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92 True/False questions

  1. Witnesses of a crime scene incident are often __________ to get involved.hesitant

          

  2. Spiral search patternUsually used outside by one person. The searcher begins at a certain point and walks in increasingly larger circles to the outermost boundary of the search area

          

  3. __________ involved parties at a crime scene will help each of them focus on what they saw or heard, better maintaining the integrity of their statements.Separating

          

  4. Officers not assigned to a crime sceneOccurs after the defense files a motion to suppress or to exclude certain testimony or evidence from the trial, alleging that your improper actions violated their clientâs rights

          

  5. __________ evidence is evidence gathered from witnesses.victim

          

  6. Do not allow the involved parties (victims, complainants, and witnesses) totalk to each other at a crime scene.

          

  7. A __________ is a person harmed by a crime.might make a bad situation even worse.

          

  8. Suppression hearingDistinguish between prints belonging to either the victims and witnesses or the possible suspects

          

  9. The size of the crime scene depends on thetype of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.

          

  10. Field contactTransferred from the friction ridges on fingers by a foreign substance (not a body residue), like blood, paint, or dirt, and are readily visible

          

  11. The primary officer or investigator will designateprotect the crime scene and the evidence it contains from unnecessary intrusion or handling.

          

  12. If a suspect or another witness attempts to coerce or interfere with another witness's statement, you may need todocument the incident in the contamination list or your report.

          

  13. Admissible evidenceThe most common method of sketching, using the downward observation perspective

          

  14. Use personal observations and statements from victims and witnesses toassist in determining the extent of a crime scene.

          

  15. When securing a crime scene, attempt tolocate and identify the point of the suspect's entry to and exit from the scene by visually inspecting the crime scene.

          

  16. Once a survey of the crime scene is completed, a supervisor or investigator assigned to the case maydecide to adjust the original boundaries or perimeter of the crime scene.

          

  17. A __________ is a person who sees, knows, or vouches for something and may make a sworn statement about that information.suspect

          

  18. Prevent intrusion by anyone who knowingly or unknowingly approaches the crime scene perimeter by usingsignificant impact on the success of an investigation.

          

  19. Scale or IdentifierAnything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact

          

  20. If an interviewee (at the crime scene) is suffering from physical or mental trauma,make a note to interview this person later when he or she has recovered.

          

  21. Establish boundaries for thecrime scene and guard against unnecessary entrance by cordoning off the area with crime scene tape.

          

  22. When you correctly identify, protect, collect, preserve, transport, and analyze the __________ evidence, it cannot deliver false results.additional responsibilities such as providing first aid.

          

  23. You have the authority to arrest any individual who, after receiving a warning,crosses an area marked by crime scene tape.

          

  24. Birds eye viewThe most common method of sketching, using the downward observation perspective

          

  25. A __________ is a person who alleges that a crime has been committed or can be the person who calls the police.complainant

          

  26. __________ property belongs to an individual and is not open to the public.Public

          

  27. When establishing which people may have information at a crime scene, determinetheir degree of direct or indirect involvement and the role each person played in the incident.

          

  28. Ensure that while victims or witnesses are giving statements, no one can __________ them visually or verbally.intimidate

          

  29. Recognizing threats to the evidenceRelevant evidence tending to prove or disprove a material fact, with numerous exceptions specified

          

  30. A __________ is a person believed to have committed a crime or offensecomplainant

          

  31. Off the recordThe most common method of surveying (measuring and documenting) objects within the crime scene

          

  32. CanvassThe examination of facts and related law presided over by a judge or other magistrate who has the authority or jurisdiction to hear the matter

          

  33. Crime scene logThe most common method of sketching, using the downward observation perspective

          

  34. After finding the incident's location,address officer safety concerns and any victim or witness injuries, and secure the potential crime scene(s).

          

  35. Since you may not have the time or resources to question all subjects at a crime scene, determinemay have an unknown motive to mislead officers.

          

  36. Evidence markersHelp to document the relative positions of evidence items in the crime scene

          

  37. At the crime scene, ask the victim or complainant who was present during the crime or offense to name any potential __________ of the incident.all parties involved, including complainants, victims, suspects, and witnesses.

          

  38. Place interviewees in separate locations,address officer safety concerns and any victim or witness injuries, and secure the potential crime scene(s).

          

  39. Modus operandiMeaning mode of operating or MO, refers to how someone does something, usually repetitive in nature

          

  40. When establishing which people may have information at a crime scene, ask those presentwhere they were and how they were involved in the incident.

          

  41. __________ is anything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact.Evidence

          

  42. __________ property is for the use and enjoyment of the public and is open to the public.Private

          

  43. Always be aware ofpotential threats to the crime scene area.

          

  44. A protected, well-managed crime scene allows for the production oftype of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.

          

  45. Rule of sequestrationYou must follow the judges orders completely when he or she invokes the rule

          

  46. DepositionAn official court proceeding in which all parties, with the exception of the defendant, provide sworn testimonies regarding the facts of the case to one of the attorneys (defense or prosecutor) prior to trial

          

  47. A __________ crime scene helps keep crowds away from the evidence.Testimonial

          

  48. The same person can represent more than one category at a crime scene. For example,significant impact on the success of an investigation.

          

  49. Protect the crime scene untilyou can photograph and document it.

          

  50. What should a crime scene log include?the reason the person was at the scene

    the date and time of the person's entry or exit

    the name, rank, and agency of each person entering or leaving the scene

          

  51. Different crime scenes may requireProvides proof of security and validates the evidence collected at a crime scene

          

  52. Patent printsTransferred from the friction ridges on fingers by a foreign substance (not a body residue), like blood, paint, or dirt, and are readily visible

          

  53. The size and type of searchHelp to document the relative positions of evidence items in the crime scene

          

  54. Once the crime scene perimeter is established, do not allow anyunauthorized removal or altercation of any evidence.

          

  55. When there are injured persons at a crime scene, responding officers havemove behind the crime scene tape, advising that refusal may result in arrest.

          

  56. Separating family members during a crisismight make a bad situation even worse.

          

  57. Plastic printMolded or imbedded fingerprint created by touching an impressionable surface, such as wet paint or mud that you can easily see

          

  58. TriangulationThe examination of facts and related law presided over by a judge or other magistrate who has the authority or jurisdiction to hear the matter

          

  59. TrialA door-to-door inquiry of all possible sources of information in a given area

          

  60. Prior to entering the potential crime scene to process evidence, determine if the scene location iscomplainant's name and relationship to the crime scene location.

    the nature and location of the alleged crime.

          

  61. At a crime scene, witnesses should be asked ifanyone else was involved and what those additional people's roles were.

          

  62. In responding to a potential crime scene, dispatch will relay to you thecomplainant's name and relationship to the crime scene location.

    the nature and location of the alleged crime.

          

  63. If evidence at a crime scene is contaminated or altered in any way,document the incident in the contamination list or your report.

          

  64. At the scene of a crime scene incident, you must identifytype of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.

          

  65. Independent administratorAn officer who administers a photographic array, has no knowledge of the suspect information, and will meticulously avoid any conduct that might influence, directly or indirectly, a victimâs or a witnessâ decision

          

  66. Chain of custodyAny person an officer has contact with while on patrolâ"such as a concerned citizen or an anonymous complainant with a sense of civic dutyâ"who does not necessarily generate an incident report

          

  67. The crime scene __________ provides proof of security and validates the evidence collected at a crime scene.suspect

          

  68. Some involved parties at a crime scenemay have an unknown motive to mislead officers.

          

  69. InvestigationAn official court proceeding in which all parties, with the exception of the defendant, provide sworn testimonies regarding the facts of the case to one of the attorneys (defense or prosecutor) prior to trial

          

  70. It is easier to __________ the size of a perimeter than to __________ it.reduce/enlarge

          

  71. Alert officers willTransferred from the friction ridges on fingers by a foreign substance (not a body residue), like blood, paint, or dirt, and are readily visible

          

  72. A possible controlled area for an interview is inside a __________. However, due to space limitations only one interviewee should be placed in each one. If necessary, another officer can stay with each person to ensure control and safety.hesitant

          

  73. Zone quadrant search patternUsed for vehicle searches, outdoors, or a large area. Divide the area into four different sections and search each using one of the patterns above

          

  74. Multiple witnesses who have viewed or experienced the same event __________ recall the same details.hesitant

          

  75. Elimination printsDistinguish between prints belonging to either the victims and witnesses or the possible suspects

          

  76. After you document (in your field notes) all witnesses, victims, complainants, and suspects present by writing their names, dates of birth, addresses, sexes, races, and telephone numbers, ask __________ to stay at the crime scene for interviewing.vital witnesses

          

  77. For safety reasons, alwaysmaintain visual contact with witnesses, complainants, and suspects at a crime scene.

          

  78. Pie wheel search patternUsually used outside by one person. The searcher begins at a certain point and walks in increasingly larger circles to the outermost boundary of the search area

          

  79. EvidenceAnything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact

          

  80. __________ evidence consists of objects or perishable evidence such as fingerprints, blood, or tire tracks.Physical

          

  81. If a victim of a crime scene does not require immediate first aid, ask direct, fundamental questions about how the victim sustained the injury.Why were you hit?

    When were you hit?

    Where did you stand when hit?

    Who hit you?

    What did the suspect use to hit you?

    Where were you hit?

    How were you hit?

          

  82. Officer safety is at risk bythe entry of unauthorized people into a crime scene.

          

  83. Grid search patternAnything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact

          

  84. A person occupying __________ property has an expectation of privacy that no one can violate without a search warrant or a valid exception to the warrant requirement.private

          

  85. Strip line search patternUsually used outside by several people. Divide the search area into lanes. Have one or more people search each lane by moving in both directions, examining all areas

          

  86. When protecting a crime scene, instruct people tomove behind the crime scene tape, advising that refusal may result in arrest.

          

  87. Photographic arrayA group of photographs used in a photographic line-up

          

  88. Crime scene perimeters should be __________ rather than __________.larger/smaller

          

  89. Latent printsAmong the most valuable types of physical evidence and one of the most common types of evidence you will recover at a crime scene. Although generally invisible to the naked eye, these prints result from body residues left behind when the friction ridges of the hands or feet make contact with a surface

          

  90. At a crime scene, ensure that there is enough __________ between the interviewees, so that they cannot have physical contact with each other.distance

          

  91. Preferably, interviewees at a crime scene should be placed far enough apart that they cannot __________. If separate rooms are not available, involved parties can be isolated within one large room by placing them on opposite sides of the room with their backs to each other.Separating

          

  92. The actions of the first responding officer on the scene have atype of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.