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100 Multiple choice questions

  1. glare and flashback from a mirror or glass.
  2. intimidate them visually or verbally.
  3. crowds away from the evidence.
  4. show the relationship between the evidence items within the scene.
  5. a weapon or contraband, to each other in order to hide it.
  6. 9 to 12 feet.
  7. even worse.
  8. The primary officer or investigator
  9. is composing the photograph so that it depicts what you are trying to document.

    *For example, in overall or midrange photography, overlap the photos to show the relationships of items in the crime scene.
  10. the phone may be impounded. (evidence)
  11. The supervisor or investigator
  12. blood, footwear, and tire impressions, or trace evidence such as hair or fibers.
  13. blank sheet of paper or graph paper, pen or
    pencil, tape measure, and a template or a ruler
  14. bird's-eye-view
  15. flash
  16. discussing the incident and coordinating their accounts of what happened.
  17. is a person believed to have committed a crime
    or offense.
  18. bruising intensifies.
  19. victims, witnesses, complainants, and suspects.
  20. close-up photograph you take.
  21. injured.
  22. physical evidence because people perceive events differently, do not remember accurately,
    or lie.
  23. a bullet hole in glass held into place by a thin window tint.
  24. first
  25. document the incident in the contamination list or your report. Include information about the original
    condition of the evidence and the events leading to its damage or destruction.
  26. Miranda cards, dollar bills, coins, or rulers that you
    can use as a standard of measurement.
  27. public or private property.
  28. • Who hit you?
    • What did the suspect use to hit you?
    • When were you hit?
    • Where were you hit?
    • Where were you standing when being hit?
    • How were you hit?
    • Why were you hit?
  29. belongs to an individual and is not open to the public.
  30. furthest
  31. • when the incident occurred
    • how the incident occurred
    • where the incident occurred
    • all evidence gathered or specific items that are still the focus of a search
    • descriptions of all property involved in the incident (obtained from complainants, victims, or witnesses
    who can identify the property)
    • names and descriptions of victims, witnesses, and possible suspects
    • description of the suspect's vehicle, if applicable and if known
    • special concerns on the scene such as biohazards, a hostile crowd, at-large suspects, and severe injuries
    • how the scene is being handled and protected
    • the scene's boundaries and protection measures
    • plan for the continued investigation of the incident and the search for evidence
    • identity of the public information officer who is communicating with the media (When dealing with
    the media or designating an assigned authorized spokesperson on the scene, refer to agency policies
    and procedures.)
  32. good exposure for the photograph, so that it is neither too dark nor too light for the visibility of detail.
  33. bystanders, other officers, your equipment, or pets
  34. you make detailed and systematic inquiries or
    observations.This process begins upon your arrival at the scene of a reported crime and usually ends when you file the initial report, turn the matter over to a detective or
    investigator, or testify in court.
  35. provides proof of security and validates the evidence collected at a crime scene.
  36. access just because they are law enforcement officers.
  37. make a note to interview this person later when he or she has recovered.
  38. framing a panoramic or four-corner view of the scene.
  39. Fourth Amendment search warrant requirement.
  40. arrest.
  41. a supervisor or investigator
  42. cordoning off the area with crime scene tape.
  43. will help protect the scene and the evidence it contains from unnecessary intrusion or handling.
  44. determining the extent of a crime scene.
  45. knowingly or unknowingly approaches the crime scene perimeter by using verbal commands and directions
    to enforce the perimeter.
  46. allow any unauthorized removal or alteration of any
    evidence.
  47. second
  48. enlarge it
  49. is a person who alleges that a crime has been committed or can be the person who calls the police.
  50. can damage, contaminate, or destroy evidence at a scene. Do not allow them to enter the secured crime scene area.
  51. deliver false results.
  52. stay around for the excitement but will often try to leave or
    remain in the background when police attempt to ask them questions concerning their
    knowledge of the event.
  53. talk to each other.
  54. (measuring and documenting) objects within the
    crime scene.
  55. illustrate size and other valuable information relevant to the scene.
  56. search warrant or a valid exception to the warrant requirement.
  57. on opposite sides of the room with their backs to each other.
  58. consists of objects or perishable evidence such as
    fingerprints, blood, or tire tracks.
  59. focus
  60. more than nine to twelve feet away.
  61. may want to help the suspect by diverting any possible evidence of involvement away from them.
  62. the court may call any of them as a witness.
  63. field notes and photographs and helps with report writing.
  64. determine who has the most information and knowledge of the incident.
  65. type of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.
  66. downward observation perspective.
  67. visual record that may be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.
  68. photograph and document it.
  69. the presentation of credible evidence in court that can establish the guilt or innocence of
    a suspect.
  70. relative positions (spatial relationships) of objects within the crime scene that are not readily
    visible in photographs.
  71. also known as the public safety telecommunicator
  72. general to specific; use overall, midrange, and then close-up photography.
  73. court and the jury to obtain an accurate understanding of how it looked on the day you responded.
  74. is evidence gathered from witnesses
  75. is a person who sees, knows, or vouches for something and may make a sworn statement about that information.
  76. documentation that aid in the reconstruction, explanation, and permanent recording of an incident.
  77. separated
  78. photographs
  79. smaller.
  80. scale or identifier in the photograph with the evidence to establish the original positions and draw attention to relevant objects or evidence for photographing and
    sketching.
  81. is a person harmed by a crime.
  82. the name, rank, and agency of each person entering or leaving the scene, the date and time of the person's entry or exit, and the reason the person was at the scene.
  83. Testimonial evidence and physical evidence
  84. is for the use and enjoyment of the public and is open to the public.
  85. heat
  86. lighting when taking photographs.
  87. writing their names, dates of birth, addresses, sexes, races, and telephone numbers.
  88. • What is the location?
    • Are any weapons involved?
    • Has the complainant indicated the suspect's location?
    • How many individuals are involved?
    • How many officers are necessary to safely contain or control the situation?
    • Do you need additional services?
    • Do you need special equipment?
    • Are any special concerns or dangers associated with the call?
  89. entry to and exit from the crime scene by visually
    inspecting the scene.
  90. inside a patrol car. However, due to space limitations only place one person in each car.
  91. is the method that measures objects from at least two fixed points, forming a triangle
  92. broken glass or pry marks around doorways.
  93. crosses an area marked by crime scene tape
  94. specialized crime scene units that can process the scene and collect evidence.
  95. little or nothing so that they can leave the scene quickly
  96. Triangulation
  97. is anything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact.
  98. evidence that can blow or wash away.
  99. weather elements such as rain, hail, lightning, or wind.
  100. show the details of a specific item of evidence and must include a scale or identifier.