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162 Multiple choice questions

  1. Occurs when a vehicle loses tire traction as a result of entering a curve too fast or over steering
  2. roll, yaw, pitch
  3. is an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a TIghter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn
  4. A contagious infectious disease transmitted by prolonged face to face contact with an infected person, direct contact with infected bodily fluids, and direct contact with infected objects
  5. Movement of vehicles during and after collision when determining the path of travel and assisting in locating the area of collision
  6. The length of time from when a person perceives a given situation as a hazard to when he or she reacts to his or her perception
  7. An involuntary jerking of the eyes
  8. early, late, or center apexing techniques.
  9. the distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle. A turn or curve is a portion of a circle.
  10. The mark left by a tire that rolls over a soft material, such as sand, dirt, or a liquid, such as oil that is distributed over a hard surface, leaving an identifiable pattern matching the tread of the tire
  11. remove the foot from the accelator, MAINTAIN steering input but do not apply brakes, and if necessary steer the car to a safe place and stop
  12. Visible or non-visible signs of injury, such as a bleeding wound or distorted member, usually requiring transportation to a medical facility and hospitalization
  13. is a turn that gets WIDER during the turn much like a circle getting larger
  14. The biological process by which the body breaks down substances into compounds that are more readily excreted
  15. Occurs when a metal vehicle part cuts into and removes the road surface
  16. The entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons, or any limited access road owned or controlled by a special district, whenever, by written agreement entered into under ss. 316.006(2)(b) or (3)(b), a county or municipality exercises traffic control jurisdiction over said way or place
  17. The fact that any person who accepts the privilege of driving in Florida has consented to submit to an approved chemical test to determine the alcohol content or the presence of a chemical and/or controlled substance in their breath, blood, or urine
  18. is the result of the friction a vehicle's tires create on the ROAD SURFACE
  19. A substance or material that when released may cause harm, serious injury, or death to humans and animals, or harm the environment
  20. The legal right of a driver to answer questions about a traffic crash and to give full information required to complete a crash investigation without fear of self-incrimination
  21. A written plan that describes the actions that an organization would take in response to various major events
  22. The act of taking immediate shelter in a readily accessible location or remaining inside a structure to prevent exposure to a dangerous situation that exists outside of the structure
  23. A set of forms provided by the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles that combined previous separate Long, Short, and Update traffic crash report forms into one comprehensive form and used to record pertinent information, narrative, and diagram regarding traffic crash incident
  24. ability to see above, below and to the sides (a person who is in a stationary vehicle and who has good peripheral vision can see about 180 degrees from side to side)
  25. The level of competency expected or required during the performance of a service or a duty
  26. are the front tires on a front- wheel drive vehicle or rear tires on a rear-wheel drive vehicle
  27. Materials or devices designed to release energy very rapidly
  28. Visible or non-visible signs of injury or complaint of injury, not requiring transport from the scene
  29. results when the wheels LOCK and do not TURN while the vehicle is moving. rolling friction and traction are lost.
  30. A series of skid marks with long gaps (30 feet or more) between heavy skid marks
  31. is the use of vehicles, barricades, cones or other objects to block traffic flow COMPLETELY.
  32. affects the degree of pitch,roll, and yaw that a vehicle experiences
  33. results from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.
  34. (a) the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines; or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles; or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict; (b) where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection; in the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection
  35. The limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle; BAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every 100 milliliters
  36. An additional explosive device placed at the scene of an ongoing emergency response intended to cause casualties among responders
  37. When a person uses two or more drug categories simultaneously
  38. Being physically in, on, or around the vehicle and having the capability to operate the vehicle
  39. The pattern left by a vehicle with anti-lock brakes that results from hard braking
  40. A broad area of a hard surface covered with many scratches, striations, or streak marks made without great pressure by a sliding metal part
  41. That portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder; in the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term roadway as used here refers to any such roadway separately, but not to all such roadways collectively
  42. A street or highway especially designed for through traffic and over, from, or to which owners or occupants of abutting land or other persons have no right or easement, or only a limited right or easement, of access, light, air, or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access facility or for any other reason; such highways or streets may be parkways from which trucks, buses, and other commercial vehicles are excluded; or they may be freeways open to use by all customary forms of street and highway traffic
  43. ability to see clearly in DARKNESS
  44. Law enforcement's responsibility to control and normalize a traffic crash scene
  45. A mark left where the beginning point of braking leaves a discoloration on the roadway
  46. A trench dug by locked tires when a car is driven on a soft surface such as gravel, sand, or dirt
  47. occurs just before the drive tires lose traction during ACCELERATION
  48. the purpose of this technique is to stop a violator's vehicle by using the police vehicle to apply force to either the rear right or left side of the violator's vehicle to end the pursuit.
  49. occurs during acceleration or braking and causes the transfer of a vehicle's weight from FRONT TO REAR or REAR TO FRONT
  50. occurs when TURNING! this shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side.
  51. is the center point of ANY CURVE
  52. Any road, path, or way that is open to bicycle travel where the road, path, or way is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or by a barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way
  53. A highly toxic poison found in the seeds of the castor bean plant
  54. The scientifically standardized and validated psychophysical tests given to determine chemical impairment. Also known as Standardized Field Sobriety Exercises or Evaluations (SFSE)
  55. A weapon that derives its destructive power from an uncontrolled nuclear reaction
  56. The point at which the vehicles or other objects in a traffic crash are crushed together to the greatest extent
  57. A resource to guide a first responder's initial actions to a hazmat incident including the identification of hazardous materials, outline basic actions for first responders, recommend areas of protective action, and give responders an initial safety plan
  58. A reminder or prompting as a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely
  59. optical driving is looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and steering in that direction
  60. Any damage to a vehicle resulting from the direct pressure of any object in a collision or rollover
  61. Has no direct bearing on the cause of the crash, but is discovered during the crash investigation. Examples include expired tag or seat belt violations
  62. Is what the first injury element or driving action was
  63. is a turn that gets TIGHTER during the turn much like a circle getting smaller
  64. Any action the driver takes that alters the speed or direction of the vehicle, such as applying the brakes or turning the steering wheel
  65. Something that leads to the solution of a problem, such as a fingerprint or DNA evidence; the behaviors observed during the performance of the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests
  66. A self-propelled vehicle not operated upon rails or guideway, but not including any bicycle, motorized scooter, electric personal assistive mobility device, swamp buggy, or moped
  67. An injury to any person, including the driver, which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death, serious personal disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ
  68. A skid mark indicating an abrupt change of direction of a tire due to collision forces
  69. is when the vehicle is steered so it is CLOSEST to the INSIDE of the curve BEFORE reaching the apex
  70. Any person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle
  71. is now standard equipment on LATE MODEL vehicles. this type of motor vehicle braking system electronically monitors and controls each of the wheels during braking to keep them from LOCKING
  72. The ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life
  73. is the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a SHARPER turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside
  74. The first damage-producing event in a traffic crash. It determines the exact time, location, and type of crash
  75. Going from a crash investigation to a criminal investigation
  76. Any vehicle equipped with autonomous technology
  77. A hand-drawn picture of the crash scene as an officer perceives it upon arrival
  78. Materials that are neither solid nor liquid at ordinary temperatures; flammable, non-flammable, poisonous, or corrosive materials in containers under pressure
  79. stability
  80. turn the vehicle's front tires in the direction you want to go.
  81. That portion of a street between the curb line, or the lateral line, of a roadway and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians
  82. The distance that people should stay from a hazardous spill
  83. is the tendency of a vehicle to turn LESS sharply than the dricer intends.
  84. The point at which the vehicles in a traffic crash separate, either naturally or artificially; also referred to as the post-collision phase
  85. is how the vehicle is steered in relation to a curve's apex while maintaining your lane
  86. An involuntary jerking of the eyes as they look straight ahead. Its presence usually indicates a pathological condition or high doses of a dissociative anesthetic drug, such as PCP
  87. The ability to concentrate on two or more things at the same time
  88. Any highway designated as a state-maintained road by the Department of Transportation
  89. A mark left where the beginning point of braking leaves a discoloration on the roadway
  90. A process by which alcohol is expelled from the body which includes breath, sweat, tears, and saliva
  91. is when the vehicle steered so it PASSES closest to the inside of the curve AFTER reaching the apex
  92. An involuntary jerking of the eyes which can occur as a result of brain tumors, other brain damage, or some diseases of the inner ear
  93. The loose material that is strewn about the area as the result of a traffic collision
  94. A collision involving one or more vehicles, which causes personal injury, property damage, or death, and which is the result of an unintentional act
  95. Any privately owned way or place used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other people
  96. Dark marks, resulting from rapid acceleration, that gradually fade
  97. happens when a driver over-acceleratess, and the tires sping, the wheels are NOT locked but the driver has lost traction
  98. The process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream
  99. A homemade bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than conventional military action and which can be made from commercially available materials
  100. is an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (emergency equipment activated), to aprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive action, or refuses to stop in an apparent attampt to avoid apprehenssion.
  101. Driving, having driven, or in actual physical control of a vehicle while impaired by use of alcohol or other substances that adversely affect the auditory, visual, or mental processes
  102. People at a crash scene who may be used to establish that a suspect driver was behind the wheel of a vehicle involved in a crash
  103. is the forward motion that causes a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel.
  104. driving speeds and making a 90 degree turn to the right or left.
  105. The location of the first harmful event, or the first damage-producing event in a traffic crash
  106. Any person afoot
  107. Locations where methamphetamine is manufactured
  108. The direct cause or contribution to a crash
  109. Depiction of a scene as if looking down from an altitude or distance
  110. The point when all activity from the traffic crash comes to a halt
  111. (tire traction) is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARD toward the center of rotation
  112. One or more individuals participating in a random or systematic killing spree demonstrating their intent to harm others with a firearm
  113. is the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts OUTWARD away from the center rotation
  114. The limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle; BrAC is expressed as grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath
  115. A series of skid marks usually short in length with irregular intervals between them
  116. Any substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely
  117. Also known as radiation dispersal device; a traditional bomb with radioactive materials loaded into the casing
  118. The marks a vehicle can leave on roadways
  119. Anywhere in Florida, whether on roadways, or public or private property
  120. The entire general process of identifying and gathering evidence to determine whether or not a subject should be arrested for a DUI violation, usually (but not always) including three phases; Phase One: Vehicle in motion, Phase Two: Personal contact, and Phase Three: Pre-arrest screening
  121. Technology installed on a motor vehicle that has the capability to drive the vehicle on which the technology is installed without the active control or monitoring by a human operator
  122. A violation that has nothing to do with traffic or the traffic crash
  123. traction
  124. When two objects begin to enter the same space at the same time
  125. Damage to a vehicle other than contact damage, often occurring as bending, breaking, crumpling, and distortion of the vehicle
  126. The process by which the bloodstream carries alcohol to the body's tissues and organs
  127. A naturally occurring bacterium which when inhaled causes a very high mortality rate for its victims; when exposure occurs through the skin, victims have a high rate of survival
  128. Any damage to a vehicle that was present before the crash
  129. Pounds per square INCH
  130. The initial impact or contact of the vehicle against another vehicle or other object in a traffic crash
  131. An injury resulting in an individual's death within a 12- month period after the traffic crash
  132. An involuntary jerking of the eyes as they move to the side
  133. is a turn that remains the SAME throughout, getting neither wider nor smaller. EX: 90 degree turn at an intersection.
  134. is the transfer of a vehicle's weight causing an END-FOR-END motion resulting in the vehicle turning 180 degrees on a horizontal plane
  135. A method of committing suicide by mixing two or more easily acquired chemicals, commonly an acid and a base; also known as "detergent suicide"
  136. The condition where the gaze of the eye has moved as far as it can go towards the shoulder and no white is visible at the outside of the eye
  137. When the driver becomes aware of a potential danger or hazard
  138. An involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by a disruption of the central nervous system
  139. The point in time when the crash is inevitable, no matter what evasive actions the drivers may attempt
  140. less speed and more steering input
  141. A black mark left by a tire that slides and cannot rotate
  142. The earliest possible time the driver could have become aware of a potential danger or hazard; also known as the precollision phase
  143. An extremely toxic biological agent that can be introduced to the body through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption
  144. sharpness of vision
  145. Field sobriety tests that measure a person's ability to perform both mental and physical tasks simultaneously
  146. An acronym that stands for Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Explosives and that is used to identify types of hazards associated with an accidental release or intentional use of a weapon of mass destruction
  147. An area designated to keep contaminated and uncontaminated persons separate to avoid the spread of contamination from a hazardous material
  148. is when the vehicle steered closest to the MIDDLE of the curve
  149. ability to distinguish COLORS
  150. The strip of dry pavement left after a vehicle skids on a wet roadway
  151. Used to report traffic crashes to the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
  152. The involuntary jerking of the eyes as they move upward and are held at maximum deviation
  153. (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway, measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface
  154. Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks
  155. An expert specially trained and certified in investigations involving drugs or drug-impaired drivers
  156. An involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by movement or action to the vestibular (inner ear) system
  157. A motor vehicle used as a bomb
  158. A fluid trail or pool of fluids escaping from a vehicle as a result of impact
  159. A highway the roadway of which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic
  160. vehicle dynamics, vehicle handling, and traction control
  161. ability to judge DISTANCE and percieve space to determine how far away an object is
  162. remove the foot from the accelerator and/or brake, steer the car where DESIRED (when the front tires have not lost traction), refrain from applying the brakes and if necessary, steer the car to a safe place and stop