___ is the act or process of writing down brief pieces of information concerning an incident, event, activity, or statement.
___ help officers remember facts, complete the final investigative report, and prepare for deposition or trial.
Written statements and recorded electronic evidence
Additional ways to take notes may include ___ and ___.
The ___ of an incident is a legal requirement regarding the statute of limitation and right to a speedy trial.
Define a range of dates as closely as possible.
What should you do as an officer if you cannot establish an exact date?
___ requires documenting more than a person's name; an officer must identify information such as names, addresses, all phone numbers, dates of birth (DOB) or ages, employment information, races, and genders.
Uppercase and separated by a slash.
Abbreviations for gender, ethnicity, and race are usually ___ and ___. (Pg. 155)
A custodial meeting, where information is obtained from a person, is referred to as ___.
The ___ includes determining whom to interview, when to interview them, the order in which to interview them, where to interview them, what information to obtain, and how to record the interviews.
โข Confidential informant
Generally, the people that should be interviewed belong to one or more of the following five categories:
A ___ is someone who provides information in confidence about a crime, either from a sense of civic duty or in the expectation of some personal benefit or advantage, and whose identity is normally not disclosed until required by law.
___ encourage conversation and require the interviewees to think, reflect, and provide their opinions and feelings.
Complainant or Victim
Generally, the ___ or ___ is the first person to be interviewed, then witnesses, followed by the suspect.
โข making threats
โข promising leniency
โข creating physical evidence for use during an interview
While officers are allowed to be deceptive to a point, there are limitations on what an officer may say or do during an interview. Examples of officers' limitations include:
Making threats, promising leniency, and creating physical evidence for use during an interview are considered ___ when used and may suppress the legitimacy of admissions, confessions, and evidence that result from the interview.
During this stage, the officer establishes rapport and builds understanding with the interviewee.
During the ___ stage, the officer obtains information about the incident from the
interviewee. Ask a variety of open-ended questions designed to collect as much
information as possible.
___ elicit only "yes" or "no" answers. They are used to get specific answers or help the interviewee refocus.
Past Performance Questions
Answers to ___ help an officer assess how the interviewee handled a similar situation in the past. These types of questions can uncover additional information about the history of a situation or determine a behavioral pattern.
During this stage, express an appreciation for the interviewee's time. Verify contact information from the interviewee in case additional questions come up in the future, and then summarize all information collected for the report.
Mirroring, Minimal encouragers, and Cognitive interviewing
The three types of basic interview techniques include:
You repeat what the interviewee says but rephrase responses as questions and statements that help clarify information or elicit a more detailed response. Using proper language and tone of voice, which parallel those of the interviewee, conveys your willingness to listen and understand.
___ are brief statements which indicate that the officer hears what the interviewee is saying and is inclined to hear more.
Recreating the ___, which can be both physical and psychological, can enhance memory recall.
___ involves asking questions designed to reveal cognitive memory through the five
senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. When using the cognitive technique, ask interviewees questions related to who, what, where, when, why, and how.
Detecting ___ is a valuable skill that an officer can develop over time with practice and experience.
___ questions may include asking the interviewee for his or her name, date of birth, address, place of employment, and recent activities likely unrelated to the incident.
A ___ is a permanent, verbal, or written record of a person's account of an incident or occurrence that may or may not be made under oath or affirmation.
Read or write, or for any other acceptable limitation.
An officer may write the statement for the interviewee if the interviewee does not ___.
Write the reason the person was unable to sign the statement. If possible, an officer can ask a witness to sign the statement.
In some situations, an interviewee may be injured, sick, or incapacitated and unable to sign the statement. In such cases, the officer should ___.
Florida law allows a person to make an ___ instead of an oath because of a religious or philosophical belief.
A ___ is a written document which gives information about an event, situation, occurrence, or incident.
A report reflects an officer's ___ and ___, not only in writing skills, but also in all aspects of police work.
โข offense reports
โข probable cause affidavits
โข supplemental or follow-up reports
Reports are generally categorized as:
Organizing ___ means sorting information by date and time: from the first
event to the last.
Information may also be grouped by ___, such as by witnesses, victims, suspects,
weapons used, and crime elements. This type of organization helps when completing report forms.
___ involves the rules and guidelines that govern a language's usage and enable its users to have the same understandings of its sounds and symbols.
A ___ is a group of words that contains a subject (a noun), a verb (action), and an object (affected or receives action) and that expresses a complete thought.
A ___ is a group of words that lacks a subject, verb, or object or fails to express a complete thought.
___ are words that are easily confused in use and spelling. They sound the same but have different spellings and meanings.
A ___ is a group of words that forms a grammatical unit, though not necessarily a complete sentence; it is considered nonrestrictive when it can be omitted without disturbing the correctness of the grammar.
An ___ is used to show possession or to create a contraction. Possession means that certain objects or qualities belong to a person or thing.