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108 True/False questions

  1. ABCsAirway, breathing, and circulation; assessment begins with ABCs

          

  2. FractureA localized injury from overexposure to cold

          

  3. AEDAutomated external defibrillator

          

  4. Good Samaritan ActProtects physicians who render emergency care from civil suits; Florida's Good Samaritan Act also protects first aid providers

          

  5. SwellingThe protective covering for the inside of the body; provides a barrier against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms; acts as a communication organ; helps regulate body temperature

          

  6. Flail chestA closed chest injury that occurs when two or more adjacent ribs are fractured in two or more places and become free floating

          

  7. TourniquetA device, such as a bandage, that restricts blood flow to an extremity such as an arm or leg

          

  8. StrokeDamage to part of the brain due to the rupture or blockage of a blood vessel

          

  9. Electrical burnA burn that occurs when an external heat source comes into contact with the skin

          

  10. PlacentalThe third stage of labor during which the placenta separates from the uterine wall and moves through the birth canal for delivery

          

  11. FrostbiteDamage to part of the brain due to the rupture or blockage of a blood vessel

          

  12. Open fractureA fracture where the skin at the injury site is broken, and the bone may protrude through the skin

          

  13. AnaphylaxisA severe allergic reaction in which air passages swell and restrict breathing; caused by insect bites or stings, pollen, medications, foods, chemicals, or other substances

          

  14. Full thickness burnA third-degree burn that damages all skin layers and affects muscles and nerves; causes skin to look waxy, white, or charred

          

  15. Closed chest injuryA fracture where the skin at the injury site is broken, and the bone may protrude through the skin

          

  16. PlacentaThe disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus; provides nourishment and oxygen to a fetus

          

  17. Emergency medical services systemLocated in the brain and spinal cord; components are the body's mainframe computer where all communication and control originate

          

  18. FemurThighbone; the longest and strongest bone in the human body

          

  19. Venous bleedingBleeding where dark red blood flows steadily from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged vein

          

  20. Universal precautionsAn injury occurring when the end of a bone comes out of its socket at the joint

          

  21. CervixThe neck of the uterus; contains a mucus plug

          

  22. Capillary bleedingBright red blood spurting from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged artery

          

  23. Thermal burnOccurs when a burning chemical comes into contact with skin

          

  24. Open chest injuryResults from blunt trauma to the chest area; damages internal organs and/or causes internal bleeding

          

  25. Peripheral nervous systemDelivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood

          

  26. ICSIncident Command System

          

  27. UterusThe organ that holds the developing fetus

          

  28. AsthmaA method of triage that assesses a large number of victims rapidly using personnel with limited medical training

          

  29. LaborThighbone; the longest and strongest bone in the human body

          

  30. Airborne diseaseAny infection spread from person to person through the air; caused by breathing in microscopic, disease-bearing organisms called pathogens

          

  31. ExpulsionThe second stage of labor; the fetus moves through the birth canal and is delivered

          

  32. Partial thickness burnOccurs when a patient has a burn to any part of the airway

          

  33. DNR DNRODo Not Resuscitate or Do Not Resuscitate Order; documents the terminally or chronically ill patient's wish to refuse resuscitation

          

  34. STARTA method of triage that assesses a large number of victims rapidly using personnel with limited medical training

          

  35. Emergency medical technicianOccurs when manmade or natural (lightning) electricity comes into contact with the skin and body, causing the skin or internal organs to burn

          

  36. Hepatitis C virusCaused by oxygen deprivation to part of the heart, typically from a blocked blood vessel

          

  37. Carbon monoxideA potentially poisonous byproduct of combustion

          

  38. Positional asphyxiaDeath as a result of a body position that interferes with one's ability to breathe

          

  39. USDOTUnited States Department of Transportation

          

  40. Circulatory systemGives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement

          

  41. DiabetesA disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin

          

  42. OcclusiveA closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site

          

  43. Breach of dutyA bone break

          

  44. HematomaA closed injury that evidences as a discolored lump

          

  45. EviscerationAn open wound in soft tissue

          

  46. Superficial burnA burn that occurs when an external heat source comes into contact with the skin

          

  47. DilationThe first stage of labor; begins with the initial contraction and continues until the fetus enters the birth canal

          

  48. SkinThe protective covering for the inside of the body; provides a barrier against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms; acts as a communication organ; helps regulate body temperature

          

  49. HIPPAProtects the rights of patients and restricts the release of patient information

          

  50. AmputationAn open wound in soft tissue

          

  51. HIVCardiopulmonary resuscitation

          

  52. Central nervous systemLocated in the brain and spinal cord; components are the body's mainframe computer where all communication and control originate

          

  53. Level of consciousnessAn injury characterized by a flap of skin, torn or cut, that may not be completely loose from the body

          

  54. STDIncident Command System

          

  55. Emergency moveFailure to use due or reasonable care in a situation, resulting in harm to another (Legal); failure to exercise the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised in a similar situation; conduct that falls below the legal standard established to protect others against unreasonable risk of harm, except for conduct that is intentionally, wantonly, or willfully disregardful of other's rights

          

  56. PMSWhen examining extremities for potential injuries, indicates what to check for: pulse, and motor and sensory function

          

  57. Nervous systemControls voluntary and involuntary body activity, supports higher mental functions such as thought and emotion, allows the individual to be aware of and react to the environment, and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together

          

  58. Medic alertA method of triage that assesses a large number of victims rapidly using personnel with limited medical training

          

  59. Voluntary muscleslifting, and running Muscles used for deliberate acts, such as chewing,

          

  60. CDCCenter for Disease Control & Prevention

          

  61. BruisingAn obvious discoloration (black and blue) of the soft tissue at the injury site

          

  62. TriageA system of sorting and classifying of patients; determines order in which patients receive medical attention; assesses a large number of victims rapidly

          

  63. Amniotic sacThe passage the fetus is pushed through during delivery

          

  64. Recovery positionA position where the patient is rolled over (preferably onto the left side) with knees slightly bent; helps maintain an open airway if the patient vomits and may prevent positional asphyxia

          

  65. Closed fractureAn open wound in soft tissue

          

  66. HypothermiaThe disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus; provides nourishment and oxygen to a fetus

          

  67. Hepatitis A virusA highly infectious disease spread through sexual contact, sharing contaminated needles (through intravenous drug use), or through blood transfusions

          

  68. TBA highly infectious airborne disease

          

  69. Body substance isolationAn open wound where organs protrude from the abdominal cavity

          

  70. InsulinThe protective covering for the inside of the body; provides a barrier against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms; acts as a communication organ; helps regulate body temperature

          

  71. CPRCardiopulmonary resuscitation

          

  72. Informed consentConsent inferred from conduct rather than from direct expression

          

  73. Inhalation burnA burn that occurs when an external heat source comes into contact with the skin

          

  74. Muscular systemPumps blood throughout the body; consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood

          

  75. AvulsionA closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site

          

  76. Puncture woundAn open wound in soft tissue

          

  77. Multiple casualty incidentAn incident that involves more than one victim

          

  78. Umbilical cordFirst-degree burn that damages the first layer of skin; becomes red and feels very painful

          

  79. Arterial bleedingBright red blood spurting from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged artery

          

  80. Skeletal systemThe supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs; attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures red blood cells

          

  81. NegligenceThe hormone needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy needed for daily life

          

  82. SAMPLEMethod for identifying four levels of patient responsiveness: alert, verbal, pain, and unresponsiveness

          

  83. HyperthermiaThe excessive cooling of the body's core temperature

          

  84. Advanced directiveAn open wound where the organs protrude

          

  85. AIDSAirway, breathing, and circulation; assessment begins with ABCs

          

  86. Digestive systemIngests and digests food and nutrients; includes the stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and small and large intestines

          

  87. Chemical burnOccurs when a burning chemical comes into contact with skin

          

  88. ShockCenter for Disease Control & Prevention

          

  89. AbandonmentAn open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv

          

  90. Duty to actA closed injury that evidences as a discolored lump

          

  91. Birth canalThe passage the fetus is pushed through during delivery

          

  92. Personal protective equipmentSecond-degree burn that damages the first two skin layers, which blister and feel very painful

          

  93. AVPUMethod for identifying four levels of patient responsiveness: alert, verbal, pain, and unresponsiveness

          

  94. Cardiac musclesA bracelet, necklace, or card that alerts medical personnel to a specific medical condition

          

  95. Hepatitis B virusThe most common chronic bloodborne infection; primarily transmitted through direct contact with human blood, from sharing needles or drug paraphernalia, or from an infected mother delivering her baby

          

  96. Heart attackA bracelet, necklace, or card that alerts medical personnel to a specific medical condition

          

  97. Involuntary musclesSmooth muscles that carry out many automatic body functions

          

  98. Respiratory systemPumps blood throughout the body; consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood

          

  99. Implied consentConsent inferred from conduct rather than from direct expression

          

  100. DislocationThe first stage of labor; begins with the initial contraction and continues until the fetus enters the birth canal

          

  101. Abdominal eviscerationAn open wound where organs protrude from the abdominal cavity

          

  102. ContusionAn open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv

          

  103. MRSAWhen examining extremities for potential injuries, indicates what to check for: pulse, and motor and sensory function

          

  104. Expressed consentThe relinquishing of a right or interest with the intention of never again claiming it

          

  105. AbrasionAn open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv

          

  106. LacerationAn open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv

          

  107. CyanosisThe neck of the uterus; contains a mucus plug

          

  108. Sucking chest injuryA third-degree burn that damages all skin layers and affects muscles and nerves; causes skin to look waxy, white, or charred