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107 True/False questions

  1. It is recommended that ammunition be replaced __________.date you received and stored ammunition.

          

  2. When using a handgun, the __________ stance most closely represents the instinctive response to a threat, because it minimizes the exposed areas of the body not covered by armor.Isoceles

          

  3. When assuming the barricade position (to shoot a shotgun), you should not let your weaponstand or kneel a safe distance away from the barricade and use the roll-out technique to gain maximum protection behind cover.

          

  4. Always positively identify a threat beforeusing deadly force.

          

  5. An officer should not use reloads forduty ammunition.

          

  6. To assume a __________ position, hold the shotgun's butt in the curve of your shoulder and point the barrel toward the ground at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. This helps you use your peripheral vision and quickly react to a threat.barricade

          

  7. __________, the most difficult handgun fundamental to master, often determines a shot's success.Trigger control

          

  8. Most flashlight-assisted shooting requiresgive away your position.

          

  9. For a two-handed grip (with a handgun), you should wrap the fingers of your support handtightly around the fingers of your shooting hand, with your thumb and index finger in proper grip position along the frame.

          

  10. The __________ stance may be assumed by bending your elbows while pulling the handgun straight back and holding it close to your body. In this position you should maintain a proper grip while pointing the firearm in a safe direction or towards the threat. This variation of the stance is most commonly used in close-quarter situations or when the location of the threat is not immediately known.Modified Weaver

          

  11. Law enforcement uses birdshot (shotgun ammunition) forprovides maximum support while firing.

          

  12. Because of the spread pattern, officers must use extreme caution when shooting __________ in populated areas.return to its forward position (reset).

          

  13. When using a handgun, you should apply pressure on the trigger withhelps illuminate the handgun sight.

          

  14. To shoot a semiautomatic rifle from the __________ position, follow these steps: 1. From the kneeling position, lower your weight onto your weapon-side leg. 2. Turn down your ankle. 3. Sit on the inside of your ankle. (Do not sit back too far; doing so causes poor balance.) 4. Hold the semiautomatic rifle/carbine as you do in the standing position.low kneeling

          

  15. You __________ focus on perfect aim as you apply trigger control.Handgun

          

  16. Flinching-a human reflex caused by anticipating the firearm's recoil-helps illuminate the handgun sight.

          

  17. A(n) __________ is a full metal-jacketed bullet with incendiary material in the casing of its base. When fired, the round can be visually tracked by the burning material. The bullet tip is normally painted red or orange. Having the same velocity as a full metal-jacketed bullet, it is most often used by the military in fully automatic weapons.tracer

          

  18. Using a flashlight at any time willgive away your position.

          

  19. For a two-handed grip (with a handgun), you should place your support hand's thumbon or just below the thumb of your shooting hand (holding the weapon firmly).

          

  20. The trigger of a shotgun is called a __________ trigger, because the hammer is cocked each time the weapon is cycled. The trigger moves only a short distance before the sear trips and the hammer releases.single-action

          

  21. __________ refers to either the revolver or the semiautomatic pistol.Stance

          

  22. To shoot a semiautomatic rifle/carbine from the __________ position, point the firearm in a safe direction and follow these steps: 1. Kneel on your strong knee. Keep the rifle's muzzle pointed toward the target. Keep your finger off the trigger. 2. Extend your support leg toward the target with your foot flat on the ground. 3. Hold the rifle as you do in the standing position.kneeling

          

  23. In the __________ (when shooting a handgun), you are in the standing or kneeling firing position, with your sights on the target.Modified Weaver

          

  24. __________ is shotgun ammunition normally used for bird hunting or practice; this shell has a load of small diameter lead or steel shot pellets. When fired at close range, these pellets can be dangerous and can cause injury.Birdshot

          

  25. Failure to allow a shotgun's trigger resetprevents the weapon from firing until you release and control the trigger again.

          

  26. In the __________ stance, you can see a subject's hands (when shooting a handgun).Stance

          

  27. A cheek weld (with the semiautomatic rifle/carbine) aids incheek firmly on the stock.

          

  28. To assume the __________ position (to use when shooting a shotgun), you should perform the following steps: 1. Kneel on your strong knee. 2. Extend your support leg toward the target with your foot flat on the ground. 3. Keep your ankle straight and the toe of your shoe in contact with the ground, curled forward by your body weight. 4. Hold the shotgun as you do in the standing position.kneeling

          

  29. Proper stance is important when using firearms tactically or defensively,because it gives the shooter more stability.

          

  30. When forming a cheek weld with the semiautomatic rife/carbine, place yourcheek firmly on the stock.

          

  31. After firing a pump shotgun, you must bring theis essential for good trigger control.

          

  32. The two-handed grip (for a handgun)disturbs your aim before the bullet leaves the barrel.

          

  33. A(n) __________ is a lead or copper-jacketed lead with a hollow cavity in the bullet's nose. As the bullet expands upon impact, it expends its kinetic energy. Since this type expands quickly, it does not penetrate as deeply as a round-nose bullet. This design reduces ricochet. Usually of high velocity, it delivers maximum shock upon striking a surface or soft tissue.tracer

          

  34. It is important to write on the box theprovides maximum support while firing.

          

  35. By placing your trigger finger in the same position on the trigger each time (when using a handgun),keep it there until you fire.

          

  36. __________ shotguns have no rear sight. You must focus on the bead, and the barrel should not be visible.Bead-sighted

          

  37. To draw a _________ properly, start in the shooting stance, near waist level, away from your weapon. On command, disengage the safety and holster retention devices and establish a proper grip.handgun

          

  38. To shoulder the semiautomatic rifle/carbine, you must place the rifle butt firmly into yourshoulder pocket.

          

  39. To shoot a handgun from the __________ stance, complete the following steps: 1. Stand at a 45-degree angle to the target, with your feet shoulder-width apart. Your weapon-side foot is to the rear. 2. Bend your knees slightly so your weight is on the balls of your feet. Keep your shoulders at a 45-degree angle to the target. 3. The weapon arm should be almost fully extended while your support arm is bent at the elbow. The elbows should be fairly close together-not allowing them to flare out. 4. Push forward with your shooting hand and pull back with your support hand to create isometric tension. 5. Bring your weapon to eye level and keep your head erect.Weaver

          

  40. When shooting a semiautomatic rifle/carbine, use the low ready position only inthe standing or kneeling positions.

          

  41. A __________ is a single, hollow lead bullet that weighs 7/8 to 1 1/8 ounce. It is .72 caliber and penetrates most materials, but not solid steel.full metal jacket

          

  42. To return to a standing position from a __________ position (with a handgun), complete the following steps: 1. Keeping the firearm pointed in a safe position, use your support hand to rise to a kneeling position. 2. Return the firearm to the holster. 3. Safely stand.prone

          

  43. __________ shotguns have a front and rear sight. To use these sights properly, you must align the front sight with the rear sight.Rifle-sighted

          

  44. When using a handgun, you __________ control the trigger during the shot while keeping the sight alignment and sight picture correct.Isoceles

          

  45. When you are within arm's reach (three to four feet away) of a subject, use the __________ stance (when shooting a handgun).helps illuminate the handgun sight.

          

  46. To use the handgun/flashlight method called the __________ technique, you should hold the handgun in your shooting hand and the flashlight in your support hand. Then, you should hold your hands out in front of you with your arms extended and hands pressed together at your thumbs. The light and handgun are side by side, so the light beam and handgun are parallel and point to the same place.Ayoob

          

  47. To take the __________ (when shooting a handgun), you should assume the standing position, then lock your arms below your line of sight.tactical ready stance

          

  48. To assume the __________ position (when shooting a semiautomatic rifle/carbine), perform the following steps: 1. Hold the semiautomatic rifle/carbine's butt in your shoulder pocket. 2. Point the barrel at an angle of approximately 45 degrees with the ground. This helps you use your peripheral vision and quickly react to a threat. You may also being from the port arms position, normally used when moving from one safe position to another: Hold your weapon across your chest. Keep the muzzle pointed up in a safe direction.low ready

          

  49. Proper follow-through (for shooting a shotgun) involvespoint-shooting skills, because point shooting can be very effective when the target is in silhouette.

          

  50. You must be able to identify a target or threat beforeengaging it with your handgun.

          

  51. You should not try to force a handgun down at the time of discharge (anticipating recoil),shotgun.

          

  52. The __________ technique (for shooting a handgun while using a flashlight) is thumb-to-thumb; it uses the "watchman" grip. It provides some support for firearm control and good illumination in relationship to the weapon.Stance

          

  53. Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to the barricade position (when shooting a semiautomatic rifle/carbine).you can move the trigger straight to the rear with the same results each time.

          

  54. To perform the __________ technique (for shooting a handgun while using a flashlight), you should hold the flashlight in your support hand and the handgun in your shooting hand. Then, put the backs of your hands together. With your hands braced together, you have more control over the handgun.kneeling

          

  55. A steady, controlled squeeze of the trigger (on a handgun) __________ yield the best result.will

          

  56. Jerking the trigger (on a handgun)disturbs your aim before the bullet leaves the barrel.

          

  57. The __________ (for shooting a semiautomatic rifle/carbine) is steadier than the standing and kneeling positions, easier to assume, and presents a lower profile.prone

          

  58. When using a handgun with a flashlight, the __________ technique is not a natural position to take, and requires practice. The key to this method is properly using the law enforcement or tactical grip.Isoceles

          

  59. An officer should avoid usingfactory-loaded ammunition from a reputable manufacturer.

          

  60. __________ is the technique used when you cannot see the sights on your weapon or you have no time to align the sight properly.Point shooting

          

  61. As a shotgun cycles, you must allow the trigger toduty ammunition.

          

  62. A(n) __________ is normally made of brass or copper dust held together with a resin material that disintegrates upon impact with steel or concrete. Tt can penetrate hollow core doors, drywall, or thin wood material.armor piercing

          

  63. __________ is shotgun ammunition in which the standard 2 3/4-inch shell contains nine .33 caliber lead pellets, or a 3-inch magnum shell with twelve .32 caliber pellets. It penetrates solid wood doors, drywall, and wood walls at close range.Double-aught buckshot

          

  64. When using a handgun, a firm handgripprovides maximum support while firing.

          

  65. The extended pause between breaths, called the __________ pause, is the best time to fire the shot(s) (with a handgun).Harries

          

  66. __________ results when the trigger finger pulls the trigger straight back with increasing yet constant and stead pressure until the firearm discharges.Trigger control

          

  67. Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to follow-through (with a semiautomatic rifle/carbine).Follow-through involves maintaining sight alignment before, during, and after firing a round.

    You must acquire a sight picture each time you fire the rifle/carbine.

    You must maintain proper grip, shooting stance, and finger placement on the trigger.

          

  68. For the __________ grip, the flashlight is held in the support hand with the illuminating end projecting from the little finger on the side of the hand. The thumb controls a rear-mounted switch; the index finger controls a side-mounted switch near the back of the flashlight; the little or ring finger controls a side-mounted switch near the back of the flashlight.law enforcement" or "tactical"

          

  69. To assume the __________ position, you should stand in the open, next to the barricade, with your semiautomatic rifle/carbine in a ready position. Upon target stimulus command, you should step back behind the barricade and assume a standing or kneeling position. Finally, remove the safety and fire the prescribed number of rounds.kneeling

          

  70. When forming a cheek weld (with the semiautomatic rifle/carbine), the firm contact between your cheek and rifle enables yourhead and weapon to recoil as one unit.

          

  71. __________ is the relationship between the eye, front sight, rear sight, and target.Sight picture

          

  72. __________ is the relationship of the front sight and rear sight with the shooter's eye(s).Sight alignment

          

  73. __________ is important in the aiming process. If you breathe while trying to aim, the rise and fall of your chest moves the handgun vertically.tactical ready

          

  74. For the __________ grip, the flashlight is held in the support hand with the illuminating end projecting from the index finger side of the hand. The thumb controls the on/off switch with a side-mounted switch near the front of the flashlight; the little or ring finger controls it with a side-mounted switch near the back of the flashlight.barricade

          

  75. A(n) __________ is made of solid carbon or tungsten steel coated with bright green Teflon. Tt has a considerably sharper point than most manufactured rounds. The round can pierce protective body armor or steel. In Florida, its use or possession is illegal for anyone but law enforcement.armor piercing

          

  76. __________ life is the recommended time (normally expressed in months) for which you can expect ammunition to be reliable when used on duty.Trigger control

          

  77. Select all of the TRUE statements that apply to proper storage procedures for ammunition.Do not use cartridges that have been water soaked as seeping water may affect the primers.

    Follow your agency's standard operating procedure for storing ammunition.

    Respect the manufacturer's original design: Do not alter the ammunition.

    Environmental conditions affect the ammunition's shelf and duty life expectancy and may cause malfunctions when you use the cartridges.

    When storing ammunition, following the manufacturer's recommendations is crucial.

    Avoid keeping ammunition in locations where there is atmospheric heat, such as inside a closed vehicle, or where there is radiant heat (for example, inside a box in a sunny location).

    Properly storing and handling your ammunition helps prevent defects.

    Keep your ammunition in a cool place where moisture is minimal.

          

  78. __________ life is the recommended time (normally expressed in years) for which you can expect ammunition to be reliable from manufacture time to issue time.Birdshot

          

  79. You must acquire a sight picture each time you fire adate you received and stored ammunition.

          

  80. Keeping your eye(s) centered behind the rear and front sightsis the most important aspect of aiming a handgun.

          

  81. An officer should notdrop or throw ammunition-it may discharge.

          

  82. To obtain proper sight alignment(for a handgun),duty ammunition.

          

  83. The __________ grip is used with a small (4-6 inch) flashlight with a rear switch and a ring around the grip to give the index and middle fingers a hold. The flashlight is held in the support hand between the index and middle fingers. The switch is pulled back against the base of the hand or the knuckles of the shooting hand, depending on the technique used.syringe"

          

  84. When assuming the barricade position (to shoot a shotgun), you shouldstand or kneel a safe distance away from the barricade and use the roll-out technique to gain maximum protection behind cover.

          

  85. When shooting a handgun, flashlight-assisted conditionsis essential for good trigger control.

          

  86. A(n) __________ is a round-nose lead bullet completely covered with a copper jacket. Sometimes called ball ammunition, it is normally of medium to high velocity. Used extensively by the military, it has low expansion and high penetration capabilities. The chance for ricochet is high.rifled slug

          

  87. You can quickly assume the __________ technique's position (when using this handgun/flashlight method) and easily identify a target.Harries

          

  88. To obtain proper sight alignment(for a handgun),provides maximum support while firing.

          

  89. If you put even slightly off-center pressure on the trigger (when using a handgun), the pressure canhas been known to improve the focus of your dominant eye and sight picture.

    to improve accuracy, while providing increased peripheral vision.

          

  90. An officer should use onlysolvents and lubricants when handling ammunition.

          

  91. To fire a handgun from the __________, complete the following steps: 1. Begin in the standing position. 2. Draw your weapon and step forward with your opposite foot. 3. Drop your shooting side knee to the ground, keeping the muzzle of your weapon pointed downrange. Keep your finger off the trigger. As you drop your knee, bring your arms up, raising your weapon to eye level. Keep your head erect and your back straight.kneeling position

          

  92. The __________ stance (for shooting a handgun) is similar to the Weaver stance, except the weapon arm is locked out straight.tactical ready stance

          

  93. When shooting a handgun, a __________ position is a position behind cover.helps illuminate the handgun sight.

          

  94. Ideally, you should fire your shotgun in reduced light (at night) only at close proximity because ofthe risk involved in identifying targets and threats.

          

  95. Improper __________ causes more misses than any other action in the firing process (when using a handgun).Stance

          

  96. __________ the trigger (of a handgun) is a mental process; __________ the trigger is a physical process.Controlling/pulling

          

  97. To shoot a handgun from the __________ stance, complete the following steps: 1. Assume the interview stance. 2. Draw the weapon and keep your weapon-side elbow at a 90-degree angle (in an L shape). Keep your elbow against the body, slightly above the holster. Keep your forearm and wrist and the barrel of your handgun parallel to the ground and pointed at the subject. Grip the handgun a little more tightly than normal. This helps you keep your wrist straight and makes it more difficult for a subject to take your weapon. 3. Bring your support and shooting hands together in a normal two-handed grip. Hold your weapon at waist level and both elbows tightly against your body above your gun belt. Keep your forearm, hand, and weapon horizontal to the ground. 4. With both eyes open and looking at the subject, eye and hand coordination normally adjusts the weapon to the proper aim.two-handed hip

          

  98. When firing a handgun at night, if you can't see your weapon's front sight,you must use the point shooting technique.

          

  99. When using a handgun with a flashlight, the Ayoob methodmay alter how you see or use your sights.

          

  100. __________ involves maintaining sight alignment before, during, and after firing a round.Follow-through

          

  101. The act of firing (a handgun) without disturbing sight alignment and the muzzleis a fundamental of markmanship.

          

  102. To shoot a handgun from the __________ stance, complete the following steps: 1. Stand with your feet approximately shoulder-width apart. 2. Bend your knees slightly to allow for movement. 3. Stand with your head and shoulders square to the target, body weight forward. 4. Lock your arms straight out in front, and bring the handgun to eye level.Weaver

          

  103. Keeping both eyes open during firing (a handgun)disturbs your aim before the bullet leaves the barrel.

          

  104. __________ occurs when the top of the front sight is level with the rear sight's top edge and centered in the rear sight aperture or notch.Sight alignment

          

  105. The __________ position is a position of readiness that allows the officer to immediately begin firing the shotgun or to take appropriate action and is used in the standing or kneeling positions.law enforcement" or "tactical"

          

  106. After you place your trigger finger on the trigger (of the semiautomatic rifle/carbine),keep it there until you fire.

          

  107. __________ is the posture a shooter assumes while firing a shot.date you received and stored ammunition.