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137 True/False questions

  1. Sight pictureThe recommended time that ammunition can be expected to be reliable, from manufacture time to issue time

          

  2. HeadstampMarkings found on the head of ammunition that indicate the caliber or gauge and identify the manufacturer

          

  3. Accessory Railprovides space for lighting and sighting devices

          

  4. Grip Panelmade of polymer designed to allow the shooter to easily grip and control the weapon

          

  5. TriggerSmall metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the propellant or powder charge

          

  6. Frameholds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol

          

  7. Trigger Groupsection consisting of the trigger, trigger springs, safety, and all firing mechanism parts

          

  8. Shooting handThe dominant or strong hand that is used to fire a gun

          

  9. Frozen cylinderA cylinder that does not rotate

          

  10. Double aught buckshotA pistol in which the hammer must be manually cocked and the first round fires double action but the subsequent rounds fire single action

          

  11. Upper Receiver Grouphouses the bolt assembly group

          

  12. Firing Pinon a Smith & Wesson revolver, it is the spring-loaded part that holds the cylinder closed

          

  13. Safetyblocks the hammer from striking the firing pin; prevents firing (located on the left side of the weapon)

          

  14. ReceiverThe measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes

          

  15. Shelf lifeslightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber

          

  16. Front Sightlocated on the rear of the slide that aligns with the front sight to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy

          

  17. Bolt Carrierslightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber

          

  18. Barricade positionA position behind cover

          

  19. GaugeThe metal, plastic, or paper container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet

          

  20. Muzzle Barrelprovides a path for the fired bullet; its chamber holds the cartridge

          

  21. Trigger Guardactivates the pistol's operation

          

  22. Slide Release (Action)mechanical device that, when activated, releases the slide

          

  23. Shotcontains the firing pin, spring, and extractor (internal part)

          

  24. Bolt Lock Leverholds the bolt to the rear when the charging handle is pulled to the rear and the lower portion is depressed; releases the bolt when the upper portion is depressed

          

  25. Trigger controlResults when the trigger finger pulls the trigger straight back with increasing yet constant and steady pressure until the firearm discharges

          

  26. Take Down Pinsenables separation of the upper receiver from the lower receiver and allows for fieldstripping and cleaning

          

  27. Recoil Guideholds the trigger group and bolt assembly

          

  28. Combstock's top edge where the shooter's cheek rests

          

  29. Shell Latches (stops)two pieces of steel mounted on each side of the inside of the receiver at the magazine's rear; they help hold the cartridges in the magazine and release them one at a time when the action operates. They are also used to manually unload the shotgun.

          

  30. Front SightThe edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case into the chamber

          

  31. Breath controlImportant in the aiming process. Breathing while trying to aim causes the handgun to move vertically along with the rise and fall of your chest

          

  32. SlideA measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound

          

  33. Muzzlebarrel's front end

          

  34. Loading Portbottom opening on the receiver that live rounds are fed into or removed from the magazine tube

          

  35. Backstrapprovides a path for the fired bullet

          

  36. Sling Swivelslocated on the slide's front; used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy

          

  37. cylinderPropellant used in most firearms; produces a large volume of gas when ignited

          

  38. Buffer / Buffer Springhouses the bolt assembly group

          

  39. Support handpart of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part)

          

  40. Magazine Releaselocated on the magazine tube's end and keeps the barrel in place

          

  41. Front Strapportion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest

          

  42. WadThe edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case into the chamber

          

  43. SafetyShotgun: spherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead

          

  44. Triggerwhen pulled, this releases the sear (a part that holds the hammer in the cocked position) and activates the firing pin

          

  45. Extractor Rodpiece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ___ as the bolt goes past it

          

  46. Chamberwhen the trigger is pulled, this part falls forward to activate the primer

          

  47. Respiratory pauseThe extended pause between breaths, which is the optimum time to fire the shot(s)

          

  48. Shell Carrierslightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber

          

  49. Rear Sightlocated on the rear of the frame; it can be adjustable or fixed

          

  50. Rifled slugpart of the hammer used for cocking the weapon to single-action mode

          

  51. Stanceattaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term crane; Smith & Wesson uses the term YOKE (internal part)

          

  52. Failure to firepart of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)

          

  53. Stockpart of the weapon attached to the receiver; a shooter places the ___ on his or her shoulder when firing

          

  54. Slide Stop Leverallows access of the firing pin assembly

          

  55. Single actionA firearm in which the hammer must be cocked before the weapon can be fired

          

  56. Receiverpiece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ___ as the bolt goes past it

          

  57. Extractorgrips and pulls the shell from the chamber

          

  58. Powderthe bottom part of the butt

          

  59. Slide Lockdevice that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol

          

  60. Center Pinon a Smith & Wesson revolver, it is the spring-loaded part that holds the cylinder closed

          

  61. Failure to extractDouble feed: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a spent casing remains in the chamber while a new cartridge enters the chamber

          

  62. Handattaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term crane; Smith & Wesson uses the term YOKE (internal part)

          

  63. FrameShotgun only: The part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth

          

  64. Gripmade of wood, plastic, or rubber; designed to allow the shooter to grip the firearm easily for control

          

  65. Extractorpiece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ___ as the bolt goes past it

          

  66. Double singlelocated on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy

          

  67. BirdshotPortion of the cartridge that becomes a projectile when in flight

          

  68. Heelthe bottom part of the butt

          

  69. Barrelwhen the trigger is pulled, this part falls forward to activate the primer

          

  70. Buttrear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic ___ plate or a recoil pad

          

  71. Toecontains the firing pin, spring, and extractor (internal part)

          

  72. Rim"small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it

          

  73. Point shootingA technique used when a shooter cannot use the sights on the weapon or he or she has no time to align the sight properly; the firearm is viewed as an extension of the arm and pointed at the target

          

  74. Magazine Wellbottom opening on the receiver that live rounds are fed into or removed from the magazine tube

          

  75. Slide Cover Platemetal loops affixed to the rifle/carbine to which a carrying strap attaches

          

  76. Magazine Floor Plateallows access of the firing pin assembly

          

  77. Failure to ejectStovepipe: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a fired round does not completely eject

          

  78. Hammerwhen the trigger is pulled, this part falls forward to activate the primer

          

  79. Ejection PortTechnique used to reload in a tactical situation

          

  80. Crimp"small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it

          

  81. Handgunpart of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part)

          

  82. Top Strapcylindrical steel part containing the firing pin and extractor, which closes the breech end of the barrel for firing

          

  83. Forward Assista button assuring that the bolt is locked

          

  84. Triggermade of wood, plastic, or rubber; designed to allow the shooter to grip the firearm easily for control

          

  85. Magazine Tubelocated under the barrel and holds rounds

          

  86. Follow throughlocated on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy

          

  87. Sight alignmentThe relationship of the front sight and rear sight with the shooter's eye

          

  88. Grip"small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it

          

  89. Failure to feedStovepipe: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a fired round does not completely eject

          

  90. Extractorwhen pulled, this releases the sear (a part that holds the hammer in the cocked position) and activates the firing pin

          

  91. CaseA measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound

          

  92. Muzzle Flash Suppressorattachment on the barrel's forward end that reduces the flash as burning powder escapes when the bullet exits the barrel

          

  93. Lower Receiver Groupcontains the magazine release, magazine well, trigger housing, and trigger components

          

  94. Recoil PadA weapon malfunction that occurs when a lack of powder or a partial burn of powder causes the primer to ignite

          

  95. Forestock / Hand Guardused to support the rifle with the support hand; acts as a heat shield from the barrel

          

  96. Squib loadThe recommended time that ammunition can be expected to be reliable

          

  97. Thumb Restplace for the thumb to rest while gripping the pistol

          

  98. sights (front and rear)portion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest

          

  99. ConcealmentAn object or group of objects that creates a visual barrier between an officer and a threat but may not stop a projectile

          

  100. Malfunctionmetal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber.

          

  101. Caliberhouses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges

          

  102. Rear SightMarkings found on the head of ammunition that indicate the caliber or gauge and identify the manufacturer

          

  103. Hammer Nosepart of the hammer used for cocking the weapon to single-action mode

          

  104. Charging Handleenables manipulation of the bolt to chamber a round

          

  105. Craneattaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term crane; Smith & Wesson uses the term YOKE (internal part)

          

  106. Recoil Springa butt plate, usually rubber, that reduces the effect of the shotgun's recoil or "kick"

          

  107. Back Strappart of the frame that houses the rear sight, positioned over cylinder

          

  108. Cylinder Stophouses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges

          

  109. Magazine Capreleases the magazine from the frame (magazine well)

          

  110. Cylinder Release Latchdisengages the cylinder from the frame

          

  111. Buttthe end of the stock

          

  112. Ejectorexpels the shell from the ejection port (internal part of the bolt)

          

  113. Magazine Catchlocated on the magazine tube's end and keeps the barrel in place

          

  114. Ejection Portopening that permits the shell to exit the weapon (internal part)

          

  115. Hammer Spurpart of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)

          

  116. RoundA measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound

          

  117. BulletPortion of the cartridge that becomes a projectile when in flight

          

  118. Double feedComplete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term meaning one single cartridge

          

  119. Triggeractivates the revolver's operation in both single and double action

          

  120. Stockpart that enables shoulder support during firing

          

  121. Rear Sightholds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol

          

  122. CoverAnything that creates a bullet-resistant barrier between an officer and a threat

          

  123. Double action onlyA firearm in which every round fires double action with the hammer at rest against the rear of the slide

          

  124. PrimerSmall metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the propellant or powder charge

          

  125. Magazinecontains ammunition ready to be chambered

          

  126. Barrelprovides a path for the fired bullet

          

  127. Tactical loaddirects the recoil spring

          

  128. Stacked feedA weapon malfunction that occurs when a round is in the chamber and the action is closed

          

  129. Fore-end (Slide)A cylinder that does not rotate

          

  130. Pinpart of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)

          

  131. Duty lifeThe recommended time that ammunition can be expected to be reliable

          

  132. Boltrear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic ___ plate or a recoil pad

          

  133. Boltcontains the firing pin, spring, and extractor (internal part)

          

  134. Trigger Safetysection consisting of the trigger, trigger springs, safety, and all firing mechanism parts

          

  135. Front Sight (Bead Sight)located on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy

          

  136. Barrellong cylinder-shaped tube through which the projectile travels from the chamber

          

  137. Ejectormetal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber.