Florida Basic Recruit Training Program (Chapter 5) flashcards |

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  • Mobile Electronic Devices

    ___ allows the officer to accomplish a number of routine tasks, such as checking in and out of service, viewing and receiving calls for service, and receiving dispatch information to minimize radio traffic.

    Professionalism

    Use ___ when utilizing any form of electronic communication, including text messaging, car-to-car communication, and email.

    Radio

    The most common electronic device officers use is the ___.

    Public Safety Telecommunicators

    PST stands for ___.

    Dispatchers

    Public safety telecommunicators (PSTs), also known as ___, are generally non-sworn personnel who operate the radio and telecommunications systems. They usually work in a centralized area with access to telephones and other resources to assist sworn officers.

    The Federal Communications Commission

    FCC stands for ___.

    30

    In accordance with rules established by Florida's secretary of state, all radio transmissions that are recorded must be retained for ___ days.

    Radio Protocol

    ___ describes the customs and regulations for dealing with diplomatic formality, precedence, and etiquette when constructing and transmitting radio messages. It also includes the proper use of appropriate codes and signals, which varies among agencies and regions.

    Signals
    Phonetic-alpha code
    Ten or Numeric code
    Alphanumeric code

    There are four basic radio codes:

    Signals

    ___ communication is a system that uses the word "signal" to precede numbers; for example, "Signal 0" often means an armed person.

    Phonetic-alpha code

    The ___ system uses the letters of the English alphabet only. It identifies letters in voice communication.

    Ten or numeric code

    The ___ system uses the number "10" to precede other numbers that represent specific activities; for example, "10-15" often means prisoner in custody.

    Alphanumeric code

    The ___ system combines letters and numbers that may include officer call signs or vehicle tags.

    Identification and current location

    When you receive a call from dispatch, you should respond with your assigned ___.

    Querying

    ___ gathering information for law enforcement purposes; also includes entering, running, vehicle check, records check, wants and warrants check, criminal justice database check, FCIC/NCIC Department of Safety and Motor Vehicle database check.

    Florida Crime Information Center (FCIC)

    The ___ is a database housed at the Florida Department of Law Enforcement in Tallahassee, Florida, that provides information about people and property.

    National Crime Information Center (NCIC)

    The FCIC is connected to the ___.

    Clarksburg, West Virginia

    The NCIC is a system maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in ___.

    National Crime Information Center (NCIC)

    The ___ system contains information from records of stolen, abandoned, and recovered property and wanted and missing person files for all 50 states, Canada, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia.

    National Law Enforcement Telecommunication System

    NLETS stands for ___.

    National Law Enforcement Telecommunication System

    ___ is an international justice and public safety information-sharing network.

    Phoenix,
    Arizona

    NLETS which is a high-speed, nationwide message-switching communications network located in ___.

    NLETS Hazardous Materials

    The ___ file provides users with online information about hazardous materials.

    Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles

    DHSMV stands for ___.

    Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles

    ___ provides records of vehicles or vessels registered in Florida and driver's licenses or Florida identification card information. Auto insurance information is also available through this system.

    Computerized Criminal History

    CCH stands for ___.

    Computerized Criminal History

    A ___ is created when the booking agency submits the fingerprints and arrest information for an arrested person.

    4

    When a CCH is sent to an authorized individual of another agency, a secondary dissemination log must be maintained for ___ years.

    Criminal Justice Information Services

    CJIS stands for ___.

    Criminal Justice Information Services

    ___ is regulated on the state and federal levels to preserve the integrity of the information.

    Vehicle Identification Number

    VIN stands for ___.

    Hull Identification Number

    HIN stands for ___.

    Driver and Vehicle Information Database

    DAVID stands for ___.

    Driver and Vehicle Information Database

    ___ is the first of its kind, as it provides all
    information about a motorist (driver/vehicle owner) in one program.

    Criminal Justice Network

    CJNet stands for ___.

    Criminal Justice Network

    ___ is a secure internet site used by the Florida criminal justice community as a portal to many beneficial information databases.

    Florida's Integrated Criminal History System

    FALCON stands for ___.

    Florida's Integrated Criminal History System

    ___ is a search/report system that effectively cross-matches fingerprints and criminal histories; contains photographs (including faces and tattoos); searches national and other criminal justice databases; and allows for instant updates of criminal justice information systems.

    Department of Agriculture and Consumer
    Services

    DOACS stands for ___.

    Department of Agriculture and Consumer
    Services

    ___ issues concealed weapon permits. Officers can make database inquiries on concealed weapons permits through dispatch. Officers may utilize many additional databases in the performance of their duties.

    Herman Goldstein

    Many regard ___ as the father of community-oriented policing (COP).

    Community-Oriented Policing

    COP stands for ___.

    Problem-Oriented Policing

    POP stands for ___.

    Scanning
    Analysis
    Response
    Assessment

    The key elements in the SARA Model are as follows:

    Scanning

    Officers should look for patterns in crimes, victims, or geographic locations. ___ takes a broad, intensive
    view of a particular area or series of events to describe community problems accurately.

    Analysis

    In the ___ phase, an officer works to determine the cause of the problem by collecting information from
    various sources.

    Response

    The___ phase allows officers the opportunity to respond to the problem by working with people who
    live and work in the community, businesses, and public agencies.

    Assessment

    Generally, problem solving produces one of five results: the problem is eliminated; the problem is substantially
    reduced; the harm created by the problem is reduced; a better method of handling the problem is found; or
    the problem is found to be outside the realm of law enforcement.

    Intelligence-Led Policing

    ILP stands for ___.

    Intelligence-Led Policing

    ___ is the integration of community policing and law enforcement intelligence.
    Agencies compile statistical data from various sources such as incident reports, field contacts, calls for service,
    and interagency information sharing. Agencies analyze the data to map and forecast crime trends that allow
    the effective allocation of resources.

    Data-Driven Approach to Crime
    and Traffic Safety

    DDACTS stands for ___.

    Data-Driven Approach to Crime
    and Traffic Safety

    ___ is the integration of location-based crime and traffic crash data
    that determines the most effective methods for deploying law enforcement and
    other resources.

    Stress

    ___ is a physical or emotional reaction to an event or situation.

    Stress

    ___ may come from
    a perceived or real threat or it can be a physiological or psychological response to a
    demanding situation or change.

    Fight or Flight response

    ___ is the body's preparation to either get far away from a dangerous situation or be
    physically prepared to face it head on.

    Acute stress
    Chronic stress
    Cumulative or routine stress
    Delayed stress

    The level of stress an officer feels in a given situation depends on his or her perspective and personality, as well
    as the type of threat. There are four general categories.

    Acute stress

    ___ is short-lived and is similar to what people experience before taking a test or testifying in court.

    Chronic stress

    ___ continues over an extended period, such as the stress of a field training program or
    working with a difficult co-worker or supervisor.

    Cumulative or routine stress

    ___ results from a variety of sources over time. For example, an individual
    has domestic, financial, and career problems.

    Delayed stress

    ___ lies dormant for a period of time and then resurfaces. For example, an officer works a
    traumatic traffic fatality and ignores the stress of the situation. Later, a family member is involved in a
    traffic crash and the officer associates this event with the previous fatality; it triggers delayed stress.

    Hypervigilance

    ___ is an enhanced state of awareness or "being on guard" that impedes one's ability to relax and disengage from a stressful situation.

    Environmental
    Personal
    Self-induced
    Work-related

    Factors that contribute to stress may be ___.

    Environmental

    ___ stress involves elements of an officer's surroundings, such as the weather or high noise levels
    that could add mental or physical strain.

    Personal

    Factors that can contribute to ___ stress include trauma
    related to injury or death, or to financial or family difficulties.

    Self-induced

    ___ stress affects an individual's perception of situations and events. Causes are very specific to the
    individual and include personal attitudes towards work, perceptions of others, and work-related goal

    Work-related

    ___ stress involves elements of an officer's job that cause physical or emotional distress. Some may
    be from forces outside the officer's agency. For example, officers may deal with ineffectual or delayed court
    procedures and court decisions restricting law enforcement powers. Stress may also come from daily patrolling
    and may include the danger of patrolling, the boredom contrasted with the need to be alert, and the
    responsibility for the safety and welfare of the public.

    Health-related

    ___ stress responses may include headaches, blood pressure changes, loss of
    sleep, and excessive eating.

    Job Performance-Related

    ___ stress responses may include erratic
    work habits and decreased productivity.

    Domestic

    ___ stress may cause relationship problems, displacement of anger towards family
    and friends, and withdrawal from domestic and social activities.

    The National Study of Police Suicide

    NSOPS stands for ___.

    The National Study of Police Suicide

    ___ states that the suicide rate among criminal justice professionals is higher than the amount of officers shot and killed in the line of duty.

    Observation

    ___ is the act of recognizing or noting a fact or occurrence using the senses. (Pg. 200)

    Perception

    ___ is the individual's way of interpreting, organizing, and attaching meaning
    to observations and information obtained through the senses.

    Perception

    ___ is the core of
    observation.

    Cover

    ___ protects officers from incoming gunfire. Examples of cover may include
    automobile engine blocks, brick walls, dirt embankments, concrete, steel, and thick
    wood.

    Concealment

    ___ is an object or environment that provides camouflage for an
    officer but will not stop incoming gunfire.

    Nearsightedness

    Myopia is also know as ___.

    Farsightedness

    Hyperopia is also know as ___.

    Taste

    While ___ is a sense, an officer must NEVER use taste as a way to
    identify any unknown substance.

    Tunnel vision

    ___ is the narrowing of your field of view during a stressful event such as a vehicle pursuit, foot chase, or armed confrontation.

    Reactive patrol

    ___ is taking a responsive or after-the-fact role in dealing with crime. It requires immediacy in responding to an incident, which increases the likelihood of catching the offender.

    Roll call

    ___ is a brief meeting officers attend before each shift. It provides information about current issues to
    keep in mind while on patrol.

    Amber Alerts

    ___ are for missing and endangered children

    Silver Alerts

    ___ are for missing and endangered adults

    Blue Alerts

    ___ are for the apprehension of violent criminals who kill or seriously injure law enforcement officers

    Suspicious activity

    ___ is any activity that is abnormal for a specific time of day in a particular area. However,
    it may not be criminal activity.

    Vehicle
    Foot
    Bicycle

    There are various methods of patrol. The three most common types are ___, ___, and ___.

    Foot

    The advantages of ___ patrol include being visible to the public, greater accessibility to the community, and the ability to closely investigate community concerns and observe activity in specific areas.

    Contact officer

    Usually, the primary
    officer on the call is the ___ . This officer is responsible for directing the
    approach and handling all communication with the suspect, including commands
    and interviews.

    Cover officer

    The backup officer is the ___ and is primarily responsible for officer safety concerns at the scene.

    Non-life-threatening
    High-risk
    Life-threatening

    You will frequently be called to aid fellow officers during calls for service. Calls for
    backup assistance may involve tending to ___.

    Non-life-threatening

    ___ situations can range from assisting with administrative paperwork to providing additional equipment.

    High-risk

    ___ situations may include assisting with serving a warrant or responding to a vehicle pursuit.

    Life-threatening

    ___ situations include
    encountering incidents such as handling an active shooter or a vehicle crash with serious injuries.

    Perimeter

    A ___ is the area surrounding an incident that officers may cordon off to prevent unauthorized people from leaving or entering.

    "Cutting the pie" or "Edging."

    Prior to entering a room, an officer should visually clear as much of the room as possible. A technique for
    visually clearing a room is ___ or ___. Officers should stand to one side of the door and scan
    as many parts of the room as possible.

    Fatal Funnels

    As officers move through a building, they need to remain aware of narrow spaces that restrict movement; these are commonly referred to as .

    Deep corners

    The corners that cannot
    be visually cleared from the doorway (also known as ___) must be
    checked first upon entry.

    Crisscross
    Button Hook

    Two common methods for entering a room are the ___ and ___.

    Crisscross

    In the ___ technique, officers start on opposite sides of the doorway. They enter rapidly, one after the other, crossing to the opposite sides.

    Button Hook

    In the ___ ( or wraparound) technique, an officer and a partner enter the
    room by hooking around the corner at the point of entry. They stand on opposite
    sides or on the same side of the door. They should wrap around the wall and into
    the room.

    Public Information Officer

    PIO stands for ___.

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