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  1. Fine motor skills
  2. Auditory distortion
  3. Command presence
  4. Submit
  5. Parasympathetic nervous system
  6. Eye gaze
  7. Interview stance with an impact weapon
  8. Verbal direction
  9. Fear induced stress
  10. Posturing
  11. Excited delirium
  12. Dialogue
  13. Totality of circumstances
  14. Touch pressure
  15. Reaction time principle
  16. Defensive tactics
  17. Compliance
  18. Supine position
  19. Active resistance
  20. Distraction technique
  21. Electronic control device
  22. Aggressive resistance
  23. Transporters
  24. Objective reasonableness
  25. Sympathetic nervous system
  26. Search
  27. Temporary motor dysfunction
  28. Block
  29. Foot stomp
  30. Vasodilation
  31. Tunnel vision
  32. Shin scrape
  33. Survival stress
  34. Reactionary gap
  35. Slide step
  36. Critical incident amnesia
  37. Escort
  38. Custodial search technique
  39. Handcuffs
  40. Vasoconstriction
  41. Passive resistance
  42. Cardiovascular training
  43. Direct line of attack
  44. Posting
  45. Empty hand striking technique
  46. Vascular neck restraint
  47. Arousal
  48. Takedowns
  49. Complex motor skills
  50. Snap back
  51. Intent
  52. Prone position
  53. Weapon of opportunity
  54. Deadly force resistance
  55. OC
  56. Joint manipulation
  57. Redirection
  58. Perceptual space distortion
  59. Grappling
  60. Officer presence
  61. Pat down
  62. Force Guidelines
  63. Fluid shock principle
  64. Restraint devices
  65. Appraisal
  66. Deadly force
  67. Shrimping
  68. Pepper spray
  69. CS
  70. Pain compliance
  71. Opportunity
  72. Pressure points
  73. Danger zone
  74. Strobing
  75. Quadrant search approach
  76. Physical control
  77. Stabilization
  78. Intermediate weapon
  79. Motor dysfunction
  80. Deescalation
  81. Evasion technique
  82. Balance
  83. Reasonable suspicion
  84. Binocular vision
  85. Visual distortion
  86. Offensive ready stance with an impact weapon
  87. Visual control
  88. Balance displacement
  89. Scoville heat unit
  90. Stalling
  91. Escalation
  92. Telegraphing
  93. Relative positioning
  94. Leverage
  95. Impact weapon
  96. Limbic system
  97. Mechanical compliance
  98. Disengagement
  99. Plain feel doctrine
  100. Perceptual time distortion
  101. Communication
  102. Gross motor skills
  103. Ability
  104. Head butt
  105. Nonlethal weapon
  106. Body movement
  107. Heuristics
  108. Touch
  1. a To completely relinquish control to another
  2. b A type of incapacitation that causes temporary impairment of muscle control
  3. c Tools such as handcuffs designed to temporarily restrain a subject's movements
  4. d Using one's hands to move the subject away
  5. e Touching the location of a nerve or sensitive area and applying continual, uninterrupted pressure with the tip of the finger(s) or thumb until the subject complies
  6. f A type of chemical agent commonly used by law enforcement, usually in the form of hand-held canisters and chemical projectiles
  7. g A subject's response to a combination of pain and verbal commands to stop resisting
  8. h A tactical method of safely controlling a suspect until an officer can physically recover, reassess the situation, or backup arrives
  9. i A measure of the heat properties (burning sensation) of capsicum in OC spray
  10. j A tool used when empty-handed control is ineffective, but the subject's level of resistance does not merit deadly force; baton, OC spray, dart-firing stun gun
  11. k Shifting one's body or side stepping to avoid an attack
  12. l The use of body mechanics to control a subject
  13. m A survival stress reaction in which hearing may be diminished or amplified
  14. n An officer's position in relation to the subject
  15. o The area within the reactionary gap
  16. p The verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without apparent threat of resistance or violence
  17. q Achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques
  18. r The use of proper, clear, and concise commands to let a subject know what an officer needs or expects him or her to do
  19. s Immobilizing the subject's head so the subject cannot move or escape
  20. t Any impact technique using hands, arms, elbows, feet, legs, knees, or head to strike a subject in an offensive or defensive situation
  21. u The part of the autonomic nervous system that is concerned especially with preparing the body to react to situations of stress or emergency
  22. v Lying on the back face up
  23. w The tendency of your eyes to fixate to one location
  24. x A weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm
  25. y A distraction technique applied with a downward thrust to the subject's foot to inflict pain, temporarily divert the subject's attention, and redirect the physical power of the subject's attack
  26. z Any object used for striking
  27. aa A high profile stance with the weapon held at a shoulder position to enable a rapid strike
  28. ab Refers to how an officer approaches a subject or enters a scene
  29. ac Using a great force against a weaker resistance
  30. ad Survival stress
  31. ae A combination of fine and gross motor skills using hand/eye coordination timed to a single event
  32. af An item an officer has at hand that can be used as a potential impact weapon when needed, such as a broomstick, flashlight, clipboard, or radio
  33. ag Reactionary techniques using the arms, legs, or body to deflect or redirect a subject's impending strike to other certain areas of the body
  34. ah The part of the autonomic nervous system that is concerned with controlling the body during normal, routine situations
  35. ai Permits an officer to seize any object "whose contour or mass" he or she identifies as apparent contraband during a pat down
  36. aj A survival stress reaction in which both eyes remain open, and it is very difficult to close just one eye
  37. ak A technique that interrupts the subject's concentration so that energy is redirected from the current focus
  38. al A position in which the head is over the hips, and the hips are over and between the feet; necessary for performing defensive tactics
  39. am A term the court uses to refer to all facts and circumstances reasonably perceived by the officer as the basis for a use of force decision
  40. an The movements of the large or major muscles of the body
  41. ao A technique used to move a subject from one point to another without using pain compliance; provides minimal control of the subject through leverage
  42. ap Techniques used to move a subject from one point to another with pain compliance and/or mechanical compliance (also known as come-along holds)
  43. aq Nonthreatening, noncustodial physical contact that can be used to support or emphasize a verbal command
  44. ar A subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause injury but are not likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others
  45. as A low profile stance with the weapon held partially hidden behind the leg
  46. at Objects appear to be closer or farther than they actually are
  47. au The principle that describes the result of strikes that are delivered utilizing penetration of the muscle or nerves of the target area so that the striking object stays on or indented in the target for an instant, which allows for a full transfer of kinetic energy that displaces the water content in the muscle and creates a shock wave, greatly multiplying the effect of the strike by producing intense pain and immobilizing the subject
  48. av A method of gaining control over a subject by using an incapacitation technique that causes temporary impairment of muscular control
  49. aw Behavior in which a subject acts verbally and physically as if he or she may resist
  50. ax Used when preparing to engage or disengage from a subject in close proximity
  51. ay Controlled, nonemotional communication between an officer and a subject, aimed at problem solving and communication
  52. az A type of chemical agent commonly used by law enforcement usually in the form of hand-held canisters and chemical projectiles
  53. ba A reasonably perceived, imminent threat to an officer or another person
  54. bb A distraction technique applied by raising the foot and applying downward pressure on the subject's shin to inflict pain and temporarily divert an attacking subject's attention
  55. bc The amount of time it takes for the brain to process a physical threat and for the body to respond
  56. bd The facts or circumstances that reasonably indicate that a person has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a violation of the law
  57. be A complete search of the subject used when a subject is taken into custody in an unsecured environment
  58. bf The way an officer carries him or herself
  59. bg The distance an officer must keep between him or herself and the subject in order to react effectively against a sudden threat
  60. bh Small eye, hand, or foot movements in the direction that an officer plans to move
  61. bi A subject's capacity for carrying out an intention to cause death or great bodily harm to others
  62. bj Occurrences seem to be faster or slower than they actually are
  63. bk A physical restraint compressing certain veins and arteries in the neck to cause a subject to lose consciousness for a brief period of time
  64. bl The officer's elevation and assignment of challenge or threat value to a stimulus
  65. bm A subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer; examples include bracing, tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject
  66. bn Temporary restraining devices used frequently to control a subject
  67. bo Mental shortcuts that allow people to solve problems and make judgments quickly and efficiently
  68. bp A method used to gain control over a subject by applying pressure or leverage on a joint by locking it up so that no movement of the joint is possible, causing the subject to comply with verbal direction
  69. bq The movement in a hip escape; moving from side to side while avoiding or defending against an attack
  70. br Blood flow is restricted from the extremities and skin
  71. bs A subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control
  72. bt A method of gaining control over a subject by bending or twisting a joint in a direction that will cause pain or discomfort to the joint
  73. bu A loss of peripheral vision and depth perception that often occurs during survival stress situations
  74. bv A measure of anxiety caused by an appraisal of a stimulus that leads to an extreme state of arousal (also known as fear-induced stress)
  75. bw Force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm
  76. bx The parts of the brain that control emotion and motivation
  77. by Increasing the use of force or resistance
  78. bz The capacity a subject has to carry out his or her intent
  79. ca A state of extreme mental and physiological excitement due to extreme drug use; characterized by extreme agitation, hyperthermia, hostility, and exceptional strength and endurance without apparent fatigue; can lead to death
  80. cb The direction that a subject comes from
  81. cc Techniques used to bring a resisting subject from a standing position to the ground, making it easier to control him or her
  82. cd A term the courts have used to describe the process for evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance
  83. ce Supporting the balance of the body using a limb
  84. cf The ability to see both the subject's hands and to know that those hands hold no weapons
  85. cg A framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force by criminal justice officers
  86. ch Any exercise that elevates the heart rate to a range between 60 and 85 percent of the maximum rate
  87. ci An officer's ability to convey to subjects and onlookers that he or she is ready and able to take control
  88. cj A physical frisk of a subject conducted in a predetermined pattern to locate weapons
  89. ck A subject's hostile, attacking movements, with or without a weapon, that create a reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death or great bodily harm to the officer or others
  90. cl The exchanging of information through verbal and nonverbal methods; provides valuable insight into the likelihood of cooperation and compliance of a subject
  91. cm A temporary or sometimes permanent condition, following an extremely stressful situation, where short and long-term memory loss may occur
  92. cn A strike that is retracted very quickly, thus enabling multiple strikes, creating distance, setting up the next techniques, and causing distraction to the subject
  93. co An inflammatory agent that causes tearing and involuntary closing of the eyes, nasal discharge, sneezing, disorientation, and perceived respiratory distress; also known as OC
  94. cp Dividing the body into four sections horizontally and vertically during a search
  95. cq The muscle control required to make small, precise movements
  96. cr A system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by criminal justice officers to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance
  97. cs Decreasing the use of force or resistance
  98. ct The officer's elevated mind-body state that occurs in the presence of a perceived challenge or threat
  99. cu Forcefully blinking the eyes using all the muscles in the face, including those in the forehead
  100. cv Blood flows into the larger muscle groups providing oxygen to power flight and aid in escape
  101. cw When experiencing survival stress and physiological changes in the eye, vision may become distorted
  102. cx Lying on the stomach face down
  103. cy A distraction technique using the frontal lobe or back of the head to make contact with the subject's face, head, or other target area to inflict pain, temporarily divert a subject's attention, and redirect the physical power of the subject's attack
  104. cz Techniques used to control resistant behavior by utilizing pain compliance
  105. da A government intrusion into a place in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy
  106. db A device that uses a high voltage, low power electrical charge to induce involuntary muscle contractions to temporarily incapacitate a non-compliant subject (also known as electronic immobilization device, conducted energy weapon (CEW), or conducted energy device (CED))
  107. dc The discontinuing of commands or the physical use of force; breaking away from a subject
  108. dd A controlling technique used to break the subject's balance through the use of leverage principles