One or more individuals participating in a random or systematic killing spree demonstrating their intent to harm others with a firearm
A naturally occurring bacterium which when inhaled causes a very high mortality rate for its victims; when exposure occurs through the skin, victims have a high rate of survival
An extremely toxic biological agent that can be introduced to the body through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption
An acronym that stands for Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Explosives and that is used to identify types of hazards associated with an accidental release or intentional use of a weapon of mass destruction
A method of committing suicide by mixing two or more easily acquired chemicals, commonly an acid and a base; also known as "detergent suicide"
Also known as radiation dispersal device; a traditional bomb with radioactive materials loaded into the casing
Emergency Response Guidebook
A resource to guide a first responder's initial actions to a hazmat incident including the identification of hazardous materials, outline basic actions for first responders, recommend areas of protective action, and give responders an initial safety plan
Emergency Response Plan
A written plan that describes the actions that an organization would take in response to various major events
Materials that are neither solid nor liquid at ordinary temperatures; flammable, non-flammable, poisonous, or corrosive materials in containers under pressure
A substance or material that when released may cause harm, serious injury, or death to humans and animals, or harm the environment
Improvised explosive device
A homemade bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than conventional military action and which can be made from commercially available materials
An additional explosive device placed at the scene of an ongoing emergency response intended to cause casualties among responders
Shelter in place
The act of taking immediate shelter in a readily accessible location or remaining inside a structure to prevent exposure to a dangerous situation that exists outside of the structure
A contagious infectious disease transmitted by prolonged face to face contact with an infected person, direct contact with infected bodily fluids, and direct contact with infected objects
Standard of care
The level of competency expected or required during the performance of a service or a duty
Victim collection point
An area designated to keep contaminated and uncontaminated persons separate to avoid the spread of contamination from a hazardous material
Law enforcement and other public safety organizations use
ICS to deal with many different types of large-scale incidents.
When acting as part of the initial response to a large-scale incident, officers should be prepared to
expand the ICS as needed.
__________ has helped officers throughout Florida and the nation handle situations such as large vehicle crashes, hurricanes, wildfires, and large political gatherings.
When acting as part of the initial response to a large-scale incident, after obtaining necessary information from dispatch, what should officers immediately do?
Establish the ICS.
Determine the appropriate personal protective equipment.
Identify the type of incident or threat.
Set up a command post.
Determine whether to shelter-in-place or evacuate (with evacuation routes and collection points).
Determine the resources needed, including the assistance of other agencies.
Common active shooter motivations include
retaliation by acurrent or former student.
Many active shooters express their intent to harm others through
statements made to others.
Common catalysts or triggers for active shooters include what?
major adverse changes to life circumstances
changes in financial status or loss of or termination from a job
loss of significant relationships
changes in living arrangements
being the victim of bullying or feelings of humiliation or rejection
A(n) __________ shooter's objective is that of mass murder, rather than committing traditional criminal acts, such as robbery or hostage-taking.
The __________ (ICS) is a standardized, on-scene, all-hazards approach to incident management that integrates the operation of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications under a common organizational structure.
Incident Command System
Active shooter incidents happen in the workplace nearly __________ as often as in schools but can occur anywhere.
For ongoing situations in which ICS has already been established, such as hurricanes and wildfires, officers will receive particular
assignments and attend regular briefings.
When confronted with an active shooter incident, an officer may encounter a chaotic situation
with secondary hazards such as improvised explosive devices
large numbers of injured people.
Certain traits are common to active shooters.
may be socially isolated
may have feelings of hate and anger
may have a history of mental health problems
The FBI defines a(n) __________ shooter as one or more individuals participating in a random or systematic killing spree demonstrating their intent to harm others with a firearm.
To resolve an active shooter incident, current tactics focus on
immediately locating the shooter and neutralizing the threat before assisting the injured.
Approximately __________ percent of active shooters have historically been males and typically work alone.
CBRNE is an acronym commonly used to
identify types of hazards that an officer may face either as part of an accidental release or intentional use of a weapon of mass destruction.
It is a __________ for a person to make a false report concerning the placing or planting of a weapon of mass destruction.
To prepare for a natural disaster, what supplies should be included in an officer's travel and safety kit?
medication if needed
an extra uniform
a change of clothes
Quickly entering the scene and helping victims as soon as possible __________ work for WMD incidents.
Many terrorist plots have been interrupted or thwarted through
traffic stops and other proactive patrol techniques.
Planning and preparedness (for the event of a natural disaster) helps you concentrate on your
assigned duties without being distracted or worried about the well-being of your family.
Officers should have a plan in place for
family members and animals regarding the event of a natural disaster.
It is a __________ to unlawfully manufacture, possess, sell, deliver, send, mail, display, use, threaten to use, attempt to use, conspire to use, or make readily accessible to others a "weapon of mass destruction".
Florida's natural geography makes it prone to certain types of environmental disasters which law enforcement officers are called upon for assistance.
How is the term "weapon of mass destruction" defined?
any device or object that is
designed or intended to release radiation or radioactivity at a level
dangerous to human or animal life
any biological agent, toxin, vector, or delivery system
any device or object that is designed or intended to cause death or serious bodily injury to any human or animal, or severe emotional or mental harm to any human, through the release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals, or their precursors
any device or object involving a biological agent
Prior to the onset of a natural disaster, a general rule is to include basic supplies needed (in a travel and safety kit) for a __________ period.
To recognize potential terrorist activity, proactively patrol potential target areas within your patrol zone for
suspicious activities and investigate suspicious circumstances.
It is a __________ to unlawfully manufacture, possess, sell, deliver, mail, send, display, use, threaten to use, attempt to use, conspire to use, or make readily accessible to others a "hoax weapon of mass destruction", which is defined as any device or object that by its design, construction, content, or characteristics appears to be, or is falsely represented to be, an actual weapon of mass destruction.
__________ of a natural disaster, police assignments include facilitating evacuations and providing traffic control and direction.
Prior to the onset
When responding to hazardous materials, first responders at the __________ level have been trained to initiate the emergency response sequence and notify authorities of the situation.
__________ of a natural disaster, the focus of law enforcement is on search and rescue, security of shelters and distribution centers, and protection of property.
In the immediate aftermath
At a CBRNE scene, avoid physical contact with potentially contaminated people and direct those individuals to a(n) __________ where decontamination can occur.
When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers typically have only four responsibilities or goals, sometimes abbreviated as RIP-NOT. The "P" in this acronym stands for __________.
When responding to hazardous materials, these responders take no further action beyond notifying the authorities of the release.
When responding to hazardous materials, part of the isolation process is instructing people to move to an area
upwind, uphill, and upstream from the contaminated area to a secure position.
When responding to hazardous materials, these responders take offensive action to control a spill or leak. They assume a more aggressive role than a first responder at the operations level in that they will approach the point of release in order to plug, patch or otherwise stop the release of a hazardous substance.
hazardous materials technician
When responding to hazardous materials, these responders have the expert knowledge to support the hazardous materials technician, but their duties require a more directed or specific knowledge of the various substances that may be called upon to contain.
hazardous materials specialist
When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers are typically trained to respond at the __________ level.
When responding to hazardous materials, this responder acts as the site liaison with federal, state, local and other government authorities in regards to site activities.
hazardous materials specialist
Officers must be able to __________ that an incident involves WMD or hazardous materials and, if possible, __________ the materials involved. Every effort to avoid exposure should be made.
When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers typically have only four responsibilities or goals, sometimes abbreviated as RIP-NOT. The "R" in this acronym stands for __________ and identification.
When responding to hazardous materials, these individuals understand the hazards and risks of employees working in chemical protective clothing, know how to implement local, state, and federal emergency response plans, and understand the importance of decontamination procedures.
hazardous materials incident commander
When responding to hazardous materials at this level, responders take defensive action to protect nearby people, property, or the environment from the effects of the release. They are trained to respond in a defensive fashion without actually trying to stop the release.
When responding to hazardous materials, __________ involves ensuring the safety of the officer and the public through personal protective equipment and the evacuation of nearby structures.
When responding to hazardous materials, _________ is the ability to deny or restrict access to the involved area and remove uninjured and uncontaminated people from that area.
A(n) __________ is an area designated to keep contaminated and uncontaminated people separate to avoid the spread of contamination from a hazardous material.
victim collection point
When responding to hazardous materials, this responder's function is to contain the release from a safe distance, keep it from spreading, and prevent exposures.
When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers typically have only four responsibilities or goals, sometimes abbreviated as RIP-NOT. The "NOT" stands for __________.
When responding to hazardous materials, these individuals assume command of the incident above the level of the first responder; they are trained to implement the employer's emergency response plan.
hazardous materials incident commander
At a CBRNE scene, attempting to stop panicked people from leaving the site could place an officer in
When responding to hazardous materials, patrol officers typically have only four responsibilities or goals, sometimes abbreviated as RIP-NOT. The "I" in this acronym stands for __________.
At a CBRNE scene, strongly encourage witnesses to
remain in a safe area at the scene so that investigators can question them.
When responding to hazardous materials, officers should
secure the scene in order to isolate exposed victims and the contaminated area.
When identifying potential hazmat locations, __________ refers to a structure and its use. Some examples are manufacturing facilities, storage facilities, retail establishments, and residences.
CBRNE chemical threats include both
industrial chemical hazards as well as weaponized chemical hazards.
The __________ requires all pesticides and some other chemical substances to display warning labels on the exterior of the container to provide awareness of the harmful contents.
Environmental Protection Agency
In order to make accurate decisions (at a hazmat incident), it is essential that the officer
identify the type of hazardous material involved, but the officer should not put him- or herself at risk in the process.
A(n) __________ is any substance or material that when released may cause harm, serious injury, death to humans or animals, or harm the environment.
The absence of a hazardous materials placard, label, or other warning
does not mean that hazardous materials are not present.
If the type of occupancy is unknown or cannot be verified (at a hazardous incident), assume that
hazardous materials may be present.
When responding to hazardous materials, the first responder informs the next level of responder as defined in the agency's Emergency Response Plan. This is the __________ level.
If the officer cannot identify the material's name (at a hazardous incident), he or she should make safety decisions as a(n) __________-level responder based on minimizing potential health hazards.
An agency __________ establishes safe and uniform guidelines for response to incidents involving hazardous materials or weapons of mass destruction. Its goals are to protect the public and secure the scene while safeguarding responders.
Anything that holds __________ or more classes of hazardous materials must display the "DANGEROUS" placard and may use it instead of the specific placard for each class of material.
Public safety employees have a duty to
act to a hazardous materials incident, but responders should not exceed the level of their training and equipment in responding to an incident.
The U.S. __________ requires most vehicles to display placards that describe the class of the hazardous materials on board.
Department of Transportation
__________ is defined as taking immediate shelter in a readily accessible location or remaining inside a structure to prevent exposure to a dangerous situation that exists outside of the structure.
A(n) __________ is defined as a written plan that describes the actions that an organization would take in response to various major events.