DUI traffic stop exam 1-4 flashcards |

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  • If DUI violators believe there is a good chance they will get caught,

    some will stop committing the offense at least some of the time.

    Both the public and law enforcement are

    responsible for working together to accomplish the goal of stopping DUIs.

    _______ change in individuals is fundamental to prevention of DUI.

    Behavioral

    Avoid committing DUI, either by avoiding or controlling drinking prior to driving or by selecting alternative transportation ; intervene actively to prevent others from committing DUI (for example, public service announcements against impaired driving );avoid riding with drives who are impaired. These are examples of things that___________ should do.

    the public

    The ultimate goal for solving DUI is to reduce the number of impaired drivers through what? Choose all that apply.

    deterrence
    prevention
    education

    DUI is both a(n) _______ and law enforcement problem.

    societal

    The DWI Detection and Standardized Field Sobriety Testing course has been

    modified from a national perspective to be specific to the state of Florida.

    Each year, ________ of people die in traffic crashes.

    tens of thousands

    Throughout the nation , impaired is a major contributor to

    traffic fatalities.

    What does the DUI traffic Stops chapter train officers to do? Select all that apply.

    make arrest when appropriate.
    administer field sobriety tests.
    record the evidence of a DUI offense.
    detect impaired driving.

    The _______ course uses the term " driving while impaired (DWI)".

    NHTSA

    The DUI Traffic Stops chapter has been adapted from the DUI Detention and _______ Field Sobriety Testing course produced by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ( NHTSA).

    standardized

    Law enforcement officers make _______ traffic stops daily.

    numerous

    ________ promises the ultimate, lasting solution to the DUI problem , but it will require a substantial amount of time to fully accomplish.

    prevention

    Law enforcement must not only enforce the DUI laws but take the time to ______ the public through schools, civil groups, special events, etc.

    educate

    _______ is only offers part of the the solution for stopping DUI.

    deterrence

    While driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, impaired drivers are

    more likely than other drivers to take excessive risks and have slowed reaction times.

    An officer's primary duty in detecting and investigation DUI cases is to

    remove impaired drivers from the road to ensure public safely.

    Some estimates indicate that about ______ percent of America's drivers at least occasionally drive while under the influence, and that offenders actually commit the offense an average of ________ times per year.

    25;80

    All too often , drivers are ___ by the use of alcohol or drugs , making them a hazard to themselves and other motorists.

    impaired

    While driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, impaired drivers are

    less likely to wear seat belts.

    General ____ of DUI is based upon the driving public's fear of being arrested.

    deterrence

    What are some factors that can impair drivers? Select all that apply.

    drug intake
    medical conditions
    alcohol intake
    mental disabilities
    physical disabilities

    Florida law establishes the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) or breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) limit at

    which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle.

    The keys to successful DUI deterrence by well-trained law enforcement officers include what? Select all that apply.

    ~skill at detecting DUI.
    ~increase in DUI enforcement activity.
    ~willingness to arrest every DUI violator who is detected.

    ______, the person who is affected by alcohol doesn't think that he or she is impaired.

    often

    The legal consequences of a DUI conviction include what? Choose all that may apply.

    ~permanent loss of driving privileges.
    ~imprisonment.
    ~monetary fines.
    ~temporary loss of driving privileges.

    Alcohol is the _____ ingredient in beer, wine, whiskey, liquors, etc.

    active

    Non-governmental organizations ( NGOs), such as

    Mothers Against Drunk Driving ( MADD) , create Public Service Announcements ( PSA) and promote other measures addressing impaired driving.

    ______is when the body expels alcohol through exhaled breath, sweat, tears,saliva, urine, etc.

    elimination

    The absorption rate of alcohol varies based on many factors, including what? Choose all that apply.

    ~the alcohol concentration of the substances being consumed.
    ~the person's gender.
    ~whether and how much food the person has eaten.
    ~the person's weight.

    _____ is the process by which alcohol enters the bloodstream.

    absorption

    The average alcohol elimination rate of humans is ______percent per hour.

    .015

    To deter DUI, law enforcement must

    arrest enough violators to convince members of the public that they will be caught if they continue to drive while impaired.

    ______prosecute DUI violators, and the judiciary adjudicates fairly and delivers the punishments prescribed by the law.

    Prosecutors

    Florida State s.316.193 establishes the limit at which an individual is presumed impaired and cannot legally operate a vehicle as _____BAC.

    0.08

    ______publicize(s) the enforcement effort of DUI and communicate(s) that the risk is not worth the probable outcome.

    The media

    ______is the process be which alcohol is carried via the bloodstream to the body's tissues and organs.

    distribution

    Legislators pass the laws that law enforcement organizations______.

    enforce

    What are some of alcohol's effects on the body? Select all that apply.

    ~loss of judgement.
    ~loss of fine motor skills.
    ~loss of hand/eye coordination.

    Alcohol is a central _____System Depressant and is the most abused drug in the United States.

    Nervous

    The degree th which a person is affected by alcohol depends on what?

    ~how much alcohol is consumed.
    ~whether or not the person has eaten.
    ~the physical size of the person.
    ~the gender of the person.
    ~the length of time over which the alcohol is consumed.

    Any amount of alcohol will

    affect a person's ability to drive to some degree.

    What participants contribute to the prevention and deterrence of DUI? Choose all that apply.

    ~legislators.
    ~non-governmental organizations.
    ~judiciary.
    ~prosecutors.
    ~law enforcement organizations.
    ~ the media.

    ______ is the biological process by which the body breaks alcohol down into compounds that are more readily eliminated.

    metabolism.

    Florida State 316.193 establishes legal presumptions based on the violator's blood alcohol _____ or level.

    concentration

    An officer should always rely on agency policies and procedures in determining ________ and under what circumstances Miranda warnings are administered to DUI subjects.

    When

    Normal _____include the ability to see, hear,walk,talk,judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies,and normally perform the mental and physical acts of daily life.

    faculties.

    A person who is physically in, on, or around a vehicle and has the capability to operate the vehicle is

    legally in actual physical control of the vehicle and can be arrested and prosecuted for DUI.

    Any person who accepts the privilege of driving in Florida has consented to submit to

    any approved chemical and / or controlled substance in their breath, blood or urine once they are lawfully arrested for committing an offense while driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle and under the influence.

    The term _____the state ( when referring to vehicles) includes anywhere in Florida , whether on roadways or public or private property.

    within

    Florida's Third District Court of Appeal held that the term vehicle includes_____, and a person ____ while under the influence of alcohol could be charged with a DUI.

    bicycles;biking

    ______refers to a person who is driving, who has driven , or who is in actual physical control of vehicle while impaired by alcohol or certain substances that adversely affect the auditory, visual, or mental processes.

    driving under the influence

    The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that a law enforcement officer ______ required to administer Miranda warnings during the course of the traffic stop in which the officer temporarily detains a motorist in order to ask a few brief questions and issue a citation.

    is not

    BrAC is expressed as grams of alcohol per___ liters of breath.

    210

    A level of 0.08 may refer to

    blood alcohol (BAC) level or breath alcohol (BrAC) level.

    Section 316.003(75), F.S., defines______ as "every device, in , upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or dawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks".

    vehicle

    In the case of the crime of DUI, Florida State s.316.1934 establishes the even if evidence finds the operator, while driving or in actual physical control, had a blood, or breath alcohol level in excess of ______ but less than_______, that fact does not necessarily mean that the operator was not under the influence of alcohol or was to the extent that his o her normal faculties were impaired.The jury may not presume any conclusion that the violator was or was not under the influence of alcoholic beverages to the extent that his or her normal faculties were impaired.

    0.05;0.08

    A person may be arrested for DUI, even though

    he or she never drove onto a road or highway.

    Based on ______, Florida law requires that a lawfully arrested driver of a vehicle take any breath, blood , or urine test requested by a law enforcement officer.

    implied consent

    ______give (s) the elements of the crime that the prosecution must prove prior to the subject being convicted.

    Florida's standard jury instructions.

    BAC is expressed in terms of grams of alcohol in every ____ milliliters of blood.

    100

    In the case of the crime of DUI, the _____is instructed to presume certain conclusions based on alcohol concentration.

    jury

    Using the logic in the Howard vs. State opinion, the term vehicles could include what? Choose all that apply.

    ~go-carts.
    ~ATVs.
    ~bicycles.
    ~mopeds.
    ~scooters.
    ~golf carts.

    The implied consent warning can be read by a law enforcement officer, corrections officer, or certified breath test operator , but it is recommended that a law enforcement officer _____ it to the subject of the he or she refuses a request to submit as per agency policy and procedures.

    read

    ______tests describe field sobriety tests that measure a person's ability to perform both mental and physical tasks simultaneously.

    psychophysical

    The result of a breath test should be written on the _____.

    citation

    If a breath test result is below a 0.08 and an officer has probable cause to believe that the subject is impaired by a substances other than alcohol, the officer should request a (n)_____test.

    urine

    Some jail facilities

    must require medical assistance for extremely impaired DUI subjects.

    In the case of the crime of DUI, a person could be guilty of driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle with an

    unlawful alcohol concentration regardless of impaired.

    A person suspected of DUI who kills or seriously injuries any person , including the driver, is required to submit to a (n)________test, according to s.316.1933, F.S.

    blood

    When according a blood test on a DUI subject, the officer is _____for ensuring that the blood is drawn according to established procedures.

    responsible

    In the case of the crime of DUI( if evidence finds that the operator's blood or breath alcohol level is in excess of 0.05 but less than 0.08),what competent evidence( other than the alcohol concentration) can help determine whether the person was under the influence of alcohol beverages to the extent that his or her normal faculties were impaired? choose all that apply.

    ~ standardized field sobriety tests.
    ~personal contact.
    ~ driving pattern

    " I am now requesting that you submit to a lawful test of your BREATH for the purpose of determining the alcoholic content. I am now requesting that you submit to lawful test of you BLOOD for the purpose of determining the alcohol content an/ or the presence of a chemical and/or controlled substance. I am now requesting that you submit to lawful test of your URINE for the purpose of determining the presence of the chemical and/ or controlled substance. " Note: Read only if the subject does no comply with the request. " I am ___of the ___. If you fail to submit to the test I have request of you , your privilege to operate a motor vehicle will be suspended for a period of one (1) year for a first refusal, or eighteen (18) months if you privileges has been previously suspended as a result of a refusal to submit to a lawful test of the breath, blood, or urine. Additionally, if you refuse to submit to the test I have requested of you an if your driving privilege has been previously suspended for a prior refusal to submit to a lawful test of your breath, blood, or urine, you will be committing a misdemeanor . Refusal to submit to the test (s) I have requested of you is admissible into evidence in any criminal or administrative proceeding. " This text regards the ______.

    Implied Consent Warning

    Blood can be requested from an impaired driver as long as specific criteria is met per s.316.1932(1)(c), F.S., and your agency's policy. What criteria in included? choose all that apply.

    ~ the breath test was impractical or impossible to give.
    ~ there is reasonable cause to believe the individual was under the influence of alcohol or controlled substance while driving or in actual physical control of the vehicle.
    ~ the subject is at a medical facility for treatment.

    According to s.316.1932(1)(f)2.a. and 316.1933(2)(a),F.S., only _______are authorized to draw blood.

    specified personnel

    Id a DUI subject refuses to a blood draw , he or she needs should be read the ______and asked again for a blood sample.

    implied consent warning

    Regardless of a person's alcohol concentration, an officer's observations should

    indicate whether a person needs immediate medical attention.

    When a DUI subject submits to a urine test, the officer should write "urine ___ " in the Comments section on the issued Uniform Traffic Citation.

    pending

    A certified Breath Test_____ will administer the breath test to an arrested driver per agency policy.

    operator

    A(n)_____ test may determine if drugs are in a DUI subject's system and are possibly causing the impairment.

    urine

    All blood draws for DUI subjects must be conducted at a_______ , as defined by s.316.1932(1)(c), F.S.

    medical facility

    A DUI subject who is unable to have withdrawn their consent ( such as an unconscious subject) is deemed to

    have given consent to a blood test.

    What does an officer need to verify when conducting a blood test on a DUI subject? select all that apply.

    ~ the blood kit has not expired.
    ~ the blood is collected in the appropriate vial.
    ~ the vial label contains the initials of the person drawing the blood.
    ~ the vial labels contain the subject's name, date, and time the blood was collected.
    ~ an authorized person collects the blood.

    An impaired driver should be requested to submit to a urine tests and should be given the _______ if the test is refused.

    implied consent warning.

    If the results of a breath test are _____a 0.08, the officer should complete a Uniform Traffic Citation for the charge of DUI based on the probable cause for the arrest.

    below

    If the results of the breath test indicate an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher , the officer needs to complete a(n)______.

    DUI citation

    If a DUI subject refuses to submit to a breath test, the officer should complete a DUI Citation and mark the box for "______"

    refusal

    A DUI subject need not be under arrest for an officer to

    request a blood draw under implied consent.

    In the case of the crime of DUI, the jury is instructed to presume that the person was under the influence of alcohol to the extent that hi or her normal faculties were impaired, if the person's alcohol concentration was________or higher.

    0.08

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