102 Matching questions
- When photographing a crime scene, look at each close-up photograph after taking the picture to
- Exercise caution during a canvass, as you may actually knock on the __________ door.
- __________ must be used whenever evidence is handled or collected at a crime scene.
- __________ prints allow fingerprint analysts to distinguish between prints belonging to either the victims and witnesses or the possible suspects.
- If you find that you are missing a report or document from a preliminary investigation, should contact the_________ and obtain a copy.
- __________ is the process of microscopically analyzing trace evidence, such as paint, glass, and cloth fibers, to determine a possible source or origin.
- When handling money taken from crime scenes or seized from suspects, an officer should
- Select all of the correct items used to conduct a crime scene sketch
- __________ is the most common method of surveying (measuring and documenting) objects within the crime scene. This method measures objects from at least two fixed points, forming a triangle.
- After reviewing the preliminary incident report, a follow-up investigation can include contacting witnesses, victims and suspects, reviewing evidence, locating additional evidence, and writing a capias request, ____________, or arrest warrant.
- The most common method of crime scene sketching is using the __________ perspective or downward observation perspective.
- Inked fingerprints must be taken from
- Record the names of
- When you recover evidence of any kind from a crime scene, a
- When collecting drug paraphernalia from a crime scene, an officer should
- When involved in surveillance, do not
- When photographing a crime scene, begin at
- Photos and videos provide a visual record that
- Use crime scene sketches during
- The crime scene sketch should show,
- __________ prints are molded or embedded fingerprints created by touching an impressionable surface, such as wet paint or mud that you can easily see.
- All objects at a crime scene should be considered
- For photographing a crime scene, keep extra batteries for both the
- __________ evidence is evidence that can blow or wash away.
- A(n) __________ is the process of making detailed and systematic inquiries and observations about a criminal complaint.
- Crime scene sketches can be used to document
- Photographing the crime scene allows the court and jury to obtain an accurate understanding of
- Crime scene sketches should include the statement "not to scale" unless you are
- __________ prints are generally invisible to the naked eye and result from body residues left behind when the friction ridges of the hands or feet make contact with a surface.
- When photographing a crime scene, consider flood lighting with a flashlight or using the vehicle spotlight or headlights if the overall picture requires you to photograph the scene from more than __________ to twelve feet away.
- When lifting latent prints, the found prints are lifted from the original surface with
- __________ evidence can include a bullet hole is glass held into place by a thin window tint. Based on the circumstances at the scene, you need to photograph this type of evidence first.
- What are some examples of firearms evidence?
- To avoid contamination,
- __________ prints are transferred from the friction ridges on fingers by a foreign substance (not a body residue), like blood, paint, or dirt, and are readily visible.
- The first steps in a __________ investigation are establishing a case file, reviewing the information gathered during the __________ investigation, and identifying and pursuing leads.
- A __________ search pattern is usually used outside by several people. Divide the search area into lanes. Have one or more people search each lane by moving in both directions, examining all areas.
- Examples of __________ evidence can include blood, footwear, and tire impressions, or trace evidence such as hair or fibers.
- Place evidence collected for DNA analysis in
- What are some examples of electronic evidence?
- At a crime scene, tell the injured victim to notify law enforcement for
- When searching a crime scene for evidence, use a systematic approach or a(n) __________ pattern.
- Crime scene sketches are a means of
- Canvassing an area in proximity to the incident or crime scene may
- Photographic __________ is composing the photograph so that it depicts what you are trying to document. For example, in overall or midrange photography, overlap the photos to show the relationships of items in the crime scene.
- __________ Exchange Principle contends that everyone who enters a crime scene will both bring something into and take something from it, as "Every contact leaves a trace."
- When photographing a crime scene, the __________ view shots show the relationship between the evidence items within the scene.
- The photographing officer at a crime scene should include the
- What actions taken to secure the crime scene should be shared with your supervisor or investigator?
- The overall flow of crime scene photography moves from __________.
- When photographing a crime scene, use your agency digital camera __________.
- While canvassing, be aware of any animals that may be present and consider the time of day when approaching occupants, and, if warranted, __________.
- An officer who encounters electronic evidence at a crime scene must
- __________ surveillance involves parking your vehicle some distance away in a location that allows an approach to the area on foot in a covert manner.
- You will need to be able to testify that the photographs taken at a crime scene are
- During a canvass, document what witnesses were able to say about the crime, even if a person reports knowing nothing about the crime, it will be important if the person ____________.
- A lead is __________ when it corroborates or disproves the physical evidence, statements, and/or confessions.
- A(n) ________ is a door-to-door inquiry of all possible sources of information in a given area.
- An analysis by the toxicology section of a laboratory is usually performed in cases that involve investigations of
- If you leave something out of a crime scene sketch, such as a window, a piece of furniture, or a light fixture, be prepared to
- The most common way to process latent fingerprints is by
- Which one is NOT an example of impression evidence?
- Before lifting latent prints, refer to
- A chain of custody documentation proves that
- What are some examples of questioned documents evidence?
- When a victim is injured at a crime scene, view the victim's injuries and record detailed observations in the field notes, keeping in mind that you will use these notes to create reports and refresh your recollection when __________.
- A __________ search pattern is usually used outside by one person. The searcher begins at a certain point and walks in increasingly larger circles to the outermost boundary of the search area.
- From the preliminary incident report of an investigation, you should be able to recreate the ________ investigative steps taken at the crime scene.
- What are some examples of chemistry or toxicological evidence?
- A crime scene sketch supplements an officer's
- __________ surveillance involves monitoring a person of interest through tracking devices-cell phone or credit card use-which typically requires a court order.
- During a follow-up investigation, ___________ determine how far you can investigate to prove a case.
- A __________ is documentation of everyone who handled the evidence at a crime scene, as well as when, why, and what changes, if any, were made to it.
- When photographing a crime scene, avoid using a
- Which one is NOT an example of biological evidence?
- When photographing a crime scene, include a scale, ruler, or identifier in each __________ photograph you take.
- All objects pictured in a crime scene photograph must
- Lifting a latent print is often a
- After establishing that a crime has been committed and that it requires photographs, determine the type of __________ that can be present on the victim or witness.
- A __________ search pattern entails dividing the area into a number of wedge-shaped sections. This method is used for extremely large search areas.
- The job of a crime scene analyst is to
- When determining the value of additional leads (during a follow-up investigation),
- When searching a scene for evidence, study the whole scene before
- Crime scene __________ can show relative positions (spatial relationships) of objects within the crime scene that are not readily visible in __________.
- If you are going to diagram the crime scene, this should take place __________ photographing the scene and __________ any detailed work begins.
- __________ surveillance is following a person of interest on foot or in a police vehicle. It requires a safe distance, more than one police officer, more than one police vehicle, and a coordinated approach, none of which can draw undue attention to the officers' presence.
- A __________ is anything containing a mark to convey a message.
- Proper tools, equipment, and appropriate containers and packaging help
- When photographing specific items such as blood drops, weapons, or tire marks, place a scale or __________ in the photograph with the evidence to establish the original positions and draw attention to relevant objects or evidence for photographing and sketching.
- Lifting latent prints is a
- When diagramming the crime scene, evidence __________ help to document the relative positions of evidence items in the crime scene. Place them next to each piece of evidence within the crime scene after initially photographing the scene and developing your initial sketch.
- A __________ search pattern is used for vehicle searches, outdoors, or a large area. Divide the area into four different sections and search each using one of the other search patterns.
- A __________ search pattern is often used indoors. Searches overlap a series of lanes in a cross pattern, making the search more methodical and thorough.
- When recording the victim's injuries in field notes (at a crime scene), specific information regarding the location, size, and type of injury is __________.
- If a cell phone is found at a crime scene, you cannot access information in it unless you have a
- A __________ investigation gathers information subsequent to the initial report to establish a cause.
- An officer should try to identify
- The purpose of an investigation is to recreate what happened during the incident, identify and locate the suspect, and develop enough evidence to establish _________ to make an arrest.
- An officer should follow agency policy and procedure regarding
- The __________ investigation focuses on establishing whether a criminal act has been committed and, if so, what type and when and where it was committed.
- Which one is NOT an example of trace evidence?
- a documenting the chain of custody to help eliminate ethical and legal concerns about the handling and preservation of evidence at a crime scene.
- b investigate leads that may develop probable cause for an arrest first.
- c possible sources of evidence found at a crime scene.
- d medical personnel who provide services to victims at crime scenes, because the court may call any of them as a witness.
- e with a flash
- f interviews with witnesses, victims, and suspects to correlate testimony.
- g PPE
- h strip/line
- i cell phone camera, because it may be impounded.
- j follow-up
- k explain the omission at the deposition or trial.
- l general to specific
- m bite marks
- n be very careful to avoid any appearance of impropriety.
- o be material or relevant to the scene.
- p where evidence was recovered within the crime scene.
- q DUI, sexual assault, and death.
- r poisons
blood alcohol levels
- s testifying
- t package sharp objects such as needles or syringes in puncture-proof packages clearly labeled with the words WARNING: SHARPS.
- u midrange
- v a blank sheet of paper or graph paper
a template or a ruler
pen or pencil
- w Stationary
- x yield additional witnesses, possibly new victims, a suspect or suspects, and evidence.
- y established
- z Moving
- aa not touch any part of the equipment to avoid possible damage to it.
- ab camera and the flashlight.
- ac identifier
- ad apologize for the intrusion
- ae prevent contamination and degradation issues for each particular type of evidence found at a crime scene.
- af sketches/photographs
- ag documentation that aid in the reconstruction, explanation, and permanent recording of an incident.
- ah its own, separate container.
- ai your agency's policies and procedures regarding the available equipment and familiarize yourself with that equipment.
- aj zone/quadrant
- ak canvass
- al checks
photographs or cameras
- am spiral
- an innocent parties who may have been at the crime scene, in order to eliminate their prints from the scene.
- ao Locard's
- ap how it looked on the day the officer responded.
- aq prepared to testify that every item is precisely drawn to scale on the sketch.
- ar enter an area which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as the curtilage surrounding a residence.
- as Transitory
- at framing
- au suspect's
- av close-up
- aw Fragile
- ax "one shot" opportunity and should be treated as such.
- ay follow-up/preliminary
- az agency policies and procedures
- ba Electronic
- bb clear or frosted tape, which is then attached to a small note card.
- bc Plastic
- bd preliminary
- be basic skill of law enforcement, and the ability to lift a latent print directly relates to an officer's attention to detail.
- bf the evidence submitted in court is the same evidence that was collected at the crime scene.
- bg Latent
- bh required
- bi arrest affidavit
- bj field notes and photographs and helps with report writing.
- bk Elimination
- bl agency's records section
- bm tool marks
- bn chain of custody
- bo grid
- bp the perimeter of the crime scene and take sequential shots by framing a panoramic or four-corner view of the scene.
- bq Patent
- br probable cause
- bs chain of custody for the evidence has begun.
- bt change gloves between collecting each piece of evidence for DNA analysis.
- bu initial
- bv bird's-eye-view
- bw nine
- bx special concerns on the scene such as biohazards, a hostile crowd, at-large suspects,and severe injuries
how the scene is being handled and protected
names and descriptions of victims, witnesses, and possible suspects
plan for the continued investigation of the incident and the search for evidence
description of the suspect's vehicle, if applicable and if known
identity of the public information officer who is communicating with the media
when, how, and where the incident occurred
the scene's boundaries and protection measures
all evidence gathered or specific items that are still the focus of a search
descriptions of all property involved in the incident (obtained from complainants, victims, or witnesses who can identify the property)
- by document
- bz investigation
- ca dictating the type of search pattern, keeping in mind that the relationships of the items' positions may be important.
- cb perishable, fragile, and transitory evidence ensures its documentation.
- cc after/before
- cd possible sources of fingerprints.
- ce valuable
- cf further documentation if bruising intensifies.
- cg later claims to have been a witness
- ch teeth
- ci answering machines, digital recording devices
CDs, DVDs, VHS tapes
external hard drives
- cj Microanalysis
- ck a true and accurate representation of the scene, as it appeared when you took the pictures.
- cl ensure that both the objects you are photographing and the scale or identifier are in focus.
- cm determine what evidence at the scene belongs to the criminal and not to the victims or witnesses.
- cn case number, location, date and time, and his or her name when submitting photographs.
- co markers
- cp may be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.
- cq pie/wheel
- cr perishable
- cs Triangulation
- ct room by room, the size and relationship of entrances, exits, and contents.
- cu dusting with one of several types of powder, which develops the print and makes it visible.
- cv search warrant.
- cw fingerprints
- cx evidence