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31 True/False questions

  1. Crimpthe edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case
    into the chamber

          

  2. Punctureactual tear, detachment, or rip that looks like an opening in the case body

          

  3. Frangiblenormally made of brass or copper dust held together with a resin material that disintegrates
    upon impact with steel or concrete; it can penetrate hollow core doors, drywall, or thin wood material

          

  4. Armor Piercingmade of solid carbon or tungsten steel coated with bright green Teflon; it has a
    considerably sharper point than most manufactured rounds. The round can pierce protective body
    armor or steel. In Florida, its use or possession is illegal for anyone but law enforcement.

          

  5. Dentspherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead

          

  6. Scrapeindentation in the case that may weaken the case wall; a ___ makes a layer of the case wall metal look as if it has been scratched or torn away

          

  7. Case / Casingthe metal or plastic container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet

          

  8. Lead Round Nosethe nose of the bullet is round

          

  9. Rimthe part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth.

          

  10. Hollow Pointlead or copper-jacketed lead with a hollow cavity in the bullet's nose; as the bullet expands
    upon impact, it expends its kinetic energy. Since a ___ expands quickly, it does not penetrate
    as deeply as a round-nose bullet. This design reduces ricochet. Usually of high velocity, it delivers
    maximum shock upon striking a surface of soft tissue.

          

  11. Blank Roundcomplete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term meaning one single cartridge

          

  12. Shelf Lifethe recommended time (normally expressed in years) for which you can expect ammunition to
    be reliable from manufacture time to issue time.

          

  13. Roundcomplete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term meaning one single cartridge

          

  14. Rifled Slugnormally used for bird hunting or practice; this shell has a load of small diameter lead or steel shot
    pellets. When fired at close range, these pellets can be dangerous and cause injury.

          

  15. Jacketed Soft Pointone-half to three-quarters of this lead bullet is jacketed with copper; the exposed
    lead on the flat nose allows for expansion upon impact. Usually of high velocity, this bullet is designed
    for antipersonnel. The round easily penetrates interior walls and solid doors.

          

  16. Wadthe edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case
    into the chamber

          

  17. Full Metal Jacketa round-nose lead bullet completely covered with a copper jacket; sometimes called ball ammunition, it is normally of medium to high velocity. Used extensively by the military, it has low
    expansion and high penetration capabilities. The chance for ricochet is high.

          

  18. Corrosionlayering of the case with oxidation or foreign material, such as mold, fungi layers, congealed oil, and lubricants

          

  19. Calibera measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes. It is determined by measuring the diameter of the bore of the firearm

          

  20. Birdshotspherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead

          

  21. Tracersmall, metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the
    propellant or powder charge

          

  22. Gaugea measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound

          

  23. Powdersmall, metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the
    propellant or powder charge

          

  24. OO BuckshotThe standard 2 3/4-inch shell contains nine .33 caliber lead pellets. The spread pattern from a 20-inch barrel is
    approximately one-inch spread per yard

          

  25. Primersmall, metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the
    propellant or powder charge

          

  26. Duty Lifethe recommended time (normally expressed in years) for which you can expect ammunition to
    be reliable from manufacture time to issue time.

          

  27. Round Nosecomplete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term meaning one single cartridge

          

  28. Bulletportion of the cartridge that becomes a projectile when in flight

          

  29. Shotspherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead

          

  30. Headstampthe part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth.

          

  31. Hollow Pointthere is a hole in the bullet that creates expansion when a target is struck, creating more damage