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  1. the terms _________________, ______________ __________________ ____________ and _____________ ________ _________________ are crucial to the traffic crash definition.
  2. The headlights should be on _____ _______ so as not to blind drivers approaching from the opposite direction
  3. Step 2: Assess the Scene of the Crash
  4. Crash damage may be _________ by fire and should not be overlooked.
  5. Many secondary crashes happen
    because of _______ ___ _______________
  6. Officers must decide if the passengers in the vehicle can be ________ _______.
  7. When deciding on a safe location for them, consider the:
  8. Types of Injuries Sustained in a
    Traffic Crash
  9. 318:
  10. incapacitating injury:
  11. In the event of a vehicle fire, passengers, witnesses, and non-motorists may need to be evacuated to a ________ _________________
  12. The size is also affected by the
  13. If the fire is SMALL enough and appropriate for the type of fire extinguisher in the patrol vehicle, use the:
  14. state road
  15. bicycle path
  16. Nighttime crash scenes compound this hazard because
    nighttime vision is _______________
  17. crosswalk
  18. autonomous vehicle
  19. To conduct the evacuation, use _______ ________ and _________ ________ to direct all people away from the fire toward a safe location.
  20. Roadways on Which a Traffic Crash May Occur (9)
  21. private road or driveway
  22. By locating the vehicles involved and the property damaged in an incident, an officer should be able to conclude the ____________ of the actual crash scene.
  23. Activating the patrol vehicle's emergency lights is ____________ recognized as a caution or alert from long distances
  24. The number of warning devices that an officer will use depends on the
  25. you should treat each traffic crash as a ______ __________ until it is determined that no criminal acts took place.
  26. Conditions due to emergency vehicle lights, heavy traffic, or movement on and off the
    roadway can ________ ________
  27. If a large number of people are present, use the patrol vehicle's ________ ______________ __________ to direct observers away from the scene.
  28. vehicle
  29. intersection
  30. officers will be able to successfully defend their crash investigations in court through the accurate recording of
  31. Agencies may access outside resources, such as their _________ ___________ ______, to provide additional
    warning devices.
  32. Whenever possible, work _________oncoming traffic so that you will see hazardous situations as they develop
  33. parking the patrol vehicle safely, accurately assessing the crash scene, and requesting necessary assistance helps prevent futher ____________
  34. non-incapacitating injury:
  35. street or highway
  36. Flares do not only serve as effective warning devices at night;
  37. People with ________ _______ difficulties have trouble adjusting from the bright lights around a crash scene to the normal lighting from headlights or streetlights.
  38. 320:
  39. If there is a breeze, people should be directed ______ from the scene
  40. Locate the placard on the vehicle and refer to the Department of Transportation's _______________ _________________ ______________ to verify the contents
  41. When positioning the patrol vehicle, find a safe location
    where you can be clearly
  42. Before placing warning devices, the officer should assess the scene to determine
  43. A __________ with a wand attachment and reflective gloves are additional tools that will make officers more visible.
  44. Flares or fuses are very important-
  45. Step 1: Respond to the Crash Scene Safely
  46. It is extremely important for officers directing traffic or investigating a crash to be ________ to oncoming traffic
  47. Crash debris, such as small pieces of metal and glass, pose additional threats to both ______________ and _____________ traffic
  48. laned highway
  49. Be aware of the possible dangers and hazards that you may encounter at the crash site, _______ being one of them.
  50. limited access facility
  51. To determine how far away from the crash to place the cones or flares, first consider
  52. the patrol vehicle is the _____ available equipment that you can use to protect the crash scene.
  53. if a crash scene involves fire or hazardous materials, it can quickly get out of ________________
  54. Additional warning devices used to alert and direct motorists include:
  55. motor vehicle
  56. Wear the reflective vest ______ your uniform so that you do not restrict access to your gun belt
  57. can be a hazard since drivers' attentions are focused on the crash scene and not ongawking or "rubbernecking,
  58. pedestrian
  59. roadway
  60. sidewalk
  61. Traffic crashes attract motorists' attention and cause gawking or "______________________" which slows the traffic flow
  62. your safe arrival at the crash scene, using officer safety techniques, is crucial to the:
  63. serious bodily injury:
  64. The emergency lights should be on
    __________ the traffic crash management process
  65. Driver
  66. at a traffic scene it is your RESPONSBILITY to:
  67. if someone involved in a crash INTENDED to cause damage or injury, it would not be a crash; it would be a crime such as:
  68. 322:
  69. _____________ and __________ from the patrol vehicle distract drivers' attentions and obscure their visions
  70. autonomous technology
  71. The faster the traffic is moving, the ___________ _________ from the scene you will have to place warnings. Posting an officer at the scene's access point is also a good
    technique for preventing further crashes.
  72. The officer can also determine the path of travel by examining the evidence ____ by the involved vehicles
  73. During scene assessment, you may discover a commercial motor vehicle involved in the traffic crash. Before approaching the scene, determine if the vehicle's contents are ___________
  74. prominent statues involving traffic crash investigations include:
  75. fatal injury:
  76. traffic crash management:
  77. 316:
  78. Traffic crash
  79. The patrol vehicle is the _________ _________ for controlling traffic, It warns motorists of the hazards at a traffic crash scene.
  80. The traffic crash management process involves the following TEN STEPS:
  1. a any road, path, or way that is open to bicycle travel, which road, path, or way is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or by a barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way
  2. b fire
  3. c crime scene
  4. d protection of crash victims
  5. e Many factors will assist you to assess the crash scene. Upon approaching the crash scene, view it from a DISTANCE to determine its type and extent.
  6. f size of the area that needs protection, or the extent of the scene, which is determined by the distance between the first harmful event and the final resting point of vehicles and debris
  7. g serious bodily injury, fatal injury, incapacitating injury, non-incapacitating injury.
  8. h first
  9. i control
  10. j 316: state uniform traffic control: definitions and violations
    318: dispositions of traffic infractions
    320: Motor vehicle license/registrations
    322: driver's license
  11. k (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the
    sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway, measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from
    the edges of the traversable roadway
    (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing
    by lines or other markings on the surface
  12. l safe location
  13. m hazardous.
  14. n facing
  15. o an injury to any person, including the driver, which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death, SERIOUS personal disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ
  16. p "unintentional", "causes property damage" "personal injury or death"
  17. q traffic cones, vests, flares, barricades, message boards, and signs.
  18. r rubbernecking
  19. s control,manage, normalize, and document atraffic crash as quickly as possible
  20. t driver's license
  21. u visible or non-visible signs of injury or complaint of
    injury, not requiring transport from the scene.
  22. v camouflaged
  23. w Emergency Response Guide (ERG)
  24. x vehicle/pedestrian
  25. y lack of attention
  26. z Flares/lights
  27. aa a collision, involving one or more vehicles, that causes property damage, personal injury, or death and is the result of an unintentional act
  28. ab an injury resulting in an individual's death within a (12-month period) after the traffic crash
  29. ac fire extinguisher to put out the flames
  30. ad visible
  31. ae observations and the applicaton of the corresponding statue in violation
  32. af night vision
  33. ag flashlight
  34. ah how fast traffic is moving. Also consider how quickly drivers can react to the traffic disturbance.
  35. ai except as otherwise provided in paragraph (53)(b), any
    privately owned way or place used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied
    permission from the owner, but not by other persons
  36. aj Motor vehicle license/registrations
  37. ak driving around the crime scene
  38. al upwind
  39. am that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder; in the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term roadway as used here refers to any such roadway separately, but not to all such roadways collectively
  40. an primary tool
  41. ao parameters
  42. ap every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks
  43. aq number of traffic lanes and the normal speed of travel on the roadway.
  44. ar any highway designated as a state-maintained road by the Department of Transportation
  45. as over
  46. at aggravavted battery or murder.
  47. au state uniform traffic control: definitions and violations
  48. av throughout
  49. aw any person who DRIVES or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle.
  50. ax a highway the roadway of which is divided into TWO or MORE clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
  51. ay left
  52. az a street or highway especially designed for through traffic and over, from, or to which owners or occupants of abutting land or other persons have no right or easement, or only a limited right or easement, of access, light, air, or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access facility or for any other reason; such highways or streets may be parkways from which trucks, buses, and other commercial vehicles are excluded; or they may be freeways open to use by all customary
    forms of street and highway traffic.
  53. ba technology installed on a motor vehicle that has the capability to drive the vehicle on which the technology is installed w/o the active ontrol or monitoring by a HUMAN OPERATOR
  54. bb dispositions of traffic infractions
  55. bc they are also visible warning devices to motorists during the day.
  56. bd amount of traffic, the weather, and the buildings in the area that may be affected by the fire.
  57. be further away
  58. bf -After receiving the call for service, get as much information as possible about the crash
    location, such as street names, addresses, and the mile marker. It is important to respond
    to the scene safely in accordance with agency policy and state statutes. You cannot assist
    others if, while responding to the crash scene, you become involved in a crash.

    -Use all available traffic safety equipment in accordance with the Department of
    Transportation or agency policies. Any time you are working around highways,
    roadways, or construction areas, make sure to wear high-visibility safety apparel, such
    as a brightly colored vest.
  59. bg warning devices at a crash scene.They can be used to
    protect the scene, and they are easy to store in the trunk of a patrol vehicle.
  60. bh low beam
  61. bi removed safely
  62. bj visible or non-visible signs of injury, such as a bleeding wound or distorted member, usually requiring transportation to a medical facility and
  63. bk limited
  64. bl (a) the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part
    thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic;
    (b) the entire width between the boundary lines of any privately owned way or place used for vehicular
    travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other
    persons, or any limited access road owned or controlled by a special district, whenever, by written
    agreement entered into under ss. 316.006(2)(b) or (3)(b), a county or municipality exercises traffic
    control jurisdiction over said way or place;
    (c) any area, such as a runway, taxiway, ramp, clear zone, or parking lot, within the boundary of any
    airport owned by the state, a county, a municipality, or a political subdivision, which area is used for
    vehicular traffic but which is not open for vehicular operation by the general public; or
    (d) any way or place used for vehicular traffic on a controlled access basis within a mobile home park
    recreation district which has been created under s. 418.30, F.S., and the recreational facilities of which
    district are open to the general public
  65. bm any person AFOOT
  66. bn any vehicle equipped with AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY
  67. bo verbal commands/common gestures
  68. bp you must take CONTROL of a traffic crash situation and conduct the resulting investigation by quickly and efficiently getting pertinent information and determining the cause if death.
  69. bq (a) the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines; or, if none, then the
    lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately
    at, right angles; or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other
    angle may come in conflict
    (b) where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway
    of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection; in the
    event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing
    of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.
  70. br what type of warning devices to use, how many will be required, and their placement pattern
    in order to prevent further damage or injury
  71. bs public address system
  72. bt Step 1: Respond to the traffic crash scene safely.
    Step 2: Assess the scene of the crash.
    Step 3: Secure a safe work environment at the crash scene.
    Step 4: Provide emergency medical assistance to injured people, if necessary.
    Step 5: Obtain pertinent information.
    Step 6: Investigate the crash to determine how and why it occurred.
    Step 7: Return the scene to normal as quickly as possible, if appropriate.
    Step 8: Complete driver exchange of information.
    Step 9: Take enforcement action.
    Step 10: Document the crash
  73. bu injuries
  74. bv laned highway,limited access facility,private road or driveway,state road,roadway,street or highway,intersection,crosswalk,sidewalk,bicycle path
  75. bw that portion of a street between the curb line, or the lateral line, of a roadway
    and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrian
  76. bx universally
  77. by visible to oncoming vehicles
  78. bz reduce vision
  79. ca a SELF-PROPELLED vehicle not operated upon rails or guideway, but not including any bicycle, motorized scooter, electric personal assistive mobility device, swamp buggy, or moped.
  80. cb Public Works Department