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108 Multiple choice questions

  1. An obvious discoloration (black and blue) of the soft tissue at the injury site
  2. An open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv
  3. Procedures designed to prevent transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and other blood-borne pathogens
  4. Infection transmitted through sexual contact; among the most common infectious diseases
  5. Ingests and digests food and nutrients; includes the stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and small and large intestines
  6. A fracture in which the skin at the injury site remains intact
  7. Damage to part of the brain due to the rupture or blockage of a blood vessel
  8. Protects physicians who render emergency care from civil suits; Florida's Good Samaritan Act also protects first aid providers
  9. Network of trained professionals linked to provide advanced, out-of-hospital care for victims of a sudden traumatic injury or illness
  10. A disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin
  11. Includes nerves that connect to the spinal cord and branch out to every other part of the body; serves as a two-way communication system
  12. Bleeding where dark red blood flows steadily from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged vein
  13. The passage the fetus is pushed through during delivery
  14. Items that protect individuals from harmful substances, infections, or other people; includes eye protection, gloves, shields, and biohazard bags
  15. Failure of the heart and blood vessels (circulatory system) to maintain enough oxygen-rich blood flowing to the vital organs of the body
  16. Results from blunt trauma to the chest area; damages internal organs and/or causes internal bleeding
  17. An incident that involves more than one victim
  18. Death as a result of a body position that interferes with one's ability to breathe
  19. Type of open chest injury in which air and/or blood escapes into the area surrounding the lungs, creating a change in the pressure in the chest cavity
  20. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  21. Failure to use due or reasonable care in a situation, resulting in harm to another (Legal); failure to exercise the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised in a similar situation; conduct that falls below the legal standard established to protect others against unreasonable risk of harm, except for conduct that is intentionally, wantonly, or willfully disregardful of other's rights
  22. A person's agreement to allow something to happen, made with full knowledge of the risks involved and the alternatives
  23. Soft tissue that is raised when blood or other body fluids pool beneath the skin at the injury site
  24. Controls voluntary and involuntary body activity, supports higher mental functions such as thought and emotion, allows the individual to be aware of and react to the environment, and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together
  25. A fracture where the skin at the injury site is broken, and the bone may protrude through the skin
  26. A bracelet, necklace, or card that alerts medical personnel to a specific medical condition
  27. A localized injury from overexposure to cold
  28. Airway, breathing, and circulation; assessment begins with ABCs
  29. Thighbone; the longest and strongest bone in the human body
  30. Documents a patient's request to withhold specific medical care
  31. Do Not Resuscitate or Do Not Resuscitate Order; documents the terminally or chronically ill patient's wish to refuse resuscitation
  32. An injury characterized by a flap of skin, torn or cut, that may not be completely loose from the body
  33. A method of triage that assesses a large number of victims rapidly using personnel with limited medical training
  34. Caused by oxygen deprivation to part of the heart, typically from a blocked blood vessel
  35. A closed injury that evidences as a discolored lump
  36. The relinquishing of a right or interest with the intention of never again claiming it
  37. A system of sorting and classifying of patients; determines order in which patients receive medical attention; assesses a large number of victims rapidly
  38. Method for identifying four levels of patient responsiveness: alert, verbal, pain, and unresponsiveness
  39. The organ that holds the developing fetus
  40. The second stage of labor; the fetus moves through the birth canal and is delivered
  41. The disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus; provides nourishment and oxygen to a fetus
  42. The final phase of pregnancy; begins the birthing process
  43. Bloodborne virus that attacks the immune system and causes AIDS; transmission occurs primarily during sexual contact with an infected individual, when intravenous drug users share contaminated needles, from infected mother to unborn child, and from contact with blood, certain body fluids, and tissue from an infected individual
  44. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; caused by HIV
  45. A severe allergic reaction in which air passages swell and restrict breathing; caused by insect bites or stings, pollen, medications, foods, chemicals, or other substances
  46. A highly infectious airborne disease
  47. Connects the fetus and the mother; provides nourishment to the fetus
  48. A closed chest injury that occurs when two or more adjacent ribs are fractured in two or more places and become free floating
  49. The muscles in the heart that constantly work to expand and contract it
  50. A closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site
  51. The gross removal of an appendage, complete or incomplete
  52. The hormone needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy needed for daily life
  53. Occurs when a burning chemical comes into contact with skin
  54. A device, such as a bandage, that restricts blood flow to an extremity such as an arm or leg
  55. Bright red blood spurting from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged artery
  56. A relocation performed when a patient is in immediate danger or when the patient's location prevents providing care to him or her or another patient
  57. Any infection spread from person to person through the air; caused by breathing in microscopic, disease-bearing organisms called pathogens
  58. Gives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement
  59. The most common chronic bloodborne infection; primarily transmitted through direct contact with human blood, from sharing needles or drug paraphernalia, or from an infected mother delivering her baby
  60. Smooth muscles that carry out many automatic body functions
  61. A patient's mental status due to illness or injury
  62. A type of bacteria that is highly contagious and resistant to certain antibiotics; causes a skin infection that is red, swollen, painful, or warm to the touch; may have purulent drainage or appear to be a spider bite, pimple, or boil
  63. First-degree burn that damages the first layer of skin; becomes red and feels very painful
  64. lifting, and running Muscles used for deliberate acts, such as chewing,
  65. A burn that occurs when an external heat source comes into contact with the skin
  66. Controlling infection by separating patients from each other; includes two basic behaviors: the use of medical PPE and personal behaviors that reduce risk
  67. Changes in circulation causing the lips, palms, and nail beds to turn blue
  68. Center for Disease Control & Prevention
  69. Results from the narrowing of airway passages, causing breathing difficulties
  70. Second-degree burn that damages the first two skin layers, which blister and feel very painful
  71. A bone break
  72. Incident Command System
  73. Signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, past history, last oral intake, events; method to help an officer acquire information useful in determining causes of injury or illness
  74. The protective covering for the inside of the body; provides a barrier against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms; acts as a communication organ; helps regulate body temperature
  75. Consent that is clearly and unmistakably stated
  76. Dark red blood oozing from a wound, indicating damaged capillaries
  77. The neck of the uterus; contains a mucus plug
  78. A position where the patient is rolled over (preferably onto the left side) with knees slightly bent; helps maintain an open airway if the patient vomits and may prevent positional asphyxia
  79. The excessive cooling of the body's core temperature
  80. The third stage of labor during which the placenta separates from the uterine wall and moves through the birth canal for delivery
  81. The bag of fluid surrounding the fetus
  82. Occurs when manmade or natural (lightning) electricity comes into contact with the skin and body, causing the skin or internal organs to burn
  83. The supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs; attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures red blood cells
  84. Occurs when a patient has a burn to any part of the airway
  85. The result of driving a sharp or blunt, pointed object into soft tissue
  86. Protects the rights of patients and restricts the release of patient information
  87. An open wound in soft tissue
  88. Airtight
  89. An injury occurring when the end of a bone comes out of its socket at the joint
  90. Automated external defibrillator
  91. The failure of an officer to act or failure to act appropriately
  92. United States Department of Transportation
  93. The duty to take some action to prevent harm to another and for the failure of which an officer may be liable depending on the relationship of the parties and the circumstances
  94. When examining extremities for potential injuries, indicates what to check for: pulse, and motor and sensory function
  95. An open wound where the organs protrude
  96. Located in the brain and spinal cord; components are the body's mainframe computer where all communication and control originate
  97. An open wound where organs protrude from the abdominal cavity
  98. A highly infectious disease spread by person-to-person contact, generally through fecal contamination or oral ingestion
  99. Consent inferred from conduct rather than from direct expression
  100. The first stage of labor; begins with the initial contraction and continues until the fetus enters the birth canal
  101. Technicians who have advanced, specialized training that enables them to provide comprehensive care to patients
  102. Delivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood
  103. Pumps blood throughout the body; consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
  104. A potentially poisonous byproduct of combustion
  105. A third-degree burn that damages all skin layers and affects muscles and nerves; causes skin to look waxy, white, or charred
  106. An injury that occurs when penetration opens the chest area
  107. A highly infectious disease spread through sexual contact, sharing contaminated needles (through intravenous drug use), or through blood transfusions
  108. Occurs when the body cannot recover from fluid loss