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254 True/False questions

  1. DiscriminationAny sensory perceptions in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that is not there

          

  2. Self knowledgeAn awareness of one's own inner nature, character, abilities, motives and limitations which promotes self-control

          

  3. InterviewA noncustodial meeting where information is obtained from a person

          

  4. OffenseWhen a person purposely does what the law declares to be a crime

          

  5. EntrapmentWhen a law enforcement officer uses undue persuasion or fraudulent means to induce a person to commit a crime that he or she would not have otherwise committed; can be used as a legal defense

          

  6. InstrumentalitiesWhen a law enforcement officer uses undue persuasion or fraudulent means to induce a person to commit a crime that he or she would not have otherwise committed; can be used as a legal defense

          

  7. Cognitive interviewingInvolves asking questions designed to reveal cognitive memory through the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch

          

  8. Mistake or ignorance of factA law that provides substance abusers access to emergency services and temporary detention for evaluation and treatment either on a voluntarily or involuntarily basis

          

  9. HallucinationAn offense in which a person commands, encourages, hires, or requests another person to engage in specific conduct which would constitute the commission of an offense or an attempt to commit the offense

          

  10. ProstitutionThe giving or receiving of the body for sexual activity for hire

          

  11. SentenceA group of words that contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought

          

  12. TortA civil wrong in which the action or inaction of a person or entity violates the rights of another person or entity

          

  13. VictimA prospect (usually female) must have sex with one or more members of the gang to be initiated

          

  14. Drug toleranceA motor vehicle, vessel, ship, aircraft, railroad vehicle or car, trailer, aircraft, or sleeping car

          

  15. Mere suspicionThe types of cases in which the court can make decisions

          

  16. SearchAny government intrusion into a place in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy

          

  17. Speech impairmentA mental, psychological, or physical disorder that impedes the completion of major life activities using traditional methods

          

  18. ImpairmentA mental, psychological, or physical disorder that impedes the completion of major life activities using traditional methods

          

  19. Documentary evidenceAny evidence that requires an inference or presumption to establish a fact

          

  20. Probable cause affidavitA sworn, written statement by a law enforcement officer establishing certain facts and circumstances to justify an arrest; also called an arrest affidavit

          

  21. Sign languageInformal, nonstandard words often characterized by regional or specific group usage

          

  22. Sworn statementWritten or oral facts that are stated under oath or penalty of perjury

          

  23. Self regulating behaviorsCoping skills which allow an overstimulated individual to calm down and behave appropriately in his or her environment

          

  24. Sentence fragmentA group of words that lacks a subject or verb or fails to express a complete thought

          

  25. ValuesThe principles, standards, or qualities considered worthwhile or desirable; the core beliefs or desires that guide or motivate attitudes and actions

          

  26. JuvenileThe person who transmits a message to a receiver (listener)

          

  27. Lateral communicationThe communication in an organization that travels across employees on the same level within the chain of command

          

  28. Baker ActA civil wrong in which the action or inaction of a person or entity violates the rights of another person or entity

          

  29. ConclusionExplains how the officer resolved the situation or handled the obtained information

          

  30. ConveyanceA motor vehicle, vessel, ship, aircraft, railroad vehicle or car, trailer, aircraft, or sleeping car

          

  31. Defense of propertyA group of words that lacks a subject or verb or fails to express a complete thought

          

  32. Panic disorderA deeply ingrained, non-psychotic, inflexible pattern of relating, perceiving, and behaving which can cause distress to the people around the individual with a personality disorder

          

  33. Statutory lawThe written laws enacted by Congress, state legislatures, or local governing authorities in response to a perceived need

          

  34. No retreat lawA section of the Florida Statutes that says an individual has "no duty to retreat when faced with imminent harm," "has the right to stand his or her ground," and may "meet force with force, including deadly force when he reasonably believes it is necessary to do so to prevent death or great bodily harm." Section 776.013, F.S.

          

  35. CorrectionsThe part of the legal system responsible for enforcing punishments defined by the court system

          

  36. Conflict of interestExplains how the officer resolved the situation or handled the obtained information

          

  37. Reasonable suspicionThe level of justification needed to support a legal Terry stop or investigative detention where an officer can articulate the facts that support a suspicion of a law violation

          

  38. Self defenseA common legal term that describes the justifiable use of force that is necessary to protect oneself or the defense of others

          

  39. Fruits of a crimeA court order that entitles the creditor to possess collateral after the borrower defaults

          

  40. Personal valuesIndividual convictions about what is right and wrong based on religious beliefs, cultural roots, family background, personal experiences, laws, organizational values, professional norms, and political habits

          

  41. Compensatory damagesCourt awards designed to compensate for the actual property damage, harm, or injury the plaintiff suffers

          

  42. Personal identification informationAn offense, also known as a civil infraction, for which the only penalty may be a fine, forfeiture, or other civil penalty

          

  43. Ethical behaviorAny criminal offense that is punishable by a term of imprisonment in a county correctional facility not in excess of one year

          

  44. Criminal liabilityThe liability incurred when an officer is found guilty of committing a crime and is sentenced to incarceration or other penalties

          

  45. Self talkA continual internal monologue that occurs when an individual evaluates events that are occurring

          

  46. WithdrawalThe physical and mental symptoms that occur after chronic use of a drug is reduced or stopped

          

  47. Introduction of a reportA common legal term describing a person's authority to take reasonable steps, including the use of force (except deadly force) to the extent that a person reasonably believes that it is necessary to protect his or her possessions from trespass or theft or to terminate these acts

          

  48. Criminal street gang memberA person who meets TWO or more of the criteria listed in s. 874.03 (3), F.S.

          

  49. Partial sightThe paragraphs in a police report containing specific details and pertinent information about an incident and the elements of the crime

          

  50. DelusionExplains how the officer resolved the situation or handled the obtained information

          

  51. MirroringThe paragraphs in a police report containing specific details and pertinent information about an incident and the elements of the crime

          

  52. Culpable negligenceConsciously doing an act that the person knew or should have known was likely to cause death or great bodily injury

          

  53. Confidential informantA person who provides information in confidence about a crime, either from a sense of civic duty or in the expectation of some personal benefit or advantage, and whose identity is normally not disclosed until required by law

          

  54. Community controlCommunity supervision in which a person is closely monitored and is more restrictive than probation or parole

          

  55. Breach of dutyAn unreasonable failure of the defendant to act in the duty he or she was obligated to perform

          

  56. OrdinanceThe standards of conduct based on moral duties and virtues that are derived from the principles of right and wrong

          

  57. Juvenile sexual offenderA child 12 years of age or younger who is alleged to have committed a violation of sexual battery, prostitution, a lewd and lascivious act, an act of sexual performance by a child, or an act of obscenity, or any violation of law or delinquent act involving juvenile sexual abuse

          

  58. Beat inA person or entity which suffers an injury as a result of a crime

          

  59. BOLOAn acronym that stands for Be On the Look Out. A BOLO is a description of the suspect, the suspect's name, and any additional information that would help apprehend the suspect

          

  60. Criminal street gang"a formal or informal ongoing organization, association, or group that has as one of its primary activities the commission of criminal or delinquent acts, and that consists of three or more persons who have a common name or common identifying signs, colors, or symbols and have two or more members who, individually or collectively, engage in or have engaged in a pattern of criminal street gang activity." Section 874.03, F.S.

          

  61. Color of lawAnything that is illegal to possess

          

  62. Law enforcementThe part of the criminal justice system responsible for the enforcement of and maintaining civil order

          

  63. AssumptionA notion, statement, or belief about a person, group, or event that may or may not be factual

          

  64. Court systemThe part of the legal system responsible for the interpretation of laws

          

  65. Substance dependenceThe compulsive abuse of substances due to an uncontrollable physical or psychological craving for that substance

          

  66. PerceptionAn impression in a persons mind of an individual, people, or events based on experiences, biases, beliefs, assumptions, and observations; the process of organizing and attaching meaning to sensations, so that they can be interpreted

          

  67. Substance abuseA fair probability or reasonable grounds to believe that a crime was committed, based on the totality of circumstances

          

  68. Direct liabilityA liability which arises in cases in which the officer committed an intentional or negligent tort in violation of the employing agency's orders or policies

          

  69. Hard of hearingThe order of authority within an organization

          

  70. InsanityIntelligent, knowing, and voluntary consent that does not induce coerced submission nor failure by the alleged victim to offer physical resistance; a legal defense that claims that the acts in question were committed with the victim's consent and permission

          

  71. Exculpatory evidenceAnything written or printed which is offered to prove or disprove facts pertaining to a case in court

          

  72. ParoleThe release of an inmate from a correctional institution prior to the end of the inmates court-imposed sentence

          

  73. ComplainantAnything that is illegal to possess

          

  74. Circumstantial or indirect evidenceEvidence that requires an inference or presumption to establish a fact

          

  75. ProspectAn individual who is generally accepted by a gang and may participate in gang activities during a probationary period with hopes of becoming a full-fledged member

          

  76. DementiaAn organic, progressive mental disorder characterized by a loss of memory, an impairment of judgment and abstract thinking, and changes in personality

          

  77. Chain of commandThe order of authority within an organization

          

  78. SolicitationAn offense in which a person commands, encourages, hires, or requests another person to engage in specific conduct which would constitute the commission of an offense or an attempt to commit the offense

          

  79. ArrestA written document prepared by a law enforcement officer that gives information about an event, situation, or person encountered by the officer

          

  80. SeizureA false statement made under oath which the person speaking does not believe to be true

          

  81. Nonverbal communicationLanguage expressed through tone of voice, facial expressions, gestures, and body language

          

  82. Traditional gangsGangs with a documented history, a written set of laws or codes that can have an organizational structure; they often have a leadership structure (implicit or explicit), codes of conduct, colors, special dress, signs, and symbols

          

  83. Sovereign immunityA physiological condition that causes someone to have difficulty in producing sound or understanding language

          

  84. NegligenceAlso known as graffiti; writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surfaces in a public area

          

  85. Intellectual disabilityIs a lifelong condition characterized by slow intellectual developmental

          

  86. PerjuryA false statement made under oath which the person speaking does not believe to be true

          

  87. Statute of limitationsNegative behavior toward a person or because of prejudice involving color, race, sex, age, religion, ethnic and national origin, handicap, and/or marital status

          

  88. Test of heartA civil wrong in which the action or inaction of a person or entity violates the rights of another person or entity

          

  89. Lip readingThe ability to understand what someone is saying by watching the movement of the lips, the facial expressions, and the body language of the other speaker when he or she is talking

          

  90. Acting within the scope of employmentThe reasonable and foreseeable activities that an employee does while carrying out the employer's business

          

  91. OverdoseThe accidental or intentional use of a dangerously large amount of a substance that leads to death

          

  92. Testimonial evidenceOccurs when a person is chemically and physically dependent upon the substance to maintain normal functioning, not just of the central nervous systems but of all systems

          

  93. WitnessA person who has information about some element of the crime or about evidence or documents related to the crime and who may have heard statements or observed events before, during, or after the crime; a person who sees, knows, or vouches for something and makes a sworn statement about that information

          

  94. Corpus delictiA Latin term meaning the "body of the offense" which describes the principle that the officer must determine whether the elements of a criminal act are present and have probable cause to believe that the person to be charged committed the crime

          

  95. Carroll doctrineA court order authorizing law enforcement to take the individual named on the warrant into custody to answer for charges specified in the warrant

          

  96. Quid pro quoAn intense fear of a specific object or situation, such as a fear of heights, spiders, or leaving home

          

  97. LasciviousA person who aids or contributes in committing or concealing a crime

          

  98. Physical or real evidenceA functional limitation that affects one or more of a person's limbs

          

  99. Admissibility of evidenceAnything written or printed which is offered to prove or disprove facts pertaining to a case in court

          

  100. Vicarious liabilityTo repeat what the individual has heard by restating or paraphrasing the speaker's words

          

  101. AttemptWhen a person purposely does what the law declares to be a crime

          

  102. Pretext stopA sentence placing a person under the supervision of a probation officer for a specified length of time instead of in confinement

          

  103. CommunicationAn offense in which a person commands, encourages, hires, or requests another person to engage in specific conduct which would constitute the commission of an offense or an attempt to commit the offense

          

  104. CustodyBehavior that involves showing consideration, respect, and cooperation when interacting with others

          

  105. Criminal lawThe body of law that is formed by the decisions of the court system

          

  106. InsubordinationA failure to follow orders from superiors in the chain of command

          

  107. Elderly personA hunch or gut feeling based on law enforcement training and knowledge but is not an acceptable justification for interfering with someone's rights

          

  108. SenderThe person who transmits a message to a receiver (listener)

          

  109. ReportA written document prepared by a law enforcement officer that gives information about an event, situation, or person encountered by the officer

          

  110. CertifiedSworn, as in a certified police officer

          

  111. DwellingAlso known as graffiti; writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surfaces in a public area

          

  112. General intentAnything that is illegal to possess

          

  113. StatementA permanent, verbal, or written record of a persons account of an incident or occurrence that may or may not be made under oath

          

  114. Excited utterancesUnplanned, spontaneous statements that occur during or after a shocking event, or having suffered an injury, and may be relied upon for truthfulness

          

  115. HearsayA criminal offense committed within a state in which the maximum penalty is death or incarceration in a state correctional facility for more than one year

          

  116. Writ of replevinA court order that entitles the creditor to possess collateral after the borrower defaults

          

  117. Domestic violenceAnything written or printed which is offered to prove or disprove facts pertaining to a case in court

          

  118. Forcible felonyA criminal offense committed within a state in which the maximum penalty is death or incarceration in a state correctional facility for more than one year

          

  119. Sign language interpreterA person who can both receive and express information and interpret it effectively, accurately, and impartially

          

  120. MaliciouslyA physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance

          

  121. Qualified immunityA defense which protects government officials from liability for civil damages insofar as their conduct does not violate clearly established statutory or constitutional rights of which a reasonable person would have known

          

  122. Sexual batteryThe oral, anal, or vaginal penetration by, or union with, the sexual organ of another; anal or vaginal penetration of another by any other object

          

  123. AccessoryA person who aids or contributes in committing or concealing a crime

          

  124. BriberyIndividuals initiated into a gang who usually participate in the gang's social and criminal activities

          

  125. Justifiable use of forceA person may legally use force to defend against the use of force by another. Chapter 776, F.S.

          

  126. JargonThe technical vocabulary of a particular profession that has meaning specific to people who work in that field

          

  127. Notice to appearA written order that may be issued by a law enforcement officer in lieu of a physical arrest requiring a person accused of violating the law to appear in court at a specified date and time. It may only be used under limited circumstances for misdemeanor offenses, municipal or county ordinance violations, and criminal traffic violations.

          

  128. Duress or coercionNegative behavior toward a person or because of prejudice involving color, race, sex, age, religion, ethnic and national origin, handicap, and/or marital status

          

  129. Marchman ActA law that provides substance abusers access to emergency services and temporary detention for evaluation and treatment either on a voluntarily or involuntarily basis

          

  130. ForfeitureA civil proceeding in which the law enforcement agency asks the court to transfer ownership of property from the defendant to the government

          

  131. Exigent circumstancesCertain emergencies, such as evidence destruction, an emergency scene, or fresh pursuit that justify a warrant-less entry

          

  132. Indirect evidenceAny evidence that requires an inference or presumption to establish a fact

          

  133. Conflict resolutionThe part of the legal system responsible for enforcing punishments defined by the court system

          

  134. AffirmationAnything of value intended to benefit the giver more than the receiver; something given to a person because of that persons position or authority

          

  135. Plain touch feel doctrineThe objects obtained by the defendant as a result of committing a crime

          

  136. Administrative lawA noncustodial meeting where information is obtained from a person

          

  137. Paper terrorismNuisance property liens, frivolous lawsuits, and false income reports filed by sovereign citizens often to retaliate against government officials

          

  138. Human traffickingTransporting, soliciting, recruiting, harboring, providing, enticing, maintaining, or obtaining another person for the purpose of exploitation of that person

          

  139. Family or household memberA legal plea in which an individual does not accept or deny responsibility for the charges but agrees to accept punishment

          

  140. Principal in the first degreeAn act that that imposes criminal liability and that occurs when a person did not intend for a behavior to cause the resulting harm

          

  141. Hearing impairmentAny degree of hearing loss

          

  142. ReceiverA person who receives a message from a sender then acknowledges the message and provides feedback

          

  143. Bias PrejudiceThe ability to understand what someone is saying by watching the movement of the lips, the facial expressions, and the body language of the other speaker when he or she is talking

          

  144. ConsentTo deprive a person of his or her liberty by legal authority

          

  145. SlangInformal, nonstandard words often characterized by regional or specific group usage

          

  146. Delegation of authorityA liability which arises in cases in which the officer committed an intentional or negligent tort in violation of the employing agency's orders or policies

          

  147. Emergency doctrineA technique in which the interviewer acts as if he or she looks in a mirror and sees him- or herself as the interviewee

          

  148. Mental incompetenceThe part of the criminal justice system responsible for the enforcement of and maintaining civil order

          

  149. IntentWhen a person purposely does what the law declares to be a crime

          

  150. Fellow officer ruleThe presentation of a number of individuals, which may include a known suspect, to a victim or witness in a non-suggestive manner for the purpose of identification

          

  151. Closing stageThe officer obtains information about the incident from the interviewee

          

  152. Criminal justiceThe structures, functions, and decision-making processes of agencies that deal with the management and control of crime and criminal offenders

          

  153. Child abuseThe accidental or intentional use of a dangerously large amount of a substance that leads to death

          

  154. Nolo contendereA common legal term that describes the justifiable use of force that is necessary to protect oneself or the defense of others

          

  155. GonnabeAn individual who aspires to become a gang member, but has not proven him- or herself and therefore not yet accepted into the gang

          

  156. Bless inA false belief that is held in spite of obvious proof or evidence to the contrary

          

  157. Sexual harassmentUnwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature

          

  158. Vertical communicationThe information that flows down through the supervision level to the lowest levels of the organization

          

  159. Totality of circumstancesA court review of all factors known to the officer at the time of the incident

          

  160. MembersAn act that occurs when the government affects a person's right to have or control his or her property, usually by physically taking that property

          

  161. Investigative stopA stop that may be made only if an officer has reasonable suspicion that the person stopped was committing, is committing, or is about to commit a law violation; also known as a Terry stop

          

  162. Bill of RightsA visual impairment in which, after correction, objects still look dim or out of focus

          

  163. Search warrantTo deprive a person of his or her liberty by legal authority

          

  164. Punitive damagesThe continued use of a mind or physically altering substance that adversely affects an individual's social or occupational life and psychological or physical health

          

  165. AddictionA sentence placing a person under the supervision of a probation officer for a specified length of time instead of in confinement

          

  166. Accessory after the factA law that provides persons with mental illness access to emergency services and temporary detention for psychiatric evaluation and voluntary or involuntary short-term community inpatient treatment

          

  167. HypervigilanceA noncustodial meeting where information is obtained from a person

          

  168. Physical dependenceOccurs when a person is chemically and physically dependent upon the substance to maintain normal functioning, not just of the central nervous systems but of all systems

          

  169. BodyThe detailed chronological account of the incident

          

  170. Transitional gang membersWitness statements presented in court tending to prove or disprove facts about the case

          

  171. Substantial limitationA failure to follow orders from superiors in the chain of command

          

  172. Command presenceAn officer's demeanor and confidence exhibited by personal appearance, erect posture, alertness, and attention to surroundings which is developed through training and self-confidence

          

  173. HomophoneThe release of an inmate from a correctional institution prior to the end of the inmates court-imposed sentence

          

  174. Substance useThe legal, or illegal, therapeutic, or recreational intake of a substance that can lead to substance abuse

          

  175. SuspectA written document prepared by a law enforcement officer that gives information about an event, situation, or person encountered by the officer

          

  176. CrimeA person or entity which suffers an injury as a result of a crime

          

  177. Cyber stalkA law that provides persons with mental illness access to emergency services and temporary detention for psychiatric evaluation and voluntary or involuntary short-term community inpatient treatment

          

  178. Non traditional gangsA statute enacted by a municipal (city) or county government and which applies only within the jurisdiction of the governmental entity which created it, may be criminal or civil

          

  179. JurisdictionThe exchange of messages, verbally and nonverbally, through signals or writing

          

  180. PhobiasAn intense fear of a specific object or situation, such as a fear of heights, spiders, or leaving home

          

  181. Civil lawThe enclosed space of ground and the outbuildings immediately surrounding a structure

          

  182. FelonyAn acronym that stands for Be On the Look Out. A BOLO is a description of the suspect, the suspect's name, and any additional information that would help apprehend the suspect

          

  183. CrisisOccurs when an officer neglects to perform what the law or duty requires

          

  184. GratuityAnything of value intended to benefit the giver more than the receiver; something given to a person because of that persons position or authority

          

  185. DeafnessA hearing loss of such severity that the individual must rely primarily on visual tools such as writing, gestures, sign language, and lipreading to communicate

          

  186. BlindnessWhen a person purposely does what the law declares to be a crime

          

  187. Sex inA prospect (usually female) must have sex with one or more members of the gang to be initiated

          

  188. Hybrid gangsFormed within schools, neighborhoods, or regions, and in youthful offender, juvenile, and adult correctional facilities. Gangs that are composed of members from other gangs uniting to form a group

          

  189. Personality disorderA deeply ingrained, non-psychotic, inflexible pattern of relating, perceiving, and behaving which can cause distress to the people around the individual with a personality disorder

          

  190. Obsessive compulsive disorderIntrusive thoughts and impulses resulting in ritualistic behavior, such as an excessive need to count, excessively wash their hands, or an extreme need to avoid dirt

          

  191. CurtilageAn unmarried person under the age of 18 who has not been emancipated by order of the court and who has been found or alleged to be dependent, in need of services, or from a family in need of services; any married or unmarried person who is charged with a violation of law occurring prior to the time that person reached the age of 18

          

  192. Post traumatic stress disorderA rule that during a valid stop and frisk allows an officer to seize an item he or she readily recognizes as contraband even if it does not feel like a weapon

          

  193. Constitutional lawThe standards set forth in the Constitution and court decisions or interpretations of the Constitution handed down by U.S. District and Supreme Courts; identifies the powers and limitations of each branch of the U.S. government

          

  194. Photographic arrayA presentation of a series of photographs to a victim or witness in a non-suggestive manner for the purpose of identifying a suspect

          

  195. StereotypingA fixed and unvarying idea or opinion of a person, group, or subject

          

  196. Exclusionary ruleA rule which states that evidence obtained illegally by law enforcement cannot be used as evidence in court

          

  197. CourtesyA civil wrong in which the action or inaction of a person or entity violates the rights of another person or entity

          

  198. TaggingAlso known as graffiti; writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surfaces in a public area

          

  199. Psychological dependenceAn act that that imposes criminal liability and that occurs when a person did not intend for a behavior to cause the resulting harm

          

  200. Direct evidenceEvidence which proves a fact without an inference or presumption and which, if true, conclusively establishes that fact

          

  201. WillfullyIntentionally, knowingly, and purposely

          

  202. Major life activitiesThe items used by the defendant to commit the crime

          

  203. ProfessionalismThe giving or receiving of the body for sexual activity for hire

          

  204. Live line upA functional loss of vision

          

  205. MisdemeanorAn organic, progressive mental disorder characterized by a loss of memory, an impairment of judgment and abstract thinking, and changes in personality

          

  206. OathThe standards of conduct based on moral duties and virtues that are derived from the principles of right and wrong

          

  207. Primary stageThe officer obtains information about the incident from the interviewee

          

  208. Americans with Disabilities ActThe federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities and requires public buildings and spaces to have equal opportunity for access

          

  209. Minimal encouragersWhen an officer comes into voluntary contact with a citizen under circumstances in which a reasonable person would feel free to disregard the police and go about his or her business

          

  210. Warm upTo deprive a person of his or her liberty by legal authority

          

  211. Self help repossessionDue to a well-respected or high ranking family member, a prospective member is initiated into a gang

          

  212. Arrest warrantA court order that authorizes law enforcement to conduct a search and seizure

          

  213. Traumatic brain injuryThe legal, or illegal, therapeutic, or recreational intake of a substance that can lead to substance abuse

          

  214. EthicsThe standards of conduct based on moral duties and virtues that are derived from the principles of right and wrong

          

  215. Criminal street gang associateA person who meets ONE of the criteria listed in s. 874.03 (3), F.S.

          

  216. Physical or mobility impairmentA functional limitation that affects one or more of a person's limbs

          

  217. Deadly forceThe accidental or intentional use of a dangerously large amount of a substance that leads to death

          

  218. Proximate causeA fair probability or reasonable grounds to believe that a crime was committed, based on the totality of circumstances

          

  219. Show upA one-on-one identification of a suspect in the field by a victim or witness orchestrated by a law enforcement officer a short time after the commission of an offense

          

  220. AssociatesNot officially gang members but are accepted to some degree. They participate on a limited basis in the gangs social and criminal activities

          

  221. EvidenceAnything presented in a court of law to prove or disprove the existence of a fact

          

  222. Autism spectrum disorderA notion, statement, or belief about a person, group, or event that may or may not be factual

          

  223. Transferred intentThe intent that is present when an intentional act harms an unintended second victim

          

  224. Mental illnessAn impairment of the mental or emotional processes that exercises the conscious control of one's actions or the ability to perceive or understand reality

          

  225. CommunityIntelligent, knowing, and voluntary consent that does not induce coerced submission nor failure by the alleged victim to offer physical resistance; a legal defense that claims that the acts in question were committed with the victim's consent and permission

          

  226. AlibiA suspect or defendant's claim that he or she was not present when the alleged act was committed

          

  227. DetoxificationThe process of allowing the body to rid itself of a drug while managing the symptoms of withdrawal

          

  228. Noncriminal violationAn offense, also known as a civil infraction, for which the only penalty may be a fine, forfeiture, or other civil penalty

          

  229. Child, juvenile, youthAn unmarried person under the age of 18 who has not been emancipated by order of the court and who has been found or alleged to be dependent, in need of services, or from a family in need of services; any married or unmarried person who is charged with a violation of law occurring prior to the time that person reached the age of 18

          

  230. Active listeningWhen a person purposely does what the law declares to be a crime

          

  231. Civil rights violationAn unlawful interference with the fundamental rights of another person

          

  232. ConspiracyA situation in which the offender agreed, conspired, combined, or confederated with the person(s) alleged to cause a crime to be committed. Section 777.04(3), F.S.

          

  233. HarassTo engage in conduct directed at a specific person which causes substantial emotional distress to that person and serves no legitimate purpose

          

  234. ContrabandExplains how the officer resolved the situation or handled the obtained information

          

  235. Criminal negligenceAn act that that imposes criminal liability and that occurs when a person did not intend for a behavior to cause the resulting harm

          

  236. Extremist groupA court order issued and signed by a judge that is initiated by one person in the absence of and without representation or notification of other parties

          

  237. Case lawInformal, nonstandard words often characterized by regional or specific group usage

          

  238. UnnaturalNot in accordance with nature or with normal feelings or behavior

          

  239. ProbationA physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance

          

  240. OmissionA situation that is uncertain, difficult, or painful, especially when a person in crisis feels unprepared and pressured to take action or make a decision

          

  241. Hostile work environmentA work situation in which lewd jokes or offensive habits are acceptable

          

  242. NarrativeAn act that the law makes punishable

          

  243. Fresh pursuitThe giving or receiving of the body for sexual activity for hire

          

  244. Specific intentAn expectation of a particular result, requiring a heightened mental state of intent to commit the act; proof that the suspect intentionally committed the act with a particular purpose or desire in mind

          

  245. Ex parte orderNuisance property liens, frivolous lawsuits, and false income reports filed by sovereign citizens often to retaliate against government officials

          

  246. Civil liabilityResponsibility for a wrongful act or an omission that injures a person or property

          

  247. Due process clauseA part of the Fourteenth Amendment that expands the restrictions the Bill of Rights places on the federal government to state and local governments and states, "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty or property, without due process of law; nor deny any person within its jurisdiction of the equal protection of the laws."

          

  248. StructureThe person who transmits a message to a receiver (listener)

          

  249. Consensual encounterA motor vehicle, vessel, ship, aircraft, railroad vehicle or car, trailer, aircraft, or sleeping car

          

  250. Voluntary examinationA decision made by an individual to willingly seek a psychiatric evaluation for symptoms that may be due to a mental illness

          

  251. Ethical principlesRules of conduct derived from ethical values

          

  252. Probable causeA fair probability or reasonable grounds to believe that a crime was committed, based on the totality of circumstances

          

  253. ProseThe release of an inmate from a correctional institution prior to the end of the inmates court-imposed sentence

          

  254. Proof beyond a reasonable doubtA behavior that follows the prescribed Law Enforcement Code of Ethics, which demonstrates good character and is marked by pride in self and career