62 Multiple choice questions
- is force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm. Some examples of deadly force include
use of a firearm, eye gouges, empty-hand strikes to the throat, and impact-weapon strikes to the side of
- inmates' adjudication and suspension
of civil rights.
- a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon that create a
reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death
or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
energy and essential fatty acids; carries other fat-soluble nutrients
(vitamins); is part of cell membranes, membranes around nerves,
SOURCES: meat, poultry, fish, milk and milk products, nuts and seeds, oils, butter, margarine, salad dressing
all use of force by criminal justice officers. even though the statue
refers to "law enforcement" officers, the legal guidelines regarding use
of force apply equally to corrections and correctional probation
officers. the statue identifies two general areas in which an officer's
use force is justified; to apprehend a subject and make an arrest, or to
defend self or others.
- is being, or is about to be committed.
- provide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force
by criminal justice officers. The structure of the Force Guidelines is based on constitutional considerations
and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines
consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the
officer's response options.
- uncertain, and rapidly evolving
- are necessary for optimal performance in defensive tactics training.
- and the risk of physical harm posed to the officer or others.
- defensive tactics
- legally and tactically sound,
reasonable responses to resistance.
- subject escalates his or her level of resistance
- often will defuse many volatile situations.
- least amount of force necessary
- restraining or arresting a subject
- is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without
apparent threat of resistance or violence
- basic recruits with training in the physical skills necessary for the use of force in controlling subjects and for self-defense
whether the use of force was permitted at all. Though the law grants
criminal justice officers the right to use force, this right is
conditioned on their official authority.
- 10-20 seconds
- (1)(a) An employee of the department is authorized to apply physical
force upon an inmate only when and to the extent that it reasonably
1. To defend himself or herself or another against such other imminent
use of unlawful force;
2. To prevent a person from escaping from a state correctional institution
when the officer reasonably believes that person is lawfully detained in
3. To prevent damage to property;
4. To quell a disturbance;
5. To overcome physical resistance to a lawful command; or
6. To administer medical treatment only by or under the supervision of
a physician or his or her designee and only:
a. When treatment is necessary to protect the health of other
persons, as in the case of contagious or venereal diseases; or
b. When treatment is offered in satisfaction of a duty to protect the
inmate against self-inflicted injury or death.
rate and increases blood circulation to the muscle, which saturates the
muscles with oxygen. this helps the body prepare itself for the
- walking, jogging, running, jumping rope, bicycling, swimming, and step aerobics.
- is increasing the use of force or resistance
- top of the body and moves down to the bottom, vice versa.
a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by
CRIMINAL JUSTICE OFFICERS to respond to a subject's aggression or
- running in place, jumping jacks, push ups, or any calisthenics exercises that last for 5-7 minutes.
- the leading cause of premature death for both men and women.
- The subject refuses to move at the officer's direction.
• The subject peacefully protests at a political event in a public location.
• The subject refuses to take his hands out of his pockets or from behind his back
- physical control, the use of nonlethal weapons, and deadly force.
the blood flow, causing the metabolic rate to decrease. this process
helps the muscles to relax and prevents the tightening of muscles, which
is vital to body recover
- • The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
• The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
• The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.
- A law enforcement officer, or any person whom the officer has summoned or
directed to assist him or her, need not retreat or desist from efforts to make a
lawful arrest because of resistance—or threatened resistance to the arrest. The
officer is justified in the use of any force:
(1) Which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to defend himself or
herself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest;
(2) When necessarily committed in retaking felons who have escaped; or
(3) When necessarily committed in arresting felons fleeing from justice.
However, this subsection shall not constitute a defense in any civil action
for damages brought for the wrongful use of deadly force unless the use of
deadly force was necessary to prevent the arrest from being defeated by
such flight and, when feasible, some warning had been given, and:
(a) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon poses a threat of
death or serious physical harm to the officer or others; or
(b) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon has committed
a crime involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious
physical harm to another person
- is a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing,
tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.
- provides energy; builds and repairs body cells; is part of various enzymes, hormones, antibodies
SOURCES: poultry, fish, eggs, legumes(lentils), milk, and milk products, vegetables, grains
- to describe the process for
evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.
- martial arts, wrestling, and boxing.
- Fourth Amendment
- bodily harm or no harm at all. For example, returning fire is deadly force even if the officer misses the target.
- escalation, de-escalation, disengagement
- he or she must de-escalate the use of force
- is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.
- the courts
look at the facts and circumstances the officer knew when the incident occurred.
- (2) A correctional officer or other law enforcement officer is justified in the use of force, including
deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent the escape from a penal
institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such
institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense.
- is discontinuing a command or physical use of
force, for example, by breaking away from a subject.
- nutritious diet, get adequate rest, and stay sufficiently hydrated to maximize the benefit of this training
- moderate tension
- when the officer is waiting for backup, when the officer is injured or outnumbered,
or when the suspect has superior firepower
- is the amount of force reasonably necessary to make an arrest.
- Eighth Amendment's prohibition against
cruel and unusual punishment.
- is a weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm.
Some examples of nonlethal weapons include electronic control devices (ECD), dart-firing stun guns such as
a TASER®, expandable batons, flashlights, and chemical agent sprays.
- is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced
techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.
- • The subject balls up his fist and approaches the officer.
• The subject pushes the officer back as the officer tries to take the subject into custody.
• The subject grabs any part of the officer's body.
- is decreasing the use of force or resistance.
- provides energy needed by the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and other cells
SOURCES: breads, cereal grains, pasta, rice, fruit, vegetables, milk, sugar
- A subject refuses to drop a knife when ordered to by the officer and moves toward the officer.
• A subject shoots or points a gun at an officer or other person.
• A subject tries to use a vehicle to run down an officer.
- is a subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause injury but are not
likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
- Passive resistance
deadly force resistance
- is any exercise the elevates the HEART RATE to a range between 60 to 85 percent of the maximum rate
- stretching exercises
- (1) The term "deadly force" means force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm, and
includes, but is not limited to:
a. The firing of a firearm in the direction of the person to be arrested, even though no intent
exists to kill or inflict great bodily harm; and
b. The firing of a firearm at a vehicle in which the person to be arrested is riding.