Florida Basic Recruit Training Program (Chapter 10) flashcards |

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  • Traffic stops

    ___ are among the most frequent activities that a law enforcement officer performs.

    "Routine"

    Even though officers perform them day in and day out, there is no such thing as a ___ traffic stop.

    Vehicle

    Florida Statute s. 316.003(75), Florida Statutes, defines ____ as "every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks."

    Traffic Stop

    According to the Florida Legal Guidelines, a ____ is the lawful, temporary detention of an individual in a vehicle by a law enforcement officer for an investigative purpose.

    Florida's Uniform Disposition of Traffic Infractions Act

    ___ (s. 318.14, F.S.) decriminalizes most traffic violations.

    Infraction

    An ___ can be either a moving or non-moving violation, depending on how the statute defines it.

    Criminal Violation

    A ___ will be either a misdemeanor or felony.

    Moving

    Because a ___ violation could result in a crash or injury, violators pay a higher fine and may have points assessed against their driver's licenses.

    Non-moving

    A ___ violation does not usually cause a crash or injury, so fines for those offenses cost less.

    Non-moving

    ___ violations do not assess points against a violator's license if the violator complies (fixes faulty equipment, for instance) within a specified period of time.

    316

    Florida law enforcement officers should be familiar with the traffic laws found in chapters ___ (Uniform Traffic Control Law) of the Florida Statutes..

    320

    Florida law enforcement officers should be familiar with the traffic laws found in chapters ___ (Motor Vehicle Licenses and Registration) of the Florida Statutes..

    322

    Florida law enforcement officers should be familiar with the traffic laws found in chapters ___ (Driver's Licenses) of the Florida Statutes.

    322.15

    According to s. ___ of the Florida Statutes, all people driving in Florida must possess a valid driver's license from Florida, another state, or entity approved by the state of Florida or the U.S. government.

    Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles

    ____ is the agency responsible for issuing driver's license, motor vehicle titles, license plates, and vessel registrations, as well as overseeing the Florida Highway Patrol.

    Suspended; Revoked; Cancelled; Disqualified

    It is unlawful to drive in Florida with a ___, ___, ___, or___ license.

    Faded; Altered; Mutilated; Defaced

    The license also may not be ___, ___, ___, or___.

    International Driver's License

    A genuine ___ looks similar to a passport in contrast to a state-issued driver's license.

    Four

    There are ___ current versions of the Florida Driver's license, which is the license issued to state of Florida residents who pass the DHSMV tests granting them the privilege to drive in Florida.

    Class E Learner's License

    Card types and license classes are identified by color headers, yellow means ___.

    Class D and E Licenses

    Card types and license classes are identified by color headers, green means ___.

    Commercial Driver License (CDL)โ€”Classes A, B, and C

    Card types and license classes are identified by color headers, blue means ___.

    Identification Card

    Card types and license classes are identified by color headers, red means ___.

    Horizontally; Vertical

    In addition, licenses for drivers over the age of 21 are formatted ___, while licenses for drivers under the age of 21 are ___.

    Endorsement

    A license ___ is a special authorization printed on a Florida driver's license permitting a driver to drive certain types of vehicles or transport certain types of property or number of passengers.

    Restriction

    A ___, printed on a Florida driver's license, may limit a driver from operating certain types of motor vehicles or require that he or she meet certain conditions when driving any motor vehicle.

    Informational Alerts

    A Florida driver's license may also include ___ that signal an officer about a person's health condition or public safety status.

    "Insulin Dependent"

    A diabetic person's license may display ___ in red print.

    Sexual Predators; Sexual Offenders

    Two other alertsโ€”ss. 775.21, for ___, and 943.0435, F.S., for ___- would be displayed in the right hand corner in black.

    Front

    Required restrictions and endorsements will be listed on the ___ of the license.

    Back

    Explanations of the restrictions and endorsements are on the ___ of the license.

    Motorcycle Also; Motorcycle Only

    For drivers authorized to operate a motorcycle, the following endorsement will appear on the front of the driver's license under the expiration date: ___ and ___

    Gross Vehicle Weight Rating

    GVWR stands for ___.

    Class A

    ___ is required for drivers of trucks or truck combinations with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, provided the towed vehicle is more than 10,000 lbs.

    Class B

    ___ is required for drivers of straight trucks with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of 26,001 lbs. or more.

    Class C

    ___ is required for drivers of vehicles transporting hazardous materials in sufficient amounts to require placards or vehicles designed to transport more than 15 people (including the driver), and with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of less than 26,001 lbs.

    Class E

    ___ is required for drivers of any non-commercial motor vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating less than 26,001 pounds, including passenger cars, 15-passenger (including the driver) vans, trucks or recreational vehicles, and two- or three-wheel
    motor vehicles 50 cc or less, such as mopeds or small scooters. Farmers and drivers of authorized emergency vehicles who are exempt from obtaining a commercial driver's license must obtain this license.

    Class E-Learner

    A driver with a ____ license is limited to driving motor vehicles weighing less than 8,000 pounds. In addition, such a driver must be accompanied by a licensed driver 21 years of age or older who occupies the closest seat right of the driver, and the learner may initially drive only between the hours of 6 a.m. and 7 p.m. Three months after issuance of the learner license, the driver may drive from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. A driver with a learner license may not operate a motorcycle without a motorcycle endorsement.

    "Vanity"

    While the majority of specialized tags are ___ plates displaying the owner's nickname or commemorating a college, sports team, or cause, some have specific uses and restrictions.

    Discriminatory or Bias-based Policing

    ___ or ___is the unequal treatment of any personโ€” including stopping, questioning, searching, detaining, or arresting a personโ€”solely or primarily because of the person's race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status.

    Title 18, Section 242

    According to ___ of the United States Code, anyone who "under color of any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, willfully subjects any person...to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution or laws...or to different punishments, pains, or penalties, on account of such person being an alien, or by reason of color, or race...shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for no more than one year, or both, and if bodily injury results...shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for no more than 10 years or both...and if death results...shall be fined under this title, or imprisoned for any term of years or for life or both, or may be sentenced to death."

    14

    The ___ Amendment guarantees every person within the U.S. equal protection under the law.

    Mapp v. Ohio

    In ___, 367 S.S.643 (1961), the Supreme Court declared that no state can limit this constitutional right; every person is entitled to be treated the same under similar circumstances.

    Conduct

    Suspected violators may be targeted based only on their ___.

    Minority

    ___ describes the smaller segment of a population that differs from the majority by one or more characteristics.

    Stationary Mode

    If working in ___, the officer should choose a safe parking place for the patrol vehicle from which to monitor vehicle movement and watch for traffic violations.

    Traffic Stop

    A ___ begins the moment an officer observes an event or reason that merits the stop.

    Unknown Risk Traffic Stop

    An ___ refers to a stop in which the potential risk of the situation is not known.

    Reasonable Suspicion

    Officers may stop a vehicle if ___ exists that a crime was, is being, or is about to be committed.

    Traffic Flow

    ___ is the general speed and direction of vehicle or pedestrian movement.

    1

    Step ___: Maneuver the patrol vehicle through traffic until safely catching up to the violator, and determine at what point to safely make the stop.

    2

    Step ___: Notify dispatch of the traffic stop.

    3

    Step ___: Select a safe location to stop

    4

    Step ___: Activate emergency equipment to communicate the stop to the driver.

    316.216

    Section ___, F.S. explains the legal right to use lights and sirens to get the violator's attention during a traffic stop.

    Light Bar

    The ___ is one system, along with strobe, flashers, and other lights.

    5

    Step ___: Park the patrol vehicle.

    One and a half to Two

    As a general rule, the patrol vehicle should be positioned ___ car lengths behind the violator's vehicle.

    Right

    If the violator stops on the ___ side of the road, assume the offset position in which you align the center of the patrol vehicle's hood with the left taillight of the violator's vehicle.

    6

    Step ___: Conduct a visual assessment of the violator's vehicle.

    7

    Step ___: Exit the patrol vehicle.

    8

    Step ___: Apply appropriate approach techniques.

    Hole

    You might see a ___ in the trunk where the lock should be, which is a common sign of a stolen vehicle.

    No Approach Tatic

    An officer must decide whether to approach the violator's vehicle or call the driver back to the patrol vehicle
    (called the ___) to acquire information.

    9

    Step ___: Interact with the driver.

    Uniform Traffic Citation

    The ___ is given for traffic offenses covered under chapters 316, 318, 320, and 322 of the Florida Statutes, and is used to collect and store information about traffic enforcement and traffic case adjudication.

    "Tear Up"

    It is illegal to ___ a citation after it has been issued.

    2

    Each Uniform Traffic Citation book contains ___ receipts that are used for assigning the book to an officer.

    25

    Upon receiving the receipt of each book, inspect it to ensure that the citations are in correct numeric sequence and that each book contains ___ three-part citations.

    HSMV 75901

    The traditional paper Florida Uniform Traffic Citation form ___ contains
    three copies.

    Court

    Part one or the complaint portion (white) of a UTC is given to the ___.

    5

    A citation is required per F.S. s. 316.650(3)(a) to be submitted to the Clerk of the Court within ___ days after issuance to the violator.

    Violator

    Part two or the Summons portion (yellow) of a UTC is given to the ___.

    Officer

    Part three (pink) of a UTC is retained by the ___.

    Hard Divider

    Officers should make sure that a ___ splits the sets (three copies), when completing the citation.

    Ball Point Pen

    Use a ___ to ensure that the information is legible on all three copies.

    Correction; Clarification

    The most common reason the DHSMV returns a Uniform Traffic Citation to the issuing agency is for ___ or ___.

    Moving

    ___ violation options are to pay a civil penalty, elect (request) a hearing in traffic court, or elect to attend and complete a Driver Improvement Course (if eligible). Some moving violations require a court appearance.

    Non-moving

    ___ violation options are to pay a civil penalty or elect a hearing in traffic court.

    Court Appearance

    Criminal violations require a ___ on a scheduled date.

    30

    Proof of compliance needs to be provided to the Clerk of the Court within ___ days.

    ...

    Certain violations require the violator to sign the citation. According to s. 318.14(3), F.S., refusal to accept and sign a Uniform Traffic Citation requiring a court appearance is a criminal violation that may result in arrest.

    "Routine"

    As mentioned earlier, a traffic stop is never ___.

    High Risk Traffic Stop

    When an officer knows in advance that a vehicle has been reported stolen, was seen in the commission of a felony, or when the driver or an occupant of that vehicle is suspected of a crime in progress or felony, the risk increases both for the officer and for the public. This is known as a ____.

    Public Address

    PA system stands for ___.

    Two

    Position all backup vehicles ___ door widths apart so that all vehicle doors can open completely.

    Take-down Area

    A backup officer will take over and issue commands to the driver directing him to the ___ (a designated area of disadvantage to the suspect vehicle driver or occupant) where searching and securing occur.

    Plus One

    When the officer believes that all passengers have been removed from the suspect vehicle and no one can be seen inside, he or she should use pretense or a bluff and command any hidden passengers to exit the vehicle. This is a safety technique, often referred to as the "____" rule of safety.

    ...

    The first backup patrol
    vehicle should generally be positioned to the right of the primary patrol vehicle.

    ...

    The first
    backup patrol vehicle should be offset to the passenger side with nose angled towards
    the center of the suspect vehicle.

    ...

    During a night stop, the backup vehicle's takedown lights, high beams, and spotlight should be focused on the suspect vehicle's passenger side.

    ...

    A Class E learner may initially drive only between the hours of 6 a.m. and 7 p.m. Three months after issuance of the learner license, the driver may drive from
    6 a.m. to 10 p.m.

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