This penalty also applies if the
driver refuses to submit to a breath, urine, or blood test to determine
alcohol concentration, or if the driver is driving a commercial motor
vehicle with an alcohol concentration of ___ or higher.