107 Multiple choice questions
- field notes and photographs and helps with report writing.
- how it looked on the day the officer responded.
- later claims to have been a witness
- documentation that aid in the reconstruction, explanation, and permanent recording of an incident.
- room by room, the size and relationship of entrances, exits, and contents.
- package sharp objects such as needles or syringes in puncture-proof packages clearly labeled with the words WARNING: SHARPS.
- ensure that both the objects you are photographing and the scale or identifier are in focus.
- cell phone camera, because it may be impounded.
- determine what evidence at the scene belongs to the criminal and not to the victims or witnesses.
- prepared to testify that every item is precisely drawn to scale on the sketch.
- your agency's policies and procedures regarding the available equipment and familiarize yourself with that equipment.
blood alcohol levels
- apologize for the intrusion
- prevent contamination and degradation issues for each particular type of evidence found at a crime scene.
- a true and accurate representation of the scene, as it appeared when you took the pictures.
photographs or cameras
- perishable, fragile, and transitory evidence ensures its documentation.
- explain the omission at the deposition or trial.
- arrest affidavit
- dictating the type of search pattern, keeping in mind that the relationships of the items' positions may be important.
- DUI, sexual assault, and death.
- a blank sheet of paper or graph paper
a template or a ruler
pen or pencil
- where evidence was recovered within the crime scene.
- may be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.
- medical personnel who provide services to victims at crime scenes, because the court may call any of them as a witness.
- tool marks
- innocent parties who may have been at the crime scene, in order to eliminate their prints from the scene.
- camera and the flashlight.
- special concerns on the scene such as biohazards, a hostile crowd, at-large suspects,and severe injuries
how the scene is being handled and protected
names and descriptions of victims, witnesses, and possible suspects
plan for the continued investigation of the incident and the search for evidence
description of the suspect's vehicle, if applicable and if known
identity of the public information officer who is communicating with the media
when, how, and where the incident occurred
the scene's boundaries and protection measures
all evidence gathered or specific items that are still the focus of a search
descriptions of all property involved in the incident (obtained from complainants, victims, or witnesses who can identify the property)
- the evidence submitted in court is the same evidence that was collected at the crime scene.
- clear or frosted tape, which is then attached to a small note card.
- enter an area which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as the curtilage surrounding a residence.
- basic skill of law enforcement, and the ability to lift a latent print directly relates to an officer's attention to detail.
- investigate leads that may develop probable cause for an arrest first.
- probable cause
- bite marks
the chain of custody to help eliminate ethical and legal concerns about
the handling and preservation of evidence at a crime scene.
- be very careful to avoid any appearance of impropriety.
- yield additional witnesses, possibly new victims, a suspect or suspects, and evidence.
- interviews with witnesses, victims, and suspects to correlate testimony.
- not touch any part of the equipment to avoid possible damage to it.
- search warrant.
- change gloves between collecting each piece of evidence for DNA analysis.
- answering machines, digital recording devices
CDs, DVDs, VHS tapes
external hard drives
- general to specific
- with a flash
- further documentation if bruising intensifies.
- agency policies and procedures
- chain of custody
- its own, separate container.
- "one shot" opportunity and should be treated as such.
- case number, location, date and time, and his or her name when submitting photographs.
- dusting with one of several types of powder, which develops the print and makes it visible.
- be material or relevant to the scene.
- chain of custody for the evidence has begun.
- agency's records section
- the perimeter of the crime scene and take sequential shots by framing a panoramic or four-corner view of the scene.
- possible sources of fingerprints.
- possible sources of evidence found at a crime scene.