Section Vocabulary / Chapter 5 flashcards |

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  • Acute stress

    A type of stress that is short-lived and severe

    Alphanumeric code

    A system that combines letters and numbers that may include officer call signs or auto tags

    BOLO

    Be On the Look Out

    Chronic stress

    A type of stress that continues for a long period

    Concealment

    An object or group of objects that creates a visual barrier between an officer and a threat but may not stop a projectile

    Contact officer

    The primary officer on a call

    Cover

    Anything that creates a bullet-resistant barrier between an officer and a threat

    Cover officer

    The backup officer who is strictly responsible for officer safety concerns at a scene

    Cumulative stress

    The stress that results from numerous sources over time; also known as routine stress

    DDACTS

    Data Driven Approach to Crime and Traffic Safety is the integration of location-based crime and traffic crash data that determines the most effective methods for deploying law enforcement and other resources

    Deep corners

    Corners that cannot be visually cleared from a doorway; must be checked first upon entry

    Delayed stress

    Any stress that lies buried for a period and then resurfaces

    Fatal funnels

    Narrow spaces that restrict movement; these are typically doorways, hallways, and windows

    Fight or flight response

    The body's preparation to either fight a threat or flee the situation

    Florida Crime Information Center

    A database housed at the Florida Department of Law Enforcement that provides statewide information on people and property, driver's licenses and registration information, wanted and missing people, stolen guns, vehicles, and other property, and a person's status files and computerized criminal histories

    Hit

    An exact match in a database search

    Hypervigilance

    Is an enhanced state of awareness or "being on guard" that impedes one's ability to relax and disengage from a stressful situation

    Intelligence led policing

    ILP is the integration of community policing and law enforcement intelligence

    National Crime Information Center

    A national database maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation that contains information from records of stolen, abandoned, and recovered property, wanted and missing person files, and files of people on supervised release, protection orders, foreign fugitives, immigration violators, and known or suspected terrorists or gang members

    Observation

    Accurately noting what is presented to the five senses by keeping in view, noticing, or giving attention to persons, things, or circumstances

    Perception

    An impression in a person's mind of an individual, people, or events based on experiences, biases, beliefs, assumptions, and observations; the process of organizing and attaching meaning to sensations, so that they can be interpreted

    Perimeter

    The area surrounding the site of an incident that may be cordoned off to prevent unauthorized personnel from leaving or entering the area

    Phonetic alpha code

    A system of code that uses the letters of the English alphabet to identify letters in voice communication

    Querying

    Gathering information for law enforcement purposes; also includes entering, running, vehicle check, records check, wants and warrants check, criminal justice database check, FCIC/NCIC Department of Safety and Motor Vehicle database check

    Radio protocol

    The customs and regulations for dealing with diplomatic formality, precedence, and etiquette when constructing and transmitting radio messages; it also includes the proper use of appropriate codes and signals

    Roll call

    A brief informational meeting that officers attend before starting a shift

    SARA

    An acronym for Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment; a problem-solving model that provides a tool for officers to find proactive solutions to community issues

    Signals

    A system of communication that uses the word "signal" to precede numbers

    Stress

    The physical or emotional reactions to an event or situation

    Suspicious activity

    Any activity that is abnormal for a specific time of day in a particular area

    Ten or numeric code

    A system that uses the number "10" to precede other numbers that represent specific activities

    Scanning

    Officers should look for patterns in crimes, victims, or geographic locations. Scanning takes a broad, intensive view of a particular area or series of events to describe community problems accurately. Often, you can state these descriptions as answers to the following questions:

    Analysis

    an officer works to determine the cause of the problem by collecting information from various sources.

    Response

    allows officers the opportunity to respond to the problem by working with people who live and work in the community, businesses, and public agencies.

    Assessment

    Generally, problem solving produces one of five results: the problem is eliminated; the problem is substantially reduced; the harm created by the problem is reduced; a better method of handling the problem is found; or the problem is found to be outside the realm of law enforcement.

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