Critical Incidents / Review I flashcards |

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  • Active shooter

    One or more individuals participating in a random or systematic killing spree demonstrating their intent to harm others with a firearm

    Anthrax

    A naturally occurring bacterium which when inhaled causes a very high mortality rate for its victims; when exposure occurs through the skin, victims have a high rate of survival

    Botulinum toxin

    An extremely toxic biological agent that can be introduced to the body through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption

    CBRNE

    An acronym that stands for Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Explosives and that is used to identify types of hazards associated with an accidental release or intentional use of a weapon of mass destruction

    Chemical suicide

    A method of committing suicide by mixing two or more easily acquired chemicals, commonly an acid and a base; also known as "detergent suicide"

    Dirty bomb

    Also known as radiation dispersal device; a traditional bomb with radioactive materials loaded into the casing

    Emergency Response Guidebook

    A resource to guide a first responder's initial actions to a hazmat incident including the identification of hazardous materials, outline basic actions for first responders, recommend areas of protective action, and give responders an initial safety plan

    Emergency Response Plan

    A written plan that describes the actions that an organization would take in response to various major events

    Explosives

    Materials or devices designed to release energy very rapidly

    Gases

    Materials that are neither solid nor liquid at ordinary temperatures; flammable, non-flammable, poisonous, or corrosive materials in containers under pressure

    Hazardous material

    A substance or material that when released may cause harm, serious injury, or death to humans and animals, or harm the environment

    Improvised explosive device

    A homemade bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than conventional military action and which can be made from commercially available materials

    Meth labs

    Locations where methamphetamine is manufactured

    Nuclear weapon

    A weapon that derives its destructive power from an uncontrolled nuclear reaction

    Protective action distance

    The distance that people should stay from a hazardous spill

    Ricin

    A highly toxic poison found in the seeds of the castor bean plant

    Secondary device

    An additional explosive device placed at the scene of an ongoing emergency response intended to cause casualties among responders

    Shelter in place

    The act of taking immediate shelter in a readily accessible location or remaining inside a structure to prevent exposure to a dangerous situation that exists outside of the structure

    Smallpox

    A contagious infectious disease transmitted by prolonged face to face contact with an infected person, direct contact with infected bodily fluids, and direct contact with infected objects

    Standard of care

    The level of competency expected or required during the performance of a service or a duty

    Vehicle borne improvised explosive device

    A motor vehicle used as a bomb

    Victim collection point

    An area designated to keep contaminated and uncontaminated persons separate to avoid the spread of contamination from a hazardous material

    Law enforcement and other public safety organizations use

    ICS to deal with many different types of large-scale incidents.

    When acting as part of the initial response to a large-scale incident, officers should be prepared to

    expand the ICS as needed.

    __________ has helped officers throughout Florida and the nation handle situations such as large vehicle crashes, hurricanes, wildfires, and large political gatherings.

    ICS

    Many active shooters express their intent to harm others through

    social media posts.

    When acting as part of the initial response to a large-scale incident, after obtaining necessary information from dispatch, what should officers immediately do?

    Establish the ICS.

    Determine the appropriate personal protective equipment.

    Identify the type of incident or threat.

    Set up a command post.

    Determine whether to shelter-in-place or evacuate (with evacuation routes and collection points).

    Determine the resources needed, including the assistance of other agencies.

    Common active shooter motivations include

    domestic disputes.

    workplace retaliation.

    retaliation by acurrent or former student.

    Many active shooters express their intent to harm others through

    statements made to others.

    journal writings.

    Common catalysts or triggers for active shooters include what?

    major adverse changes to life circumstances

    changes in financial status or loss of or termination from a job


    loss of significant relationships


    changes in living arrangements


    being the victim of bullying or feelings of humiliation or rejection

    A(n) __________ shooter's objective is that of mass murder, rather than committing traditional criminal acts, such as robbery or hostage-taking.

    active

    The __________ (ICS) is a standardized, on-scene, all-hazards approach to incident management that integrates the operation of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications under a common organizational structure.

    Incident Command System

    Active shooter incidents happen in the workplace nearly __________ as often as in schools but can occur anywhere.

    twice

    For ongoing situations in which ICS has already been established, such as hurricanes and wildfires, officers will receive particular

    assignments and attend regular briefings.

    When confronted with an active shooter incident, an officer may encounter a chaotic situation

    with secondary hazards such as improvised explosive devices

    fleeing crowds.

    large numbers of injured people.

    Certain traits are common to active shooters.

    may be socially isolated

    may have feelings of hate and anger

    may have a history of mental health problems

    The FBI defines a(n) __________ shooter as one or more individuals participating in a random or systematic killing spree demonstrating their intent to harm others with a firearm.

    active

    To resolve an active shooter incident, current tactics focus on

    immediately locating the shooter and neutralizing the threat before assisting the injured.

    Approximately __________ percent of active shooters have historically been males and typically work alone.

    95

    Historically, terrorists conduct pre-operational surveillance before executing a

    WMD attack.

    CBRNE is an acronym commonly used to

    identify types of hazards that an officer may face either as part of an accidental release or intentional use of a weapon of mass destruction.

    The "R" in CBRNE stands for __________.

    Radiological

    It is a __________ for a person to make a false report concerning the placing or planting of a weapon of mass destruction.

    second-degree felony

    To prepare for a natural disaster, what supplies should be included in an officer's travel and safety kit?

    food

    water

    medication if needed

    an extra uniform

    batteries

    a change of clothes

    Quickly entering the scene and helping victims as soon as possible __________ work for WMD incidents.

    will not

    The "B" in CBRNE stands for __________.

    Biological

    Many terrorist plots have been interrupted or thwarted through

    traffic stops and other proactive patrol techniques.

    Planning and preparedness (for the event of a natural disaster) helps you concentrate on your

    assigned duties without being distracted or worried about the well-being of your family.

    The "C" in CBRNE stands for __________.

    Chemical

    Officers should have a plan in place for

    family members and animals regarding the event of a natural disaster.

    It is a __________ to unlawfully manufacture, possess, sell, deliver, send, mail, display, use, threaten to use, attempt to use, conspire to use, or make readily accessible to others a "weapon of mass destruction".

    first-degree felony

    Florida's natural geography makes it prone to certain types of environmental disasters which law enforcement officers are called upon for assistance.

    hurricanes
    wildfires
    tornadoes
    floods

    How is the term "weapon of mass destruction" defined?

    any device or object that is designed or intended to release radiation or radioactivity at a level dangerous to human or animal life

    any biological agent, toxin, vector, or delivery system

    any device or object that is designed or intended to cause death or serious bodily injury to any human or animal, or severe emotional or mental harm to any human, through the release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals, or their precursors

    any device or object involving a biological agent

    A WMD attack often focuses on

    heavily frequented locations.

    Prior to the onset of a natural disaster, a general rule is to include basic supplies needed (in a travel and safety kit) for a __________ period.

    48-hour

    To recognize potential terrorist activity, proactively patrol potential target areas within your patrol zone for

    suspicious activities and investigate suspicious circumstances.

    The "E" in CBRNE stands for __________.

    Explosives

    The "N" in CBRNE stands for __________.

    Nuclear

    Prior to the onset of a natural disaster, be sure that you have prepared a

    travel and safety kit.

    It is a __________ to unlawfully manufacture, possess, sell, deliver, mail, send, display, use, threaten to use, attempt to use, conspire to use, or make readily accessible to others a "hoax weapon of mass destruction", which is defined as any device or object that by its design, construction, content, or characteristics appears to be, or is falsely represented to be, an actual weapon of mass destruction.

    second-degree felony

    __________ of a natural disaster, police assignments include facilitating evacuations and providing traffic control and direction.

    Prior to the onset

    When responding to hazardous materials, first responders at the __________ level have been trained to initiate the emergency response sequence and notify authorities of the situation.

    awareness

    __________ of a natural disaster, the focus of law enforcement is on search and rescue, security of shelters and distribution centers, and protection of property.

    In the immediate aftermath

    At a CBRNE scene, avoid physical contact with potentially contaminated people and direct those individuals to a(n) __________ where decontamination can occur.

    VCP

    When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers typically have only four responsibilities or goals, sometimes abbreviated as RIP-NOT. The "P" in this acronym stands for __________.

    Protection

    When responding to hazardous materials, these responders take no further action beyond notifying the authorities of the release.

    awareness role

    When responding to hazardous materials, part of the isolation process is instructing people to move to an area

    upwind, uphill, and upstream from the contaminated area to a secure position.

    When responding to hazardous materials, these responders take offensive action to control a spill or leak. They assume a more aggressive role than a first responder at the operations level in that they will approach the point of release in order to plug, patch or otherwise stop the release of a hazardous substance.

    hazardous materials technician

    When responding to hazardous materials, these responders have the expert knowledge to support the hazardous materials technician, but their duties require a more directed or specific knowledge of the various substances that may be called upon to contain.

    hazardous materials specialist

    When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers are typically trained to respond at the __________ level.

    awareness

    When responding to hazardous materials, this responder acts as the site liaison with federal, state, local and other government authorities in regards to site activities.

    hazardous materials specialist

    Officers must be able to __________ that an incident involves WMD or hazardous materials and, if possible, __________ the materials involved. Every effort to avoid exposure should be made.

    recognize/identify

    When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers typically have only four responsibilities or goals, sometimes abbreviated as RIP-NOT. The "R" in this acronym stands for __________ and identification.

    Recognition

    When responding to hazardous materials, these individuals understand the hazards and risks of employees working in chemical protective clothing, know how to implement local, state, and federal emergency response plans, and understand the importance of decontamination procedures.

    hazardous materials incident commander

    When responding to hazardous materials at this level, responders take defensive action to protect nearby people, property, or the environment from the effects of the release. They are trained to respond in a defensive fashion without actually trying to stop the release.

    operational role

    When responding to hazardous materials, __________ involves ensuring the safety of the officer and the public through personal protective equipment and the evacuation of nearby structures.

    protection

    When responding to hazardous materials, _________ is the ability to deny or restrict access to the involved area and remove uninjured and uncontaminated people from that area.

    isolation

    A(n) __________ is an area designated to keep contaminated and uncontaminated people separate to avoid the spread of contamination from a hazardous material.

    victim collection point

    When responding to hazardous materials, this responder's function is to contain the release from a safe distance, keep it from spreading, and prevent exposures.

    operational role

    When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers typically have only four responsibilities or goals, sometimes abbreviated as RIP-NOT. The "NOT" stands for __________.

    NOTification

    When responding to hazardous materials, these individuals assume command of the incident above the level of the first responder; they are trained to implement the employer's emergency response plan.

    hazardous materials incident commander

    At a CBRNE scene, attempting to stop panicked people from leaving the site could place an officer in

    personal danger

    When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers typically have only four responsibilities or goals, sometimes abbreviated as RIP-NOT. The "I" in this acronym stands for __________.

    Isolation

    At a CBRNE scene, strongly encourage witnesses to

    remain in a safe area at the scene so that investigators can question them.

    When responding to hazardous materials, officers should

    secure the scene in order to isolate exposed victims and the contaminated area.

    Officers should be familiar with

    agency ERPs to respond properly to hazardous material situations.

    When identifying potential hazmat locations, __________ refers to a structure and its use. Some examples are manufacturing facilities, storage facilities, retail establishments, and residences.

    occupancy

    Your first responsibility in a CBRNE situation is to

    protect yourself.

    CBRNE chemical threats include both

    industrial chemical hazards as well as weaponized chemical hazards.

    The __________ requires all pesticides and some other chemical substances to display warning labels on the exterior of the container to provide awareness of the harmful contents.

    Environmental Protection Agency

    In order to make accurate decisions (at a hazmat incident), it is essential that the officer

    identify the type of hazardous material involved, but the officer should not put him- or herself at risk in the process.

    A(n) __________ is any substance or material that when released may cause harm, serious injury, death to humans or animals, or harm the environment.

    hazmat

    There are __________ common classes of hazardous materials as defined by the DOT.

    nine

    The absence of a hazardous materials placard, label, or other warning

    does not mean that hazardous materials are not present.

    If the type of occupancy is unknown or cannot be verified (at a hazardous incident), assume that

    hazardous materials may be present.

    When responding to hazardous materials, the first responder informs the next level of responder as defined in the agency's Emergency Response Plan. This is the __________ level.

    notification

    If the officer cannot identify the material's name (at a hazardous incident), he or she should make safety decisions as a(n) __________-level responder based on minimizing potential health hazards.

    awareness

    An agency __________ establishes safe and uniform guidelines for response to incidents involving hazardous materials or weapons of mass destruction. Its goals are to protect the public and secure the scene while safeguarding responders.

    ERP

    Anything that holds __________ or more classes of hazardous materials must display the "DANGEROUS" placard and may use it instead of the specific placard for each class of material.

    two

    Public safety employees have a duty to

    act to a hazardous materials incident, but responders should not exceed the level of their training and equipment in responding to an incident.

    The U.S. __________ requires most vehicles to display placards that describe the class of the hazardous materials on board.

    Department of Transportation

    __________ is defined as taking immediate shelter in a readily accessible location or remaining inside a structure to prevent exposure to a dangerous situation that exists outside of the structure.

    Shelter-in-place

    A(n) __________ is defined as a written plan that describes the actions that an organization would take in response to various major events.

    ERP

    If you are the first on the scene of a CBRNE incident,

    relay information to responding units.

    Standard of __________ is the level of competency expected or required during the performance of a service or a duty.

    care

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