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  1. stretching generally begins at the
  2. Appropriate force
  3. Aggressive resistance
  4. Deadly force does not necessarily mean that someone died from the force used. It can cause great
  5. Section 776.06, F.S. states:
  6. Officers are legally permitted to escalate their use of force
    as the
  7. Escalation, de-escalation, and disengagement are important concepts in making
  8. Some examples of active resistance include the following:
  9. Correctional officers have full-time authority over inmates due to the
  10. stretch until you feel mild to
  11. Compliance
  12. Some examples of passive resistance include the following:
  13. cardiovascular training
  14. Force Guidelines
  15. Under certain circumstances, disengagement may be the best tactical option, for example,
  16. A law enforcement officer's authority to use force is established by the officer's reasonable belief
    that a crime has been,
  17. The officer's choices are determined by the subject's actions
  18. carbohydrate
  19. To determine if an officer's actions were objectively reasonable
  20. Escalation
  21. Deadly force resistance
  22. Defensive Tactics
  23. Correctional officers must also consider that use of force may violate the
  24. stretching usually begins with a warm up such as
  25. defensive tactics is a physical endeavor, students should change their daily habits, students should eat a
  26. Physical force includes (3)
  27. Passive resistance
  28. Courts recognize that criminal justice officers must make split-second judgments about the
    amount of force needed in a particular situation under circumstances that are tense
  29. Some examples of deadly force resistance include the following:
  30. A nonlethal weapon
  31. heart disease
  32. objective reasonableness
  33. Section 776.07, F.S., states:
  34. Active resistance
  35. Once the officer achieves control or compliance,
  36. fat
  37. Some examples of aggressive resistance include the following:
  38. Much litigation against criminal justice officers is not about the amount of force used,
  39. a warm up session elevates the
  40. Chapter (776) FORCE
  41. De-escalation
  42. The CMS criminal justice defensive tactics course provides
  43. the role of defensive tactics in LEO and corrections is to assist the officer in
  44. cardiovascular exercise includes
  45. 3 force levels
  46. fitness, strength, agility, balance and flexibility are vital to the development of
  47. resistance levels (4)
  48. a nutritious diet and an adequate intake of water
  49. section 776.05 Florida Statue addresses the issue of an officer using force to make an arrest
  50. defensive tactics are based on a combination of
  51. All the stretches she be held for
  52. Officers should try to resolve a situation with the
  53. Disengagement
  54. a cool down after physical activity
  55. protein
  56. flexibility reduces the risk of
  57. Physical control
  58. Command presence and verbal communication
  59. Deadly force
  60. Section 944.35, F.S. provides:
  61. begin and end each session with
  62. The Supreme Court has made clear
    that use of force is a seizure under the
  1. a is a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by CRIMINAL JUSTICE OFFICERS to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance.
  2. b least amount of force necessary
  3. c provides energy needed by the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and other cells
    SOURCES: breads, cereal grains, pasta, rice, fruit, vegetables, milk, sugar
  4. d bodily harm or no harm at all. For example, returning fire is deadly force even if the officer misses the target.
  5. e provides energy and essential fatty acids; carries other fat-soluble nutrients (vitamins); is part of cell membranes, membranes around nerves, hormones, bile
    SOURCES: meat, poultry, fish, milk and milk products, nuts and seeds, oils, butter, margarine, salad dressing
  6. f the courts
    look at the facts and circumstances the officer knew when the incident occurred.
  7. g (1) The term "deadly force" means force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm, and
    includes, but is not limited to:
    a. The firing of a firearm in the direction of the person to be arrested, even though no intent
    exists to kill or inflict great bodily harm; and
    b. The firing of a firearm at a vehicle in which the person to be arrested is riding.
  8. h restraining or arresting a subject
  9. i subject escalates his or her level of resistance
  10. j is a subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause injury but are not
    likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
  11. k • The subject balls up his fist and approaches the officer.
    • The subject pushes the officer back as the officer tries to take the subject into custody.
    • The subject grabs any part of the officer's body.
  12. l legally and tactically sound,
    reasonable responses to resistance.
  13. m top of the body and moves down to the bottom, vice versa.
  14. n martial arts, wrestling, and boxing.
  15. o defensive tactics
  16. p injuries
  17. q when the officer is waiting for backup, when the officer is injured or outnumbered,
    or when the suspect has superior firepower
  18. r moderate tension
  19. s are necessary for optimal performance in defensive tactics training.
  20. t provide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force
    by criminal justice officers. The structure of the Force Guidelines is based on constitutional considerations
    and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines
    consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the
    officer's response options.
  21. u basic recruits with training in the physical skills necessary for the use of force in controlling subjects and for self-defense
  22. v is increasing the use of force or resistance
  23. w stretching exercises
  24. x a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon that create a
    reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death
    or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
  25. y provides energy; builds and repairs body cells; is part of various enzymes, hormones, antibodies
    SOURCES: poultry, fish, eggs, legumes(lentils), milk, and milk products, vegetables, grains
  26. z and the risk of physical harm posed to the officer or others.
  27. aa redistributes the blood flow, causing the metabolic rate to decrease. this process helps the muscles to relax and prevents the tightening of muscles, which is vital to body recover
  28. ab Fourth Amendment
  29. ac heart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscle, which saturates the muscles with oxygen. this helps the body prepare itself for the physical activity.
  30. ad • The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
    • The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
    • The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.
  31. ae is the amount of force reasonably necessary to make an arrest.
  32. af (1)(a) An employee of the department is authorized to apply physical
    force upon an inmate only when and to the extent that it reasonably
    appears necessary:
    1. To defend himself or herself or another against such other imminent
    use of unlawful force;
    2. To prevent a person from escaping from a state correctional institution
    when the officer reasonably believes that person is lawfully detained in
    such institution;
    3. To prevent damage to property;
    4. To quell a disturbance;
    5. To overcome physical resistance to a lawful command; or
    6. To administer medical treatment only by or under the supervision of
    a physician or his or her designee and only:
    a. When treatment is necessary to protect the health of other
    persons, as in the case of contagious or venereal diseases; or
    b. When treatment is offered in satisfaction of a duty to protect the
    inmate against self-inflicted injury or death.
  33. ag is discontinuing a command or physical use of
    force, for example, by breaking away from a subject.
  34. ah is a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing,
    tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.
  35. ai running in place, jumping jacks, push ups, or any calisthenics exercises that last for 5-7 minutes.
  36. aj 10-20 seconds
  37. ak nutritious diet, get adequate rest, and stay sufficiently hydrated to maximize the benefit of this training
  38. al uncertain, and rapidly evolving
  39. am A subject refuses to drop a knife when ordered to by the officer and moves toward the officer.
    • A subject shoots or points a gun at an officer or other person.
    • A subject tries to use a vehicle to run down an officer.
  40. an often will defuse many volatile situations.
  41. ao is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without
    apparent threat of resistance or violence
  42. ap is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.
  43. aq is force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm. Some examples of deadly force include
    use of a firearm, eye gouges, empty-hand strikes to the throat, and impact-weapon strikes to the side of
    the neck.
  44. ar governs all use of force by criminal justice officers. even though the statue refers to "law enforcement" officers, the legal guidelines regarding use of force apply equally to corrections and correctional probation officers. the statue identifies two general areas in which an officer's use force is justified; to apprehend a subject and make an arrest, or to defend self or others.
  45. as inmates' adjudication and suspension
    of civil rights.
  46. at The subject refuses to move at the officer's direction.
    • The subject peacefully protests at a political event in a public location.
    • The subject refuses to take his hands out of his pockets or from behind his back
  47. au A law enforcement officer, or any person whom the officer has summoned or
    directed to assist him or her, need not retreat or desist from efforts to make a
    lawful arrest because of resistance—or threatened resistance to the arrest. The
    officer is justified in the use of any force:
    (1) Which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to defend himself or
    herself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest;
    (2) When necessarily committed in retaking felons who have escaped; or
    (3) When necessarily committed in arresting felons fleeing from justice.
    However, this subsection shall not constitute a defense in any civil action
    for damages brought for the wrongful use of deadly force unless the use of
    deadly force was necessary to prevent the arrest from being defeated by
    such flight and, when feasible, some warning had been given, and:
    (a) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon poses a threat of
    death or serious physical harm to the officer or others; or
    (b) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon has committed
    a crime involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious
    physical harm to another person
  48. av is decreasing the use of force or resistance.
  49. aw physical control, the use of nonlethal weapons, and deadly force.
  50. ax is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced
    techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.
  51. ay walking, jogging, running, jumping rope, bicycling, swimming, and step aerobics.
  52. az is a weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm.
    Some examples of nonlethal weapons include electronic control devices (ECD), dart-firing stun guns such as
    a TASER®, expandable batons, flashlights, and chemical agent sprays.
  53. ba Passive resistance
    active resistance
    aggressive resistance
    deadly force resistance
  54. bb escalation, de-escalation, disengagement
  55. bc is any exercise the elevates the HEART RATE to a range between 60 to 85 percent of the maximum rate
  56. bd to describe the process for
    evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.
  57. be the leading cause of premature death for both men and women.
  58. bf but whether the use of force was permitted at all. Though the law grants criminal justice officers the right to use force, this right is
    conditioned on their official authority.
  59. bg Eighth Amendment's prohibition against
    cruel and unusual punishment.
  60. bh is being, or is about to be committed.
  61. bi (2) A correctional officer or other law enforcement officer is justified in the use of force, including
    deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent the escape from a penal
    institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such
    institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense.
  62. bj he or she must de-escalate the use of force