Florida Basic Recruit Training Program High Liability (Firearms) flashcards |

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  • Shooting hand

    ___ is used to describe the hand used to shoot the firearm.

    Support hand

    ___ is used to describe the hand that aids the other in shooting.

    Safety

    ___ is the most important element of firearms training.

    Negligence

    ___ is the most common cause of firearms accidents.

    At all times

    The highest standards of firearms safety are required ___.

    Loaded

    Always treat every firearm as if it were ___, whether you think it is or not.

    Safety Check

    Each time you pick up, put down, or hand a firearm to another, open the firearm's action and physically and visually inspect it to make sure that it is not loaded. This is called a ___.

    Memory

    Never rely on ___ to decide if a firearm is unloaded.

    Safe direction

    Always point the muzzle in a ___.

    Environment

    The ___ dictates what direction is safe.

    45

    A safe direction is generally muzzle pointed down at a ___ degree angle away from your body with your finger outside the trigger guard.

    Once

    Clean the firearm each time it is fired, and fully inspect the firearm ___ a week. Safety check the firearm each time you use it.

    Unloaded and is pointed in a safe direction

    Before cleaning or handling a firearm, make sure that it is ___ and ___. Never clean a loaded firearm.

    16

    As officers and perhaps first-time gun owners, you are responsible for making sure your weapon is secure while you are off duty. Section 790.174, F.S. addresses requirements for storing firearms safely.As used in this act, the term "minor" means any person under the age of ___.

    Backstrap

    ___ is the portion of the grip that is placed in the palm of the shooting hand.

    Barrel

    ___ provides a path for the fired bullet.

    Center Pin

    On a Smith & Wesson revolver, ___ is the spring-loaded part that holds the cylinder closed.

    Crane

    The ___ attaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term ___ (internal part).

    Yoke

    Smith & Wesson uses the term ___ instead of "crane" (internal part).

    Cylinder

    ___ houses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges.

    Cylinder Release/Thumb Latch

    ___ disengages the cylinder from the frame.

    Cylinder Stop

    ___ locks the cylinder.

    Extractor

    The ___ is star-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part).

    Extractor Rod

    When depressed, the ___ causes the extractor to push the cartridge from the cylinder. (Revolver)

    Frame

    The ___ is internal structure that holds the parts of the revolver and provides a way of gripping the firearm.

    Front Sight

    ___ is located on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy.

    Grip

    The ___ made of wood, plastic, or rubber; designed to allow the shooter to grip the firearm easily for control.

    Hammer

    When the trigger is pulled, the ___ falls forward to activate the primer.

    Hammer Nose

    ___ is part of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part). (Revolver)

    Hammer Spur

    The part of the hammer used for cocking the weapon to single-action mode.

    Hand

    The part of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part).

    Rear Sight

    The ___ is located on the rear of the frame; it can be adjustable or fixed.

    Top Strap

    The part of the frame that houses the rear sight, positioned over cylinder.

    Trigger

    The ___ activates the revolver's operation in both single and double action.

    Trigger Gaurd

    The part of the frame that protects the trigger.

    Projectile

    The term bullet is as known as a ___.

    Counterclockwise

    The direction of the cylinder rotation depends upon the manufacturer. A Smith & Wesson and Ruger revolver rotates ___.

    Clockwise

    The direction of the cylinder rotation depends upon the manufacturer. A Colt revolver rotates ___.

    Loading

    ___ is placing live rounds into the open cylinder and closing the cylinder into the frame. (Revolver)

    Locking

    ___ is locking the cylinder into the frame.

    Unlocking/Feeding

    ___ is releasing the locked cylinder by squeezing the trigger so the cylinder can rotate and place a live round in front of the barrel in line with the firing pin; the cylinder then locks, allowing the firing pin to strike the live round that has been locked in place. The cylinder repeats this process with each pull of the trigger until all cartridges have been fired.

    Firing

    ___ is the ignition of the primer and firing the cartridge.

    Extraction/ejecting

    ___ is pushing or pulling the cylinder release latch; this rotates the cylinder out of the frame. Pushing the extractor rod ejects all cartridges.

    Top Strap

    With two or three fingers through the ___, hand the revolver to the other person, grip first.

    Accessory Rail

    ___ provides space for lighting and sighting devices.

    Frame/Receiver

    ___ holds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol.

    Front Sight

    ___ is located on the slide's front; used to bring the firearm into alignment
    for accuracy.

    Front Strap

    ___ is the portion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest. (Semiautomatic Pistol)

    Grip Panel

    The ___ is made of polymer designed to allow the shooter to easily grip and control the weapon.

    Magazine Catch

    The ___ releases the magazine from the frame (magazine well). (Semiautomatic Pistol)

    Magazine Floor/Butt Plate

    ___ is base of the magazine.

    Muzzle/Barrel

    The ___ provides a path for the fired bullet and is chambered to hold the cartridge. (Semiautomatic Pistol)

    Rear Sight

    The ___ is located on the rear of the slide that aligns with the front sight to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy.

    Slide

    The ___ houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor (Semiautomatic Pistol)

    Slide Cover Plate

    ___ allows access of the firing pin assembly (Semiautomatic Pistol).

    Slide Lock

    The device that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol.

    Slide Stop Lever

    The device that locks the slide in the open position.

    Thumb Rest

    The ___ is a place for the thumb to rest while gripping the pistol

    Trigger

    The ___ activates the pistol's operation.

    Trigger Safety

    The ___ allows the trigger to move when pressed. (Semiautomatic Pistol)

    Magazine

    The ___ holds the ammunition.

    Spring and Follower

    The magazine contains a ___ and ___ that pushes each round up to be stripped off by the forward movement
    of the slide.

    Follower

    The ___ also activates the slide stop.

    Magazine Floor/Butt Plate

    The ___ holds the magazine spring and follower in the magazine. You can remove it to clean inside the magazine.

    1. Follower
    2. Spring
    3. Magazine Insert
    4. Floor Plate
    5. Magazine Tube

    The magazine consists of five main parts:

    Recoil Guide

    The ___ directs the recoil spring. It absorbs the recoil and returns the slide to the following position.

    Recoil Spring

    The ___ pushes the slide forward.

    Trigger Mechanism

    Pistols are categorized by their type of ___.

    Single-Action

    A ___ mechanism performs the single
    action of releasing the hammer or striker. Once the first round is fired the automatic movement of the slide resets the mechanism for each subsequent shot.

    Double Action Only

    When a pistol is ___, every round fires double action with the hammer at rest against the
    rear of the slide. Every time the trigger is pulled to the rear, it manually cocks and releases the hammer to fire the pistol. As the slide cycles and goes forward, the hammer safety follows, coming to rest against the slide's rear. The hammer never stays cocked. The weapon's trigger pull is the same each time.

    Double/Single

    In a ___ pistol, the first round fires double action. (The trigger being pulled to the rear manually cocks the hammer and releases it.) The second and subsequent rounds fire single action as the hammer remains cocked each time the slide cycles. After firing is complete, the hammer remains cocked. Before holstering the weapon, it must be de-cocked using the de-cocking lever.

    "Striker Fire Action"

    The Glock action is sometimes referred to as a ___.

    Double Action Pistol

    The Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF) classifies the Glock as a ___.

    "Safe Action Pistol."

    Glock refers to their firearm as a ___.

    Loading

    ___ is seating a loaded magazine into the magazine well.

    Feeding/Chambering

    ___ is moving the round from the magazine to the chamber by releasing the slide, picking up the round from the magazine and seating the round into the chamber.

    Locking

    ___ is when the breech end of the barrel locks into the slide

    Unlocking

    ___ is unseating the breech end of the barrel from the slide

    Extraction

    "pulling" the spent cartridge from the chamber

    Ejecting

    ___ is "pushing" the spent cartridge out of the ejection port.

    Cocking

    returning the firing mechanism to the fire position

    Grip

    When handing another person a semiautomatic pistol hand it over ___ first.

    12

    Most common shotgun gauge is the ___ gauge.

    2 3/4 or 3

    Shotguns chambers are usually ___ inches long.

    38

    A standard shotgun with an 18 inch barrel is about ___ inches long.

    Rifle or Bead

    Shotgun sights are either ___ or ___.

    Full, Modified, Improved Cylinder

    Name the three types of shotgun chokes.

    18-, 20-, and 22-inch

    The three most commonly used barrel lengths of a shotgun are ___.

    Action/slide release

    ___ is the mechanical device that, when activated, releases the slide (Shotgun).

    Bolt

    The ___ is the cylindrical steel part containing the firing pin and extractor, which closes the breech end of the barrel for firing (Shotgun)

    Bolt Carrier

    The ___ is a flat steel part that fits onto the action bars and on which the bolt sits (Shotgun).

    Ejection Port

    The opening on the side or bottom
    of the receiver; spent casings are ejected from it and live rounds are loaded into this port (Shotgun)

    Ejector

    The piece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ejector as the bolt goes past it. A small extension stops the shell from going further and assists in ejecting the shell from the receiver. (Shotgun)

    Extractor

    ___ is the metal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber. (Shotgun)

    Fore-end/Slide

    ___ is the wooden or polymer grip near the magazine (Shotgun).

    front/bead sight or post

    ___ is on the front of the barrel used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy (Shotgun)

    Loading Port

    The ___ is the bottom opening on the receiver that live rounds are fed into or removed from the
    magazine tube (Shotgun)

    Magazine Cap

    ___ is located on the magazine tube's end and keeps the barrel in place (Shotgun)

    Magazine Tube

    ___ is located under the barrel and holds rounds (Shotgun)

    Muzzle

    The barrel's front end (Shotgun)

    Shell Carrier

    The ___ is the slightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber (Shotgun)

    Shell Latches (Stops)

    ___ are the two pieces of steel mounted on each side of the inside of the receiver at the magazine's rear; they help hold the cartridges in the magazine and release them one at a time when the action operates. They are also used to manually unload the shotgun. (Shotgun)

    Stock

    ___ is the part of the weapon attached to the receiver; a shooter places this on his or her shoulder when firing. (Shotgun)

    Butt
    Comb
    Grip
    Heel
    Recoil Pad
    Toe

    Nomenclature of the stock includes the following: (Shotgun)

    Butt

    The rear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic butt plate or a recoil pad.

    Comb

    The stock's top edge where the shooter's cheek rests (Shotgun)

    Grip

    The "small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it (Shotgun)

    Heel

    The ___ is the top corner of the butt (Shotgun)

    Recoil Pad

    ___ is a butt plate, usually rubber, that reduces the effect of the shotgun's recoil or "kick" (Shotgun)

    Trigger Gaurd

    A ___ is the part of the frame that protects the trigger (Shotgun)

    Chambering

    ___ is removing a round from the magazine tube and placing it in the barrel's chamber by cycling the weapon, or after placing a round in the open ejection port, pushing the slide forward (Shotgun)

    Port Arms

    When handing a shotgun to another person hand them the weapon in the ___ stance.

    Bolt Lock Level

    The ___ holds the bolt to the rear when the charging handle is pulled to the rear and the lower portion is depressed; it releases the bolt when the upper portion is depressed (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Buffer/Buffer Spring

    The ___ enables the bolt to return after firing (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Butt

    The ___ is end of the stock (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Charging Handle

    ___ enables manipulation of the bolt to chamber a round (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Forestock/Hand Guard

    The ___ is used to support the rifle with the support hand; acts as a heat shield from the barrel (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Forward Assist

    ___ is a button assuring that the bolt is locked (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Lower Receiver Group

    The ___ contains the magazine release, magazine well, trigger housing, and trigger components (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Magazine Well

    ___ is the housing for the magazine (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Muzzle Flash Suppressor

    The attachment on the barrel's forward end that reduces the flash as burning powder escapes when the bullet exits the barrel (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Sling Swivels

    ___ are metal loops affixed to the rifle/carbine to which a carrying strap attaches.

    Take Down Pins

    The ___ enables separation of the upper receiver from the lower receiver and allows for fieldstripping and cleaning (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    Upper Receiver Group

    The ___ houses the bolt assembly group (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

    case/casings

    the metal or plastic container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet

    rim

    the edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case
    into the chamber

    crimp

    the part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the
    bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth.(shotgun only)

    headstamp

    markings found on the head of ammunition that indicate caliber
    or gauge and identify manufacturer

    shot

    spherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead(shotgun only)

    primer

    small, metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the propellant or powder charge

    powder

    propellant used in most firearms; produces a large volume of gas when ignited

    Wad(s)

    ___ is the only part not found in any other centerfire cartridge;
    this is used to seal/confine gases; can be made of plastic or compressed cardboard (shotgun only)

    Bullet

    ___ is the portion of the cartridge that becomes a projectile when in flight

    Round

    ___ is a complete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term
    meaning one single cartridge

    Caliber

    ___ is a measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes. It is determined by measuring the
    diameter of the bore of the firearm. This helps identify the correct ammunition for a specific weapon.

    Gauge

    is a measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound.

    Blank Round

    A ___ is a round designed for training or noise; the casing's cardboard material becomes a projectile when fired; the projectile cannot penetrate drywall or hollow core doors. However, it can penetrate soft body tissue. When fired at close range, it can cause serious injury or death. Do not discharge in the direction of others. Use extreme caution.

    Lead Round Nose

    ___ is a cartridge design that features a solid lead bullet with a round nose; this bullet has a
    medium velocity. By design, it easily penetrates interior walls or hollow core doors and then ricochets.

    Jacketed Soft Point

    ___ is one-half to three-quarters of this lead bullet is jacketed with copper; the exposed lead on the flat nose allows for expansion upon impact. Usually of high velocity, this bullet is designed for antipersonnel. The round easily penetrates interior walls and solid doors.

    Hollowpoint

    ___ is a lead or copper-jacketed lead with a hollow cavity in the bullet's nose; as the bullet expands upon impact, it expends its kinetic energy. Since a hollowpoint expands quickly, it does not penetrate
    as deeply as a round-nose bullet. This design reduces ricochet. Usually of high velocity, it delivers
    maximum shock upon striking a surface of soft tissue.

    Full Metal Jacket

    ___ is a round-nose lead bullet completely covered with a copper jacket; sometimes called
    ball ammunition, it is normally of medium to high velocity. Used extensively by the military, it has low expansion and high penetration capabilities. The chance for ricochet is high.

    Frangible

    ___ is normally made of brass or copper dust held together with a resin material that disintegrates upon impact with steel or concrete; it can penetrate hollow core doors, drywall, or thin wood material

    Armor Piercing

    ___ is made of solid carbon or tungsten steel coated with bright green Teflon; it has a considerably sharper point than most manufactured rounds. The round can pierce protective body armor or steel. In Florida, its use or possession is illegal for anyone but law enforcement.

    Tracer

    A ___ is a full metal-jacketed bullet with incendiary material in the casing of its base; when fired, the round can be visually tracked by the burning material. The bullet tip is normally painted red or orange. Having the same velocity as a full metal-jacketed bullet, it is most often used by the military in fully automatic weapons.

    Birdshot

    ___ is normally used for bird hunting or practice; this shell has a load of small diameter lead or steel shot pellets. When fired at close range, these pellets can be dangerous and cause injury.

    00 buckshot (double-aught buckshot)

    The standard 2 3/4-inch shell contains nine .33 caliber lead pellets. The three-inch magnum shell contains twelve .32 caliber pellets. The spread pattern from a 20-inch barrel is approximately one-inch spread per yard.

    40

    Accurate maximum distance for law enforcement purposes when using 00 buckshot
    is approximately ___ yards

    Rifled Slug

    A ___ is a single, hollow lead bullet that weighs from 7/8 to 1 1/8 ounce. It is .72 caliber with an effective range of approximately 100 yards. The round penetrates most materials but not solid steel.

    Scrape

    A ___ is an indentation in the case that may weaken the case wall; a scrape makes a layer of the case wall metal look as if it has been scratched or torn away

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