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  1. prevent secondary contamination resulting from
  2. Anything that holds TWO or MORE classes of hazardous materials must display the
  3. Industrial chemical hazards are typically encountered in
  4. If the officer cannot identify the hazardous material's specific name:
  5. level 3: flammable liquids
  6. The shape of the container involved in the hazmat incident can provide
  7. Class 9: miscellaneous dangerous goods
  8. Class 8: corrosive substances
  9. There are NINE common classes of hazardous materials as defined by the DOT.
  10. Smell, touch, and taste are considered
  11. The main types of containers include (3)
  12. Commercial vehicle operators
  13. level 2: Gases
  14. Facility documents
  15. The guidebook's purpose is to
  16. Under special circumstances, the DOT may
  17. There is usually a direct correlation between the size of the container and the
  18. Be mindful that the absence of a placard, label, or other warning does not mean that
  19. Containers that store contents under pressure, such as propane or oxygen tanks, can present
  20. Location refers to an
  21. shipping papers
  22. To identify the hazardous material
  23. MSDS are required to be
  24. CBRNE chemical threats include both
  25. a number from 0 to 4 indicates the material's relative hazard with
  26. Class 7: radioactive substances
  27. If you cannot approach from upwind, your next choice is
  28. Only a properly equipped and trained officer should
  29. level 4: flammable solids
  30. Level 1: Explosives
  31. The main objectives are
    to isolate the area without
  32. Materials such as ______ and _____ gases cannot use
    the "DANGEROUS" placard.
  33. Prevent direct contamination by avoiding
  34. The sound decisions that first responders make during the first critical minutes of hazmat incidents greatly
  35. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) requires
  36. Sight and sound are considered
  37. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has developed
  38. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defines a hazardous material (hazmat) as
  39. The classification and amount of hazardous materials being transported restrict the use of the
  40. it is essential that the officer identify the type of
    hazardous material involved, but the officer should never
  41. Resources that help an officer make sound decisions include the agency's
  42. weaponized chemical hazards are usually
  43. Occupancy refers to a
  44. level 6: toxic materials and infectious substance.
  45. The Environmental Protection Agency requires all
  46. One example of a facility document is the
  47. The Placards usually appear on
  48. (HAZMAT) The level of competency expected or required during the performance of this duty is called the
  49. level 5: oxidizers and organic peroxides
  50. The diamond-shaped symbol is divided into
  1. a These materials are neither liquid nor gas and burn in the presence of an ignition source. Some ignite
    spontaneously or in the presence of heat or friction. Others are dangerous when wet. Some examples are
    magnesium, sulfur, and calcium carbide.
  2. b Class 1: explosives
    Class 2: gases
    Class 3: flammable liquids (and combustible liquids)
    Class 4: flammable solids
    Class 5: oxidizers and organic peroxides
    Class 6: toxic materials and infectious substance.
    Class 7: radioactive substances
    Class 8: corrosive substances
    Class 9: miscellaneous dangerous goods
  3. c aid in the identification of materials, outline basic actions for first responders, recommend areas
    of protective action, and give responders an initial safety plan.
  4. d any substance or material that when released may cause harm, serious injury, or death to humans or animals, or harm the environment.
  5. e "low risk" and can help officers identify a hazmat from a safe distance. Officers
    use these senses to pay attention for:
    • pressure release
    • smoke and/or fire
    • liquids, gas leaks, or vapor cloud
    • condensation on pipelines or containers
    • chemical reactions
    • mass casualties
  6. f crosswind.
  7. g all four sides of a vehicle, railcar, or other
    large container, and on the individual packages of the material.
  8. h ERP and standard operating procedures (SOP), and the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG).
  9. i are required by law in many areas and outline the type of hazardous materials stored or
    manufactured on site.
  10. j Not belonging to Classes 1-8, these hazardous materials are subject to DOT regulations on transportation.
    Some examples are molten sulfur, PCBs (poly-chlorinated biphenyls), and hazardous waste.
  11. k industrial chemical hazards as well as weaponized chemical hazards.
  12. l portable containers, fixed containers, and transportation containers.
  13. m This includes medical waste and biological hazards.
  14. n hazardous materials release incidents, such as accidents involving tanker or semi-trucks, railroad cars, gasoline
    stations, and manufacturing plants.
  15. o not require placards
  16. p structure and its use.

    examples: are manufacturing facilities,
    storage facilities, retail establishments, and residences. Knowing what type of building they are entering helps officers anticipate what hazardous materials may be present.
  17. q a standard facility marking system called the
    704 system.
  18. r useful information regarding the type of hazard involved.
  19. s are materials that are neither solid nor liquid at ordinary temperatures; they are contained under
    pressure. They may be flammable, non-flammable, poisonous, or corrosive. Some examples of potentially
    hazardous gases are acetylene, hydrogen, and anhydrous ammonia.
  20. t "Dangerous" placard
  21. u approach any potential hazmat situation, always using
    extreme caution.
  22. v Materials in this category include acids, solvents, or other materials that may cause irreversible damage to
    human tissues.
  23. w four segments that indicate the following risks:
    • Blue: Health hazards
    • Red: Flammability hazards
    • Yellow: Reactivity
    • White: other (provides information on any special hazards of the material)
  24. x are materials or devices designed to release energy very rapidly. Emergency responders should consider all explosives to be extreme hazards when they are involved
    in or near a fire. Some examples of explosive materials are dynamite, black powder, and small arms ammunition.
  25. y most vehicles transporting hazardous materials to display placards that describe the class of
    hazardous materials on board.
  26. z contact with the product and its gases, vapors, or smoke.
  27. aa are required to carry documents that list the contents of their shipment.
  28. ab put him- or herself at risk in
    the process.
  29. ac 1. explosives
  30. ad These materials may cause spontaneous combustion or increase the intensity of a fire. Examples include
    bromine or calcium hypochlorite (bleach).
  31. ae he or she should make safety decisions as an awareness-level responder based on minimizing potential health hazards.
  32. af area and its use

    for example, industrial
    parks, business districts, agricultural areas, and residential neighborhoods
  33. ag increase chances of survival.
  34. ah standard of care
  35. ai entering it, keep people away from the scene, and ensure people are upwind and out of low-lying areas.
  36. aj Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
  37. ak This category includes nuclear waste, radioactive medical materials, and X-ray equipment.
  38. al "high risk" and should never be used to identify a hazardous material.
  39. am pesticides and some other chemical substances to
    display warning labels on the exterior of the container to provide awareness of the harmful contents.
  40. an "DANGEROUS" placard and may use it instead of the specific placard for each class
    of material.
  41. ao officers may have to examine documents/shipping papers or
    conduct interviews with the transport driver or facility staff.
  42. ap 0 indicating no hazard
    4 indicating the highest hazard.
  43. aq additional hazards, like explosions and vapor releases.
  44. ar size of the affected geographical area
  45. as These materials burn in the presence of an ignition source. Some examples are gasoline, diesel fuel, and acetone.
  46. at associated with acts of terrorism or war
  47. au displayed in facilities where a hazardous substance is stored, manufactured, or used in the
    workplace. Other facility documents include the employer's Emergency Response Plan.
  48. av Commercial vehicle operators are required to carry documents that list the contents of their shipment. These
    documents are commonly referred to as ______ ________and serve as a valuable resource to help first responders identify the materials involved as well as the associated hazards and protective measures if exposures occur.
  49. aw contact with items or people who have not been properly
    decontaminated. Do not allow anyone or anything to leave the area without evaluation for decontamination
    by properly protected qualified personnel.
  50. ax hazardous materials are not present