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  1. is force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm. Some examples of deadly force include
    use of a firearm, eye gouges, empty-hand strikes to the throat, and impact-weapon strikes to the side of
    the neck.
  2. inmates' adjudication and suspension
    of civil rights.
  3. a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon that create a
    reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death
    or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
  4. provides energy and essential fatty acids; carries other fat-soluble nutrients (vitamins); is part of cell membranes, membranes around nerves, hormones, bile
    SOURCES: meat, poultry, fish, milk and milk products, nuts and seeds, oils, butter, margarine, salad dressing
  5. governs all use of force by criminal justice officers. even though the statue refers to "law enforcement" officers, the legal guidelines regarding use of force apply equally to corrections and correctional probation officers. the statue identifies two general areas in which an officer's use force is justified; to apprehend a subject and make an arrest, or to defend self or others.
  6. is being, or is about to be committed.
  7. injuries
  8. provide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force
    by criminal justice officers. The structure of the Force Guidelines is based on constitutional considerations
    and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines
    consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the
    officer's response options.
  9. uncertain, and rapidly evolving
  10. are necessary for optimal performance in defensive tactics training.
  11. and the risk of physical harm posed to the officer or others.
  12. defensive tactics
  13. legally and tactically sound,
    reasonable responses to resistance.
  14. subject escalates his or her level of resistance
  15. often will defuse many volatile situations.
  16. least amount of force necessary
  17. restraining or arresting a subject
  18. is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without
    apparent threat of resistance or violence
  19. basic recruits with training in the physical skills necessary for the use of force in controlling subjects and for self-defense
  20. but whether the use of force was permitted at all. Though the law grants criminal justice officers the right to use force, this right is
    conditioned on their official authority.
  21. 10-20 seconds
  22. (1)(a) An employee of the department is authorized to apply physical
    force upon an inmate only when and to the extent that it reasonably
    appears necessary:
    1. To defend himself or herself or another against such other imminent
    use of unlawful force;
    2. To prevent a person from escaping from a state correctional institution
    when the officer reasonably believes that person is lawfully detained in
    such institution;
    3. To prevent damage to property;
    4. To quell a disturbance;
    5. To overcome physical resistance to a lawful command; or
    6. To administer medical treatment only by or under the supervision of
    a physician or his or her designee and only:
    a. When treatment is necessary to protect the health of other
    persons, as in the case of contagious or venereal diseases; or
    b. When treatment is offered in satisfaction of a duty to protect the
    inmate against self-inflicted injury or death.
  23. heart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscle, which saturates the muscles with oxygen. this helps the body prepare itself for the physical activity.
  24. walking, jogging, running, jumping rope, bicycling, swimming, and step aerobics.
  25. is increasing the use of force or resistance
  26. top of the body and moves down to the bottom, vice versa.
  27. is a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by CRIMINAL JUSTICE OFFICERS to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance.
  28. running in place, jumping jacks, push ups, or any calisthenics exercises that last for 5-7 minutes.
  29. the leading cause of premature death for both men and women.
  30. The subject refuses to move at the officer's direction.
    • The subject peacefully protests at a political event in a public location.
    • The subject refuses to take his hands out of his pockets or from behind his back
  31. physical control, the use of nonlethal weapons, and deadly force.
  32. redistributes the blood flow, causing the metabolic rate to decrease. this process helps the muscles to relax and prevents the tightening of muscles, which is vital to body recover
  33. • The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
    • The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
    • The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.
  34. A law enforcement officer, or any person whom the officer has summoned or
    directed to assist him or her, need not retreat or desist from efforts to make a
    lawful arrest because of resistance—or threatened resistance to the arrest. The
    officer is justified in the use of any force:
    (1) Which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to defend himself or
    herself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest;
    (2) When necessarily committed in retaking felons who have escaped; or
    (3) When necessarily committed in arresting felons fleeing from justice.
    However, this subsection shall not constitute a defense in any civil action
    for damages brought for the wrongful use of deadly force unless the use of
    deadly force was necessary to prevent the arrest from being defeated by
    such flight and, when feasible, some warning had been given, and:
    (a) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon poses a threat of
    death or serious physical harm to the officer or others; or
    (b) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon has committed
    a crime involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious
    physical harm to another person
  35. is a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing,
    tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.
  36. provides energy; builds and repairs body cells; is part of various enzymes, hormones, antibodies
    SOURCES: poultry, fish, eggs, legumes(lentils), milk, and milk products, vegetables, grains
  37. to describe the process for
    evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.
  38. martial arts, wrestling, and boxing.
  39. Fourth Amendment
  40. bodily harm or no harm at all. For example, returning fire is deadly force even if the officer misses the target.
  41. escalation, de-escalation, disengagement
  42. he or she must de-escalate the use of force
  43. is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.
  44. the courts
    look at the facts and circumstances the officer knew when the incident occurred.
  45. (2) A correctional officer or other law enforcement officer is justified in the use of force, including
    deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent the escape from a penal
    institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such
    institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense.
  46. is discontinuing a command or physical use of
    force, for example, by breaking away from a subject.
  47. nutritious diet, get adequate rest, and stay sufficiently hydrated to maximize the benefit of this training
  48. moderate tension
  49. when the officer is waiting for backup, when the officer is injured or outnumbered,
    or when the suspect has superior firepower
  50. is the amount of force reasonably necessary to make an arrest.
  51. Eighth Amendment's prohibition against
    cruel and unusual punishment.
  52. is a weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm.
    Some examples of nonlethal weapons include electronic control devices (ECD), dart-firing stun guns such as
    a TASER®, expandable batons, flashlights, and chemical agent sprays.
  53. is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced
    techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.
  54. • The subject balls up his fist and approaches the officer.
    • The subject pushes the officer back as the officer tries to take the subject into custody.
    • The subject grabs any part of the officer's body.
  55. is decreasing the use of force or resistance.
  56. provides energy needed by the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and other cells
    SOURCES: breads, cereal grains, pasta, rice, fruit, vegetables, milk, sugar
  57. A subject refuses to drop a knife when ordered to by the officer and moves toward the officer.
    • A subject shoots or points a gun at an officer or other person.
    • A subject tries to use a vehicle to run down an officer.
  58. is a subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause injury but are not
    likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
  59. Passive resistance
    active resistance
    aggressive resistance
    deadly force resistance
  60. is any exercise the elevates the HEART RATE to a range between 60 to 85 percent of the maximum rate
  61. stretching exercises
  62. (1) The term "deadly force" means force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm, and
    includes, but is not limited to:
    a. The firing of a firearm in the direction of the person to be arrested, even though no intent
    exists to kill or inflict great bodily harm; and
    b. The firing of a firearm at a vehicle in which the person to be arrested is riding.