Firearms/ Study guide 3 flashcards |

This is a Free Service provided by Why Fund Inc. (a 501 C3 NonProfit) We thank you for your donation!


(1. Click on the course Study Set you wish to learn.) (2. If you wish you can click on "Print" and print the test page.) (3. When you want to take a test...click on anyone of the tests for that Study Set.) (4. Click on "Check Answers" and it will score your test and correct your answers.) (5. You can take all the tests as many times as you choose until you get an "A"!) (6. Automated college courses created from lecture notes, class exams, text books, reading materials from many colleges and universities.)

๎„?
New

Long-Term Learning

Learn efficiently and remember over time.

Start Long-Term Learning

Get personalized study reminders at intervals optimized for better retention.
Track your progress on this set by creating a folder
Or add to an existing folder

Add this set to a folder

  • When you clear all rounds from the __________ (of a shotgun), visually and physically inspect the chamber and magazine tube to make sure that there are no shells in the chamber.

    magazine port

    When loading a revolver with less than six rounds, the

    cylinder should be closed and positioned so that the rounds fire in succession.

    When chambering a round (in a shotgun), if your fingers are between

    the rear and the fore-end and the receiver, this can cause an injury.

    When loading a revolver with less than six rounds,

    place each round together, leaving no space in between rounds.

    When loading revolvers with less than six rounds, you should place a

    live round in front of the barrel in line with the firing pin.

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to unloading an equipped semiautomatic pistol.

    Do not attempt to catch the magazine when it is released.

    When removing the magazine, hold the pistol in your shooting hand with the trigger finger outside the trigger guard.

    You should first engage the safety and then remove the magazine.

    Let the magazine fall to the ground after releasing it.

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to ejecting the cartridge from the chamber of a semiautomatic pistol.

    As you pull the slide back for the last time, push the slide stop up with your shooting hand thumb until the slide locks to the rear in the open position.

    Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction at all times.


    Use your support hand thumb and index finger to grab the slide and pull it to the rear several times.


    With the slide locked back, tilt the weapon and physically and visually inspect to make sure the chamber and magazine well are empty.

    While loading a semiautomatic pistol, you should always keep the barrel pointed

    in a safe direction.

    To remove the remaining shells from the magazine tube (of a shotgun), you should place your support hand thumb and index finger inside the __________ through the loading port and press the shell latch/stop against the receiver. This releases a round from the magazine tube.

    receiver

    When loading revolvers with less than six rounds, the first round should be placed to

    the left of the top strap, if the cylinder rotates clockwise (so the cylinder can rotate).

    A(n) __________ load is a technique used to reload in a tactical situation (for a shotgun).

    tactical

    When considering moving to cover, you should move closer only to .

    gain a tactical advantage

    move if you need to reach a safer location.

    you may need to run, crawl, or "duck walk" to reach cover.

    you should select your next position before you move.

    Cover can be concealment, but

    concealment is not necessarily cover.

    You should always try to reload your firearm behind

    cover when possible.

    __________should be chosen for its bullet-stopping capabilities, not its size.

    Cover

    Follow this procedure for firing your __________ from the __________ barricade position: 1. Start away from cover in your basic stance. 2. Draw your firearm from your holster, keeping your finger off the trigger; move to cover and identify your target. 3. Stay completely behind the barricade, using it for cover. 4. Use your basic shooting position. 5. Roll out to your shooting-hand side. Expose only a small portion of your shoulder and head. Keep your firearm away from and behind the barricade. Do not let your firearm or hands rest on or touch the barricade.

    handgun/standing

    The purpose of _________ is to hide your exact location.

    concealment

    You should never change cover just for

    the sake of change.

    Tactical considerations in using cover include

    using cover whenever possible.

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to using cover properly when given a threat.

    Do not expose your body unnecessarily.

    Don't lock yourself into a bad position.

    Move quickly and decisively; use concealment if available.

    To properly use cover, keep your body and your firearm behind cover.

    When moving to cover, scan the area first.

    Always be aware of alternative options.

    Be aware of foot placement.

    Your weapon should be in a ready position, even while moving.

    ________ includes, but is not limited to, such things as a solid concrete wall, a vehicle's engine block, or a concrete telephone pole.

    Cover

    ________ is any object or group of objects that create a visual barrier between you and a threat but may not stop a projectile.

    Concealment

    Examples of _________ include bushes, trees, and cars.

    concealment

    Using cover and concealment can be

    critical to an officer winning a confrontation.

    __________ is any object or obstacle that creates a bullet-resistant barrier between you and a threat.

    Cover

    The objective of __________ is to save your life by stopping or deflecting bullets and to provide a safer environment while you evaluate a situation.

    cover

    Reloading behind cover whenever possible while observing the threat is a

    tactical consideration in using cover.

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to using cover properly

    Leaning on your cover decreases your mobility.

    Muzzle flash may reveal your location, especially at night.

    Do not "crowd" your cover.

    Leaning on your cover increases your chance of being hit by direct fire or a ricochet or splattered by debris when projectiles impact your cover.

    Remember that ricochet or debris may disable your firearm.

    Exploit distance and angles.

    Remember to judge your position of cover from your adversary's angle or viewpoint and keep your firearm and body off the cover.

    If the firing pin breaks (on your revolver) during a deadly force encounter, __________.

    go to your secondary weapon (if available)

    If a light hammer fall results from a revolver malfunction (in which the strain screw has been backed out, cut, loosened, or altered to make the trigger easier to pull), only a

    If the firing pin or hammer nose breaks (on a revolver),

    certified armorer can fix it.

    A _________ is a weapon malfunction that occurs when there is no powder or a partial burn of powder and the primer ignites.

    squib load

    A ________ is a condition that prevents a weapon from operating normally.

    malfunction

    The leading cause of malfunctions in semiautomatic weapons is the failure to properly__________.

    seat the magazine

    If a misfire occurs (on your revolver) during a deadly force encounter, __________.

    immediately pull the trigger again

    What are the types of semiautomatic pistol malfunctions that may occur?

    squib load

    failure to fire

    failure to eject

    double feed

    failure to feed

    failure to extract

    On a revolver, a ________ is one that does not rotate.

    frozen cylinder

    The result of a __________ is incomplete propulsion of the bullet, which may lodge the projectile in the barrel.

    squib load

    During a deadly force encounter,

    you should go to a secondary weapon if a squib load occurs (in your revolver).

    Before trying to correct a __________ on your weapon, remember to perform the following steps: 1. Keep the barrel pointed in a safe direction. 2. Remove your finger from the trigger. 3. Identify the kind of malfunction and the proper technique for correcting it.

    malfunction

    To prevent a casing from being caught under the extractor, make sure to point the muzzle __________ when unloading a revolver.

    straight up

    __________ malfunctions include failure to fire, misfire, a squib load, a casing caught under the extractor, or a frozen or improperly closed cylinder.

    Revolver

    A distinct sound is associated with a _________. It is not as loud or forceful as the sound of a regular round firing. You hear a pop instead of a bang and feel much less recoil.

    squib load

    The result of a ___________ IS A MAJOR SAFETY HAZARD.

    squib load

    Use this procedure for firing your __________ from the __________ barricade position: 1. Start away from cover in your basic stance. 2. Keeping your finger off the trigger, move to cover, take a kneeling position and identify your target. 3. Stay completely behind the barricade, using it for cover. 4. Roll to your shooting-hand side. Remember to expose only a small portion of your shoulder and head and keep your firearm away from and behind the barricade. Also, do not let your firearm or hands rest on or touch the barricade.

    shotgun or rifle (or carbine)/kneeling

    Use Phase __________ Clearance (on a semiautomatic pistol) to fix failure to feed, failure to fire, stovepipe, and failure to extract malfunctions.

    1

    To solve a frozen cylinder problem (on a revolver), clean under the __________.

    extractor

    The easiest way to remember Phase __________ Clearance (for semiautomatic pistol malfunctions) is to learn the phrase Tap, Rack, Ready, Fire.

    1

    Failure to eject is often called a ________________.

    stovepipe

    If the magazine is not seated in the magazine well (of a semiautomatic pistol), this __________ cause a failure to fire.

    can

    Failure to chamber a round can cause a failure to fire (on a semiautomatic pistol). Correct this malfunction with the Phase __________ Clearance method.

    1

    A __________ is a weapon malfunction that occurs when the shell stops/fails to retain a shell in the magazine tube after one has been moved onto the carrier.

    double feed

    A ___________ is a weapon malfunction that occurs when the trigger is pulled, but the round fails to detonate.

    failure to fire

    A _________ is a weapon malfunction that occurs when a fired cartridge case does not completely eject.

    stovepipe

    If Phase 1 Clearance does not clear the semiautomatic pistol's malfunction or if the malfunction is a __________, use Phase 2 Clearance.

    double feed

    A ___________ can occur if the safety is engaged on a semiautomatic pistol.

    failure to fire

    The most common causes of a _________ are a weak powder charge (bad ammunition), a dry weapon (not enough lubrication), and, if while firing, the shooter does not provide enough resistance for the slide to operate (limp wrist).

    failure to eject

    The causes of a __________ malfunction include a weak powder charge, dirt behind the extractor, a dirty chamber, a broken extractor, a damaged or worn rim on the case, or an over-expanded or cracked case.

    failure to extract

    To clear a double feed (on a semiautomatic pistol), you must use the Phase __________ Clearance method.

    2

    If the primer fails to fire after the firing pin or striker hit it (on a semiautomatic pistol), the result is a misfire and a dead round. Correct this malfunction with the Phase __________ Clearance method.

    1

    ___________ is a weapon malfunction that occurs when the pistol fails to extract a spent casing from its chamber.

    Failure to extract

    _________ causes include damaged or improperly dimensioned magazine lips or a faulty cartridge interrupter (in weapons with tubular magazines).

    Double feed

    If an officer's shotgun malfunctions in the field, he or she should

    immediately switch to his or her handgun.

    A ________ is a weapon malfunction that occurs when the cartridge fails to feed into the chamber.

    failure to feed

    __________ malfunctions include the following: the shell fails to load from the magazine tube, the fore-end/slide fails to close fully, failure to feed, double feed, stacked feed, failure to fire, failure to extract, failure to open, failure to eject, failure to close, and stovepipes.

    Shotgun

    A _________ is a weapon malfunction that occurs when a round is in the chamber and the action is closed. The shell latch fails to keep a round in the magazine tube. Instead, it moves the round onto the carrier.

    stacked feed

    To correct a __________ (for a shotgun malfunction), fire the chambered round and cycle the slide. If you cannot fire the round, engage the safety and remove your finger from the trigger guard. Depress the slide release and apply sufficient force to pull the fore-end/slide to the rear.

    stacked feed

    A ________ is a weapon malfunction which is caused by a failure to extract the round in the chamber and a new round being fed from the magazine.

    double feed

    Cleaning tools for revolvers are

    caliber specific.

    When cleaning a semiautomatic pistol, heavy lubrication or solvents may

    destroy the primer and powder of loaded cartridges.

    Phase 2 Clearance (for a semiautomatic rifle/carbine) is used if

    Phase 1 Clearance does not clear the malfunction, or if the malfunction is a double feed.

    If an officer's rifle malfunctions due to a squib load, he or she should

    immediately switch to a handgun, if available.

    When cleaning a semiautomatic pistol, make sure the tools you use do not

    invalidate the manufacturer's warranty or conflict with the manufacturer's recommendations.

    During a deadly force encounter, and officer should

    transition to a secondary weapon or retreat if a squib load occurs to his or her semiautomatic rifle/carbine.

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to lubricating a revolver.

    Check your weapon at regular intervals to ensure it is properly lubricated.


    Check the manufacturer's recommended lubrication points and amounts.


    Wipe excess lubrication off using a clean, dry cloth.


    A little lubricant goes a long way

    When cleaning a semiautomatic pistol, you should use

    solvent and lubricant specifically designed for firearms maintenance.

    When cleaning a semiautomatic pistol, you should leave no lubricant when

    wiping the inside of the magazine.

    When cleaning a semiautomatic pistol, a larger caliber cleaning brush or patch tip (than designed for your specific weapon)

    does not fit in a small weapon and may cause damage.

    When cleaning a semiautomatic pistol, you should

    consider the weapon bore when choosing patches.

    What items could be included in the weapon cleaning kit (for a revolver)?

    rags

    solvent

    Q-tips

    pipe cleaners

    Bore Snake

    cleaning pad

    patches (preferably cotton)

    nylon cleaning brush

    gun oil/lubricant (non-penetrating)

    bore brush

    Semiautomatic rifle/carbine malfunctions include

    a squib load, failure to fire, failure to feed, failure to extract (double feed), or failure to eject (stovepipe).

    A smaller cleaning tool may

    not completely clean a larger firearm.

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to identifying various methods of moving to cover and/or concealment.

    Always be open to new ideas and tactics that may give you options to help you survive an armed confrontation.

    You must decide where to move for cover.

    You must know what suffices for cover.

    You must know when to move (for cover).

    You must be aware of the conditions of your weapon (loaded, rounds available, etc.)

    You must know if the location you choose (for cover) allows you to see the area where the threat originates.

    You must be aware of your surroundings.

    You must move quickly, safely, and without hesitation.

    An officer's observation skills (at a scene) include

    identifying areas that provide cover and/or concealment.

    As an officer becomes more familiar with the normal conditions of his or her surroundings, he or she will also be

    more aware of and able to identify people, occurrences, and conditions that are out of place.

    What items could be included in a cleaning kit (for a shotgun)

    patches

    a cloth

    lubricant

    Bore Snake

    gun solvent

    a cleaning rod

    a bore brush

    Incorrect

    An officer's observation skills (at a scene) include the

    ability to recognize hazardous areas and potential weapons.

    The ability to assess a situation or subject depends largely on

    an officer's observation skills.

    To __________ a revolver using only your __________ hand, grip the revolver with your left hand, keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction, and keep your finger off the trigger. Maintaining control of your revolver, open the cylinder. Use the technique appropriate for the model of your revolver. Open the cylinder by tapping the side of the cylinder against your holster. Place your thumb on the top strap and your little finger over the hammer. Move your thumb inside the frame, and put your index finger on the extractor rod. Point the muzzle straight up. Depress the extractor rod with your thumb or index finger, and remove empty shell casings from the cylinder.

    unload/left

    Appropriate cover is any object

    big enough to hide your body, and strong enough to stop bullets.

    To __________ a revolver using only your __________ hand, establish a firm grip on your revolver with your right hand, while keeping the muzzle pointed in a safe direction and keeping your finger off the trigger. Maintaining control of your revolver, open the cylinder. Use the technique appropriate for the model of your revolver. Push the cylinder open with your index finger. Place your thumb through the opening in the frame, under the top strap and over the cylinder. Point the muzzle straight up. Depress the extractor rod with your index finger, and extract empty cartridges from the cylinder.

    unload/right

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to field stripping and cleaning a semiautomatic rifle/carbine.

    Remove the magazine and secure it away from the weapon.

    Ensure that the bolt is locked to the rear.

    Safety check the weapon.

    Remove live ammunition from the cleaning area.

    Verify that the chamber or magazine contains no ammunition.

    Although reloading your handgun with two hands is preferable, some circumstances

    dictate that you reload with only one hand.

    To __________ a revolver using only your __________ hand, place the grip of the weapon against your stomach. Grab the top strap with the fingers of your right hand. Place the barrel behind the gun belt inside the front of your pants with its cylinder facing out. With your right hand, remove a speed loader from the pouch and insert the cartridges into the cylinder. Hold the front of the cylinder with your little and ring fingers. Apply pressure on the cylinder to hold it in place. With your thumb and forefinger, turn the knob on the speed loader to release the cartridges. Grip the revolver with the "shooting grip", removing it from your waistband. Close the cylinder using your right thumb.

    reload/right

    To __________ a revolver using only your __________ hand, place the barrel behind the gun belt inside the front of your pants with its cylinder facing out. With your support hand, remove the speed loader from the pouch and insert the cartridges into the cylinder. Use your index, center, and ring fingers to control the cylinder, before releasing the cartridges. With the thumb and index finger, turn the knob on the speed loader to release the cartridges. Establish a firm shooting grip on your revolver, and remove it from your waistband. Close the cylinder with your trigger finger.

    reload/left

    Upon arriving at a scene, an officer should

    scan the area for possible problems, including additional threats.

    What items could be included in a cleaning kit for a semiautomatic rifle/carbine?

    a bore brush

    Bore Snake

    cloth/patches

    a cleaning rod

    swabs

    lubricant(s)

    Please allow access to your computerโ€™s microphone to use Voice Recording.

    Having trouble? Click here for help.

    ๎€˜
    ๎€—

    We canโ€™t access your microphone!

    Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

    Example:

    Reload the page to try again!

    Reload

    Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

    Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

    It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

    Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
    to use Voice Recording.

    For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

    Your microphone is muted

    For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

    Star this term

    You can study starred terms together

    ๎€ 
    NEW! Voice Recording

    This is a Plus feature

    ๎€ 

    ๎€ 
    ๎€‚ Create Study Set