92 Multiple choice questions
officer who administers a photographic array, has no knowledge of the
suspect information, and will meticulously avoid any conduct that might
influence, directly or indirectly, a victimâs or a witnessâ decision
- unauthorized removal or altercation of any evidence.
- do not have access just because they are law enforcement officers.
person an officer has contact with while on patrolâ"such as a concerned
citizen or an anonymous complainant with a sense of civic dutyâ"who
does not necessarily generate an incident report
- move behind the crime scene tape, advising that refusal may result in arrest.
- address officer safety concerns and any victim or witness injuries, and secure the potential crime scene(s).
- type of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.
- their degree of direct or indirect involvement and the role each person played in the incident.
for vehicle searches, outdoors, or a large area. Divide the area into
four different sections and search each using one of the patterns above
- Establish the original positions and draw attention to relevant objects or evidence for photographing and sketching
- The process of making detailed and systematic inquiries and observations about a criminal complaint
- potential threats to the crime scene area.
- Molded or imbedded fingerprint created by touching an impressionable surface, such as wet paint or mud that you can easily see
- Documentation of everyone who handled the evidence as well as when, why, and what changes, if any, were made to it
used outside by one person. The searcher begins at a certain point and
walks in increasingly larger circles to the outermost boundary of the
- Relevant evidence tending to prove or disprove a material fact, with numerous exceptions specified
- Meaning mode of operating or MO, refers to how someone does something, usually repetitive in nature
- near the crime scene area but in a place that poses no risk of contaminating evidence.
- locate and identify the point of the suspect's entry to and exit from the scene by visually inspecting the crime scene.
- Refers to information not recorded in an official document
- decide to adjust the original boundaries or perimeter of the crime scene.
- additional responsibilities such as providing first aid.
- complainant's name and relationship to the crime scene location.
the nature and location of the alleged crime.
- Distinguish between prints belonging to either the victims and witnesses or the possible suspects
from the friction ridges on fingers by a foreign substance (not a body
residue), like blood, paint, or dirt, and are readily visible
- will determine the appropriate method of protection for the crime scene.
- Why were you hit?
When were you hit?
Where did you stand when hit?
Who hit you?
What did the suspect use to hit you?
Where were you hit?
How were you hit?
- the entry of unauthorized people into a crime scene.
- remove one or some people from the crime scene.
- where they were and how they were involved in the incident.
- you can photograph and document it.
- might make a bad situation even worse.
victim may also be the complainant, or a person initially identified as
a witness may become a suspect as the investigation progresses.
- talk to each other at a crime scene.
- protect the crime scene and the evidence it contains from unnecessary intrusion or handling.
examination of facts and related law presided over by a judge or other
magistrate who has the authority or jurisdiction to hear the matter
- A group of photographs used in a photographic line-up
- anyone else was involved and what those additional people's roles were.
- who has the most information and knowledge of the incident.
- The most common method of sketching, using the downward observation perspective
- The most common method of surveying (measuring and documenting) objects within the crime scene
dividing the area into a number of wedgeshaped sections, which are
usually searched using the strip/line search pattern. Use this method
for extremely large search areas
- assist in determining the extent of a crime scene.
- Anything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact
- vital witnesses
- You must follow the judges orders completely when he or she invokes the rule
- verbal commands and directions to enforce the perimeter.
- all parties involved, including complainants, victims, suspects, and witnesses.
- document the incident in the contamination list or your report.
- Provides proof of security and validates the evidence collected at a crime scene
- one point of entry and exit for the crime scene, and will assign an officer to maintain a crime scene log at that location.
used indoors; a variation of the strip line search pattern. Searchers
overlap a series of lanes in a cross pattern, making the search more
methodical and thorough
the most valuable types of physical evidence and one of the most common
types of evidence you will recover at a crime scene. Although generally
invisible to the naked eye, these prints result from body residues left
behind when the friction ridges of the hands or feet make contact with a
- credible evidence in court that can establish the guilt or innocence of a suspect.
- significant impact on the success of an investigation.
- different methods of protecting the evidence they contain.
- dictates the number and type of personnel or resources needed for crime scene processing.
- crime scene and guard against unnecessary entrance by cordoning off the area with crime scene tape.
- make a note to interview this person later when he or she has recovered.
- hear or see each other
official court proceeding in which all parties, with the exception of
the defendant, provide sworn testimonies regarding the facts of the case
to one of the attorneys (defense or prosecutor) prior to trial
- public or private property.
- maintain visual contact with witnesses, complainants, and suspects at a crime scene.
after the defense files a motion to suppress or to exclude certain
testimony or evidence from the trial, alleging that your improper
actions violated their clientâs rights
- A door-to-door inquiry of all possible sources of information in a given area
- crosses an area marked by crime scene tape.
- may have an unknown motive to mislead officers.
- the reason the person was at the scene
the date and time of the person's entry or exit
the name, rank, and agency of each person entering or leaving the scene
- patrol car
- Help to document the relative positions of evidence items in the crime scene
used outside by several people. Divide the search area into lanes. Have
one or more people search each lane by moving in both directions,
examining all areas