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  1. Runoff
  2. Late apex
  3. Sidewalk
  4. decreasing radius
  5. State road
  6. Point of perception
  7. roadblock
  8. radius
  9. skid
  10. Non contributing traffic violation
  11. drive tires
  12. Non traffic violation
  13. Roadway
  14. Area of collision
  15. Furrow mark
  16. Maximum engagement
  17. Debris
  18. Reaction time
  19. eye-targeting
  20. Crash privilege
  21. Anthrax
  22. centrifugal force
  23. Polydrug use
  24. Field sketch
  25. Neurological nystagmus
  26. First harmful event
  27. apex
  28. how to correct under steering?
  29. Street or highway
  30. Drug recognition expert
  31. Vehicle borne improvised explosive device
  32. PSI
  33. safely negotiating a tight turn requires
  34. Encroachment
  35. Point of no escape
  36. control of a vehicle depends on
  37. Vehicle
  38. the vehicle's position in relation to the curve defines the
  39. Anti lock braking system scuff marks
  40. Explosives
  41. Elimination
  42. Florida Traffic Crash Reports
  43. Implied consent
  44. Resting nystagmus
  45. Actual physical control
  46. Immobilization Technique (PIT)
  47. Smallpox
  48. yaw
  49. Center apex
  50. The three types of vehicular motions:
  51. Ricin
  52. Divided attention
  53. Gouge
  54. Serious bodily injury
  55. Metabolism
  56. caster effect
  57. Squeegee mark
  58. Final rest
  59. Blood alcohol concentration
  60. Induced damage
  61. Private road or driveway
  62. Pedestrian
  63. how to correct over steering?
  64. Distribution
  65. Early apex
  66. Emergency Response Plan
  67. Contributing traffic violation
  68. Incapacitating injury
  69. Stability
  70. Pathological nystagmus
  71. Offset mark
  72. Evasive action
  73. Breath alcohol concentration
  74. night vision
  75. incipient spin
  76. Non incapacitating injury
  77. centripetal force
  78. Nystagmus
  79. Point of possible perception
  80. Standardized Field Sobriety Tests
  81. Skip skid marks
  82. Intermittent skid marks
  83. power slide
  84. pursuit
  85. acuity
  86. Normal faculties
  87. Drug
  88. Surface marks
  89. Primary collision factor
  90. Disengagement
  91. Protective action distance
  92. Improvised explosive device
  93. Chemical suicide
  94. Autonomous vehicle
  95. under steer
  96. Skid mark
  97. cornering reqiures entering an intersection safely and properly at normal
  98. Vestibular nystagmus
  99. Absorption
  100. Laned highway
  101. color vision
  102. Vehicle dynamics
  103. Changing of the hats
  104. Standard of care
  105. Dirty bomb
  106. Motor vehicle
  107. Active shooter
  108. slide
  109. Gases
  110. Vertical gaze nystagmus
  111. Traffic crash
  112. Crosswalk
  113. Driver
  114. Impending skid
  115. Psychophysical tests
  116. Traffic crash management
  117. Acceleration scuff marks
  118. increasing radius
  119. Autonomous technology
  120. the higher the vehicle's center GRAVITY the loiwer its
  121. Within the state
  122. Driving under the influence
  123. Birds eye view
  124. depth perception
  125. wheel tracking
  126. peripheral vision
  127. Clue
  128. Fatal injury
  129. Shelter in place
  130. Horizontal gaze nystagmus
  131. At collision phase
  132. Contact damage
  133. Intersection
  134. Scuff or yaw mark
  135. steering has a directed relationship on
  136. Secondary device
  137. Emergency Response Guidebook
  138. Cue
  139. over steering
  140. Pre existing damage
  141. apex technique
  142. Hazardous material
  143. Maximum deviation
  144. Meth labs
  145. Bicycle path
  146. pitch
  147. Scrape
  148. Tire print
  149. Traction
  150. Wheel witnesses
  151. Florida Traffic Crash Report form
  152. anti-lock braking system (ABS)
  153. CBRNE
  154. roll
  155. counter steering
  156. DUI detection process
  157. Victim collection point
  158. Limited access facility
  159. Nuclear weapon
  160. constant radius
  161. Botulinum toxin
  1. a remove the foot from the accelerator and/or brake, steer the car where DESIRED (when the front tires have not lost traction), refrain from applying the brakes and if necessary, steer the car to a safe place and stop
  2. b The marks a vehicle can leave on roadways
  3. c the distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle. A turn or curve is a portion of a circle.
  4. d The process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream
  5. e The condition where the gaze of the eye has moved as far as it can go towards the shoulder and no white is visible at the outside of the eye
  6. f driving speeds and making a 90 degree turn to the right or left.
  7. g An involuntary jerking of the eyes which can occur as a result of brain tumors, other brain damage, or some diseases of the inner ear
  8. h are the front tires on a front- wheel drive vehicle or rear tires on a rear-wheel drive vehicle
  9. i The fact that any person who accepts the privilege of driving in Florida has consented to submit to an approved chemical test to determine the alcohol content or the presence of a chemical and/or controlled substance in their breath, blood, or urine
  10. j is a turn that remains the SAME throughout, getting neither wider nor smaller. EX: 90 degree turn at an intersection.
  11. k ability to judge DISTANCE and percieve space to determine how far away an object is
  12. l remove the foot from the accelator, MAINTAIN steering input but do not apply brakes, and if necessary steer the car to a safe place and stop
  13. m occurs during acceleration or braking and causes the transfer of a vehicle's weight from FRONT TO REAR or REAR TO FRONT
  14. n A hand-drawn picture of the crash scene as an officer perceives it upon arrival
  15. o The limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle; BrAC is expressed as grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath
  16. p The point in time when the crash is inevitable, no matter what evasive actions the drivers may attempt
  17. q (a) the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines; or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles; or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict; (b) where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection; in the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection
  18. r An involuntary jerking of the eyes
  19. s is the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a SHARPER turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside
  20. t A broad area of a hard surface covered with many scratches, striations, or streak marks made without great pressure by a sliding metal part
  21. u A trench dug by locked tires when a car is driven on a soft surface such as gravel, sand, or dirt
  22. v Any highway designated as a state-maintained road by the Department of Transportation
  23. w Going from a crash investigation to a criminal investigation
  24. x Any damage to a vehicle resulting from the direct pressure of any object in a collision or rollover
  25. y A process by which alcohol is expelled from the body which includes breath, sweat, tears, and saliva
  26. z Any person afoot
  27. aa An extremely toxic biological agent that can be introduced to the body through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption
  28. ab The strip of dry pavement left after a vehicle skids on a wet roadway
  29. ac A weapon that derives its destructive power from an uncontrolled nuclear reaction
  30. ad is a turn that gets WIDER during the turn much like a circle getting larger
  31. ae A substance or material that when released may cause harm, serious injury, or death to humans and animals, or harm the environment
  32. af traction
  33. ag A violation that has nothing to do with traffic or the traffic crash
  34. ah is how the vehicle is steered in relation to a curve's apex while maintaining your lane
  35. ai is when the vehicle steered closest to the MIDDLE of the curve
  36. aj When two objects begin to enter the same space at the same time
  37. ak An expert specially trained and certified in investigations involving drugs or drug-impaired drivers
  38. al An involuntary jerking of the eyes as they move to the side
  39. am Any person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle
  40. an is now standard equipment on LATE MODEL vehicles. this type of motor vehicle braking system electronically monitors and controls each of the wheels during braking to keep them from LOCKING
  41. ao A reminder or prompting as a signal to do something, e.g., take enforcement action or observe the vehicle more closely
  42. ap Anywhere in Florida, whether on roadways, or public or private property
  43. aq The initial impact or contact of the vehicle against another vehicle or other object in a traffic crash
  44. ar less speed and more steering input
  45. as The point at which the vehicles or other objects in a traffic crash are crushed together to the greatest extent
  46. at roll, yaw, pitch
  47. au occurs just before the drive tires lose traction during ACCELERATION
  48. av results when the wheels LOCK and do not TURN while the vehicle is moving. rolling friction and traction are lost.
  49. aw is the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts OUTWARD away from the center rotation
  50. ax The earliest possible time the driver could have become aware of a potential danger or hazard; also known as the precollision phase
  51. ay The loose material that is strewn about the area as the result of a traffic collision
  52. az A series of skid marks usually short in length with irregular intervals between them
  53. ba Any vehicle equipped with autonomous technology
  54. bb A motor vehicle used as a bomb
  55. bc A highway the roadway of which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic
  56. bd is the use of vehicles, barricades, cones or other objects to block traffic flow COMPLETELY.
  57. be optical driving is looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and steering in that direction
  58. bf Depiction of a scene as if looking down from an altitude or distance
  59. bg When the driver becomes aware of a potential danger or hazard
  60. bh The legal right of a driver to answer questions about a traffic crash and to give full information required to complete a crash investigation without fear of self-incrimination
  61. bi The point at which the vehicles in a traffic crash separate, either naturally or artificially; also referred to as the post-collision phase
  62. bj An acronym that stands for Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Explosives and that is used to identify types of hazards associated with an accidental release or intentional use of a weapon of mass destruction
  63. bk is an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a TIghter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn
  64. bl stability
  65. bm An injury resulting in an individual's death within a 12- month period after the traffic crash
  66. bn Also known as radiation dispersal device; a traditional bomb with radioactive materials loaded into the casing
  67. bo Technology installed on a motor vehicle that has the capability to drive the vehicle on which the technology is installed without the active control or monitoring by a human operator
  68. bp Being physically in, on, or around the vehicle and having the capability to operate the vehicle
  69. bq The entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons, or any limited access road owned or controlled by a special district, whenever, by written agreement entered into under ss. 316.006(2)(b) or (3)(b), a county or municipality exercises traffic control jurisdiction over said way or place
  70. br A contagious infectious disease transmitted by prolonged face to face contact with an infected person, direct contact with infected bodily fluids, and direct contact with infected objects
  71. bs Visible or non-visible signs of injury, such as a bleeding wound or distorted member, usually requiring transportation to a medical facility and hospitalization
  72. bt The pattern left by a vehicle with anti-lock brakes that results from hard braking
  73. bu An additional explosive device placed at the scene of an ongoing emergency response intended to cause casualties among responders
  74. bv The level of competency expected or required during the performance of a service or a duty
  75. bw the purpose of this technique is to stop a violator's vehicle by using the police vehicle to apply force to either the rear right or left side of the violator's vehicle to end the pursuit.
  76. bx early, late, or center apexing techniques.
  77. by Movement of vehicles during and after collision when determining the path of travel and assisting in locating the area of collision
  78. bz Is what the first injury element or driving action was
  79. ca An area designated to keep contaminated and uncontaminated persons separate to avoid the spread of contamination from a hazardous material
  80. cb Damage to a vehicle other than contact damage, often occurring as bending, breaking, crumpling, and distortion of the vehicle
  81. cc Law enforcement's responsibility to control and normalize a traffic crash scene
  82. cd ability to see clearly in DARKNESS
  83. ce is the tendency of a vehicle to turn LESS sharply than the dricer intends.
  84. cf A mark left where the beginning point of braking leaves a discoloration on the roadway
  85. cg Any action the driver takes that alters the speed or direction of the vehicle, such as applying the brakes or turning the steering wheel
  86. ch A skid mark indicating an abrupt change of direction of a tire due to collision forces
  87. ci The biological process by which the body breaks down substances into compounds that are more readily excreted
  88. cj The location of the first harmful event, or the first damage-producing event in a traffic crash
  89. ck The ability to concentrate on two or more things at the same time
  90. cl ability to distinguish COLORS
  91. cm is the transfer of a vehicle's weight causing an END-FOR-END motion resulting in the vehicle turning 180 degrees on a horizontal plane
  92. cn Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks
  93. co One or more individuals participating in a random or systematic killing spree demonstrating their intent to harm others with a firearm
  94. cp Locations where methamphetamine is manufactured
  95. cq (tire traction) is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARD toward the center of rotation
  96. cr Used to report traffic crashes to the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
  97. cs is when the vehicle is steered so it is CLOSEST to the INSIDE of the curve BEFORE reaching the apex
  98. ct A highly toxic poison found in the seeds of the castor bean plant
  99. cu People at a crash scene who may be used to establish that a suspect driver was behind the wheel of a vehicle involved in a crash
  100. cv is the center point of ANY CURVE
  101. cw sharpness of vision
  102. cx An involuntary jerking of the eyes as they look straight ahead. Its presence usually indicates a pathological condition or high doses of a dissociative anesthetic drug, such as PCP
  103. cy is an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (emergency equipment activated), to aprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive action, or refuses to stop in an apparent attampt to avoid apprehenssion.
  104. cz The process by which the bloodstream carries alcohol to the body's tissues and organs
  105. da The first damage-producing event in a traffic crash. It determines the exact time, location, and type of crash
  106. db A collision involving one or more vehicles, which causes personal injury, property damage, or death, and which is the result of an unintentional act
  107. dc A homemade bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than conventional military action and which can be made from commercially available materials
  108. dd A fluid trail or pool of fluids escaping from a vehicle as a result of impact
  109. de is when the vehicle steered so it PASSES closest to the inside of the curve AFTER reaching the apex
  110. df A resource to guide a first responder's initial actions to a hazmat incident including the identification of hazardous materials, outline basic actions for first responders, recommend areas of protective action, and give responders an initial safety plan
  111. dg Driving, having driven, or in actual physical control of a vehicle while impaired by use of alcohol or other substances that adversely affect the auditory, visual, or mental processes
  112. dh Occurs when a vehicle loses tire traction as a result of entering a curve too fast or over steering
  113. di occurs when TURNING! this shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side.
  114. dj vehicle dynamics, vehicle handling, and traction control
  115. dk Materials or devices designed to release energy very rapidly
  116. dl Any substance that, when taken into the human body, can impair the ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely
  117. dm Pounds per square INCH
  118. dn A written plan that describes the actions that an organization would take in response to various major events
  119. do Occurs when a metal vehicle part cuts into and removes the road surface
  120. dp The involuntary jerking of the eyes as they move upward and are held at maximum deviation
  121. dq (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway, measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface
  122. dr When a person uses two or more drug categories simultaneously
  123. ds The ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies, and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life
  124. dt An injury to any person, including the driver, which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death, serious personal disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ
  125. du is the forward motion that causes a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel.
  126. dv Dark marks, resulting from rapid acceleration, that gradually fade
  127. dw affects the degree of pitch,roll, and yaw that a vehicle experiences
  128. dx Materials that are neither solid nor liquid at ordinary temperatures; flammable, non-flammable, poisonous, or corrosive materials in containers under pressure
  129. dy A method of committing suicide by mixing two or more easily acquired chemicals, commonly an acid and a base; also known as "detergent suicide"
  130. dz Visible or non-visible signs of injury or complaint of injury, not requiring transport from the scene
  131. ea The distance that people should stay from a hazardous spill
  132. eb A black mark left by a tire that slides and cannot rotate
  133. ec The point when all activity from the traffic crash comes to a halt
  134. ed A self-propelled vehicle not operated upon rails or guideway, but not including any bicycle, motorized scooter, electric personal assistive mobility device, swamp buggy, or moped
  135. ee Has no direct bearing on the cause of the crash, but is discovered during the crash investigation. Examples include expired tag or seat belt violations
  136. ef is the result of the friction a vehicle's tires create on the ROAD SURFACE
  137. eg turn the vehicle's front tires in the direction you want to go.
  138. eh is a turn that gets TIGHTER during the turn much like a circle getting smaller
  139. ei The length of time from when a person perceives a given situation as a hazard to when he or she reacts to his or her perception
  140. ej The act of taking immediate shelter in a readily accessible location or remaining inside a structure to prevent exposure to a dangerous situation that exists outside of the structure
  141. ek happens when a driver over-acceleratess, and the tires sping, the wheels are NOT locked but the driver has lost traction
  142. el Any damage to a vehicle that was present before the crash
  143. em A series of skid marks with long gaps (30 feet or more) between heavy skid marks
  144. en ability to see above, below and to the sides (a person who is in a stationary vehicle and who has good peripheral vision can see about 180 degrees from side to side)
  145. eo A street or highway especially designed for through traffic and over, from, or to which owners or occupants of abutting land or other persons have no right or easement, or only a limited right or easement, of access, light, air, or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access facility or for any other reason; such highways or streets may be parkways from which trucks, buses, and other commercial vehicles are excluded; or they may be freeways open to use by all customary forms of street and highway traffic
  146. ep An involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by movement or action to the vestibular (inner ear) system
  147. eq A naturally occurring bacterium which when inhaled causes a very high mortality rate for its victims; when exposure occurs through the skin, victims have a high rate of survival
  148. er Field sobriety tests that measure a person's ability to perform both mental and physical tasks simultaneously
  149. es Any road, path, or way that is open to bicycle travel where the road, path, or way is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or by a barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way
  150. et That portion of a street between the curb line, or the lateral line, of a roadway and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians
  151. eu results from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.
  152. ev The mark left by a tire that rolls over a soft material, such as sand, dirt, or a liquid, such as oil that is distributed over a hard surface, leaving an identifiable pattern matching the tread of the tire
  153. ew Any privately owned way or place used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other people
  154. ex An involuntary jerking of the eyes caused by a disruption of the central nervous system
  155. ey The limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle; BAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every 100 milliliters
  156. ez The entire general process of identifying and gathering evidence to determine whether or not a subject should be arrested for a DUI violation, usually (but not always) including three phases; Phase One: Vehicle in motion, Phase Two: Personal contact, and Phase Three: Pre-arrest screening
  157. fa That portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder; in the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term roadway as used here refers to any such roadway separately, but not to all such roadways collectively
  158. fb The direct cause or contribution to a crash
  159. fc The scientifically standardized and validated psychophysical tests given to determine chemical impairment. Also known as Standardized Field Sobriety Exercises or Evaluations (SFSE)
  160. fd A set of forms provided by the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles that combined previous separate Long, Short, and Update traffic crash report forms into one comprehensive form and used to record pertinent information, narrative, and diagram regarding traffic crash incident
  161. fe Something that leads to the solution of a problem, such as a fingerprint or DNA evidence; the behaviors observed during the performance of the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests