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  1. Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
  2. 93
  3. Standardized Field Sobriety Tests
  4. Miranda warnings
  5. Clues
  6. Prevention; Education; Deterrence.
  7. Driving in Opposing Lanes or Wrong Way on a One-way Street
  8. 80
  9. Balance and Counting
  10. 100 Milliliters
  11. Impaired Vision
  12. Turning with Wide Radius
  13. DWI Detection and Standardized Field Sobriety
    Testing course
  14. Central Nervous System Depressant
  15. Weaving Across Lane Lines
  16. Observable Indicators; Symptoms they produce
  17. Weaving
  18. State of Florida Refusal Affidavit
  19. Finger Count
  20. 83
  21. 0.08
  22. Increased Risk Taking
  23. 8
  24. Walk-and-Turn; One-Leg Stand
  25. 25; 30
  26. Failure to Signal or Signal Inconsistent with Action
  27. Unconscious Subject
  28. "Speedball"
  29. Walking
  30. Psychophysical
  31. .015
  32. Stopping in Lane for No Apparent Reason
  33. Portable Breath Test
  34. Two or more
  35. 0.02
  36. Cue
  37. Education
  38. ...
  39. More; Less
  40. Varying Speed
  41. Poor Coordination
  42. Vestibular
  43. Vertical gaze nystagmus (VGN)
  44. DUI Detection Process
  45. Tracking ability
  46. Implied Consent
  47. Specified
  48. Optokinetic
  49. Driving on Other than a Designated Roadway
  50. Societal; Law Enforcement
  51. Refusal to Submit to Testing
  52. Driving Under the Influence
  53. Vehicle
  54. Absorption
  55. Overlapping
  56. Drifting
  57. Eyes
  58. Elimination
  59. Distribution
  60. Safety
  61. Slow Response to Traffic Signals
  62. Rotational
  63. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  64. Divided Attention
  65. Almost Striking Object or Vehicle
  66. Actual Physical Control
  67. Appearing to Be Impaired
  68. Within the State
  69. Drug Recognition Expert
  70. Diabetic
  71. Phase One: Vehicle in Motion; Phase Two: Personal Contact; Phase Three: Pre-arrest screening
  72. Impaired
  73. Urine Test
  74. Medical Condition
  75. Blue; Transmittal
  76. Sight; Hearing; Smell
  77. DUI Citation
  78. 30
  79. Stopping Inappropriately in Response to an Officer
  80. Non-Governmental Organizations
  81. Berkemer v. McCarty
  82. Normal Faculties
  83. Behavioral change
  84. 91
  85. Nystagmus
  86. Caloric
  87. Instructions Stage and Balance and Counting Stage
  88. 210 Liters
  89. Seven
  90. Positional Alcohol Nystagmus (PAN)
  91. Any
  92. Null
  93. Resting
  94. 25
  95. Prevention
  96. 1
  97. Improper or Unsafe Lane Change
  98. First
  99. Metabolism
  100. Swerving
  101. Third District Court of Appeal
  102. Additive
  103. Straddling a Lane Line
  104. Slow Speed
  105. Mothers Against Drunk Driving
  106. Monetary fines; Imprisonment; A temporary or permanent loss of driving privileges
  107. • Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN)
    • Walk-and-Turn (WAT)
    • One-Leg Stand (OLS)
  108. Instructions
  109. Illegal or Improper Turn
  110. Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus; Walk-and-Turn; One-Leg Stand
  111. 24
  112. 79
  113. Dementia; Alzheimer's
  114. Alcohol
  115. Vertical Gaze Nystagmus (VGN)
  116. Deterrence
  117. Certified Breath Test Operator
  118. Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN)
  119. Southern California Research Institute
  120. Polydrug
  121. Accelerating or Decelerating Rapidly
  122. Probable Cause
  123. Yes—Do It Now; Wait—Look for Additional Evidence; No—Don't Do It.
  124. Standardized Field Sobriety Exercises or Evaluations
  125. Physiological
  126. Alphabet
  127. Slowed Reaction
  128. Post-Rotational
  129. Count Down
  130. Driving
  131. 0.04
  132. Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN); Vertical gaze Nystagmus (VGN); Resting Nystagmus
  133. Pathological
  134. Stopping Problems
  135. Drug
  136. Breath Alcohol Concentration
  137. 3
  138. Gaze
  139. Antagonistic
  140. Uniform Traffic Citation
  141. Instructions Stage; Walking Stage
  142. 2
  143. Medical Facility
  144. Driving Without Headlights
  145. Slow or Failure to Respond to Officer's Signals
  146. Following Too Closely
  147. Required
  148. Neurological
  149. Inappropriate or Unusual Behavior
  150. Blood Alcohol Concentration
  151. Driving While Intoxicated
  152. 95
  1. a DUI is both a ___ and a ___ problem.
  2. b This course uses NHTSA's term, Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs), even though case law and many Florida law enforcement agencies use the term _____.
  3. c ___ simply means the ability to concentrate on two or more tasks at the same time.
  4. d A person who has any alcohol in his or her body may not drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle in this state. See s. 322.62(1), F.S. Any driver in violation of this section must be placed out-of service immediately for a period of ___ hours.
  5. e ___ is the active ingredient in beer, wine, whiskey, liquors, etc.
  6. f ___ nystagmus occurs as the eyes are focused on a stimulus and move from the center position.
  7. g BAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every ___ of blood.
  8. h Cognitive problems includes ___ or ___.
  9. i The observed vehicle is traveling at a speed that is 10 mph or more below the speed limit.
  10. j The average alcohol elimination rate of humans is ___ percent per hour.
  11. k ____ is a straight-line movement of the vehicle at a slight angle to the roadway. As the driver approaches a marker or boundary (lane marker, center line, edge of the roadway), the direction of drift might change. It can occur within a single lane, across lanes, across the center line, or onto the shoulder.
  12. l A ___ is any substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely.
  13. m If the subject has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or above, or refuses chemical testing, seize his or her driver's license and attach it to the ___ or ___ copy of the DUI citation per s. 316.650, F.S.
  14. n ___ are something that leads to the solution of a problem, such as a fingerprint or DNA evidence.
  15. o If vertical gaze nystagmus is present and horizontal gaze Nystagmus is not, it could be the result of a ___.
  16. p ____ is an involuntary jerking of the eyes (up and down) which occurs when the eyes gaze upward at maximum elevation.
  17. q If the result is below a 0.08, the officer should complete a ___ for the charge of DUI based on the probable cause for the arrest.
  18. r At the conclusion of each phase an officer will make a major decision in the DUI investigation. The decision can have one of three different outcomes: ___
  19. s ___ is defined as a person who is physically in, on, or around the vehicle and has the capability to operate the vehicle is legally in actual physical control of the vehicle and can be arrested and prosecuted for DUI.
  20. t DRE stands for ___.
  21. u During a turn, the radius defined by the distance between the turning vehicle and the center of the turn is greater than normal. The vehicle may drive wide in a curve.
  22. v Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.05 is ___.
  23. w Extreme cases of weaving occur when the vehicle's wheels cross the lane lines before correction is made which is known as ___.
  24. x If a subject is placed under lawful arrest for the offense of DUI, refuses to submit to a lawfully requested test of his or her breath/urine/blood, and has had his or her driving privilege suspended before for refusing to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath, urine or blood, the subject commits the offense of ___ per s. 316.1939, F.S.
  25. y The most significant psychophysical tests are the two scientifically-validated divided attention tests that you administer roadside: ___ and ___.
  26. z Research has shown that many impaired subjects are able
    to stand on one leg for up to ___ seconds, but few can do so for ___ seconds.
  27. aa ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by movement or action to the inner ear system.
  28. ab The driver may be subject to the loss of his or her commercial driver license (CDL) for a period of one year. This penalty also applies if the driver refuses to submit to a breath, urine, or blood test to determine alcohol concentration, or if the driver is driving a commercial motor vehicle with an alcohol concentration of ___ or higher.
  29. ac Officers must write the breath test results on the ___.
  30. ad Research shows that when the subject displays ___ clues during the OLS test or is unable to complete the test, the alcohol concentration is probably above 0.08.
  31. ae Offenders actually commit the offense an average of ___ times per year.
  32. af ___ occurs when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the roadway and then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of lateral movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is closely followed by another.
  33. ag Also, ___ are not typically required prior to administering the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs).
  34. ah Someone who is unable to have withdrawn consent (such as an ____) is deemed to have given consent to the test.
  35. ai The Colorado SFST validation study was the first full field study that utilized law enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially higher than the initial study results.
  36. aj The observed vehicle exhibits a longer than normal response to a change in traffic signal.
  37. ak Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.08 is ___.
  38. al ___ promises the ultimate, lasting solution to the DUI problem, but it will require a substantial amount of time to fully accomplish.
  39. am ___ is the ability of the eyes to track together when the subject attempts to follow a stimulus moving side-to-side.
  40. an ___ is the process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream. The ___ rate of alcohol varies based on many factors, including the person's weight and gender, whether and how much food he or she has eaten, and the alcohol concentration of the substances consumed.
  41. ao Although this type of nystagmus is most accurate for determining alcohol impairment, its presence may also indicate use of certain other drugs.
  42. ap Even though that suspicion may be very strong, ___ is required to make a DUI arrest.
  43. aq ___ nystagmus is closely related to rotational nystagmus. When a person stops spinning, the fluid in the inner ear remains disturbed for a short period of time and the eyes continue to jerk.
  44. ar This cue is actually one or more indicators related to the personal behavior or appearance of the driver. Examples of specific indicators might include eye fixation, tightly gripping the steering wheel, slouching in the seat, gesturing erratically or obscenely, holding face close to the windshield, or protruding head from the vehicle.
  45. as An ___ driver may have difficulty in steering, controlling the accelerator, signaling, and making decisions (whether to stop, turn, speed up, slow down, etc.).
  46. at In the ___ Stage, during the OLS test, the subject must stand with feet together, keeping arms at sides and listening to instructions. This divides the subject's attention between a balancing task (maintaining a stance) and an information processing task (listening to and remembering instructions).
  47. au All blood draws must be conducted at a ___, as defined by s. 316.1932(1)(c), F.S.
  48. av The observed vehicle almost strikes a stationary object or another moving vehicle.
  49. aw ___ is an essential component of the solution.
  50. ax Administration of some structured standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment is done in Phase ___.
  51. ay A ___ driver's behavior may be impacted, for instance, when sugar levels are too high. At this time, his or her breath could emit an odor similar to that of an alcoholic beverage or the driver could demonstrate a comprehension or awareness problem.
  52. az The research for the WAT test has been shown to be accurate ___ percent of the time.
  53. ba Face-to-face observation and interview of the driver allow you to use three senses to gather evidence of alcohol and other drug influence: ___, ___, and ___.
  54. bb The driver or occupants display inappropriate or unusual behavior such as throwing objects from the vehicle, drinking in the vehicle, or urinating on the roadside.
  55. bc ____ : Drugs from two categories both affect some indicator in the same way, and these effects reinforce each other when combined. For example, CNS Stimulants and Hallucinogens both cause pupil dilation; therefore, pupils will be dilated.
  56. bd The vehicle stops in an inappropriate location, such as a prohibited zone, crosswalk, intersection, or sidewalk, or under inappropriate conditions such as a green or flashing yellow traffic signal.
  57. be BrAC stands for ___.
  58. bf A driver's ___ can be examined for medical impairment.
  59. bg Based on ___, Florida law requires a lawfully arrested driver of a vehicle to take any breath, blood, or urine test requested by a law enforcement officer.
  60. bh PBT stands for ___.
  61. bi This test requires the subject to recite a part of the alphabet. Instruct the subject to recite the alphabet beginning with a letter other than A and stopping at a letter other than Z.
  62. bj NHTSA stands for ____.
  63. bk In the ___ Stage, the subject must raise either leg with the foot approximately six inches off the ground, keeping the raised foot parallel to the ground. While looking at the elevated foot, the subject counts out loud in the following manner: "one thousand and one," "one thousand and two," "one thousand and three" until told to stop. This divides the subject's attention between balancing (standing on one foot) and small muscle control (counting out loud).
  64. bl The observed vehicle is being driven without headlights during a period of the day when headlights are required.
  65. bm Officers administering the Walk-and-Turn test observe the subject's performance for ___ clues.
  66. bn Some estimates indicate that about ___ percent of America's drivers at least occasionally drive while under the influence.
  67. bo ___ is an abrupt turn away from a generally straight course. It might occur after a period of drifting when the driver discovers the approach of traffic in an oncoming lane or discovers that the vehicle is going off the road. It may also occur as the driver executes an abrupt turn to return the vehicle to the traffic lane.
  68. bp If a driver is arrested for a violation of s. 316.193, F.S., or is in possession of a controlled substance while operating or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle or a commercial motor vehicle, the driver may be subject to the loss of his or her commercial driver license (CDL) for a period of ___ year.
  69. bq ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by a disruption of the central nervous
  70. br This criterion, for the OLS test, has been shown to be accurate ___ percent of the time.
  71. bs If an officer is involved in a DUI investigation with a driver under the age of 21 and the driver's alcohol concentration level is at or above ___, or if he or she refuses to submit to a breath test, his or her driver's license privilege will be suspended.
  72. bt ___ refers to a person who is driving, who has driven, or who is in actual physical control of a vehicle while impaired by alcohol or certain substances that adversely affect the auditory, visual, or mental processes.
  73. bu These drugs are classified by category based on the ___ and ___.
  74. bv ___ is only part of the solution.
  75. bw Heroin laced with cocaine is known as a ___.
  76. bx ___ nystagmus occurs when the fluid motion in the canals of the vestibular system is stimulated by temperature, as by putting warm water in one ear and cold in the other.
  77. by ___ in individuals is fundamental to prevention.
  78. bz ___ generally means the entire process of identifying and gathering evidence accumulated to determine whether or not a subject should be arrested for a DUI offense.
  79. ca According to ss. 316.1932(1)(f)2.a. and 316.1933(2)(a), F.S., only ___ personnel are authorized to draw
  80. cb This cue occurs when you observe inconsistencies such as failing to signal a turn or a lane change, signaling opposite to the turn or lane change executed, signaling constantly with no accompanying driving action, and driving with four-way hazard flashers on.
  81. cc ____: One drug affects some indicator of impairment, and the other drug has no effect whatsoever on that indicator. For example, alcohol will cause HGN, but marijuana will not cause HGN. Therefore, HGN will be present.
  82. cd To conduct this test, ask the subject to touch the tip of his or her thumb in turn to the tip of each finger on the same hand while simultaneously counting up one, two, three, four; then reverse direction on the fingers while simultaneously counting down four, three, two, one.
  83. ce NGOs stands for ___.
  84. cf The ___ stage, during the WAT test, divides the subject's attention among a balancing task (walking heel-to-toe and turning), a small muscle control task (counting out loud), and a short-term memory task (recalling the number of steps and the turning instructions).
  85. cg If a breath test result is below a 0.08 and an officer has probable cause to believe that the subject is impaired by substances other than alcohol, the officer should request a ___.
  86. ch The typical DUI investigation involves three phases: ___
  87. ci ____ is when the body expels alcohol through exhaled breath, sweat, tears, saliva, urine, etc.
  88. cj ___ nystagmus is a natural nystagmus that keeps the sensory cells of the eye from tiring. It is the most common type of nystagmus. It happens to all of us, all the time. This type of nystagmus produces extremely minor tremors or jerks of the eyes. These tremors are generally too small to be seen with the naked eye. This nystagmus will have no impact on the HGN test because its tremors are generally invisible.
  89. ck The critical element in this cue is that there is no observable justification for the vehicle to stop in the traffic lane.
  90. cl The charge of a Refusal to Submit to Testing
    is a misdemeanor of the ___ degree.
  91. cm BrAC is expressed as grams of alcohol per ___ of breath.
  92. cn Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.10 is ___.
  93. co A person suspected of DUI who kills or seriously injures any person, including the driver, is ___ to submit to a blood test according to s. 316.1933, F.S.
  94. cp ___ tests describe field sobriety tests that measure a person's ability to perform both mental and physical tasks simultaneously.
  95. cq ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes which can occur as a result of brain tumors, other brain damage, or some diseases of the inner ear. These disorders occur in very few people and even in fewer drivers.
  96. cr ___ nystagmus is an involuntary jerking of the eyes as they look straight ahead. Its presence usually indicates a pathological condition or high doses of a dissociative anesthetic drug, such as PCP. If detected, take precautions.
  97. cs ___ is a complex divided attention task.
  98. ct SFSTs stands for ___.
  99. cu BAC stands for ___.
  100. cv The legal consequences of a DUI conviction include ___, ___, and ___.
  101. cw The driver takes risks or endangers others by frequently or abruptly changing lanes without regard to other motorists.
  102. cx The vehicle is heading into opposing or crossing traffic by driving in the opposing lane, backing into traffic, failing to yield the right-of-way, or driving the wrong way on a one-way street.
  103. cy stopped at pg. 480
  104. cz ___ is the process by which alcohol is carried via the bloodstream to the body's tissues and organs.
  105. da The One-Leg Stand test also has been validated through NHTSA research. This divided attention test consists of two stages: ___ and ___.
  106. db The three scientifically standardized and validated psychophysical (field) sobriety tests are the ___, ___, and ___.
  107. dc Laboratory research indicated three tests that, when administered in a standardized manner, were the most
    accurate and reliable battery of tests for distinguishing alcohol impairment: ___
  108. dd This chapter has been adapted from the ___ produced by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
  109. de ___ occurs when a foreign fluid, such as alcohol, that alters the specific gravity of the blood is in unequal concentrations in the blood and the vestibular system.
  110. df The ___ provides refusal affidavits to law enforcement agencies. You must complete this form, notarize it, and forward it to them as part of the DUI arrest report.
  111. dg ___ amount of alcohol will affect a person's ability to drive to some degree.
  112. dh In the case ___, The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that a law enforcement officer is not required to administer Miranda warnings during the course of a traffic stop in which the officer temporarily detains a motorist in order to ask a few brief questions and issue a citation.
  113. di ___ use is using drugs from two or more drug categories simultaneously.
  114. dj A driver may alternate between speeding up and slowing down.
  115. dk Gaze nystagmus is separated into three types:
  116. dl While driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, impaired drivers are ___ likely than other drivers to take excessive risks and have slowed reaction times; they are also ___ likely to wear seatbelts.
  117. dm The vehicle is following another vehicle while not maintaining the legal minimum separation.
  118. dn A ___ is a reminder, prompt or a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely.
  119. do This cue encompasses any acceleration or deceleration that is significantly more rapid than that required by the traffic conditions. Rapid acceleration might be accompanied by breaking traction; rapid deceleration might be accompanied by an abrupt stop.
  120. dp ___ nystagmus occurs when the eyes fixate on an object that suddenly moves out of sight, or when the eyes watch sharply contrasting moving images. Examples include watching rotating lights or rapidly moving traffic in close proximity. The horizontal gaze nystagmus test will not be influenced by this nystagmus when administered properly.
  121. dq DWI stands for ___.
  122. dr The ultimate goal is to reduce the number of impaired drivers through ___, ___, and ___.
  123. ds The One-Leg Stand will be timed for ___ seconds.
  124. dt ___ includes anywhere in Florida, whether on roadways or public or private property.
  125. du This test requires the subject to count out loud 15 or more numbers in reverse sequence.
  126. dv The Walk-and-Turn is a test that has been validated through extensive research by NHTSA. This divided attention test consists of two stages: ___ and ___.
  127. dw The driver maneuvers onto an area other than the designated roadway. Examples include driving at the edge of the roadway, on the shoulder, off the roadway entirely, or straight through turn-only lanes or areas.
  128. dx There are ___ broad categories of drugs that
    may impair drivers.
  129. dy MADD stands for ___.
  130. dz Florida's ___ held that the term "vehicle" includes bicycles, and a person biking while under the influence of alcohol could be charged with a DUI (State v. Howard).
  131. ea ___ is the biological process by which the body breaks alcohol down into compounds that are more readily eliminated.
  132. eb The 1998 San Diego SFST validation field study was undertaken because of the nationwide trend towards lowering the alcohol concentration limits to 0.08. Correct arrest decisions were made ___ percent of the time based on the three-test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
  133. ec Florida Statute s. 316.193 establishes that limit as ___ BAC.
  134. ed Section 316.003(75), F.S., defines a ___ as "every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks."
  135. ee Alcohol falls into the drug category of ___.
  136. ef ___ is defined as an involuntary jerking of the eyes, which can be caused by the use of alcohol and certain other drugs.
  137. eg ____: Neither drug has an effect on the indicator. For example, neither a Central Nervous System Stimulant nor a Narcotic Analgesic will cause Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN); therefore, HGN will not be present.
  138. eh The ___ must be completed in conjunction with a DUI Citation issued for a refusal to submit to a chemical test.
  139. ei Common Symptoms of Alcohol Influence at a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of 0.03 is ___.
  140. ej The presence of this type of nystagmus is associated with high doses of alcohol for that individual and certain other drugs.
  141. ek Phase ___ occurs after the vehicle stops, there usually is an opportunity to observe and speak with the driver face-to-face.
  142. el ___ include the ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life.
  143. em A ___ will administer the breath test to an arrested driver per agency policy.
  144. en The driver executes any turn that is abnormally abrupt or is illegal, such as turning with excessive speed, turning sharply from the wrong lane, or making an illegal U-turn.
  145. eo ___ considerations take precedence over all other considerations.
  146. ep The vehicle is moving straight ahead with the center or lane marker between the left-hand and right-hand wheels.
  147. eq The Florida SFST field validation study was undertaken in order to answer the question of whether SFSTs are valid and reliable indices of the presence of alcohol when used under present day traffic and law enforcement conditions. Correct decisions to arrest were made ___ percent of the time based on the three test battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
  148. er ___ may include stopping abruptly or too far from a curb, at an inappropriate angle, too short or beyond the intersection limit line, or with a jerking motion.
  149. es ____: Drugs from two categories may produce some effects that are exactly the opposite, but, in combination, the effects are difficult to predict. For example, cocaine dilates the pupils, and heroin constricts the pupils. The eyes may be dilated, constricted, or normal.
  150. et ___ nystagmus occurs when the person is spun around or rotated rapidly, causing the fluid in the inner ear to be disturbed. If it were possible to observe the eyes of a rotating person, you would be able to see them jerk.
  151. eu SCRI stands for ___.
  152. ev The driver is unusually slow to respond to an officer's lights, siren, or hand signals.