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162 True/False questions

  1. Roadwayoccurs when TURNING! this shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side.

          

  2. Standard of careThe level of competency expected or required during the performance of a service or a duty

          

  3. SidewalkA broad area of a hard surface covered with many scratches, striations, or streak marks made without great pressure by a sliding metal part

          

  4. Non traffic violationA violation that has nothing to do with traffic or the traffic crash

          

  5. Crash privilegeThe legal right of a driver to answer questions about a traffic crash and to give full information required to complete a crash investigation without fear of self-incrimination

          

  6. Acceleration scuff marksDark marks, resulting from rapid acceleration, that gradually fade

          

  7. over steeringhappens when a driver over-acceleratess, and the tires sping, the wheels are NOT locked but the driver has lost traction

          

  8. EliminationA process by which alcohol is expelled from the body which includes breath, sweat, tears, and saliva

          

  9. apexis the center point of ANY CURVE

          

  10. Dirty bombThe loose material that is strewn about the area as the result of a traffic collision

          

  11. AbsorptionThe process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream

          

  12. Florida Traffic Crash ReportsA set of forms provided by the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles that combined previous separate Long, Short, and Update traffic crash report forms into one comprehensive form and used to record pertinent information, narrative, and diagram regarding traffic crash incident

          

  13. Wheel witnessesis an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a TIghter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn

          

  14. DistributionThe point at which the vehicles in a traffic crash separate, either naturally or artificially; also referred to as the post-collision phase

          

  15. Area of collisionability to see clearly in DARKNESS

          

  16. control of a vehicle depends ontraction

          

  17. Incipient skidA mark left where the beginning point of braking leaves a discoloration on the roadway

          

  18. Driving under the influenceDriving, having driven, or in actual physical control of a vehicle while impaired by use of alcohol or other substances that adversely affect the auditory, visual, or mental processes

          

  19. Vertical gaze nystagmusMovement of vehicles during and after collision when determining the path of travel and assisting in locating the area of collision

          

  20. Immobilization Technique (PIT)The fact that any person who accepts the privilege of driving in Florida has consented to submit to an approved chemical test to determine the alcohol content or the presence of a chemical and/or controlled substance in their breath, blood, or urine

          

  21. Primary collision factorThe location of the first harmful event, or the first damage-producing event in a traffic crash

          

  22. Horizontal gaze nystagmusAn involuntary jerking of the eyes as they move to the side

          

  23. DebrisThe loose material that is strewn about the area as the result of a traffic collision

          

  24. rolloccurs when TURNING! this shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side.

          

  25. GougeOccurs when a metal vehicle part cuts into and removes the road surface

          

  26. Incapacitating injuryVisible or non-visible signs of injury, such as a bleeding wound or distorted member, usually requiring transportation to a medical facility and hospitalization

          

  27. Maximum deviationThe point at which the vehicles or other objects in a traffic crash are crushed together to the greatest extent

          

  28. Divided attentionDepiction of a scene as if looking down from an altitude or distance

          

  29. Shelter in placeis when the vehicle steered closest to the MIDDLE of the curve

          

  30. SmallpoxA contagious infectious disease transmitted by prolonged face to face contact with an infected person, direct contact with infected bodily fluids, and direct contact with infected objects

          

  31. Contact damageAny damage to a vehicle resulting from the direct pressure of any object in a collision or rollover

          

  32. Resting nystagmusAn involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by a disruption of the central nervous system

          

  33. Autonomous vehicleability to see clearly in DARKNESS

          

  34. under steerThe loose material that is strewn about the area as the result of a traffic collision

          

  35. Vestibular nystagmusis a turn that remains the SAME throughout, getting neither wider nor smaller. EX: 90 degree turn at an intersection.

          

  36. Emergency Response GuidebookA homemade bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than conventional military action and which can be made from commercially available materials

          

  37. Vehicleresults from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.

          

  38. Drug recognition expertAn expert specially trained and certified in investigations involving drugs or drug-impaired drivers

          

  39. Contributing traffic violationThe direct cause or contribution to a crash

          

  40. Changing of the hatsGoing from a crash investigation to a criminal investigation

          

  41. Street or highwayThe entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons, or any limited access road owned or controlled by a special district, whenever, by written agreement entered into under ss. 316.006(2)(b) or (3)(b), a county or municipality exercises traffic control jurisdiction over said way or place

          

  42. Florida Traffic Crash Report formA set of forms provided by the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles that combined previous separate Long, Short, and Update traffic crash report forms into one comprehensive form and used to record pertinent information, narrative, and diagram regarding traffic crash incident

          

  43. Bicycle pathAny road, path, or way that is open to bicycle travel where the road, path, or way is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or by a barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way

          

  44. Intermittent skid marksA series of skid marks with long gaps (30 feet or more) between heavy skid marks

          

  45. anti-lock braking system (ABS)is now standard equipment on LATE MODEL vehicles. this type of motor vehicle braking system electronically monitors and controls each of the wheels during braking to keep them from LOCKING

          

  46. RunoffA broad area of a hard surface covered with many scratches, striations, or streak marks made without great pressure by a sliding metal part

          

  47. Maximum engagementThe point at which the vehicles or other objects in a traffic crash are crushed together to the greatest extent

          

  48. Pre existing damageAny damage to a vehicle that was present before the crash

          

  49. pursuitis an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (emergency equipment activated), to aprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive action, or refuses to stop in an apparent attampt to avoid apprehenssion.

          

  50. CrosswalkThat portion of a street between the curb line, or the lateral line, of a roadway and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians

          

  51. radiusAny substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely

          

  52. Secondary deviceA broad area of a hard surface covered with many scratches, striations, or streak marks made without great pressure by a sliding metal part

          

  53. depth perceptionability to judge DISTANCE and percieve space to determine how far away an object is

          

  54. Private road or drivewayThe level of competency expected or required during the performance of a service or a duty

          

  55. night visionability to see clearly in DARKNESS

          

  56. ClueA reminder or prompting as a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely

          

  57. Implied consentThe point when all activity from the traffic crash comes to a halt

          

  58. Meth labsLocations where methamphetamine is manufactured

          

  59. CueA reminder or prompting as a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely

          

  60. Traffic crashA collision involving one or more vehicles, which causes personal injury, property damage, or death, and which is the result of an unintentional act

          

  61. Surface marksA trench dug by locked tires when a car is driven on a soft surface such as gravel, sand, or dirt

          

  62. decreasing radiusis a turn that gets WIDER during the turn much like a circle getting larger

          

  63. Induced damageDamage to a vehicle other than contact damage, often occurring as bending, breaking, crumpling, and distortion of the vehicle

          

  64. DriverAny person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle

          

  65. the vehicle's position in relation to the curve defines theroll, yaw, pitch

          

  66. Psychophysical testsField sobriety tests that measure a person's ability to perform both mental and physical tasks simultaneously

          

  67. Point of possible perceptionThe earliest possible time the driver could have become aware of a potential danger or hazard; also known as the precollision phase

          

  68. Impending skidA mark left where the beginning point of braking leaves a discoloration on the roadway

          

  69. Hazardous materialAny person afoot

          

  70. ScrapeA broad area of a hard surface covered with many scratches, striations, or streak marks made without great pressure by a sliding metal part

          

  71. At collision phaseThe initial impact or contact of the vehicle against another vehicle or other object in a traffic crash

          

  72. constant radiusis a turn that gets WIDER during the turn much like a circle getting larger

          

  73. State roadAny highway designated as a state-maintained road by the Department of Transportation

          

  74. PSIA reminder or prompting as a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely

          

  75. Breath alcohol concentrationThe limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle; BrAC is expressed as grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath

          

  76. Active shooterThe mark left by a tire that rolls over a soft material, such as sand, dirt, or a liquid, such as oil that is distributed over a hard surface, leaving an identifiable pattern matching the tread of the tire

          

  77. yawA reminder or prompting as a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely

          

  78. Non incapacitating injuryVisible or non-visible signs of injury, such as a bleeding wound or distorted member, usually requiring transportation to a medical facility and hospitalization

          

  79. AnthraxA naturally occurring bacterium which when inhaled causes a very high mortality rate for its victims; when exposure occurs through the skin, victims have a high rate of survival

          

  80. Explosivesresults from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.

          

  81. Tire printThe mark left by a tire that rolls over a soft material, such as sand, dirt, or a liquid, such as oil that is distributed over a hard surface, leaving an identifiable pattern matching the tread of the tire

          

  82. cornering reqiures entering an intersection safely and properly at normalless speed and more steering input

          

  83. the higher the vehicle's center GRAVITY the loiwer itsstability

          

  84. Polydrug useWhen a person uses two or more drug categories simultaneously

          

  85. Pathological nystagmusAn involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by movement or action to the vestibular (inner ear) system

          

  86. Skid markA black mark left by a tire that slides and cannot rotate

          

  87. Traffic crash managementA collision involving one or more vehicles, which causes personal injury, property damage, or death, and which is the result of an unintentional act

          

  88. Fatal injuryThe point when all activity from the traffic crash comes to a halt

          

  89. PedestrianAny person afoot

          

  90. Vehicle borne improvised explosive deviceA homemade bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than conventional military action and which can be made from commercially available materials

          

  91. caster effectis when the vehicle steered so it PASSES closest to the inside of the curve AFTER reaching the apex

          

  92. Emergency Response PlanA written plan that describes the actions that an organization would take in response to various major events

          

  93. Victim collection pointThe initial impact or contact of the vehicle against another vehicle or other object in a traffic crash

          

  94. Vehicle dynamicsThe mark left by a tire that rolls over a soft material, such as sand, dirt, or a liquid, such as oil that is distributed over a hard surface, leaving an identifiable pattern matching the tread of the tire

          

  95. Squeegee markA skid mark indicating an abrupt change of direction of a tire due to collision forces

          

  96. DUI detection processare the front tires on a front- wheel drive vehicle or rear tires on a rear-wheel drive vehicle

          

  97. Early apexis when the vehicle steered closest to the MIDDLE of the curve

          

  98. TractionAny substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely

          

  99. Improvised explosive deviceMaterials or devices designed to release energy very rapidly

          

  100. Birds eye viewDepiction of a scene as if looking down from an altitude or distance

          

  101. how to correct over steering?remove the foot from the accelerator and/or brake, steer the car where DESIRED (when the front tires have not lost traction), refrain from applying the brakes and if necessary, steer the car to a safe place and stop

          

  102. Evasive actionare the front tires on a front- wheel drive vehicle or rear tires on a rear-wheel drive vehicle

          

  103. steering has a directed relationship onvehicle dynamics, vehicle handling, and traction control

          

  104. incipient spinA mark left where the beginning point of braking leaves a discoloration on the roadway

          

  105. wheel trackingThe mark left by a tire that rolls over a soft material, such as sand, dirt, or a liquid, such as oil that is distributed over a hard surface, leaving an identifiable pattern matching the tread of the tire

          

  106. Scuff or yaw markA skid mark indicating an abrupt change of direction of a tire due to collision forces

          

  107. color visionability to distinguish COLORS

          

  108. Actual physical controlBeing physically in, on, or around the vehicle and having the capability to operate the vehicle

          

  109. increasing radiusis a turn that remains the SAME throughout, getting neither wider nor smaller. EX: 90 degree turn at an intersection.

          

  110. Limited access facilityA street or highway especially designed for through traffic and over, from, or to which owners or occupants of abutting land or other persons have no right or easement, or only a limited right or easement, of access, light, air, or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access facility or for any other reason; such highways or streets may be parkways from which trucks, buses, and other commercial vehicles are excluded; or they may be freeways open to use by all customary forms of street and highway traffic

          

  111. Point of perceptionability to judge DISTANCE and percieve space to determine how far away an object is

          

  112. Non contributing traffic violationThe direct cause or contribution to a crash

          

  113. Nuclear weaponis when the vehicle steered closest to the MIDDLE of the curve

          

  114. DrugAny substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely

          

  115. safely negotiating a tight turn requiresless speed and more steering input

          

  116. Autonomous technologyAn extremely toxic biological agent that can be introduced to the body through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption

          

  117. First harmful eventThe first damage-producing event in a traffic crash. It determines the exact time, location, and type of crash

          

  118. Botulinum toxinA contagious infectious disease transmitted by prolonged face to face contact with an infected person, direct contact with infected bodily fluids, and direct contact with infected objects

          

  119. Intersection(a) the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines; or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles; or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict; (b) where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection; in the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection

          

  120. Protective action distanceThe distance that people should stay from a hazardous spill

          

  121. counter steeringturn the vehicle's front tires in the direction you want to go.

          

  122. Standardized Field Sobriety TestsThe scientifically standardized and validated psychophysical tests given to determine chemical impairment. Also known as Standardized Field Sobriety Exercises or Evaluations (SFSE)

          

  123. EncroachmentWhen two objects begin to enter the same space at the same time

          

  124. Field sketchA hand-drawn picture of the crash scene as an officer perceives it upon arrival

          

  125. drive tiresAny person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle

          

  126. apex technique(a) the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines; or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles; or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict; (b) where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection; in the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection

          

  127. Stabilitysharpness of vision

          

  128. skidis the transfer of a vehicle's weight causing an END-FOR-END motion resulting in the vehicle turning 180 degrees on a horizontal plane

          

  129. MetabolismThe biological process by which the body breaks down substances into compounds that are more readily excreted

          

  130. Final restThe point when all activity from the traffic crash comes to a halt

          

  131. Furrow markA trench dug by locked tires when a car is driven on a soft surface such as gravel, sand, or dirt

          

  132. Normal facultiesThe ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life

          

  133. Motor vehicleAny vehicle equipped with autonomous technology

          

  134. Serious bodily injuryAn injury to any person, including the driver, which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death, serious personal disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ

          

  135. Point of no escapeWhen the driver becomes aware of a potential danger or hazard

          

  136. Laned highwayThe entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons, or any limited access road owned or controlled by a special district, whenever, by written agreement entered into under ss. 316.006(2)(b) or (3)(b), a county or municipality exercises traffic control jurisdiction over said way or place

          

  137. slideresults from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.

          

  138. Reaction timeThe length of time from when a person perceives a given situation as a hazard to when he or she reacts to his or her perception

          

  139. Offset markThe strip of dry pavement left after a vehicle skids on a wet roadway

          

  140. Skip skid marksA series of skid marks usually short in length with irregular intervals between them

          

  141. how to correct under steering?remove the foot from the accelator, MAINTAIN steering input but do not apply brakes, and if necessary steer the car to a safe place and stop

          

  142. Chemical suicideEvery device in, upon, or by which any person or property may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks

          

  143. centripetal force(tire traction) is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARD toward the center of rotation

          

  144. Center apexis the tendency of a vehicle to turn LESS sharply than the dricer intends.

          

  145. DisengagementWhen two objects begin to enter the same space at the same time

          

  146. Within the stateAnywhere in Florida, whether on roadways, or public or private property

          

  147. Blood alcohol concentrationThe limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle; BAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every 100 milliliters

          

  148. acuityA reminder or prompting as a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely

          

  149. Nystagmusthe distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle. A turn or curve is a portion of a circle.

          

  150. GasesMaterials that are neither solid nor liquid at ordinary temperatures; flammable, non-flammable, poisonous, or corrosive materials in containers under pressure

          

  151. centrifugal forceis the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts OUTWARD away from the center rotation

          

  152. roadblockis the use of vehicles, barricades, cones or other objects to block traffic flow COMPLETELY.

          

  153. The three types of vehicular motions:The limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle; BrAC is expressed as grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath

          

  154. pitchoccurs during acceleration or braking and causes the transfer of a vehicle's weight from FRONT TO REAR or REAR TO FRONT

          

  155. Late apexis when the vehicle steered so it PASSES closest to the inside of the curve AFTER reaching the apex

          

  156. RicinA highly toxic poison found in the seeds of the castor bean plant

          

  157. power slideis the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a SHARPER turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside

          

  158. peripheral visionability to see above, below and to the sides (a person who is in a stationary vehicle and who has good peripheral vision can see about 180 degrees from side to side)

          

  159. eye-targetingoptical driving is looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and steering in that direction

          

  160. Anti lock braking system scuff marksThe pattern left by a vehicle with anti-lock brakes that results from hard braking

          

  161. CBRNEThe loose material that is strewn about the area as the result of a traffic collision

          

  162. Neurological nystagmusAn involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by movement or action to the vestibular (inner ear) system