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108 Multiple choice questions

  1. The way an officer carries him or herself
  2. A subject's response to a combination of pain and verbal commands to stop resisting
  3. A physical restraint compressing certain veins and arteries in the neck to cause a subject to lose consciousness for a brief period of time
  4. Lying on the back face up
  5. A weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm
  6. When experiencing survival stress and physiological changes in the eye, vision may become distorted
  7. The principle that describes the result of strikes that are delivered utilizing penetration of the muscle or nerves of the target area so that the striking object stays on or indented in the target for an instant, which allows for a full transfer of kinetic energy that displaces the water content in the muscle and creates a shock wave, greatly multiplying the effect of the strike by producing intense pain and immobilizing the subject
  8. A technique used to move a subject from one point to another without using pain compliance; provides minimal control of the subject through leverage
  9. A subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer; examples include bracing, tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject
  10. A subject's capacity for carrying out an intention to cause death or great bodily harm to others
  11. A distraction technique using the frontal lobe or back of the head to make contact with the subject's face, head, or other target area to inflict pain, temporarily divert a subject's attention, and redirect the physical power of the subject's attack
  12. The officer's elevated mind-body state that occurs in the presence of a perceived challenge or threat
  13. A framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force by criminal justice officers
  14. Touching the location of a nerve or sensitive area and applying continual, uninterrupted pressure with the tip of the finger(s) or thumb until the subject complies
  15. A government intrusion into a place in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy
  16. Blood flows into the larger muscle groups providing oxygen to power flight and aid in escape
  17. The area within the reactionary gap
  18. A position in which the head is over the hips, and the hips are over and between the feet; necessary for performing defensive tactics
  19. A low profile stance with the weapon held partially hidden behind the leg
  20. Reactionary techniques using the arms, legs, or body to deflect or redirect a subject's impending strike to other certain areas of the body
  21. Tools such as handcuffs designed to temporarily restrain a subject's movements
  22. The amount of time it takes for the brain to process a physical threat and for the body to respond
  23. Forcefully blinking the eyes using all the muscles in the face, including those in the forehead
  24. A subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control
  25. Shifting one's body or side stepping to avoid an attack
  26. A distraction technique applied by raising the foot and applying downward pressure on the subject's shin to inflict pain and temporarily divert an attacking subject's attention
  27. A technique that interrupts the subject's concentration so that energy is redirected from the current focus
  28. The verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without apparent threat of resistance or violence
  29. Using a great force against a weaker resistance
  30. The use of body mechanics to control a subject
  31. Nonthreatening, noncustodial physical contact that can be used to support or emphasize a verbal command
  32. A device that uses a high voltage, low power electrical charge to induce involuntary muscle contractions to temporarily incapacitate a non-compliant subject (also known as electronic immobilization device, conducted energy weapon (CEW), or conducted energy device (CED))
  33. A measure of anxiety caused by an appraisal of a stimulus that leads to an extreme state of arousal (also known as fear-induced stress)
  34. A physical frisk of a subject conducted in a predetermined pattern to locate weapons
  35. A strike that is retracted very quickly, thus enabling multiple strikes, creating distance, setting up the next techniques, and causing distraction to the subject
  36. An officer's position in relation to the subject
  37. A measure of the heat properties (burning sensation) of capsicum in OC spray
  38. A reasonably perceived, imminent threat to an officer or another person
  39. A type of incapacitation that causes temporary impairment of muscle control
  40. A term the court uses to refer to all facts and circumstances reasonably perceived by the officer as the basis for a use of force decision
  41. The ability to see both the subject's hands and to know that those hands hold no weapons
  42. The use of proper, clear, and concise commands to let a subject know what an officer needs or expects him or her to do
  43. A combination of fine and gross motor skills using hand/eye coordination timed to a single event
  44. A controlling technique used to break the subject's balance through the use of leverage principles
  45. A type of chemical agent commonly used by law enforcement, usually in the form of hand-held canisters and chemical projectiles
  46. A method of gaining control over a subject by using an incapacitation technique that causes temporary impairment of muscular control
  47. Any exercise that elevates the heart rate to a range between 60 and 85 percent of the maximum rate
  48. A tactical method of safely controlling a suspect until an officer can physically recover, reassess the situation, or backup arrives
  49. Dividing the body into four sections horizontally and vertically during a search
  50. Small eye, hand, or foot movements in the direction that an officer plans to move
  51. Occurrences seem to be faster or slower than they actually are
  52. A distraction technique applied with a downward thrust to the subject's foot to inflict pain, temporarily divert the subject's attention, and redirect the physical power of the subject's attack
  53. A complete search of the subject used when a subject is taken into custody in an unsecured environment
  54. Increasing the use of force or resistance
  55. Objects appear to be closer or farther than they actually are
  56. A subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause injury but are not likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others
  57. An officer's ability to convey to subjects and onlookers that he or she is ready and able to take control
  58. Any impact technique using hands, arms, elbows, feet, legs, knees, or head to strike a subject in an offensive or defensive situation
  59. The exchanging of information through verbal and nonverbal methods; provides valuable insight into the likelihood of cooperation and compliance of a subject
  60. The part of the autonomic nervous system that is concerned especially with preparing the body to react to situations of stress or emergency
  61. Permits an officer to seize any object "whose contour or mass" he or she identifies as apparent contraband during a pat down
  62. The movements of the large or major muscles of the body
  63. The muscle control required to make small, precise movements
  64. A system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by criminal justice officers to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance
  65. Immobilizing the subject's head so the subject cannot move or escape
  66. Techniques used to control resistant behavior by utilizing pain compliance
  67. A high profile stance with the weapon held at a shoulder position to enable a rapid strike
  68. The facts or circumstances that reasonably indicate that a person has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a violation of the law
  69. A temporary or sometimes permanent condition, following an extremely stressful situation, where short and long-term memory loss may occur
  70. Techniques used to move a subject from one point to another with pain compliance and/or mechanical compliance (also known as come-along holds)
  71. A state of extreme mental and physiological excitement due to extreme drug use; characterized by extreme agitation, hyperthermia, hostility, and exceptional strength and endurance without apparent fatigue; can lead to death
  72. An inflammatory agent that causes tearing and involuntary closing of the eyes, nasal discharge, sneezing, disorientation, and perceived respiratory distress; also known as OC
  73. The distance an officer must keep between him or herself and the subject in order to react effectively against a sudden threat
  74. To completely relinquish control to another
  75. Achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques
  76. Lying on the stomach face down
  77. A subject's hostile, attacking movements, with or without a weapon, that create a reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death or great bodily harm to the officer or others
  78. Controlled, nonemotional communication between an officer and a subject, aimed at problem solving and communication
  79. Temporary restraining devices used frequently to control a subject
  80. The parts of the brain that control emotion and motivation
  81. A method of gaining control over a subject by bending or twisting a joint in a direction that will cause pain or discomfort to the joint
  82. Blood flow is restricted from the extremities and skin
  83. A survival stress reaction in which both eyes remain open, and it is very difficult to close just one eye
  84. The direction that a subject comes from
  85. The discontinuing of commands or the physical use of force; breaking away from a subject
  86. Refers to how an officer approaches a subject or enters a scene
  87. An item an officer has at hand that can be used as a potential impact weapon when needed, such as a broomstick, flashlight, clipboard, or radio
  88. A survival stress reaction in which hearing may be diminished or amplified
  89. Force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm
  90. A loss of peripheral vision and depth perception that often occurs during survival stress situations
  91. Techniques used to bring a resisting subject from a standing position to the ground, making it easier to control him or her
  92. Used when preparing to engage or disengage from a subject in close proximity
  93. A type of chemical agent commonly used by law enforcement usually in the form of hand-held canisters and chemical projectiles
  94. A term the courts have used to describe the process for evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance
  95. A tool used when empty-handed control is ineffective, but the subject's level of resistance does not merit deadly force; baton, OC spray, dart-firing stun gun
  96. Decreasing the use of force or resistance
  97. Behavior in which a subject acts verbally and physically as if he or she may resist
  98. The tendency of your eyes to fixate to one location
  99. The movement in a hip escape; moving from side to side while avoiding or defending against an attack
  100. Survival stress
  101. A method used to gain control over a subject by applying pressure or leverage on a joint by locking it up so that no movement of the joint is possible, causing the subject to comply with verbal direction
  102. Using one's hands to move the subject away
  103. The capacity a subject has to carry out his or her intent
  104. The officer's elevation and assignment of challenge or threat value to a stimulus
  105. Mental shortcuts that allow people to solve problems and make judgments quickly and efficiently
  106. The part of the autonomic nervous system that is concerned with controlling the body during normal, routine situations
  107. Any object used for striking
  108. Supporting the balance of the body using a limb