74 Multiple choice questions
- to fill in for the missing elements of the crime.
- similar physical characteristics to those of the suspect and formatted alike.
- everything you know about the case.
- • Regional Organized Crime Information Center
- information relates to an active investigation or intelligence.
- Miranda warning.
- refers to information not recorded in an official document.
of showing a photographic array to a victim or witness, one at a time,
to allow for the identification or elimination of suspects.
- initiate a BOLO for the suspect, and pass any suspect information to the next shift and
the appropriate department within your agency.
- as relevant evidence tending to prove or
disprove a material fact, with numerous exceptions specified.
- the state attorney requests your appearance and your agency's policies and procedures
permit your attendance. Plan to attend when there is a need to clarify or supplement the
affidavit, or when you have information that was not included in the arrest affidavit. You
may provide any relevant oral testimony that you believe the judge needs to determine
if probable cause exists.
- occurs after the defense files a motion to suppress or to exclude certain testimony or
evidence from the trial, alleging that your improper actions violated their client's rights. (This hearing usually
occurs before the trial but also may occur during the trial)
- I will ask you to view a group of photographs of individuals.
[For sequential line-up] I will show you the photographs one at a time and not in any particular order. Take
as much time as you need to examine each photograph. If you make an identification, I will continue to
show you the remaining photographs in the group.
[For simultaneous line-up] I will show you the photographs simultaneously and not in any particular order.
Take as much time as you need to examine them.
The person of interest may or may not be present in the photographic array and the photographs are not
in any particular order.
It is just as important to exclude innocent people from suspicion as it is to identify the perpetrator.
You should not feel you have to make an identification. Take as much time as you need to look at each
photograph. If you do identify someone, I will note your exact words regarding your identification.
Individuals presented in these photographs may not appear exactly as they did on the date of the incident
because features such as head and facial hair are subject to change.
We will continue to investigate the incident with or without an identification by you.
After viewing all the photographs, please initial and date all photographs and annotate or mark whether
it was an identification or not an identification.
Because this is an ongoing investigation, you should not discuss this photographic array or the results
- law enforcement officers the legal right not to answer personal questions about their
spouses, children, residential address, phone number, or any information not related to the case, unless directed
to by a judge.
competition, revenge, jealousy, repentance, fear, vanity,
civic-mindedness, avoidance of punishment, and monetary or other
- This includes preserving the safety of the confidential informant, law enforcement, the target, and the public.
- you have an additional opportunity to refresh your memory before testifying at a hearing or trial.
- public records and private records.
who furnish police with information about crimes, primarily because of
the expectation of some personal benefit or advantage, and rarely out of
sense of civic duty. Both provide information; however, only confidential informants
receive compensation for information.
- juvenile information through criminal justice agencies
- a trial
- public by Florida law
- Checking for a driver's license
- is a computerized logging system in which dispatch
records every event reported and every instruction given chronologically by date
- "Please certify the question."This requires the attorney to
present the question to a judge who may decide to order an answer to the question.
- state attorney's office
- privately owned businesses or organizations, including privately owned
utilities, are not open to the public, including law enforcement, and require court orders
to access them.
of people, other than the suspect, that complete the array. Each photo
in the array should be of a different person with
- Driver and Vehicle Information Database known as DAVID
when the independent administrator presents a group of photographs to
the victim or witness all at once, at the same time.
- tried as an adult
- may color witnesses' statements.
- is any person an officer has contact
with while on patrol—such as a concerned citizen or an anonymous complainant with
a sense of civic duty—who does not necessarily generate an incident report.
- is a group of photographs used in a photographic line-up.
- sign and date the array. Obtain a sworn statement from the victim or witness regarding the line-up results.
officer presents a victim or witness with a single suspect for
identification, during the same time as the initial investigation.
- defendant is eligible to bond out—and if so, the amount of the bond—
(3) based upon the defendant's criminal history, offense, and flight risk
- immediate vicinity.
- opening statement
- you can point out and notify the state and defense attorneys of errors or misstatements.
- weaknesses in the case
- Instruct the victim or witness to mark all photography with either "identification" or "no identification."
This makes it clear which photographs the victim or witness actually viewed and chose as the
- victim or witness.
- telephone or subpoena.
- accurate physical description of the suspect, address, or vehicle.
- • a law enforcement officer, in lieu of a physical arrest, issues a notice to appear in
a designated court at a specified date and time,
• the magistrate releases the person from custody on his or her own recognizance,
• the individual bonds out from custody
- regarding juvenile offenders.
- the agency can reprint existing photographs
- the judge appoints counsel if the defendant
qualifies and desires it. The judge reviews the probable cause affidavit and other
information to decide if probable cause exists that supports the defendant's commission
of the alleged offense.
- is the examination of facts and related law presided over by a judge or other
magistrate who has the authority or jurisdiction to hear the matter.
- • National Association of Bunco Investigators
- six photographs
- give the state attorney an opportunity to clarify facts of the case and deal with any inconsistencies.
- hearsay is admissible in first
appearance hearings that determine probable cause and bond.
- is a juvenile.
- government entities and publicly owned utilities are
records that, with few exceptions, you may access on demand.
an official court proceeding in which all parties, with the exception
of the defendant, provide sworn testimonies regarding the facts of the
case to one of the attorneys (defense or prosecutor) prior to trial.
- private place or by yourself.
- • FCIC/NCIC
• Local arrest databases
• other law enforcement databases
• Florida Department of Law Enforcement sexual predator and offender databases
• Florida Department of Law Enforcement persons of interest or wanted persons
• Florida Department of Corrections database of offenders, parolees, probationers,
and recent releases
• Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC)
• National Association of Bunco Investigators (NABI)
• social networking sites
• credit reports
• Medical personnel can provide information related to the injuries sustained by
- wanted person
- independent administrator presents individual photographs to the
victim or witness one at a time.
- mercenary, rival, plea-bargaining, anonymous, self-aggrandizing, false, and fearful.
- "off the record."
an officer who administers a photographic array, that has no knowledge
of the suspect information, and will meticulously avoid any conduct that
might influence, directly or indirectly, a victim's or a witness'
- • the elements of the crime
• witness, victim, and suspect statements
• criminal history (local records, FCIC/NCIC) and past offenses (reported and unreported)
• information in the offense report and supplemental reports
• information in other agency documents such as internal affairs reports
• use of canine reports
• type and location of physical evidence
• past experience with or knowledge of the defense counsel
• past experience with or knowledge of any witnesses, the victim, or the defendant
- vehicles with a dark window tint or illuminate the potential suspect with a bright light.