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  1. Another possible interview controlled area is
  2. Once a survey of the area is completed, who (?) might decide to adjust the original boundaries or perimeter of the crime scene, based on the size and the type of structure or property they are searching?
  3. The overall flow of crime scene photography moves from
  4. crime scene log
  5. Record the names of medical personnel who provide services to the victim, because
  6. People who feel intimidated by you or
    others may say
  7. Curious unauthorized people
  8. who will designate one point of entry and exit for the
    crime scene, and will assign an officer to maintain a crime scene log at that location?
  9. Photographing the crime scene allows the
  10. It is easier to reduce the size of a perimeter than to
  11. always maintain visual contact with
  12. bird's-eye-view is also the
  13. Do not allow the involved parties to
  14. Instruct people to move behind the crime scene tape, advising that refusal may result
  15. Consider flood lighting with a flashlight or using the vehicle spotlight or headlights if the overall picture requires you to photograph the scene from
  16. The most common method of SKETCHING is using the
  17. Once the crime scene perimeter is established, do not allow
  18. You may not have the time or the resources to question all subjects at the scene;
  19. Begin at the perimeter of the crime scene and
    take sequential shots by
  20. Testimonial evidence
  21. Prior to entering the crime scene to process evidence, determine if the scene location is
  22. A witness
  23. There is no crime scene exception to the
  24. Standard camera flashes will only project
  25. Public property
  26. The objects you are photographing and the scale or identifier both need to be in
  27. who will usually coordinate duties such as evidence collection, securing the scene perimeter, and other assignments.
  28. Alert officers
  29. Protect the crime scene until you can
  30. perishable evidence can include
  31. Fragile evidence can include
  32. Transitory evidence is
  33. Include the case number, location, date and time, and your name when submitting
  34. Proper lighting provides
  35. A larger crime scene also helps keep
  36. When you correctly identify, protect, collect, preserve, transport, and analyze the physical evidence, it cannot
  37. TWO types of evidence at a crime scene?
  38. Private property
  39. Identify the pieces of evidence _____ from the center of the crime scene.
  40. Crime scene sketches are a means of
  41. Use a scale or identifier to
  42. Evidence of entry or exit might include:
  43. A victim
  44. is the most common method of SURVEYING
  45. If the victim does not require immediate first aid, ask direct, fundamental questions about how the victim sustained the injury, such as the following:
  46. You have the authority to arrest any individual who, after receiving a warning,
  47. Prevent intrusion by anyone who
  48. Dispatch may also inform you if someone is
  49. physical evidence
  50. Involved parties may also try to pass
    evidence, such as
  51. Proper lighting will also avoid
  52. Evidence
  53. involved parties can be isolated within one large room by placing them
  54. Other examples of scales or identifiers are
  55. Use personal observations and statements from victims and witnesses to assist in
  56. The officer posted at the access point must document these details in the crime scene log:
  57. Establish boundaries for the crime scene and guard against unnecessary entrance by:
  58. Separating family members during a crisis might make a bad situation
  59. A person occupying private property has an expectation of privacy that no one can violate without a
  60. Crime scene perimeters should be larger rather than
  61. The midrange view shots
  62. 911 dispatch
  63. Officers not assigned to the crime scene do not have
  64. The size of the crime scene depends on the: (3)
  65. Blocking such communication prevents them from
  66. You can use a flashlight for extra
  67. Sketches can show
  68. Ensure that while victims or witnesses are giving statements, no one can
  69. Use your agency digital camera with a
  70. If an interviewee is suffering from physical or mental
  71. victim is to notify law enforcement for further documentation if
  72. Keep extra batteries for both the camera and the flashlight. Florida's climate is particularly hard on
    batteries, as ___ deteriorates batteries.
  73. A crime scene sketch supplements your
  74. A protected, well-managed crime scene allows for
  75. Attempt to locate and identify the point of the suspect's
  76. A complainant
  77. It is extremely important to keep victims, complainants, and witnesses ________ in a criminal investigation.
  78. Avoid including,_____, ____ ______, ____ _______ , or___ in crime scene photographs.
  79. surveying
  80. An investigation occurs when
  81. Brief Chain of Command: Share information with your supervisor or investigator to include the following:
  82. Photos and videos provide a
  83. Witnesses are often hesitant to get involved they like to
  84. Triangulation
  85. Testimonial evidence is generally less reliable than
  86. Close-up view shots
  87. In your field notes, document all witnesses, victims, complainants, and suspects present by
  88. in the case of an outdoor crime scene involving degradable, easily destroyed, biological, or trace evidence, protect the evidence from
  89. Include a scale, ruler, or identifier in each
  90. Some involved parties may have an unknown motive to mislead officers; These type of people
  91. Items used to construct a sketch include a
  92. If evidence is contaminated or altered in any way,
  93. Avoid using a cell phone camera;
  94. Larger agencies have
  95. Photographic framing
  96. A suspect
  97. If you are going to diagram the crime scene, this is the _______ event that should take place after photographing the scene and before any detailed work begins.
  98. When photographing specific items such as blood drops, weapons, or tire marks, place a
  99. Photographing the crime scene is the ____ event that should take place before any detailed crime scene work begins.
  100. (responding to a crime scene)
    While driving to the scene, formulate some
    key questions that will help you assess the situation adequately: (8)
  1. a Miranda cards, dollar bills, coins, or rulers that you
    can use as a standard of measurement.
  2. b can damage, contaminate, or destroy evidence at a scene. Do not allow them to enter the secured crime scene area.
  3. c • Who hit you?
    • What did the suspect use to hit you?
    • When were you hit?
    • Where were you hit?
    • Where were you standing when being hit?
    • How were you hit?
    • Why were you hit?
  4. d may want to help the suspect by diverting any possible evidence of involvement away from them.
  5. e field notes and photographs and helps with report writing.
  6. f focus
  7. g flash
  8. h is evidence gathered from witnesses
  9. i blood, footwear, and tire impressions, or trace evidence such as hair or fibers.
  10. j • when the incident occurred
    • how the incident occurred
    • where the incident occurred
    • all evidence gathered or specific items that are still the focus of a search
    • descriptions of all property involved in the incident (obtained from complainants, victims, or witnesses
    who can identify the property)
    • names and descriptions of victims, witnesses, and possible suspects
    • description of the suspect's vehicle, if applicable and if known
    • special concerns on the scene such as biohazards, a hostile crowd, at-large suspects, and severe injuries
    • how the scene is being handled and protected
    • the scene's boundaries and protection measures
    • plan for the continued investigation of the incident and the search for evidence
    • identity of the public information officer who is communicating with the media (When dealing with
    the media or designating an assigned authorized spokesperson on the scene, refer to agency policies
    and procedures.)
  11. k more than nine to twelve feet away.
  12. l separated
  13. m knowingly or unknowingly approaches the crime scene perimeter by using verbal commands and directions
    to enforce the perimeter.
  14. n weather elements such as rain, hail, lightning, or wind.
  15. o visual record that may be stored indefinitely and is readily available when needed.
  16. p victims, witnesses, complainants, and suspects.
  17. q second
  18. r lighting when taking photographs.
  19. s (measuring and documenting) objects within the
    crime scene.
  20. t injured.
  21. u physical evidence because people perceive events differently, do not remember accurately,
    or lie.
  22. v The supervisor or investigator
  23. w illustrate size and other valuable information relevant to the scene.
  24. x inside a patrol car. However, due to space limitations only place one person in each car.
  25. y belongs to an individual and is not open to the public.
  26. z general to specific; use overall, midrange, and then close-up photography.
  27. aa evidence that can blow or wash away.
  28. ab also known as the public safety telecommunicator
  29. ac heat
  30. ad type of crime, the type of evidence, and the location of the evidence.
  31. ae bruising intensifies.
  32. af even worse.
  33. ag discussing the incident and coordinating their accounts of what happened.
  34. ah Testimonial evidence and physical evidence
  35. ai deliver false results.
  36. aj a weapon or contraband, to each other in order to hide it.
  37. ak smaller.
  38. al first
  39. am framing a panoramic or four-corner view of the scene.
  40. an Fourth Amendment search warrant requirement.
  41. ao downward observation perspective.
  42. ap documentation that aid in the reconstruction, explanation, and permanent recording of an incident.
  43. aq stay around for the excitement but will often try to leave or
    remain in the background when police attempt to ask them questions concerning their
    knowledge of the event.
  44. ar cordoning off the area with crime scene tape.
  45. as bystanders, other officers, your equipment, or pets
  46. at writing their names, dates of birth, addresses, sexes, races, and telephone numbers.
  47. au photograph and document it.
  48. av little or nothing so that they can leave the scene quickly
  49. aw is a person who alleges that a crime has been committed or can be the person who calls the police.
  50. ax scale or identifier in the photograph with the evidence to establish the original positions and draw attention to relevant objects or evidence for photographing and
  51. ay will help protect the scene and the evidence it contains from unnecessary intrusion or handling.
  52. az The primary officer or investigator
  53. ba show the relationship between the evidence items within the scene.
  54. bb public or private property.
  55. bc court and the jury to obtain an accurate understanding of how it looked on the day you responded.
  56. bd intimidate them visually or verbally.
  57. be the presentation of credible evidence in court that can establish the guilt or innocence of
    a suspect.
  58. bf on opposite sides of the room with their backs to each other.
  59. bg access just because they are law enforcement officers.
  60. bh bird's-eye-view
  61. bi close-up photograph you take.
  62. bj specialized crime scene units that can process the scene and collect evidence.
  63. bk blank sheet of paper or graph paper, pen or
    pencil, tape measure, and a template or a ruler
  64. bl is a person harmed by a crime.
  65. bm determine who has the most information and knowledge of the incident.
  66. bn allow any unauthorized removal or alteration of any
  67. bo is a person believed to have committed a crime
    or offense.
  68. bp the name, rank, and agency of each person entering or leaving the scene, the date and time of the person's entry or exit, and the reason the person was at the scene.
  69. bq show the details of a specific item of evidence and must include a scale or identifier.
  70. br furthest
  71. bs • What is the location?
    • Are any weapons involved?
    • Has the complainant indicated the suspect's location?
    • How many individuals are involved?
    • How many officers are necessary to safely contain or control the situation?
    • Do you need additional services?
    • Do you need special equipment?
    • Are any special concerns or dangers associated with the call?
  72. bt search warrant or a valid exception to the warrant requirement.
  73. bu broken glass or pry marks around doorways.
  74. bv you make detailed and systematic inquiries or
    observations.This process begins upon your arrival at the scene of a reported crime and usually ends when you file the initial report, turn the matter over to a detective or
    investigator, or testify in court.
  75. bw is composing the photograph so that it depicts what you are trying to document.

    *For example, in overall or midrange photography, overlap the photos to show the relationships of items in the crime scene.
  76. bx a supervisor or investigator
  77. by make a note to interview this person later when he or she has recovered.
  78. bz relative positions (spatial relationships) of objects within the crime scene that are not readily
    visible in photographs.
  79. ca determining the extent of a crime scene.
  80. cb enlarge it
  81. cc glare and flashback from a mirror or glass.
  82. cd good exposure for the photograph, so that it is neither too dark nor too light for the visibility of detail.
  83. ce crosses an area marked by crime scene tape
  84. cf a bullet hole in glass held into place by a thin window tint.
  85. cg is a person who sees, knows, or vouches for something and may make a sworn statement about that information.
  86. ch Triangulation
  87. ci is for the use and enjoyment of the public and is open to the public.
  88. cj the phone may be impounded. (evidence)
  89. ck crowds away from the evidence.
  90. cl 9 to 12 feet.
  91. cm arrest.
  92. cn consists of objects or perishable evidence such as
    fingerprints, blood, or tire tracks.
  93. co photographs
  94. cp the court may call any of them as a witness.
  95. cq is anything that tends to prove or disprove an alleged fact.
  96. cr entry to and exit from the crime scene by visually
    inspecting the scene.
  97. cs provides proof of security and validates the evidence collected at a crime scene.
  98. ct is the method that measures objects from at least two fixed points, forming a triangle
  99. cu document the incident in the contamination list or your report. Include information about the original
    condition of the evidence and the events leading to its damage or destruction.
  100. cv talk to each other.