Chapter 7/ Criminal Investigations / Study Guide/ V flashcards |

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  • __________ possession means the controlled substance is in a place over which the suspect has control, or in which the suspect has concealed it.

    __________ possession means the controlled substance is in a place over which the suspect has control, or in which the suspect has concealed it.

    One method law enforcement uses to combat organized crime is

    inter-agency cooperation.

    asset forfeiture.

    asset forfeiture.

    gathering intelligence information

    Schedule __________ is the classification for a substance, compound, or mixture that has a low potential for abuse and has a currently accepted medical use, though abuse may lead to physical or psychological dependence.

    V

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to the characteristics of an organized crime operation.

    The business has profit continuity; it has both criminal and legitimate business.

    The higher echelon presonnel of the organization are relatively immune from liability for their criminal behavior.

    It is monopolistic, or is a provider of a product or service in a particular market.

    Members will attempt to intimidate or coerce witnesses and even people involved in law enforcement and regulatory agencies.

    It has a specific structure, usually hierarchial or paramilitary.

    A person's presence in a room or building where there are drugs or other contraband

    does not necessarily mean the person has committed a crime.

    __________ means the production, preparation, packaging, labeling or relabeling, propagation, compounding, cultivating, growing, conversion or processing of a controlled substance, either directly or indirectly. It can be by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis. It can also be by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis.

    Manufacture

    __________ possession means two or more suspects may jointly possess an article, exercising control over it. In that case, each of those suspects is in possession of the article.

    Joint

    To establish probable cause for the sale, purchase, manufacture, or possession of a controlled substance __________ intent, document the suspect sold, purchased, manufactured, delivered, or possessed the controlled substance __________ intent to sell, purchase, manufacture, or deliver a controlled substance. The substance was a controlled substance, and the suspect had knowledge of the presence of the substance.

    with/with

    If a suspect has exclusive possession of a controlled substance, infer or assume

    the suspect had knowledge of its presence

    The Florida __________ Drug Abuse Prevention and __________ Act, chapter 893, F.S., places all substances regulated under existing federal law into one of __________ schedules.

    Comprehensive/Control/five

    Medicinal value, harmfulness, and the potential for abuse and addiction determines a substance's

    schedule.

    Sometimes called "__________", vice crime activity includes offenses such as prostitution, gambling, alcohol and tobacco violations, and pornography.

    victimless crimes

    Schedule __________ is a substance, compound, or mixture that has a high potential for abuse and has no currently accepted medical use.

    I

    __________ means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from one person to another of a controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship.

    Deliver or delivery

    The mission of the Drug __________ Administration in the U.S. Department of Justice is to enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States.

    Enforcement

    If a suspect does not have exclusive possession of a controlled substance, you __________ infer and/or assume the suspect had knowledge of its presence.

    may not

    Organized crime promotes public corruption, street crime, and ___________ and can have a significantly negative impact on the economy.

    gang activity

    __________ means to transfer or deliver something to another person in exchange for money or something of value or a promise of money or something of value.

    Sell

    __________ investigations involve a lot of undercover work and develop information through intelligence, ranging from information gathering, both strategic and tactical, to informants and surveillance.

    Vice

    Mere proximity to a controlled substance __________ sufficient to establish possession over the substance when it is not in a place over which the suspect has control.

    is not

    One method law enforcement uses to comabt organized crime is prosecution under the Racketeer _______________ and Corrupt Organization (RICO), chapter 895, F.S.

    Influenced

    Any person who does not have legitimate business on a school campus is

    trespassing.

    __________ burglars often commit vandalism and may set fires.

    Juvenile

    Section 267.13(1)(a)-(c), F.S., addresses the protection of __________ under state law.

    archaeological sites

    Trespassing on a designated, posted construction site is a(n) __________.

    felony

    If a suspect is warned to depart a dwelling, structure, or conveyance by the owner or lessee of the premises (or by a person authorized by the owner), and refuses to do so, the suspect commits the offense of ____________.

    trespassing

    A person can be guilty of trespassing on property other than a dwelling, structure, or conveyance if he or she

    willfully enters or remains on the property.

    Document that the suspect entered a structure or conveyance owned by or in the possession of the complainant to establish probable cause for

    a burglary.

    If an officer believes a crime was committed on an archaeological site, he or she should

    secure and protect the scene, notify a supervisor, and inform local, state, or federal park rangers of the incident and any recovered evidence.

    It is a(n) __________ to dig into an archaeological site to retrieve an object.

    felony

    An officer responding to a call concerning a violation of an archaeological site will need to

    assess the scene to determine if a crime was committed.

    Person __________ means an owner or lessee, or his or her agent, or any law enforcement officer whose agency has received written authorization from the owner or lessee, or his or her agent, to communicate an order to depart the property in case of a threat to public safety or welfare.

    authorized

    Failure to leave or remaining on the premises after receiving a warning from or in the presence of law enforcement is __________.

    trespassing

    _____________ burglars commit only a few offenses yearly, have sophisticated knowledge of security systems, and target only residences or businesses with significant assets.

    Professional

    It is __________ to enter or remain in a structure or conveyance of another if, under all the circumstances, a reasonable person would believe that he or she had the permission of the owner or occupant.

    lawful

    _____________ burglars target schools, their own family or friends, authority figures, and tend to steal age-appropriate items.

    Juvenile

    The owner, lessee, or authorized person __________ to provide verbal authority to enter or remain in a structure or conveyance.

    does not have

    ___________ burglarize vehicles, homes, businesses, looking for prescription or non-prescription drugs, illegal drugs, and anything of value that can easily sell for drugs.

    Drug addicts

    Some burglars will travel across county lines in an attempt to prevent law enforcement from

    tracking the items stolen in the burglary.

    Launching a projectile (such as a firearm, bow, or crossbow) across someone else's land with the intent of taking or killing an animal is

    trespassing.

    It is a(n) _________ to walk on an archaeological site and remove an object.

    misdemeanor

    To establish probable cause for __________, document the suspect did both or one of the following: a) willfully entered or remained in a structure or conveyance and the structure or conveyance was in the lawful possession of the complainant. The suspect entering or remaining in the structure or conveyance was without authorization, license, or invitation by the complainant or any other person authorized to give that permission; b) had been authorized, licensed, or invited to enter or remain in the structure or conveyance by the owner, lessee, or a person authorized by the owner or lessee of the premises warned the suspect to depart and the suspect refused to depart.

    trespassing

    __________ in a dwelling, structure, or conveyance occurs when the suspect, without authorization, willfully enters or remain in any dwelling, structure, or conveyance.

    Trespassing

    The _____________ burglar is opportunistic, capitalizing on easy targets.

    impulse

    Florida Statutes enhance the penalties for burglary if

    the offender uses a vehicle as an instrument, other than merely as a getaway vehicle, to assist in committing a burglary, and causes damage to the dwelling, structure, or property.

    the offender enters a dwelling, structure, or conveyance and is armed, or becomes armed in the course of the burglary.


    during the course of a burglary, the offender commits assault or battery.

    Some techniques burglars may use for entry include

    prying or spreading a door or window frame, slipping, pulling, or picking the lock, or using a bump key, garage door opener, or electronic decoder for keyless entries.

    To establish probable cause for __________, document the suspect injured or damaged real or personal property that belonged to the complainant and the suspect willfully and maliciously caused the injury or damage.

    criminal mischief

    _________ tools may include screwdrivers, pliers and wrenches, pry bars, or spark plugs, but can also be anything used to gain entry during a burglary, such as a rock or concrete block.

    Burglary

    Burglaries are classified according to the type of location entered, such as a dwelling, structure, or __________.

    conveyance

    At the scene of a burglary incident, provide the victim with a

    case number, the primary officer's name, explain the follow-up procedures, and possibly give some crime prevention advice.

    Burglars may use several methods of entry, such as

    entering through unlocked doors and windows or using a hidden key, removing hinge pins, breaking glass, or kicking in the door.

    Upon arrival at the scene of a burglary incident, obtain a general statement from the victim and immediately _________ by conducting a walk-through with the victim.

    search the scene

    Criminal mischief is a __________ if the property damage is greater than $200 but less than $1,000.

    first-degree misdemeanor

    Criminal mischief is a __________ if the value of property damaged totals $1,000 or more.

    third-degree felony

    Penalties are __________ severe for burglary of a dwelling than for a structure or conveyance.

    more

    At the scene of a burglary incident, determine the entry and ____________ points the burglar used and note any disturbed areas and possible evidence for processing.

    exit

    __________ involves being somewhere that you do not own and without the permission of the owner, but with the intent to commit another crime.

    Burglary

    Injury or damage (caused by criminal mischief) can include

    the placement of graffiti or the commission of other acts of vandalism.

    To establish probable cause for possession of __________ tools, document the suspect intended to commit a burglary or trespass and had in his or her possession a tool, machine, or implement that he or she intended to use or allowed someone to use in the commission of burglary or trespass. The suspect did some obvious act toward the commission of burglary or trespass.

    burglary

    Burglary is one of the most frequent crimes

    that an officer will investigate.

    __________ is a willful, malicious crime where the offender injures or damages property belonging to another.

    Criminal mischief

    Criminal mischief is a __________ if the property damage is less than $200.

    second-degree misdemeanor

    Some burglars are driven by their interest in __________ and focus on collecting trophies or mementos, such as intimate articles of clothing located in bedrooms or bathrooms, and typically leave body fluids or defecate on the scene.

    sexual gratification

    Florida Statutes enhance the penalties for burglary if the offender causes damage to the dwelling or structure, or to the property within the structure in excess of __________.

    $1,000

    At the scene of a burglary incident, be careful not to minimize the impact this crime may have on the victim by

    giving examples of more serious burglaries.

    Trespassing involves being somewhere that you do not own and without the permission of the owner; burglary is the same, except

    that the intent of being there is different.

    Dealing in stolen property, also known as _______________, is a second-degree felony in Florida.

    fencing

    When establishing probable cause for __________, document that the suspect knowingly and unlawfully obtained or used, or endeavored to obtain or use the property of the victim, doing it intentionally to temporarily or permanently deprive the victim of his or her right to the property or any benefit from it. The suspect takes the property of the victim for his or her own use or the use of any person not entitled to it.

    Theft

    During a traffic stop, if you encounter a driver who acts jumpy or paranoid, it may be because he or she _____________.

    is driving a stolen vehicle

    _____________ theft involves taking possession of or carrying away merchandise, money, or negotiable instruments; or altering or removing a label or price tag; transferring merchandise from one container to another of lower price or removal of a shopping cart with intent to deprive the merchant of possession, use, benefit, or full retail value.

    Retail

    If you suspect that an incident involves a stolen vehicle, circumstances will dictate if you allow the occupant to

    stay in the vehicle or you tell them to leave the vehicle for your safety during this process.

    Vehicles that have broken side and vent windows, a poorly attached license plate, or missing, scratched, or punched door locks are indicators that a vehicle may be ________.

    stolen

    If you recover a stolen vehicle, promptly notify dispatch so that dispatch can report the recovery to ______________, as well as to the owner of the vehicle.

    FCIC/NCIC

    If you suspect that an incident involves a stolen vehicle,

    check the vehicle identification number.

    A third conviction of ______________ theft will be punished as a third-degree felony.

    petit

    Showing false identification in connection with leasing property or failing to return leased property within __________ hours without a reasonable explanation, may mean the suspect stole the property.

    72

    Theft of property, funds, or assets may be reclassified to a higher degree if the victim was a person ______ years of age or older.

    65

    A damaged ignition on a vehicle or steering wheel locking mechanisms that have been bypassed are indications a vehicle may be ____________.

    stolen

    __________ is knowingly obtaining, using or endeavoring to obtain or use property of another with intent to deprive, temporarily or permanently, the other person of the use of the property.

    Theft

    __________ theft can involve theft of any commercially farmed animal or fish, 2,000 or more individual pieces of citrus fruit, items taken from a designated construction site identified by the posting of a sign, and anhydrous ammonia, used in methamphetamine production.

    Grand

    To establish probable cause for dealing in stolen property, document the suspect

    trafficked in or endeavored to traffic in property the suspect knew or should have known was stolen.

    There are two types of theft victims: ____________ and __________.

    businesses and individuals

    ____________ theft is taking something valued at less than $300 and is a misdemeanor.

    Petit

    Any person who willfully and maliciously damages any place of worship or religious article is guilty of a third-degree felony if the damage is over __________.

    $200

    Interruption or impairment of a business operation or public communication, transportation, water, gas or power supply, or other public service that costs $1,000 or more in labor and supplies to restore, is a

    third-degree felony.

    __________ theft involves the theft of anything with a value of $300 or more and other items specified by statute regardless of their value.

    Grand

    If a suspect has one or more prior convictions for criminal mischief, the court will provide punishment

    for a subsequent offense as a felony, regardless of the amount of damage.

    If the value of property taken during a retail theft is less than __________, the offense is a misdemeanor.

    $300

    At the scene of a fire, the primary responsibility of an officer after the arrival of fire department personnel is to assist the fire department and the fire marshal in their investigation and to maintain __________ control.

    crowd and traffic

    Anyone who, without reasonable cause, makes a false alarm of fire is guilty of a misdemeanor for the first conviction and a(n) _________ for any subsequent convictions.

    felony

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to lost property reports.

    Record the serial numbers and owner-applied numbers in your report.

    Conduct an FCIC/NCIC database search, and a local system search that will search local pawnshops for recovered property.

    Lost property may turn into stolen property.

    Get a description of the property and an estimate of the lost value.

    Note the unique distinguishing identifiers such as scratches or unique parts to help identify the property.

    The complainant will receive some type of case number.

    __________ means empowerment, permission, or competence to act.

    Authorization

    Fraud is __________ by deception

    theft

    A person who wrongfully takes money or other property entrusted to him or her for safekeeping and uses it for his or her own personal gain is guilty of ________________, a form of theft.

    embezzlement

    Occasionally, a fire is set as a technique to

    distract law enforcement authorities' attention away from the location of other crimes.

    The most common types of forgery law enforcement officers encounter are forgery of the signature or endorsement on a check, use of a fictitious name, forgery by alteration, and check__________.

    washing

    Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to processing found property.

    Take all the necessary steps to identify the owner or determine if the items are evidence of a crime.

    Inventory the items, complete a property/receipt form, and give the items to the property clerk for storage or destruction.

    Found property may be stolen, lost, or abandoned property.

    If you can identify the owner and the property is not evidence, attempt to return the property according to agency policy and procedures.

    __________ uses fake websites that mirror legitimate business sites in order to obtain personal and financial information from unwitting victims. Suspects use this information to steal the identities, bank accounts, or credit availability from the victims.

    Phishing

    __________ is altering, forging, or counterfeiting a public record, certificate, legal document, bill of exchange or promissory note, etc., with intent to injure or defraud someone.

    Forgery

    Many embezzlers intend only to

    borrow the money temporarily to help them with a personal cash shortage and plan eventually to return it, while others feel unfairly compensated or mistreated by their employers and use embezzlement as a mean to compensate.

    The primary victim and complainant for most bankcard offenses is the _________.

    issuing bankcard company

    Local gang activity, organized crime, terrorist activity, and hate crimes are often enacted using ___________ to commit crimes.

    firebombs

    Ordering and eating a meal in a restaurant or occupying a room in a public lodging establishment and then refusing to pay, is the crime of _______________ by failure to pay.

    defrauding an innkeeper or theft of services

    ____________ is knowingly exhibiting or publishing a document to someone or attempting to cash a check by claiming the check and the endorsement is real.

    Uttering

    Officers should place forged documents in envelopes or clear plastic bags and ________ or photocopy all documents as soon as possible.

    photograph

    When the provisions of theft (theft of services) are followed,

    neither the operator nor the officer may be held criminally or civilly liable for false arrest, false imprisonment, or unlawful detention.

    __________ means purposely or intentionally suppressing the truth or perpetrating a deception or both.

    Fraudulently

    According to s. 831.01 and s. 831.02, F.S., there are two aspects of forgery: forgery and __________.

    uttering a false instrument

    A forged check is one that is signed by a(n) __________.

    unauthorized person

    Uttering a false, forged, or altered record, deed, or other instrument with the intent to injure or defraud someone is a _______________ under Florida law.

    third-degree felony

    Credit card __________ is the unlawful use of a credit card to obtain property, goods, or services.

    fraud

    Upon receiving stolen property, process the property by doing what?

    conducting an FCIC/NCIC and local database search to verify you have stolen property

    returning the item to the owner if there is no forensic value

    photographing the item

    processing the item for physical evidence to include latent prints and touch DNA

    forwarding any suspect or item identification to the appropriate department in your agency for a follow-up investigation

    attempting to identify the owner and/or the original case report to add a supplemental report

    after verifying you have stolen property, requesting the entering agency to remove the item from the database

    submitting the item as evidence if you cannot locate the owner or if there is forensic value

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