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107 True/False questions

  1. When photographing a crime scene, use your agency digital camera __________.with a flash

          

  2. __________ prints are transferred from the friction ridges on fingers by a foreign substance (not a body residue), like blood, paint, or dirt, and are readily visible.Patent

          

  3. Crime scene sketches can be used to documentroom by room, the size and relationship of entrances, exits, and contents.

          

  4. Select all of the correct items used to conduct a crime scene sketchnot touch any part of the equipment to avoid possible damage to it.

          

  5. A(n) __________ is the process of making detailed and systematic inquiries and observations about a criminal complaint.document

          

  6. When involved in surveillance, do notbasic skill of law enforcement, and the ability to lift a latent print directly relates to an officer's attention to detail.

          

  7. When lifting latent prints, the found prints are lifted from the original surface withyour agency's policies and procedures regarding the available equipment and familiarize yourself with that equipment.

          

  8. An officer who encounters electronic evidence at a crime scene mustpossible sources of evidence found at a crime scene.

          

  9. A crime scene sketch supplements an officer'sfield notes and photographs and helps with report writing.

          

  10. __________ prints allow fingerprint analysts to distinguish between prints belonging to either the victims and witnesses or the possible suspects.Latent

          

  11. An officer should follow agency policy and procedure regardingdocumenting the chain of custody to help eliminate ethical and legal concerns about the handling and preservation of evidence at a crime scene.

          

  12. The first steps in a __________ investigation are establishing a case file, reviewing the information gathered during the __________ investigation, and identifying and pursuing leads.follow-up

          

  13. What actions taken to secure the crime scene should be shared with your supervisor or investigator?special concerns on the scene such as biohazards, a hostile crowd, at-large suspects,and severe injuries

    how the scene is being handled and protected

    names and descriptions of victims, witnesses, and possible suspects

    plan for the continued investigation of the incident and the search for evidence

    description of the suspect's vehicle, if applicable and if known

    identity of the public information officer who is communicating with the media

    when, how, and where the incident occurred

    the scene's boundaries and protection measures

    all evidence gathered or specific items that are still the focus of a search

    descriptions of all property involved in the incident (obtained from complainants, victims, or witnesses who can identify the property)

          

  14. __________ prints are molded or embedded fingerprints created by touching an impressionable surface, such as wet paint or mud that you can easily see.Plastic

          

  15. The overall flow of crime scene photography moves from __________.determine what evidence at the scene belongs to the criminal and not to the victims or witnesses.

          

  16. The most common method of crime scene sketching is using the __________ perspective or downward observation perspective.bird's-eye-view

          

  17. A __________ search pattern is usually used outside by several people. Divide the search area into lanes. Have one or more people search each lane by moving in both directions, examining all areas.pie/wheel

          

  18. A __________ search pattern entails dividing the area into a number of wedge-shaped sections. This method is used for extremely large search areas.pie/wheel

          

  19. An analysis by the toxicology section of a laboratory is usually performed in cases that involve investigations ofcanvass

          

  20. What are some examples of electronic evidence?answering machines, digital recording devices

    CDs, DVDs, VHS tapes

    digital cameras

    PDA

    thumb drives

    cell phones

    computers

    external hard drives

          

  21. What are some examples of questioned documents evidence?poisons

    blood alcohol levels

    drugs

          

  22. Crime scene __________ can show relative positions (spatial relationships) of objects within the crime scene that are not readily visible in __________.sketches/photographs

          

  23. When photographing a crime scene, begin atcell phone camera, because it may be impounded.

          

  24. Before lifting latent prints, refer toyour agency's policies and procedures regarding the available equipment and familiarize yourself with that equipment.

          

  25. Proper tools, equipment, and appropriate containers and packaging helpthe perimeter of the crime scene and take sequential shots by framing a panoramic or four-corner view of the scene.

          

  26. When photographing a crime scene, look at each close-up photograph after taking the picture tonine

          

  27. Lifting a latent print is often abasic skill of law enforcement, and the ability to lift a latent print directly relates to an officer's attention to detail.

          

  28. An officer should try to identifypossible sources of evidence found at a crime scene.

          

  29. __________ prints are among the most valuable types of physical evidence and one of the most common types of evidence an officer will recover at a crime scene.Patent

          

  30. To avoid contamination,"one shot" opportunity and should be treated as such.

          

  31. When handling money taken from crime scenes or seized from suspects, an officer shouldbe very careful to avoid any appearance of impropriety.

          

  32. When photographing a crime scene, avoid using acell phone camera, because it may be impounded.

          

  33. A __________ search pattern is often used indoors. Searches overlap a series of lanes in a cross pattern, making the search more methodical and thorough.grid

          

  34. When photographing a crime scene, consider flood lighting with a flashlight or using the vehicle spotlight or headlights if the overall picture requires you to photograph the scene from more than __________ to twelve feet away.ensure that both the objects you are photographing and the scale or identifier are in focus.

          

  35. What are some examples of chemistry or toxicological evidence?poisons

    blood alcohol levels

    drugs

          

  36. To initiate a __________ investigation for a previously reported incident, locate and review the records of the incident.preliminary

          

  37. All objects at a crime scene should be consideredbe material or relevant to the scene.

          

  38. Which one is NOT an example of impression evidence?answering machines, digital recording devices

    CDs, DVDs, VHS tapes

    digital cameras

    PDA

    thumb drives

    cell phones

    computers

    external hard drives

          

  39. If you are going to diagram the crime scene, this should take place __________ photographing the scene and __________ any detailed work begins.with a flash

          

  40. When determining the value of additional leads (during a follow-up investigation),dictating the type of search pattern, keeping in mind that the relationships of the items' positions may be important.

          

  41. When photographing a crime scene, ___________ view shots show the details of a specific item of evidence and must include a scale or identifier.midrange

          

  42. The photographing officer at a crime scene should include thecase number, location, date and time, and his or her name when submitting photographs.

          

  43. All objects pictured in a crime scene photograph mustthe perimeter of the crime scene and take sequential shots by framing a panoramic or four-corner view of the scene.

          

  44. The crime scene sketch should show,room by room, the size and relationship of entrances, exits, and contents.

          

  45. A __________ investigation gathers information subsequent to the initial report to establish a cause.follow-up

          

  46. After establishing that a crime has been committed and that it requires photographs, determine the type of __________ that can be present on the victim or witness.cell phone camera, because it may be impounded.

          

  47. If you find that you are missing a report or document from a preliminary investigation, should contact the_________ and obtain a copy.agency's records section

          

  48. During a canvass, document what witnesses were able to say about the crime, even if a person reports knowing nothing about the crime, it will be important if the person ____________.chain of custody

          

  49. If a cell phone is found at a crime scene, you cannot access information in it unless you have asearch warrant.

          

  50. A __________ search pattern is used for vehicle searches, outdoors, or a large area. Divide the area into four different sections and search each using one of the other search patterns.zone/quadrant

          

  51. When you recover evidence of any kind from a crime scene, aanswering machines, digital recording devices

    CDs, DVDs, VHS tapes

    digital cameras

    PDA

    thumb drives

    cell phones

    computers

    external hard drives

          

  52. Exercise caution during a canvass, as you may actually knock on the __________ door.suspect's

          

  53. A lead is __________ when it corroborates or disproves the physical evidence, statements, and/or confessions.teeth

          

  54. When diagramming the crime scene, evidence __________ help to document the relative positions of evidence items in the crime scene. Place them next to each piece of evidence within the crime scene after initially photographing the scene and developing your initial sketch.midrange

          

  55. At a crime scene, tell the injured victim to notify law enforcement forfield notes and photographs and helps with report writing.

          

  56. For photographing a crime scene, keep extra batteries for both thecamera and the flashlight.

          

  57. Use a scale or an __________ to illustrate size and other valuable information relevant to a crime scene.identifier

          

  58. Place evidence collected for DNA analysis inits own, separate container.

          

  59. Crime scene sketches should include the statement "not to scale" unless you arewhere evidence was recovered within the crime scene.

          

  60. Record the names ofmedical personnel who provide services to victims at crime scenes, because the court may call any of them as a witness.

          

  61. __________ evidence can include a bullet hole is glass held into place by a thin window tint. Based on the circumstances at the scene, you need to photograph this type of evidence first.Fragile

          

  62. When recording the victim's injuries in field notes (at a crime scene), specific information regarding the location, size, and type of injury is __________.not touch any part of the equipment to avoid possible damage to it.

          

  63. Use crime scene sketches duringdocumentation that aid in the reconstruction, explanation, and permanent recording of an incident.

          

  64. The purpose of an investigation is to recreate what happened during the incident, identify and locate the suspect, and develop enough evidence to establish _________ to make an arrest.dusting with one of several types of powder, which develops the print and makes it visible.

          

  65. A(n) ________ is a door-to-door inquiry of all possible sources of information in a given area.document

          

  66. A __________ is anything containing a mark to convey a message.document

          

  67. A __________ is documentation of everyone who handled the evidence at a crime scene, as well as when, why, and what changes, if any, were made to it.document

          

  68. __________ evidence is evidence that can blow or wash away.may be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.

          

  69. __________ is the most common method of surveying (measuring and documenting) objects within the crime scene. This method measures objects from at least two fixed points, forming a triangle.Triangulation

          

  70. Inked fingerprints must be taken frommedical personnel who provide services to victims at crime scenes, because the court may call any of them as a witness.

          

  71. The job of a crime scene analyst is todetermine what evidence at the scene belongs to the criminal and not to the victims or witnesses.

          

  72. What are some examples of firearms evidence?answering machines, digital recording devices

    CDs, DVDs, VHS tapes

    digital cameras

    PDA

    thumb drives

    cell phones

    computers

    external hard drives

          

  73. When a victim is injured at a crime scene, view the victim's injuries and record detailed observations in the field notes, keeping in mind that you will use these notes to create reports and refresh your recollection when __________.search warrant.

          

  74. You will need to be able to testify that the photographs taken at a crime scene area true and accurate representation of the scene, as it appeared when you took the pictures.

          

  75. A __________ search pattern is usually used outside by one person. The searcher begins at a certain point and walks in increasingly larger circles to the outermost boundary of the search area.strip/line

          

  76. When photographing a crime scene, include a scale, ruler, or identifier in each __________ photograph you take.camera and the flashlight.

          

  77. __________ surveillance involves monitoring a person of interest through tracking devices-cell phone or credit card use-which typically requires a court order.Locard's

          

  78. __________ must be used whenever evidence is handled or collected at a crime scene.PPE

          

  79. Photographic __________ is composing the photograph so that it depicts what you are trying to document. For example, in overall or midrange photography, overlap the photos to show the relationships of items in the crime scene.framing

          

  80. __________ prints are generally invisible to the naked eye and result from body residues left behind when the friction ridges of the hands or feet make contact with a surface.Latent

          

  81. Which one is NOT an example of trace evidence?fingerprints

          

  82. Which one is NOT an example of biological evidence?bite marks

          

  83. Crime scene sketches are a means ofdocumentation that aid in the reconstruction, explanation, and permanent recording of an incident.

          

  84. Photos and videos provide a visual record thatmay be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.

          

  85. If you leave something out of a crime scene sketch, such as a window, a piece of furniture, or a light fixture, be prepared toexplain the omission at the deposition or trial.

          

  86. Photographingperishable, fragile, and transitory evidence ensures its documentation.

          

  87. __________ will protect crime scene evidence from contamination and protect the officer from exposure to dangerous substances.chain of custody for the evidence has begun.

          

  88. Canvassing an area in proximity to the incident or crime scene mayyield additional witnesses, possibly new victims, a suspect or suspects, and evidence.

          

  89. While canvassing, be aware of any animals that may be present and consider the time of day when approaching occupants, and, if warranted, __________.apologize for the intrusion

          

  90. When searching a crime scene for evidence, use a systematic approach or a(n) __________ pattern.dictating the type of search pattern, keeping in mind that the relationships of the items' positions may be important.

          

  91. When searching a scene for evidence, study the whole scene beforedictating the type of search pattern, keeping in mind that the relationships of the items' positions may be important.

          

  92. When collecting drug paraphernalia from a crime scene, an officer shouldpackage sharp objects such as needles or syringes in puncture-proof packages clearly labeled with the words WARNING: SHARPS.

          

  93. A chain of custody documentation proves thatthe evidence submitted in court is the same evidence that was collected at the crime scene.

          

  94. __________ Exchange Principle contends that everyone who enters a crime scene will both bring something into and take something from it, as "Every contact leaves a trace."not touch any part of the equipment to avoid possible damage to it.

          

  95. From the preliminary incident report of an investigation, you should be able to recreate the ________ investigative steps taken at the crime scene.initial

          

  96. __________ surveillance involves parking your vehicle some distance away in a location that allows an approach to the area on foot in a covert manner.Stationary

          

  97. After reviewing the preliminary incident report, a follow-up investigation can include contacting witnesses, victims and suspects, reviewing evidence, locating additional evidence, and writing a capias request, ____________, or arrest warrant.initial

          

  98. During a follow-up investigation, ___________ determine how far you can investigate to prove a case.agency policies and procedures

          

  99. __________ is the process of microscopically analyzing trace evidence, such as paint, glass, and cloth fibers, to determine a possible source or origin.Microanalysis

          

  100. Lifting latent prints is a"one shot" opportunity and should be treated as such.

          

  101. __________ surveillance is following a person of interest on foot or in a police vehicle. It requires a safe distance, more than one police officer, more than one police vehicle, and a coordinated approach, none of which can draw undue attention to the officers' presence.Moving

          

  102. When photographing specific items such as blood drops, weapons, or tire marks, place a scale or __________ in the photograph with the evidence to establish the original positions and draw attention to relevant objects or evidence for photographing and sketching.cell phone camera, because it may be impounded.

          

  103. The most common way to process latent fingerprints is bydusting with one of several types of powder, which develops the print and makes it visible.

          

  104. Photographing the crime scene allows the court and jury to obtain an accurate understanding ofhow it looked on the day the officer responded.

          

  105. When photographing a crime scene, the __________ view shots show the relationship between the evidence items within the scene.camera and the flashlight.

          

  106. Examples of __________ evidence can include blood, footwear, and tire impressions, or trace evidence such as hair or fibers.perishable

          

  107. The __________ investigation focuses on establishing whether a criminal act has been committed and, if so, what type and when and where it was committed.follow-up