1st Aid Study Guide flashcards |

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  • One of the most important responsibilities of a 1st Aid Provider is

    to maintain your own composure

    Safety of all concerned is the 1st Aid Provider 's

    first and most important priority.

    Ways to instill confidence in your patient includes

    keeping a neat, clean, and professional appearance.

    The Good Samaritan Act

    protects 1st Aid Provider from liability for medical care performed in good faith.

    A Duty to Act

    means while on duty, 1st Aid Provider must provide care to a patient who needs it and provides consent.

    A Duty to Act is

    also your contractual or legal obligation to provide care.

    Abandonment

    means that you fail to properly ensure that the patient is handed off to a higher level of care. You must ensure they are properly handed of to EMS

    For the purposes of 1st Aid, Battery is defined as

    touching a person body or clothes without getting his/her consent.

    Expressed Consent

    is clearly and unmistakably stated and may consist oral consent, a nod, or affirming gesture.

    Implied Consent

    applies to unresponsive patient.

    A child's guardian must

    give consent prior to providing care for a child with minor injury.

    Attempting to preserve a patient's clothing

    since it may be evidence, is one of the steps a 1st Aid Provider must take regarding a potential crime scene.

    One of the investigative steps to be taken, while treating the victim of a Sexual Battery is

    to not allow the victim to bathe or wash.

    An Important safety measure to be taken following the scene size up when dealing with a patient who is demonstrating a bizarre behavior pattern is to

    identify yourself and let them know you are there to help them.

    In a situation where the patient has died, one of the main things a 1st Aid Provider can do to help the family

    is to allow them to grieve

    Tuberculosis

    is an air borne pathogen and a patient who suffers from it may show signs and symptoms that include fever, night sweats, weight loss, and coughing up blood

    HIV

    is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.

    While performing CPR a

    1st Aid Provider should use a one way valve mask

    Red is the color of the

    Bio Hazard Bag that a 1st Aid Provider deposits all biomedical or biohazardous materials and it should be marked with the international Biohazard symbol.

    Hepatitis A Virus ( HAV) is transmitted mostly by

    fecal and oral contamination.

    Sexual contact and sharing contaminated needles are the primary ways that

    Hepatitis B (HBV) is transmitted outside of a occupational setting.

    Protecting vital organs, giving the body shape, and serving as support framework are the functions of the

    Skeletal System

    Providing movement for the body is the main purpose of the

    Muscular System

    The Central Nervous System

    is made up of the brain and spinal cord.

    The Respiratory System

    removes carbon dioxide from the body.

    The Epiglottis

    is the part of the upper airway that keeps food and other foreign objects from entering the windpipe

    The windpipe is officially know as the

    trachea

    The Diaphragm

    is a large muscle which belongs to the respiratory system.

    The Digestive System

    is responsible for ingesting nutrients

    The endocrine system

    regulates the body by secreting hormones.

    The skin

    is a barrier for bacteria and other harmful substances / organism, serves as a communication organ, and a protective covering for the inside of the body.

    The CAB

    (Circulation, Airway, Breathing) are part of the Initial Assessment.

    Having good skin color and breathing effortlessly describes

    adequate breathing

    The normal respiratory rate for a an adult is

    12-20 breaths per minute.

    To properly measure a persons respiratory rate,

    count the number of times they breathe over the course of the 30 seconds and multiply that number by two.

    When checking for a pulse of an unconscious patient, use the

    Ceratoid Pulse point

    When a person has Jaundice they may exhibit a

    yellow skin tone.

    Cyanosis

    is the blue color of the skin exhibited by a patient who has poor perfusion.

    A person suffering from a heat stroke may exhibit signs of

    being flush (red in color)

    With regards to "AVPU" a person can be classified as Alert

    if they can respond correctly and spontaneously to simple questions

    With regards to "AVPU" a person can be classified as Verbal

    if they verbally respond to questions, but appears disoriented or they only respond to loud noises

    With regards to "AVPU" a person can be classified as Pain

    if they do not respond to verbal stimuli, but responds to something painful ( sternum rub or pinched earlobe).

    With regards to "AVPU" a person can be classified as Unresponsive

    if the don't respond to any type of stimulus ( verbal or painful).

    A Sign

    is something you can see

    A symptom

    is something the patient feels.

    SAMPLE

    Signs and symptoms
    Allergies
    Medications
    Past History
    Last Oral Intake
    Events

    Any incident involving more that one victim is referred to as

    Multiple Casualty Incident

    Triage

    is the process during a Multiple casualty incident where patients are sorted and classified by priority.

    With regards of moving patients

    only if the patient is in immediate danger should you perform an emergency move on someone who is injury

    Blood

    delivers oxygen and nutrients to the body's cell and also removes waste products

    The heart keeps the blood under

    constant pressure and circulation.

    An Abrasion

    is an injury that has scraped away the outermost layer skin

    A Laceration

    is an open wound in the soft tissue

    An Avulsion

    is where a piece of skin has been pulled or peeled away from the body

    A Puncture

    is a penetrating injury, such as stepping on a nail

    Arterial bleeding

    is described as bright red blood that spurs from the wound

    Venous Bleeding

    is described as dark red blood that steadily flows from the wound

    Capillary Bleeding

    is dark red blood that oozes and is very superficial.

    A Contusion

    ( also known as bruising) is closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site.

    A hematoma

    is a closed injury that is clearly visible as swollen lump and is discolored.

    The steps to control bleeding are

    1st Direct pressure
    2nd Elevation
    3rd Pressure point

    If direct pressure and elevation don't stop the bleeding,

    the next step to try and control bleeding is to apply pressure point technique to the artery supply bleed.

    The four main arteries used to control bleeding are the

    Carotid
    femoral
    Brachial
    Radial

    A Dressing

    is covering for a wound and is applied directly to the wound

    A Bandage

    does not touch a wound and can create pressure to help control bleeding

    restlessness and anxiety are two of the signs and symptoms of

    shock

    Shock

    can be defined as a condition that results from the insufficient delivery of oxygenated blood to the body and, if left untreated, can result in cell and organ failure or death

    When placing a patient in the

    Shock Position, their feet should be elevated 8-12 inches

    If there is blunt trauma to the chest area which results in damage to internal organs and causes internal bleeding the injury is classified as a

    Closed Injury

    If there is penetration into the chest area, the injury is classified as an

    Open Injury

    If an object punctures the soft tissue and remains in place, then the injury is classified as an

    impaled object

    If a person sustain an eye injury

    patch/cover both eyes

    You should pour water from

    the inner portion of the injured eye to the outer portion to flush a chemical from patient's injured eye.

    Separating a patient from the heat source is one of the priorities of treating a

    Thermal Burn

    When a patient is exposed to

    a dry, powdery chemical, you should brush off the dry substance before irrigating.

    When a patient has been electrocuted,

    you should check for entrances and exits wounds

    The Force that causes the injury is called the

    Mechanism of Injury

    Having exposed bone ends indicates an

    Open Fracture

    If a bone is sticking through the skin, that is an indicator of a

    Open Fracture

    For a possible dislocate shoulder that is swollen and painful, putting the arm in a

    sling, would be the appropriate way to immobilized the injury.

    If a body part has been amputated,

    place it in a plastic bag and keep it cool do not pack it in ice

    Keeping an amputated part cool is

    a priority

    Body fluids will be

    present during childbirth and the 1st Aid provider should use body Substance isolation and Personal Protective Equipment.

    During childbirth

    if the baby's head is crowning the delivery is imminent.

    Placing a gloved hand gently on

    top of the baby's head during delivery will prevent and explosive Delivery

    If the amniotic sac has not broken during delivery of the baby,

    the 1st Aid provider should tear the sac open and push it away from the baby's nose and mouth

    Rubbing a baby's back and flicking it's feet are methods used to

    stimulate a baby's breathing if they are not breathing after delivery.

    Rapid transport to a medical facility is crucial if the baby presents

    first with an arm or leg during childbirth.

    Diabetes

    is a disease in which the body toes not product or properly use insulin

    If a patient is having seizure,

    clear the area around them to prevent injury

    High Blood sugar and low insulin level

    Diabetic Coma

    High Insulin level and low blood sugar

    Insulin shock

    High fever is the predominant cause of

    seizure in children

    Removing a patient from a cold environment is the first step for treating a patient with generalized

    Hypothermia

    Hypothermia

    Low body temperature

    Hyperthermia

    High body temperature

    A Heat Stroke patient will exhibit

    hot and dry skin, altered mental state, and a headache

    Absorption

    is when a poison enters the body through the skin

    Ingestion

    is when a poison enters the body through the mouth

    Injection

    is when a poison enters the body through a small opening in the skin.

    Inhalation

    Occurs when a patient breaths the poison into their body and results in breathing difficulties, chest pain and cyanosis,

    If a patient gets stung by a bee and the stinger is still in place

    scrape it away with the edge of a plastic card.

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