Florida Basic Recruit Training Program (Chapter 4) flashcards |

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  • Note taking

    ___ is the act or process of writing down brief pieces of information concerning an incident, event, activity, or statement.

    Notes

    ___ help officers remember facts, complete the final investigative report, and prepare for deposition or trial.

    Written statements and recorded electronic evidence

    Additional ways to take notes may include ___ and ___.

    Where

    ___ is the location of an incident is a legal requirement which proves jurisdiction.

    When

    The ___ of an incident is a legal requirement regarding the statute of limitation and right to a speedy trial.

    When

    ___ is simply documenting the date and time that the incident occurred.

    Define a range of dates as closely as possible.

    What should you do as an officer if you cannot establish an exact date?

    Who

    ___ requires documenting more than a person's name; an officer must identify information such as names, addresses, all phone numbers, dates of birth (DOB) or ages, employment information, races, and genders.

    What

    ___ is the information regarding the nature of an incident.

    Why

    The reason for an incident is sometimes called the motive or the ___.

    Uppercase and separated by a slash.

    Abbreviations for gender, ethnicity, and race are usually ___ and ___. (Pg. 155)

    Interview

    An ___ is a noncustodial meeting where information is obtained from a person.

    Interrogation

    A custodial meeting, where information is obtained from a person, is referred to as ___.

    Pre-interview process

    The ___ includes determining whom to interview, when to interview them, the order in which to interview them, where to interview them, what information to obtain, and how to record the interviews.

    Florida Crime Information Center/National Crime Information Center

    FCIC/NCIC stands for ___.

    โ€ข Witnesses
    โ€ข Suspect(s)
    โ€ข Victim(s)
    โ€ข Complainant
    โ€ข Confidential informant

    Generally, the people that should be interviewed belong to one or more of the following five categories:

    Complainant

    A ___ is someone who reports a crime or alleges that a crime has been committed.

    Confidential Informant

    A ___ is someone who provides information in confidence about a crime, either from a sense of civic duty or in the expectation of some personal benefit or advantage, and whose identity is normally not disclosed until required by law.

    Open-ended questions

    ___ encourage conversation and require the interviewees to think, reflect, and provide their opinions and feelings.

    Isolation and Privacy

    Factors that influence the accuracy of an interview include ___ and ___.

    Isolating

    ___ the interviewee prevents outside influences.

    Privacy

    ___ helps build rapport and gain trust. (Pg. 159)

    Complainant or Victim

    Generally, the ___ or ___ is the first person to be interviewed, then witnesses, followed by the suspect.

    Firearm

    Your ___ should be positioned on the side that is further
    away from the interviewee.

    Door

    When possible, avoid sitting or standing with your back to a ___.

    โ€ข making threats
    โ€ข promising leniency
    โ€ข creating physical evidence for use during an interview

    While officers are allowed to be deceptive to a point, there are limitations on what an officer may say or do during an interview. Examples of officers' limitations include:

    Gross deception

    Making threats, promising leniency, and creating physical evidence for use during an interview are considered ___ when used and may suppress the legitimacy of admissions, confessions, and evidence that result from the interview.

    Warm-up, Primary, and Closing

    There are three stages of a planned interview:

    Warm-up

    The initial stage of the interviewing process is the ___.

    Warm-up

    During this stage, the officer establishes rapport and builds understanding with the interviewee.

    Primary

    During the ___ stage, the officer obtains information about the incident from the
    interviewee. Ask a variety of open-ended questions designed to collect as much
    information as possible.

    Closed-ended questions

    ___ elicit only "yes" or "no" answers. They are used to get specific answers or help the interviewee refocus.

    Past Performance Questions

    Answers to ___ help an officer assess how the interviewee handled a similar situation in the past. These types of questions can uncover additional information about the history of a situation or determine a behavioral pattern.

    Closing

    The ___ stage concludes the interview

    Closing

    During this stage, express an appreciation for the interviewee's time. Verify contact information from the interviewee in case additional questions come up in the future, and then summarize all information collected for the report.

    Mirroring, Minimal encouragers, and Cognitive interviewing

    The three types of basic interview techniques include:

    Mirroring

    You repeat what the interviewee says but rephrase responses as questions and statements that help clarify information or elicit a more detailed response. Using proper language and tone of voice, which parallel those of the interviewee, conveys your willingness to listen and understand.

    Minimal encouragers

    ___ are brief statements which indicate that the officer hears what the interviewee is saying and is inclined to hear more.

    Event Stimuli

    Recreating the ___, which can be both physical and psychological, can enhance memory recall.

    Cognitive interviewing

    ___ involves asking questions designed to reveal cognitive memory through the five
    senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. When using the cognitive technique, ask interviewees questions related to who, what, where, when, why, and how.

    Deception

    Detecting ___ is a valuable skill that an officer can develop over time with practice and experience.

    Non-threatening

    ___ questions may include asking the interviewee for his or her name, date of birth, address, place of employment, and recent activities likely unrelated to the incident.

    Physiological or behavioral

    Signs of nervousness, stress, and possible deception maybe ___ or ___.

    Statement

    A ___ is a permanent, verbal, or written record of a person's account of an incident or occurrence that may or may not be made under oath or affirmation.

    Sworn

    Most jurisdictions
    require that a statement be ___.

    Sworn statement

    A ___ is written or oral facts that are stated under oath or penalty of perjury.

    Read or write, or for any other acceptable limitation.

    An officer may write the statement for the interviewee if the interviewee does not ___.

    Certified Translator

    When taking statements in languages other than English, a ___ is needed.

    Write the reason the person was unable to sign the statement. If possible, an officer can ask a witness to sign the statement.

    In some situations, an interviewee may be injured, sick, or incapacitated and unable to sign the statement. In such cases, the officer should ___.

    "Refused to sign."

    If the person gives a statement but refuses to sign it, note ___.

    Oath

    An ___ is a vow or a pledge to tell the truth regarding an incident or occurrence.

    Affirmation

    Florida law allows a person to make an ___ instead of an oath because of a religious or philosophical belief.

    Affirmation

    An ___ is a solemn and formal declaration or assertion made in place of an oath.

    Report

    A ___ is a written document which gives information about an event, situation, occurrence, or incident.

    Competence and
    Professionalism

    A report reflects an officer's ___ and ___, not only in writing skills, but also in all aspects of police work.

    "If it isn't in the report, it did not happen."

    Law enforcement personnel frequently say,___.

    โ€ข offense reports
    โ€ข probable cause affidavits
    โ€ข supplemental or follow-up reports

    Reports are generally categorized as:

    Grouping

    Organizing or ___ information will make writing the report easier and more efficient.

    Chronologically

    Organizing ___ means sorting information by date and time: from the first
    event to the last.

    category

    Information may also be grouped by ___, such as by witnesses, victims, suspects,
    weapons used, and crime elements. This type of organization helps when completing report forms.

    Grammar

    ___ involves the rules and guidelines that govern a language's usage and enable its users to have the same understandings of its sounds and symbols.

    Sentence

    A ___ is a group of words that contains a subject (a noun), a verb (action), and an object (affected or receives action) and that expresses a complete thought.

    Noun

    Names, persons, places, things,
    actions, qualities, beliefs

    Pronoun

    Acts as a substitute for a noun

    Verb

    Expresses action, events, states
    of being

    Adverb

    Describes, identifies, or quantifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb

    Adjective

    Describes a noun or a pronoun

    Preposition

    Links words and phrases and provides temporal, spatial, and logical relationships

    Conjunction

    Connects words with other
    words, clauses (parts of sentences), and ideas

    Object

    The ___ conveys what or who is affected or receives the action of the verb. (pg. 173)

    Sentence fragment

    A ___ is a group of words that lacks a subject, verb, or object or fails to express a complete thought.

    Homophones

    ___ are words that are easily confused in use and spelling. They sound the same but have different spellings and meanings.

    Comma

    The ___ is probably the most misused punctuation mark.

    phrase

    A ___ is a group of words that forms a grammatical unit, though not necessarily a complete sentence; it is considered nonrestrictive when it can be omitted without disturbing the correctness of the grammar.

    Apostrophe

    An ___ is used to show possession or to create a contraction. Possession means that certain objects or qualities belong to a person or thing.

    Possession

    ___ means that certain objects or qualities belong to a person or thing.

    Contraction

    A ___ is the result of combining two words.

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