117 Matching questions
- An officer's agency may establish the specific techniques, tactics, and applications that
- A law enforcement officer's authority to use force is established by the officer's reasonable belief that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed. Absent this belief, known as _________, a law enforcement officer has no authority over a subject, and thus no permission to use any amount of force at all.
- While standing, bring both straight arms above the head with hands interlocking, palms facing up, and reach upward slowly while reaching slightly backward. Hold for 10-20 seconds. These are instructions for which stretching exercise (suitable for defensive tactics training)?
- When applying leg restraints to a subject, hold the restraints with the double bar facing the subject's legs. This will ensure that the key holes are facing __________.
- Which one of the following is NOT an example of passive resistance?
- _______ refers to the subject having the means to carry out his or her intent to cause death or great bodily harm.
- Section 944.35, F.S., provides an employee of the department is authorized to apply physical force upon an inmate (only when and to the extent that it reasonably appears necessary) under what circumstances?
- To properly holster or load handcuffs, the single strands should point __________, with chain links or hinge __________.
- Though the law grants criminal justice officers the right to use force, this right is _______ on their official authority.
- __________ resistance is a subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause injury but are not likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
- The officer __________ justified in the use of force which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to defend himself or herself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest.
- What are some examples of deadly force?
- Before a law enforcement officer may conduct a pat down, he or she must have reasonable suspicion that the subject is
- A ________ weapon is a weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm.
- The totality of circumstances includes
- A ________ is a physical frisk of a subject conducted in a pre-determinate pattern to locate weapons.
- The term "_________" means force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm.
- While Chapter __________, F.S., applies in general to all criminal justice officers (about the use of force), Chapter __________, F.S., specifically addresses the use of force by state correctional and correctional probation officers.
- __________ is a perception derived from the totality of the circumstances.
- Officers are legally permitted to __________ their use of force as the subject __________ his or her level of resistance. The officer's choices are determined by the subject's actions and the risk of physical harm posed to the officer or others.
- Applying flexible leg restraints is best performed by
- The following are instructions for the __________ stretch (suitable for defensive tactics training): While standing, raise your right arm above your head and bend the right arm. The elbow will be above your head. Using the opposite hand, grasp your elbow and slowly pull towards the midline of the back, moving your hand in between your shoulder blades. Hold the stretch for 10-20 seconds and repeat on the left side.
- _________ is increasing the use of force or resistance.
- Correctional officers must consider that use of force may violate the __________ Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment.
- Cardiovascular training __________ the lungs.
- While standing, lean your left ear to your left shoulder for a count of 10 seconds. Repeat on the opposite side. Stretch chin to chest and head to rear. Perform 2-3 sets in each direction. These are instructions for which stretching exercise (suitable for defensive tactics training)?
- __________ resistance is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.
- A subject must only have the apparent ability to carry out his or her intention; therefore,
- The U.S. Supreme Court said in ________, 490 U.S. 386 (1989), that the reasonableness of a particular use of force must be judged from the perspective of how a reasonable officer on the scene would respond, rather than from the 20/20 perspective of hindsight.
- Section 776.05, F.S., addresses the issue of an officer using __________ to make an arrest.
- Many agencies require an
- For the __________ stretch (suitable for defensive tactics training), place both arms behind your hips (while standing). With interlocking hands, slowly raise your arms behind your back for a count of 10-20 seconds. Keep your head upright and neck relaxed.
- The _____________ transporter is a useful technique applied when a subject tries to pull away from the escort position or a bent wrist or finger lock transporter. This technique uses pain compliance and mechanical compliance with the subject's arm behind his back.
- Is the subject verbally or physically resisting my lawful authority? Is the subject making attacking movements that are not likely to cause death or great bodily harm? Is the subject making attacking movements that are likely to cause death or great bodily harm? These are questions that a police officer must ask himself/herself to help determine _________ force guidelines (in the decision making process).
- The ______ will look at the totality of circumstances in determining whether the officer's decision to use force was objectively reasonable and, therefore, legally justified.
- Courts recognize that criminal justice officers must make split-second judgements about the amount of force needed in a particular situation under circumstances that are tense, uncertain, and ________.
- Defensive tactics techniques are based on a combination of martial arts, wresting, and __________.
- The __________ position is lying on the stomach facing down.
- __________ provide energy and essential fatty acids and carry other fat-soluble nutrients (vitamins). They are part of cell membranes, membranes around nerves, hormones, and bile (for fat digestion).
- When preparing for defensive tactics training,
- Chapter 776, F.S., identifies two general areas in which an officer's use of force is justified: to apprehend a subject and make an arrest, or to __________.
- Under the _________ doctrine, the officer may seize any object "whose contour or mass" he or she identifies as apparent contraband. An officer may only pat down the outside of the clothing for weapons.
- Many agencies require an additional report anytime an officer uses
- If ability, opportunity, and intent are present and the officer cannot control the threat using lesser means, then
- When applying __________, control the subject by handcuffing him and placing him in the prone position. Your partner will control the subject's upper body, either with a three-point pin or a wrist compression.
- _________ is discontinuing a command or physical use of force, for example, by breaking away from a subject.
- Meat, poultry, fish, milk and milk products, nuts and seeds, oils, butter, margarine, and salad dressing are examples of __________.
- Breads, cereal grains, pasta, rice, fruit, vegetables, milk, and sugar are examples of __________.
- ____________ is facts or circumstances which reasonably indicate that the person has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a violation of the law.
- Officers should try to resolve a situation with
- To properly holster or load handcuffs, preset the single strands through the pawl, folding __________ together.
- If the use of deadly force is necessary to prevent the arrest (of a fleeing felon) from being defeated by a flight from justice, and the officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon has committed a crime involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious physical harm to another person, the officer __________ justified in the use of force.
- _________ resistance is a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon that create a reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
- The structure of the __________ Guidelines is based on constitutional considerations and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the officer's response options.
- Much litigation against criminal justice officers is not about the amount of force used, but
- The officer must base his or her decision to use deadly force
- Deadly force includes, but is not limited to
- _________ are tools designed to temporarily restrain a subject's movements, such as handcuffs.
- A __________ session (of stretching) elevates the heart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscles, which saturates the muscles with oxygen.
- Because defensive tactics training is a physical endeavor, students should
- The following instructions are for using the __________ technique: Make contact with the subject's arm by controlling the upper arm just above the elbow and wrist simultaneously. Mirror the controlled hand and rotate the subject's controlled hand while sweeping the subject's hand behind his back. Maintain control by bending the wrist. Control or move the subject, or follow up with an appropriate technique(s).
- Which of the following are examples of active resistance?
- A correctional officer or other law enforcement officer is justified in the use of force, including deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to
- Sometimes command presence and verbal communication are not enough to defuse a volatile situation, or officers may not have an opportunity to use them. An officer may have to use __________ to gain control of the situation.
- __________ is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.
- What do defensive tactics skills require?
- What subject factors influence this situation? Weapon? Physical size? Demeanor? Others? What officer factors influence this situation? Training? Experience? Physical size? Others? What environmental factors influence this situation? Weather? Location? Presence of others? These are questions that a police officer must ask himself/herself to help determine _________ force guidelines (in the decision making process).
- The subject's weapon often determines
- __________ is a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by criminal justice officers to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance.
- The Supreme Court has made clear that use of force is a seizure under the ______ Amendment.
- ________ force is force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm.
- Identify some situational factors the court uses to analyze the totality of circumstances.
- Each session (for defensive tactics training) should
- The ________ transporter is a good controlling technique because of the position in which you put the subject's arm. This transporter incorporates pain compliance, joint manipulation, and balance displacement.
- Proper rest and sleep are necessary for
- While standing, bring your straight right arm across your chest with the palm up. Grasp your upper arm above the elbow with your left hand and slowly pull in towards and across your chest. Hold for 10-20 seconds and repeat with the left arm. These are instructions for which stretching exercise (suitable for defensive tactics training)?
- Physical force __________ deadly force.
- Applying handcuffs places the officer inside the
- Officers need to respond with
- What are some examples of nonlethal weapons?
- Because __________ stretching exercises should be conducted every day.
- Command presence and verbal communication often
- ___________ is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without apparent threat of resistance or violence.
- ________ is decreasing the use of force or resistance.
- Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, legumes (such as lentils), milk and milk products, vegetables, and grains are examples of __________.
- While standing with your feet shoulder-width apart, bring your arms from an overhead position slowly towards the front of your body, while rounding the back and stretching the shoulder blades apart. Hold for 10-20 seconds. These are instructions for which stretching exercise (suitable for defensive tactics training)?
- Officers should use the amount of force necessary and reasonable for
- A suspect armed with a knife may not be an immediate threat to an officer standing far away. However, the same person standing closer or carrying a firearm certainly has the __________ to carry out his intent to cause death or great bodily harm.
- Can I physically control the subject? Could I use a nonlethal weapon not meant to cause death or great bodily harm? Is deadly force the appropriate option to prevent death or great bodily harm to myself or others? These are questions that a police officer must ask himself/herself to help determine _________ force guidelines (in the decision making process).
- ________ resistance is a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing, tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.
- The role of defensive tactics in law enforcement and corrections is to
- Cardiovascular training is any exercise that elevates the heart rate to a range between ______ percent of the maximum rate.
- ________ are temporary restraining devices used frequently to control a subject.
- A __________ is a government intrusion into a place in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy.
- __________ provide energy, build and repair body cells, and are part of various enzymes, hormones, and antibodies.
- Before tightening __________, place an index finger against the subject's wrist and tighten the restraint device(s) to your index finger and the wrist. Remove your index finger and ensure the restraint device(s) are not cutting off blood circulation.
- The courts have used the term _________ to describe the process for evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.
- __________ provide energy needed by the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and other cells.
- Stretching (for defensive tactics training) usually begins with a warm-up such as running in place, jumping jacks, push-ups, or any calisthenics exercises that last for __________ minutes to warm-up the muscles, and increase heart rate, respiration, and perspiration.
- Once an officer achieves control or compliance, he or she must _________ the use of force.
- Officers need to clearly articulate the specific basis for their decisions regarding the use of force. For example, if deadly force was used, the officer should state exactly what the subject did that created the perception of the subject's ability, opportunity, and intent to cause death or great bodily harm. Simply stating, "The suspect threatened me" _________ sufficient.
- Chapter __________, F.S., establishes that the Department of Corrections has jurisdiction over the supervisory and protective care, custody, and control of inmates and offenders.
- 6'4", 250-lb. muscular man threatening to do bodily harm to an officer does not necessarily need a weapon. By virtue of his size and physical condition, he has the apparent ________.
- Once an officer achieves control or compliance, he or she must de-escalate the use of force. Under certain circumstances, __________ may be the best tactical option, for example, when the officer is waiting for backup, when the officer is injured or outnumbered, or when the suspect has superior firepower.
- Use of deadly force may be an officer's first and only appropriate response to
- Deadly force can cause
- Stretching (for defensive tactics training) generally begins at
- Officers should be careful to include every factor used in their use of force decision (on reports) since
- Chapter _____, F.S. governs all use of force by criminal justice officers.
- Which one of the following is NOT an example of deadly force resistance?
- A __________ session (of stretching) redistributes the blood flow, causing the metabolic rate to decrease.
- Which of the following are examples of aggressive resistance?
- Officers need not apply force in gradually increasing steps in order to
- Appropriate force is the amount of force reasonably necessary to make ______.
- ________ means the subject is capable of carrying out a plan to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
- The __________ stretch (suitable for defensive tactics training) takes place while standing. To do this exercise, take a long step forward until your right knee is directly over your right foot. Keeping your back leg straight, your forward foot on the floor, and your hands on the front thigh, lower your hips slowly forward and down. The heel of your back foot may or may not be on the floor, depending on your flexibility. Hold the stretch for 10-20 seconds and repeat on the opposite side.
- Were my actions reasonable based on the subject's resistance and the totality of the circumstances? Am I able to articulate the reasons for my actions? Was I in compliance with constitutional and state laws, agency policy, and training? These are questions that a police officer must ask himself/herself to help determine _________ force guidelines (in the decision making process).
- a an officer may use in an encounter with a resistant subject.
- b down
- c A subject grabs any part of the officer's body.
- d is
- e 60 to 85
- f assist the officer in restraining or arresting a subject.
- g straight arm behind back
- h includes
- i Aggressive
- j deadly force
- k hammer lock
- l reaching maximum performance and maintaining focus while engaged in physical training.
- m Deadly force
- n the top of the body and moves to the bottom or vice versa
- o nonlethal
- p prevent the escape from a penal institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense.
- q Force
- r forward lunge
- s both arms in front of chest stretch
- t prepare for the activities required in this course by considering some changes in their daily habits.
- u prone
- v Disengagement
- w Carbohydrates
- x subject resistance
- y as a defensive tactic on a clear, reasonable belief that he or she, a fellow officer, or another person, faces imminent danger of death or great bodily harm.
- z escalate/escalates
- aa ability
- ab The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
- ac Deadly
- ad warm-up
- ae subject's violent history, if known to the officer
subject's access to weapons
innocent bystanders who could be harmed
severity of the crime
number of subjects versus number of officers
subject is an immediate threat
subject's combative skills
officer's size, age, weight, physical condition, and defensive tactics expertise
duration of confrontation
environmental factors, such as physical terrain, weather conditions, etc.
subject's size, age, weight, and physical condition
subject's mental or psychiatric history, if known to the officer
- af Handcuffs
- ag to defend himself or herself or another against such other imminent use of unlawful force
to administer medical treatment only by or under the supervision of a physician or his or her designee and only when treatment is necessary to protect the health of other persons, or when treatment is offered in satisfaction of a duty to protect the inmate against self-inflicted injury or death
to quell a disturbance
to overcome physical resistance to a lawful command
to prevent damage to property
to prevent a person from escaping a state correctional institution when the officer reasonably believes that person is lawfully detained in such institution
- ah shoulder lock
- ai all reasonably perceived situational factors that may have an effect on the situation.
- aj both arms above head stretch
- ak opportunity
- al justification
- am flexible leg restraints
- an 5-7
- ao Restraint devices
- ap the
firing of a firearm in the direction of the person to be arrested, even
though no intent exists to kill or inflict great bodily harm.
the firing of a firearm at a vehicle in which the person to be arrested is riding.
- aq Is
- ar courts
- as dart-firing stun guns such as a TASER
electronic control devices (ECD)
chemical agent sprays
- at arm cross in front of chest
- au pat down
- av disengagement
- aw proteins
- ax hammer lock transporter
- ay Fourth
- az more than one officer.
- ba Active
- bb armed.
- bc opportunity.
- bd Fats
- be The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.
The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
- bf factors added later will be viewed with suspicion.
- bg use of a firearm
empty-hand strikes to the throat
impact-weapon strikes to the side of the neck
- bh The subject grabs any part of the officer's body.
The subject pushes the officer back as the officer tries to take the subject into custody.
The subject balls up his fist and approaches the officer.
- bi fats
- bj Escalation
- bk Graham v. Connor
- bl situational factors
- bm rapidly evolving
- bn conditioned
- bo is not
- bp force to control a subject.
- bq balance
- br whether the use of force was permitted at all.
- bs the least amount of force necessary.
- bt Eighth
- bu cool-down
- bv deadly force is justified.
- bw flexible cuffs
- bx Compliance
- by 776
- bz Proteins
- ca Physical control
- cb an arrest
- cc Defensive tactics
- cd all the force reasonably necessary for the circumstances in each specific situation.
- ce the situation.
- cf additional report anytime an officer uses force to control a subject.
- cg physical force
- ch Reasonable suspicion
- ci 776/944
- cj force
- ck plain feel
- cl you should stretch until you feel mild to moderate tension.
- cm reasonable suspicion
- cn begin and end with stretching exercises.
- co neck stretching
- cp officer's response
- cq a weapon is not required for the officer to respond to the subject's ability.
- cr carbohydrates
- cs 945
- ct Opportunity
- cu key ways
- cv reactionary gap or the danger zone.
- cw justify physical control or even deadly force.
- cx de-escalate
- cy flexibility
- cz Ability
- da will defuse many volatile situations.
- db strengthens
- dc great bodily harm or no harm at all.
- dd forward/downward
- de defend self or others
- df objective reasonableness
- dg boxing
- dh Intent
- di De-escalation
- dj search
- dk Passive
- dl behind neck triceps
- dm a perceived threat.