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100 True/False questions

  1. You have the authority to arrest any individual who, after receiving a warning,lighting when taking photographs.

          

  2. The most common method of SKETCHING is using thebird's-eye-view

          

  3. A complainantis a person who alleges that a crime has been committed or can be the person who calls the police.

          

  4. Officers not assigned to the crime scene do not haveaccess just because they are law enforcement officers.

          

  5. involved parties can be isolated within one large room by placing thema weapon or contraband, to each other in order to hide it.

          

  6. In your field notes, document all witnesses, victims, complainants, and suspects present byaccess just because they are law enforcement officers.

          

  7. Avoid including,_____, ____ ______, ____ _______ , or___ in crime scene photographs.the phone may be impounded. (evidence)

          

  8. Involved parties may also try to pass
    evidence, such as
    a weapon or contraband, to each other in order to hide it.

          

  9. Once the crime scene perimeter is established, do not allowallow any unauthorized removal or alteration of any
    evidence.

          

  10. There is no crime scene exception to theFourth Amendment search warrant requirement.

          

  11. (responding to a crime scene)
    While driving to the scene, formulate some
    key questions that will help you assess the situation adequately: (8)
    • What is the location?
    • Are any weapons involved?
    • Has the complainant indicated the suspect's location?
    • How many individuals are involved?
    • How many officers are necessary to safely contain or control the situation?
    • Do you need additional services?
    • Do you need special equipment?
    • Are any special concerns or dangers associated with the call?

          

  12. Triangulationis a person believed to have committed a crime
    or offense.

          

  13. Alert officerswill help protect the scene and the evidence it contains from unnecessary intrusion or handling.

          

  14. Transitory evidence isevidence that can blow or wash away.

          

  15. Other examples of scales or identifiers areillustrate size and other valuable information relevant to the scene.

          

  16. always maintain visual contact withvictims, witnesses, complainants, and suspects.

          

  17. Consider flood lighting with a flashlight or using the vehicle spotlight or headlights if the overall picture requires you to photograph the scene frommore than nine to twelve feet away.

          

  18. Dispatch may also inform you if someone isevidence that can blow or wash away.

          

  19. Standard camera flashes will only projectglare and flashback from a mirror or glass.

          

  20. perishable evidence can includeblood, footwear, and tire impressions, or trace evidence such as hair or fibers.

          

  21. Curious unauthorized peoplespecialized crime scene units that can process the scene and collect evidence.

          

  22. Proper lighting providesvisual record that may be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.

          

  23. Fragile evidence can includeblood, footwear, and tire impressions, or trace evidence such as hair or fibers.

          

  24. Brief Chain of Command: Share information with your supervisor or investigator to include the following:• when the incident occurred
    • how the incident occurred
    • where the incident occurred
    • all evidence gathered or specific items that are still the focus of a search
    • descriptions of all property involved in the incident (obtained from complainants, victims, or witnesses
    who can identify the property)
    • names and descriptions of victims, witnesses, and possible suspects
    • description of the suspect's vehicle, if applicable and if known
    • special concerns on the scene such as biohazards, a hostile crowd, at-large suspects, and severe injuries
    • how the scene is being handled and protected
    • the scene's boundaries and protection measures
    • plan for the continued investigation of the incident and the search for evidence
    • identity of the public information officer who is communicating with the media (When dealing with
    the media or designating an assigned authorized spokesperson on the scene, refer to agency policies
    and procedures.)

          

  25. Prior to entering the crime scene to process evidence, determine if the scene location ispublic or private property.

          

  26. If the victim does not require immediate first aid, ask direct, fundamental questions about how the victim sustained the injury, such as the following:• Who hit you?
    • What did the suspect use to hit you?
    • When were you hit?
    • Where were you hit?
    • Where were you standing when being hit?
    • How were you hit?
    • Why were you hit?

          

  27. Once a survey of the area is completed, who (?) might decide to adjust the original boundaries or perimeter of the crime scene, based on the size and the type of structure or property they are searching?allow any unauthorized removal or alteration of any
    evidence.

          

  28. The objects you are photographing and the scale or identifier both need to be infocus

          

  29. A larger crime scene also helps keepspecialized crime scene units that can process the scene and collect evidence.

          

  30. 911 dispatchis anything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact.

          

  31. Begin at the perimeter of the crime scene and
    take sequential shots by
    type of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.

          

  32. Record the names of medical personnel who provide services to the victim, becausetype of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.

          

  33. The overall flow of crime scene photography moves fromcrowds away from the evidence.

          

  34. TWO types of evidence at a crime scene?evidence that can blow or wash away.

          

  35. physical evidenceconsists of objects or perishable evidence such as
    fingerprints, blood, or tire tracks.

          

  36. in the case of an outdoor crime scene involving degradable, easily destroyed, biological, or trace evidence, protect the evidence fromweather elements such as rain, hail, lightning, or wind.

          

  37. Private propertyis for the use and enjoyment of the public and is open to the public.

          

  38. A crime scene sketch supplements yourdocumentation that aid in the reconstruction, explanation, and permanent recording of an incident.

          

  39. Evidence(measuring and documenting) objects within the
    crime scene.

          

  40. Separating family members during a crisis might make a bad situationallow any unauthorized removal or alteration of any
    evidence.

          

  41. You can use a flashlight for extralighting when taking photographs.

          

  42. Instruct people to move behind the crime scene tape, advising that refusal may result
    in
    arrest.

          

  43. Ensure that while victims or witnesses are giving statements, no one cantype of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.

          

  44. who will designate one point of entry and exit for the
    crime scene, and will assign an officer to maintain a crime scene log at that location?
    access just because they are law enforcement officers.

          

  45. Photographing the crime scene allows theFourth Amendment search warrant requirement.

          

  46. Protect the crime scene until you canphotograph and document it.

          

  47. Testimonial evidence is generally less reliable thanphysical evidence because people perceive events differently, do not remember accurately,
    or lie.

          

  48. Use a scale or identifier toillustrate size and other valuable information relevant to the scene.

          

  49. A suspectis a person believed to have committed a crime
    or offense.

          

  50. Items used to construct a sketch include aa bullet hole in glass held into place by a thin window tint.

          

  51. surveying(measuring and documenting) objects within the
    crime scene.

          

  52. Testimonial evidenceconsists of objects or perishable evidence such as
    fingerprints, blood, or tire tracks.

          

  53. The officer posted at the access point must document these details in the crime scene log:type of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.

          

  54. The midrange view shotsshow the relationship between the evidence items within the scene.

          

  55. Witnesses are often hesitant to get involved they like tobroken glass or pry marks around doorways.

          

  56. If evidence is contaminated or altered in any way,document the incident in the contamination list or your report. Include information about the original
    condition of the evidence and the events leading to its damage or destruction.

          

  57. Proper lighting will also avoidglare and flashback from a mirror or glass.

          

  58. Close-up view shotsis a person who sees, knows, or vouches for something and may make a sworn statement about that information.

          

  59. The size of the crime scene depends on the: (3)type of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.

          

  60. Larger agencies havespecialized crime scene units that can process the scene and collect evidence.

          

  61. Evidence of entry or exit might include:blank sheet of paper or graph paper, pen or
    pencil, tape measure, and a template or a ruler

          

  62. Photos and videos provide avisual record that may be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.

          

  63. You may not have the time or the resources to question all subjects at the scene;Fourth Amendment search warrant requirement.

          

  64. Crime scene perimeters should be larger rather thandocumentation that aid in the reconstruction, explanation, and permanent recording of an incident.

          

  65. It is easier to reduce the size of a perimeter than toenlarge it

          

  66. A person occupying private property has an expectation of privacy that no one can violate without aFourth Amendment search warrant requirement.

          

  67. Do not allow the involved parties tovisual record that may be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.

          

  68. Sketches can showrelative positions (spatial relationships) of objects within the crime scene that are not readily
    visible in photographs.

          

  69. Another possible interview controlled area isblood, footwear, and tire impressions, or trace evidence such as hair or fibers.

          

  70. is the most common method of SURVEYINGrelative positions (spatial relationships) of objects within the crime scene that are not readily
    visible in photographs.

          

  71. Prevent intrusion by anyone whoknowingly or unknowingly approaches the crime scene perimeter by using verbal commands and directions
    to enforce the perimeter.

          

  72. When you correctly identify, protect, collect, preserve, transport, and analyze the physical evidence, it cannotFourth Amendment search warrant requirement.

          

  73. When photographing specific items such as blood drops, weapons, or tire marks, place ascale or identifier in the photograph with the evidence to establish the original positions and draw attention to relevant objects or evidence for photographing and
    sketching.

          

  74. It is extremely important to keep victims, complainants, and witnesses ________ in a criminal investigation.writing their names, dates of birth, addresses, sexes, races, and telephone numbers.

          

  75. Blocking such communication prevents them fromfield notes and photographs and helps with report writing.

          

  76. Keep extra batteries for both the camera and the flashlight. Florida's climate is particularly hard on
    batteries, as ___ deteriorates batteries.
    heat

          

  77. People who feel intimidated by you or
    others may say
    little or nothing so that they can leave the scene quickly

          

  78. Some involved parties may have an unknown motive to mislead officers; These type of peoplemay want to help the suspect by diverting any possible evidence of involvement away from them.

          

  79. Avoid using a cell phone camera;the phone may be impounded. (evidence)

          

  80. Use your agency digital camera with aflash

          

  81. If an interviewee is suffering from physical or mental
    trauma,
    enlarge it

          

  82. victim is to notify law enforcement for further documentation ifbruising intensifies.

          

  83. Identify the pieces of evidence _____ from the center of the crime scene.furthest

          

  84. A protected, well-managed crime scene allows forthe presentation of credible evidence in court that can establish the guilt or innocence of
    a suspect.

          

  85. Crime scene sketches are a means offield notes and photographs and helps with report writing.

          

  86. crime scene logis the method that measures objects from at least two fixed points, forming a triangle

          

  87. A victimis a person harmed by a crime.

          

  88. who will usually coordinate duties such as evidence collection, securing the scene perimeter, and other assignments.The supervisor or investigator

          

  89. Use personal observations and statements from victims and witnesses to assist indetermining the extent of a crime scene.

          

  90. bird's-eye-view is also theshow the details of a specific item of evidence and must include a scale or identifier.

          

  91. Photographic framing(measuring and documenting) objects within the
    crime scene.

          

  92. An investigation occurs whenspecialized crime scene units that can process the scene and collect evidence.

          

  93. Attempt to locate and identify the point of the suspect'sentry to and exit from the crime scene by visually
    inspecting the scene.

          

  94. Establish boundaries for the crime scene and guard against unnecessary entrance by:framing a panoramic or four-corner view of the scene.

          

  95. A witnessis a person harmed by a crime.

          

  96. If you are going to diagram the crime scene, this is the _______ event that should take place after photographing the scene and before any detailed work begins.first

          

  97. Photographing the crime scene is the ____ event that should take place before any detailed crime scene work begins.court and the jury to obtain an accurate understanding of how it looked on the day you responded.

          

  98. Public propertyis for the use and enjoyment of the public and is open to the public.

          

  99. Include the case number, location, date and time, and your name when submittingclose-up photograph you take.

          

  100. Include a scale, ruler, or identifier in eachillustrate size and other valuable information relevant to the scene.