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  1. Passive resistanceis a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.

          

  2. Some examples of deadly force resistance include the following:A subject refuses to drop a knife when ordered to by the officer and moves toward the officer.
    • A subject shoots or points a gun at an officer or other person.
    • A subject tries to use a vehicle to run down an officer.

          

  3. section 776.05 Florida Statue addresses the issue of an officer using force to make an arrest(2) A correctional officer or other law enforcement officer is justified in the use of force, including
    deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent the escape from a penal
    institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such
    institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense.

          

  4. carbohydratethe leading cause of premature death for both men and women.

          

  5. Disengagementis increasing the use of force or resistance

          

  6. resistance levels (4)escalation, de-escalation, disengagement

          

  7. heart diseaseprovides energy needed by the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and other cells
    SOURCES: breads, cereal grains, pasta, rice, fruit, vegetables, milk, sugar

          

  8. Once the officer achieves control or compliance,a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon that create a
    reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death
    or great bodily harm to the officer or others.

          

  9. Section 776.06, F.S. states:(2) A correctional officer or other law enforcement officer is justified in the use of force, including
    deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent the escape from a penal
    institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such
    institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense.

          

  10. A law enforcement officer's authority to use force is established by the officer's reasonable belief
    that a crime has been,
    the courts
    look at the facts and circumstances the officer knew when the incident occurred.

          

  11. The Supreme Court has made clear
    that use of force is a seizure under the
    subject escalates his or her level of resistance

          

  12. Courts recognize that criminal justice officers must make split-second judgments about the
    amount of force needed in a particular situation under circumstances that are tense
    but whether the use of force was permitted at all. Though the law grants criminal justice officers the right to use force, this right is
    conditioned on their official authority.

          

  13. stretch until you feel mild totop of the body and moves down to the bottom, vice versa.

          

  14. stretching generally begins at therunning in place, jumping jacks, push ups, or any calisthenics exercises that last for 5-7 minutes.

          

  15. flexibility reduces the risk ofinjuries

          

  16. Officers are legally permitted to escalate their use of force
    as the
    least amount of force necessary

          

  17. 3 force levelsprovide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force
    by criminal justice officers. The structure of the Force Guidelines is based on constitutional considerations
    and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines
    consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the
    officer's response options.

          

  18. De-escalationis decreasing the use of force or resistance.

          

  19. Physical controlis achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced
    techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.

          

  20. A nonlethal weaponis decreasing the use of force or resistance.

          

  21. proteinprovides energy; builds and repairs body cells; is part of various enzymes, hormones, antibodies
    SOURCES: poultry, fish, eggs, legumes(lentils), milk, and milk products, vegetables, grains

          

  22. Officers should try to resolve a situation with theleast amount of force necessary

          

  23. Appropriate forceis the amount of force reasonably necessary to make an arrest.

          

  24. fitness, strength, agility, balance and flexibility are vital to the development ofA subject refuses to drop a knife when ordered to by the officer and moves toward the officer.
    • A subject shoots or points a gun at an officer or other person.
    • A subject tries to use a vehicle to run down an officer.

          

  25. Section 776.07, F.S., states:(1)(a) An employee of the department is authorized to apply physical
    force upon an inmate only when and to the extent that it reasonably
    appears necessary:
    1. To defend himself or herself or another against such other imminent
    use of unlawful force;
    2. To prevent a person from escaping from a state correctional institution
    when the officer reasonably believes that person is lawfully detained in
    such institution;
    3. To prevent damage to property;
    4. To quell a disturbance;
    5. To overcome physical resistance to a lawful command; or
    6. To administer medical treatment only by or under the supervision of
    a physician or his or her designee and only:
    a. When treatment is necessary to protect the health of other
    persons, as in the case of contagious or venereal diseases; or
    b. When treatment is offered in satisfaction of a duty to protect the
    inmate against self-inflicted injury or death.

          

  26. Some examples of aggressive resistance include the following:• The subject balls up his fist and approaches the officer.
    • The subject pushes the officer back as the officer tries to take the subject into custody.
    • The subject grabs any part of the officer's body.

          

  27. a cool down after physical activityredistributes the blood flow, causing the metabolic rate to decrease. this process helps the muscles to relax and prevents the tightening of muscles, which is vital to body recover

          

  28. Some examples of active resistance include the following:• The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
    • The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
    • The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.

          

  29. The CMS criminal justice defensive tactics course providesbasic recruits with training in the physical skills necessary for the use of force in controlling subjects and for self-defense

          

  30. Command presence and verbal communicationis decreasing the use of force or resistance.

          

  31. Some examples of passive resistance include the following:The subject refuses to move at the officer's direction.
    • The subject peacefully protests at a political event in a public location.
    • The subject refuses to take his hands out of his pockets or from behind his back

          

  32. Deadly force resistanceis a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing,
    tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.

          

  33. Escalation, de-escalation, and disengagement are important concepts in makingare necessary for optimal performance in defensive tactics training.

          

  34. To determine if an officer's actions were objectively reasonablethe courts
    look at the facts and circumstances the officer knew when the incident occurred.

          

  35. Aggressive resistanceis a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.

          

  36. a nutritious diet and an adequate intake of waterstretching exercises

          

  37. Physical force includes (3)escalation, de-escalation, disengagement

          

  38. Deadly force does not necessarily mean that someone died from the force used. It can cause greatThe subject refuses to move at the officer's direction.
    • The subject peacefully protests at a political event in a public location.
    • The subject refuses to take his hands out of his pockets or from behind his back

          

  39. stretching usually begins with a warm up such astop of the body and moves down to the bottom, vice versa.

          

  40. defensive tactics are based on a combination ofis a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by CRIMINAL JUSTICE OFFICERS to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance.

          

  41. Deadly forceis the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without
    apparent threat of resistance or violence

          

  42. Section 944.35, F.S. provides:(1)(a) An employee of the department is authorized to apply physical
    force upon an inmate only when and to the extent that it reasonably
    appears necessary:
    1. To defend himself or herself or another against such other imminent
    use of unlawful force;
    2. To prevent a person from escaping from a state correctional institution
    when the officer reasonably believes that person is lawfully detained in
    such institution;
    3. To prevent damage to property;
    4. To quell a disturbance;
    5. To overcome physical resistance to a lawful command; or
    6. To administer medical treatment only by or under the supervision of
    a physician or his or her designee and only:
    a. When treatment is necessary to protect the health of other
    persons, as in the case of contagious or venereal diseases; or
    b. When treatment is offered in satisfaction of a duty to protect the
    inmate against self-inflicted injury or death.

          

  43. All the stretches she be held for10-20 seconds

          

  44. Active resistanceis a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.

          

  45. the role of defensive tactics in LEO and corrections is to assist the officer inmartial arts, wrestling, and boxing.

          

  46. cardiovascular exercise includeswalking, jogging, running, jumping rope, bicycling, swimming, and step aerobics.

          

  47. objective reasonablenessto describe the process for
    evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.

          

  48. cardiovascular trainingwalking, jogging, running, jumping rope, bicycling, swimming, and step aerobics.

          

  49. a warm up session elevates thePassive resistance
    active resistance
    aggressive resistance
    deadly force resistance

          

  50. Force Guidelinesprovide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force
    by criminal justice officers. The structure of the Force Guidelines is based on constitutional considerations
    and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines
    consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the
    officer's response options.

          

  51. Escalationis decreasing the use of force or resistance.

          

  52. The officer's choices are determined by the subject's actionsmartial arts, wrestling, and boxing.

          

  53. fatprovides energy; builds and repairs body cells; is part of various enzymes, hormones, antibodies
    SOURCES: poultry, fish, eggs, legumes(lentils), milk, and milk products, vegetables, grains

          

  54. defensive tactics is a physical endeavor, students should change their daily habits, students should eat amartial arts, wrestling, and boxing.

          

  55. Under certain circumstances, disengagement may be the best tactical option, for example,when the officer is waiting for backup, when the officer is injured or outnumbered,
    or when the suspect has superior firepower

          

  56. Correctional officers have full-time authority over inmates due to theinmates' adjudication and suspension
    of civil rights.

          

  57. Correctional officers must also consider that use of force may violate theEighth Amendment's prohibition against
    cruel and unusual punishment.

          

  58. Complianceprovides energy; builds and repairs body cells; is part of various enzymes, hormones, antibodies
    SOURCES: poultry, fish, eggs, legumes(lentils), milk, and milk products, vegetables, grains

          

  59. Much litigation against criminal justice officers is not about the amount of force used,but whether the use of force was permitted at all. Though the law grants criminal justice officers the right to use force, this right is
    conditioned on their official authority.

          

  60. begin and end each session withstretching exercises

          

  61. Chapter (776) FORCEgoverns all use of force by criminal justice officers. even though the statue refers to "law enforcement" officers, the legal guidelines regarding use of force apply equally to corrections and correctional probation officers. the statue identifies two general areas in which an officer's use force is justified; to apprehend a subject and make an arrest, or to defend self or others.

          

  62. Defensive Tacticsis decreasing the use of force or resistance.