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50 Multiple choice questions

  1. "DANGEROUS" placard and may use it instead of the specific placard for each class
    of material.
  2. portable containers, fixed containers, and transportation containers.
  3. additional hazards, like explosions and vapor releases.
  4. These materials are neither liquid nor gas and burn in the presence of an ignition source. Some ignite
    spontaneously or in the presence of heat or friction. Others are dangerous when wet. Some examples are
    magnesium, sulfur, and calcium carbide.
  5. "high risk" and should never be used to identify a hazardous material.
  6. 1. explosives
  7. structure and its use.

    examples: are manufacturing facilities,
    storage facilities, retail establishments, and residences. Knowing what type of building they are entering helps officers anticipate what hazardous materials may be present.
  8. approach any potential hazmat situation, always using
    extreme caution.
  9. are materials that are neither solid nor liquid at ordinary temperatures; they are contained under
    pressure. They may be flammable, non-flammable, poisonous, or corrosive. Some examples of potentially
    hazardous gases are acetylene, hydrogen, and anhydrous ammonia.
  10. These materials burn in the presence of an ignition source. Some examples are gasoline, diesel fuel, and acetone.
  11. put him- or herself at risk in
    the process.
  12. pesticides and some other chemical substances to
    display warning labels on the exterior of the container to provide awareness of the harmful contents.
  13. This category includes nuclear waste, radioactive medical materials, and X-ray equipment.
  14. crosswind.
  15. are required to carry documents that list the contents of their shipment.
  16. any substance or material that when released may cause harm, serious injury, or death to humans or animals, or harm the environment.
  17. associated with acts of terrorism or war
  18. hazardous materials release incidents, such as accidents involving tanker or semi-trucks, railroad cars, gasoline
    stations, and manufacturing plants.
  19. four segments that indicate the following risks:
    • Blue: Health hazards
    • Red: Flammability hazards
    • Yellow: Reactivity
    • White: other (provides information on any special hazards of the material)
  20. useful information regarding the type of hazard involved.
  21. officers may have to examine documents/shipping papers or
    conduct interviews with the transport driver or facility staff.
  22. he or she should make safety decisions as an awareness-level responder based on minimizing potential health hazards.
  23. hazardous materials are not present
  24. contact with the product and its gases, vapors, or smoke.
  25. not require placards
  26. Materials in this category include acids, solvents, or other materials that may cause irreversible damage to
    human tissues.
  27. aid in the identification of materials, outline basic actions for first responders, recommend areas
    of protective action, and give responders an initial safety plan.
  28. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
  29. ERP and standard operating procedures (SOP), and the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG).
  30. "low risk" and can help officers identify a hazmat from a safe distance. Officers
    use these senses to pay attention for:
    • pressure release
    • smoke and/or fire
    • liquids, gas leaks, or vapor cloud
    • condensation on pipelines or containers
    • chemical reactions
    • mass casualties
  31. These materials may cause spontaneous combustion or increase the intensity of a fire. Examples include
    bromine or calcium hypochlorite (bleach).
  32. size of the affected geographical area
  33. increase chances of survival.
  34. Class 1: explosives
    Class 2: gases
    Class 3: flammable liquids (and combustible liquids)
    Class 4: flammable solids
    Class 5: oxidizers and organic peroxides
    Class 6: toxic materials and infectious substance.
    Class 7: radioactive substances
    Class 8: corrosive substances
    Class 9: miscellaneous dangerous goods
  35. displayed in facilities where a hazardous substance is stored, manufactured, or used in the
    workplace. Other facility documents include the employer's Emergency Response Plan.
  36. a standard facility marking system called the
    704 system.
  37. "Dangerous" placard
  38. most vehicles transporting hazardous materials to display placards that describe the class of
    hazardous materials on board.
  39. all four sides of a vehicle, railcar, or other
    large container, and on the individual packages of the material.
  40. Commercial vehicle operators are required to carry documents that list the contents of their shipment. These
    documents are commonly referred to as ______ ________and serve as a valuable resource to help first responders identify the materials involved as well as the associated hazards and protective measures if exposures occur.
  41. industrial chemical hazards as well as weaponized chemical hazards.
  42. contact with items or people who have not been properly
    decontaminated. Do not allow anyone or anything to leave the area without evaluation for decontamination
    by properly protected qualified personnel.
  43. This includes medical waste and biological hazards.
  44. entering it, keep people away from the scene, and ensure people are upwind and out of low-lying areas.
  45. standard of care
  46. are required by law in many areas and outline the type of hazardous materials stored or
    manufactured on site.
  47. area and its use

    for example, industrial
    parks, business districts, agricultural areas, and residential neighborhoods
  48. Not belonging to Classes 1-8, these hazardous materials are subject to DOT regulations on transportation.
    Some examples are molten sulfur, PCBs (poly-chlorinated biphenyls), and hazardous waste.
  49. 0 indicating no hazard
    4 indicating the highest hazard.
  50. are materials or devices designed to release energy very rapidly. Emergency responders should consider all explosives to be extreme hazards when they are involved
    in or near a fire. Some examples of explosive materials are dynamite, black powder, and small arms ammunition.