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577 True/False questions

  1. CHEDDARchief complaint, history of present illness examination, details, drugs and dosages, assessment, return visit information or referral.

          

  2. AnuriaAbsence of urine

          

  3. PharmacistSOFTENING

          

  4. Augmented Unipolar Leadsrecord the heart electricity from one limb and compare it with a zero voltage lead in the center of the heart.

          

  5. 1:10 solution of household bleachPale,cold clammy skin/Rapid,weak pulse/Increased,shallow breathing rate/Expressionless face;staring eyes

          

  6. What is the percentage of isopropyl alcohol used as (venipuncture) antiseptic?Improper cuff size, The arm is not at heart level, Cuff is not completely deflated before use, Deflation of the cuff is faster than 2-3 mmHg per second, Improper cuff placement, Defective equipment.

          

  7. Antiseptics used in Phlebotomy70% isopropyl alcohol pads most common, provolone - iodine for BC,s and chlorhexidine gluconate for patients that are allergic to Betadine/ Iodine.

          

  8. prby rectum

          

  9. IschemiaA liquid that makes up about 55 percent of the blood

          

  10. Chain of custodyA procedure that makes certain that a biologic specimen is always in the custody of a person legally responsible for maintaining the integrity of the sample. The chain begins with patient identification, continues during collection, processing, and testing. Every step in the process is monitored and documented (e.g., date, time, and identification of the handler). Additional documentation includes special containers, sealing material, and forms..

          

  11. Heart Apex5th intercostal space, left midclavicular line

          

  12. Standard Bipolar Limb Leadsrecord the hearts electrical activity in the frontal plane of the body.

          

  13. Reagent stripsmost widely used technique to chemically analyze urine.

          

  14. Green Top TubeAdditive: sodium heparin, lithium heparin, ammonium heparin. Heparin slows down/ stops thrombin in the coagulation cascade. It's not used for hematology because heparin interferes with the Wright's stained blood smear. Invert tube 8 times.

          

  15. Inter-Disease

          

  16. -malaciaAbsence of breathing

          

  17. Universal PrecautionRefers to placing a physical barrier between the patients body fluids (such as blood and saliva) and the healthcare personnel (HCP) to prevent disease transmision.

          

  18. Dermal puncture is made in....Nurse with Advance degree, certified for a special area or age of patient care, works in a variety of healthcare settings or independent practices to make health assessments and deliver primary care

          

  19. myco-gate, opening

          

  20. -ecstasisdilation, expansion

          

  21. Order of Draw for Capillary Specimens1.) Lavender tube
    2.) Tubes with other additives
    3.) Tubes WITHOUT additives

          

  22. ACOUSTIStudy of sound properties

          

  23. atrioventricular valves220 minus patients age. EX. THR for 40 yr old pt is 220-40=180.

          

  24. Ventricular Tachycardia3 PVCs in a row; ventricle is beating rapidly on its own and not waiting for atrial contraction; not adequately pumping blood; predisposes for vfib

          

  25. path-Disease

          

  26. AFTER Collection Phleb analytical errorsperformed to screen for urinary and systemic disorders.

          

  27. Pharmacokineticsa health care professional trained in the collection of blood specimens

          

  28. PHIProtected Health Information

          

  29. Gram-Positive BacteriaPatients has not been seen for about 6 months to a year

          

  30. Absolute Refractory PeriodThe 1st phase of repolarization in which myocardial cell is unable to react to any electrical stimulus. This period falls during the depolarization and contraction of the ventricles, thus protecting the heart from any abnormal electrical stimulus that might result in loss of rhythmic contractions.

          

  31. ADMEBeats Per Minute

          

  32. Gram-Negative BacteriaREMOVAL of HALF of the LIVER

          

  33. Diastolesudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent

          

  34. Quality Controla portable electrocardiograph that is worn by an ambulatory patient to continuously monitor the heart rates and rhythms over a 24-hour period.

          

  35. H&PHistory and Physical Exam

          

  36. hemat-of / pertaining to blood

          

  37. AV Reentry TachycardiaAdditive: sodium heparin, lithium heparin, ammonium heparin. Heparin slows down/ stops thrombin in the coagulation cascade. It's not used for hematology because heparin interferes with the Wright's stained blood smear. Invert tube 8 times.

          

  38. HyperopiaFarsightedness

          

  39. Monocytesanus, rectum

          

  40. Light Blue Top tubecontains the anticoagulant Sodium Citrate, tube must be filled completely to maintain the ratio of nine parts blood to one part sodium citrate and should be inverted three to four times

          

  41. Chemical SterilizationA condition in which the heart's electrical impulses are disorganized, preventing the heart muscle from contracting normally. It is produced by multiple electrical sites firing electrical impulses at the same time, resulting in quivering of the ventricles myocardial muscle fibers, but not a uniform contraction.
    The rhythm is a chaotic deflection of different waves that vary in size, shape and duration.
    There are NO normal visible waves. There is no contraction, this is no blood ejected in the blood vessels, so the blood can clot. This is a medical emergency which requires defibrillation and CPR.

          

  42. Holter MonitoringCompact version of an electrocardiograph is worn during a 24-hour period to detect cardiac arrhythmias.

          

  43. NECNot Elsewhere Classifiable (ICM-coding)

          

  44. macul-spot, blotch

          

  45. Dry Heat Sterilizationa method of sterilization using ethylene oxide commonly used in hospitals that have room-sized chambers designed for this procedure.

          

  46. cyan-Rib

          

  47. Ventricular arrhythmiaPremature ventricular contractions, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation

          

  48. Keep records on patients who are deceased for ___ years postmortem.1. Agencies are to implement inter-operable systems as current systems are upgraded.
    2. Providers and payers with whom agencies do business will also implement inter-operable systems.
    3. Prices paid to beneficiaries will be available both to beneficiaries and to the public.
    4. Agencies and providers will participate in development of information regarding the overall cost of healthcare services and treatments.
    5. Agencies and providers will develop approaches that encourage high-quality and efficient health care.

          

  49. Hepat-itisBlood in the urine

          

  50. DURING Collection Phleb analytical errorsA record organized according to a patient's specific health problems. Four major parts - (1) Database, (2) Problem list, (3) The initial plan, (4) Progress Notes

          

  51. Thrombocytes(platelets) small irregularly shaped packets of cytoplasm, essential for blood coagulation

          

  52. MyocardiumMiddle layer of the heart. Cardiac muscle tissue that is responsible for contraction.

          

  53. LymphocytesA class of white blood cells that consist of small and large lymphocytes. The small lymphocytes bear variable cell-surface receptors for antigen and are responsible for adaptive immune responses. There are two main classes of small lymphocyte—B lymphocytes (B cells) and T lymphocytes (T cells). Large granular lymphocytes are natural killer (NK) cells, lymphocytes of innate immunity.

          

  54. Phlebitislip; labium

          

  55. Snellen Eye Charteye chart used by eye care professionals and others to measure visual acuity.

          

  56. Proficiency Testing Systemsrequires collection of blood while the patient is in the basal state, the patient has fasted and refrained from strenuous exercise for 12 hours prior to the draw

          

  57. Cephalic veina large vein of the arm that empties into the axillary vein

          

  58. Lact-ear

          

  59. OSHAOccupational Safety and Health Administration

          

  60. OUNot Elsewhere Classifiable (ICM-coding)

          

  61. PKUThis test is ordered for infants to detect phenylketonuria, a genetic disease that causes mental retardation and brain damage. Test is done on blood from newborn's heel or in urine.

          

  62. Pharmacologic stress testCardiovascular stress induced by meds when routine stress test is contrindicated or if pt is unable to complete

          

  63. Portal of ExitDefect in vision in advancing age involving loss of accommodation or recession of near vision

          

  64. ependym-wrapping, a covering

          

  65. Holter monitora portable electrocardiograph that is worn by an ambulatory patient to continuously monitor the heart rates and rhythms over a 24-hour period.

          

  66. Standard Precautions and Transmission-Based PrecautionsThis consists of links, each of which is necessary for the infectious disease to spread. Infection control is based on the fact that the transmission of infectious diseases will be prevented or stopped when any level in the chain is broken or interrupted.

    AGENT ------- MODE OF TRANSMISSION --------- SUSCEPTIBLE HOST ---------- PORTAL OF EXIT -------- PORTAL OF ENTRY

          

  67. Target Heart Rate220 minus patients age. EX. THR for 40 yr old pt is 220-40=180.

          

  68. Open office hoursPatients are seen in the order they arrive at the medical office. Also called TIDAL WAVE Scheduling

          

  69. Cyan-o-derm-a(atrioventricular node) region of the heart between the right atrium and right ventricle from which electrical impulses spread to the ventricles during a heartbeat. Delays the signal of conduction to myocardium to allow the ventricles to fill.

          

  70. Correcting an Error on an MR1. Draw ONE line Though the error
    2. Insert the correction about or immediately after the error.
    3. In the margin, write "correction" or "corr" and initial the entry (if indicated by the office policy and procedure manual.)

          

  71. Dorsal Recumbent PositionThis position is when the patient lays on their back with knees flexed and soles of feet flat on the bed.

          

  72. orth-Left Eye

          

  73. Microbiology Section of lab includes:Pale,cold clammy skin/Rapid,weak pulse/Increased,shallow breathing rate/Expressionless face;staring eyes

          

  74. Purpose of Heart ValvesDistribute electrical charge to cardiac muscle cells of ventricles, causing depolarization of cells, which results in both ventricles contracting together.

          

  75. Sympathetic (via the neurotransmitter Norepinephrine) results in:-The volume of blood returning into the heart
    -The force of the myocardium contraction
    -Vascular resistance (After Load)

          

  76. SOAPSubjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan

          

  77. BUCCO! :)(cardiac output) x (vascular resistance)

          

  78. Final Diagnosisarrives after all the data have been collected, analyzed, and subjected to logical thought. Treatment may be necessary in some instances before the final diagnosis is made.

          

  79. chondr-voice, sound

          

  80. 3 Kinds of Transmission-Based PrecautionsContact precautions, airborne precautions, droplet precautions.

          

  81. PFSHPast Family and Social History

          

  82. spiro-coil

          

  83. HIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act....

          

  84. Good Samaritan LawTHE KEY CONCEPT OF HIPAA!! This law deals with the rendering of first aid by health care professionals at the scene of an accident or sudden injury. It encourages health care professionals to provide medical care within the scope of their training without fear of being sued for negligence.

          

  85. The ____ ___________ objective lens of the microscope is used for observing bacteria, for WBC differential count and RBC morphology.HIGHER BP

          

  86. SubQ needleContraction phase of the heartbeat.

          

  87. 3 major categories of safety hazards:Physical hazards, Chemical hazards, Biological hazards.

          

  88. Sinus BradycardiaAll the characteristics of a normal sinus rhythm, except that the rate is below 60 BPM

          

  89. Lavender Top Tubescontains the anticoagulant Sodium Citrate, tube must be filled completely to maintain the ratio of nine parts blood to one part sodium citrate and should be inverted three to four times

          

  90. Changes in the ____ segments and ___ wave inversion a are the early signs of myocardial infarction.ST segs, T wave inversion

          

  91. The Four Vital Signs of Body FunctionThe atrioventricular junction; the portion of the electric conduction system of the heart located in the upper part of the interventricular septum that conducts the excitation impulse from the atria to the bundle of His.

          

  92. Bone marrowWhere all blood cells originate.

          

  93. contra-kidney

          

  94. CoagulationA cut

          

  95. Ventricular Tachycardia3 Or More PVCs In A Row And A Heart Rate Of 150-250 BPM. Wide,bizarre QRS complexes with T Waves pointing in the opposite direction from the main QRS direction.

          

  96. HCT SampleHematocrit / lavender tube / Tests for anemia

          

  97. Vital Signseyelash

          

  98. Differential DiagnosisA list of possible diagnoses to explain a set of symptoms.

          

  99. BasophilsA circulating leukocyte that produces histamine. Account for 0%-1% of WBCs in the blood.

          

  100. Gray tube Tests (common)requires collection of blood while the patient is in the basal state, the patient has fasted and refrained from strenuous exercise for 12 hours prior to the draw

          

  101. Stress TestingAdditive: sodium heparin, lithium heparin, ammonium heparin. Heparin slows down/ stops thrombin in the coagulation cascade. It's not used for hematology because heparin interferes with the Wright's stained blood smear. Invert tube 8 times.

          

  102. Ventricular FibrillationSterile blood specimen for blood cultures for a patient suspected of having septicemia. Site to be cleaned with Iodine, not alcohol. BCCs are always done FIRST, before any other tubes.

          

  103. Standard precautionPrecautions apply to blood, all body fluids, secretions and excretions except sweat, non-intact skin and mucous membranes

          

  104. DysmenorrheaPainful menstruation

          

  105. cantho-angle at the end of the eyelid

          

  106. Lacerationcancer causing

          

  107. Angina PectorisChest pain.

          

  108. Ventricular RepolarizationChaotic. Waves & complexes can't be analyzed. Cannot circulate blood, causing death.

          

  109. Alphabetic Index (Volume 2)the number of QRS complexes between a 6 second strip multiplied by 10.

          

  110. Lith-iasisa CONDITION characterized by the formation of STONES

          

  111. Radiological Technologistuse x-rays, radiation, nuclear medicine, ultrasounds, and magnetic resonance to diagnose and treat disease

          

  112. Double Bookingtwo or more more patients are given a particular appointment time. Scheduler must consider the reason for the appt when using this method to ensure enough time is allotted for the pts

          

  113. Lower cardiac output/vascular resistance will result in aLOWER BP

          

  114. Stroke VolumeA strong, pressurized, steam-heated vessel used for sterilization.

          

  115. Infection Control/ Chain of InfectionThe T Wave. ~ The first wave produced after the QRS Complex. Has the following characteristics: The deflection produced by the ventricular repolarization. It is slighty asymmetric. No more than 5 mm in height.

          

  116. Operative ReportWill also be used for extracting procedure and diagnostic info for pts who underwent surgery as out/inpatients.
    An OP includes: preliminary diagnosis and procedure, final diagnosis and procedure, detailed description of the operative procedure from start to finish.

          

  117. Blood Cultures (BC)They are ordered to detect presence of microorganisms in the patients blood. The pt will usually have chills and a FUO, indicating the possible presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the blood (Septicimia.)

          

  118. poby mouth, orally

          

  119. HemostasisArrest of bleeding or circulation

          

  120. ABGArterial Blood Gas. Blood test that measures the amount of O2 and CO2 in the blood. TEST DONE ON RADIAL ARTERY.

          

  121. Bicuspid ValveA valve in the heart that guards the opening between the left atrium and the left ventricle that prevents the blood in the ventricle from returning to the atrium.

          

  122. Complications Associated with PhlebotomyPatients have died, moved away, or otherwise discontinued treatment

          

  123. RUG-kidney

          

  124. Cheyne-Stokespattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth and sometimes rate to a maximum level, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea.

          

  125. Starling Lawnose

          

  126. TachypneaAn abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually or more than 20 breaths per minute.

          

  127. Oil immersionA cut

          

  128. Electronic Health RecordThe aggregate electronic record of health-related info on a pt that is created and gathered across MORE THAN ONE HEALTHCARE ORGANIZATION and is managed and consulted by licensed clinicians and staff involved in the pt's health care.

          

  129. thoracchest

          

  130. Cervic-itisINFLAMMATION in the NECK of the uterus

          

  131. Dorsal Lithotomy PositionPosition used for examination of pelvic organs.For example, delivery of baby, ob/gyn exam.

          

  132. VacutainerVacutainer is a federally and internationally registered trademark owned by BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) that is used in connection with a complete system of tubes, needles and needle holders, sharps collectors and safety devices in blood collection.

          

  133. What do you find in capillaries?Clear, Slightly Cloudy, Cloudy, Turbid

          

  134. Hemi-Hepat-ectomyA reveiw of medical events in the patient's family that includes significant information about health or death status of siblings, parents or children, specific diseases related to patient or to family members that may be hereditary.

          

  135. One respirationOne inspiration (inhale) and one expiration (exhale)

          

  136. megal-fungus

          

  137. SA NodeSMALL, SHARP INSTRUMENT USED TO PERFORM CAPILLARY PUNCTURES

          

  138. erythro-red

          

  139. Subpoena Duces tecumthe court command to a witness to produce at trial a certain pertinent document he or she holds

          

  140. Atrial FlutterA respiratory rate less than 12 breaths/min

          

  141. slsublingual

          

  142. Body Temperature, Respiration, Heart FunctionVital signs reflect the functions of three body processes necessary for life

          

  143. PercussionThis involves tapping or striking the body, usually with fingers or a small hammer to determine the position, size and density go the underlying organ or tissue

          

  144. HypokalemiaThe passage of large volumes of urine

          

  145. Gas Sterilizationa method of sterilization using ethylene oxide commonly used in hospitals that have room-sized chambers designed for this procedure.

          

  146. Portal of EntryAllows the infectious agent access to the susceptible host.

          

  147. Cold agglutininstime required for depolarization of both ventricles (0.04 TO 0.10)

          

  148. Blood typesclinical laboratory department where blood components are tested and stored until needed for transfusion; immunohematology department; transfusion services; also the refrigerated unit used for storing blood components.

          

  149. Hyster-o-rrhexisAny DISEASE of the BONE

          

  150. 3 Types of DiagnosisProvisional, Differential, Final

          

  151. Transmission-Based PrecautionHear attack occurs due to lack of blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle

          

  152. ovar-egg

          

  153. lith-Stone

          

  154. Urinary Leukocytespattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth and sometimes rate to a maximum level, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea.

          

  155. visceroorgan, viscera

          

  156. Clean-Catch Specimenspecimens are protected from light by wrapping the tubes in aluminum foil immediately

          

  157. T WaveArterial depolarization

          

  158. PPEaway from

          

  159. Patient ConfidentialityAll patients have a right to privacy and all information should remain privileged. Discuss patient information only with the patient's physician or office personnel that need certain information to do their job. Obtain a signed consent form to release medical information to the insurance company or other individual.

          

  160. Blood Bankclinical laboratory department where blood components are tested and stored until needed for transfusion; immunohematology department; transfusion services; also the refrigerated unit used for storing blood components.

          

  161. Myopiamarrow

          

  162. 5 Modes of TransmissionContact (direct & indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Common vehicle, Vectorborne

          

  163. Blood Culture CollectionA (+/-)
    B (+/-)
    AB (+/-)
    O (+/-)

          

  164. AntisepticWeakness

          

  165. Chemistry section of a lab includes:Toxicology, Immunochemistry, Electrophoresis

          

  166. Knee-Chest PositionUsed for rectal and vaginal examinations, the patient is on his/her knees with his/her chest resting on the bed arms above head.

          

  167. 6 Second Method (ECG)A 5 digit primary procedure or service code found in the tabular index that is selected when performing insurance billing or statistical research.

          

  168. AV (atriventricular) ValvesLocated between the atria and ventricles. AV cusped valves characteristics are: They have tough fibrous rings, long and strong leaflets (cuspids), They are accessory organs (like papillary muscles and chordae tendinae)

          

  169. Sputum SpecimenHematocrit / lavender tube / Tests for anemia

          

  170. Lavender tube Tests (common)H & H, hemoglobin, hematocrit, CBC

          

  171. Pulmonary VeinOne of two arteries (branches of the pulmonary trunk) that carry venous blood (AWAY) from the heart to the lungs.

          

  172. Six Sections of CPT TabularEvaluation & Management (E&M), Anesthesia, Surgery (all body systems), Radiology, Pathology and Laboratory, Medicine

          

  173. Lancetbig toe

          

  174. Diagnostic Coding Decision TreeA procedure used in medical asepsis using various chemicals that can be used to destroy many pathogenic microorganisms.

          

  175. Aseptic TechniquePatients has not been seen for about 6 months to a year

          

  176. Thrombuswound

          

  177. -carcindestroy,dissolution,separation

          

  178. ICD-9Abbreviation for international classification of disease, 9th revision, clinical modification. A reference in for reporting diagnoses codes.

          

  179. AutoclaveA strong, pressurized, steam-heated vessel used for sterilization.

          

  180. Premature Ventricular ContractionOriginate in an ectopic focus in the ventricles. As the name implies, it is a premature (early) occurrence of a QRS complex. P wave: usually not seen. QRS: wide and distorted as compared to others, and is early. Rhythm: irregular because of PVC's.\\

          

  181. 4 Symptoms of Alcohol AbusePale,cold clammy skin/Rapid,weak pulse/Increased,shallow breathing rate/Expressionless face;staring eyes

          

  182. Atrial FibrillationA cardiac arrhythmia characterized by chaotic, rapid electrical impulses in the atria. Atria quiver instead of contracting, causing irregular ventricular response and the ejection of a reduced amount of blood.

          

  183. ApneaAbsence of breathing

          

  184. ml in tbsp15 ml

          

  185. Respiratory TechnologistTreats patients with pulmonary disorders

          

  186. Major Constituents of bloodEach request for blood withdrawl must include accessioning order, number for paper work, and supplies and patients identification. The blood request forms should include the following:
    Patient's name and age from ID plate or wristband, Identification number, date & time the specimen is obtained, name or initials of person who obtains specimen, accessioning number, Physician's name, department for which which work is being done, other useful info (special comments, unusual sampling site, drawn near Iv site...)

          

  187. Dry Heat sterilizationRequires higher temperature than steam sterilization, but longer exposure times. Used for instruments that easily corrode.

          

  188. Tabular Index (Volume 1)fibers in the ventricles that transmit impulses to the right and left ventricles, causing them to contract.

          

  189. apo-Not Otherwise Classified (ICM-coding)

          

  190. Proct-milk; milk production

          

  191. The blood vessels are:A more accurate measurement of the heart rate and it is taken over the apex of the heart by auscultating using the stethoscope.

          

  192. Four methods of sterilizationGas Sterilization, Dry Sterilization, Chemical Sterilization, and Steam Sterilization (autoclave)

          

  193. Chain of InfectionThis may result in varying QRS amplitude.

          

  194. Chemical Hygiene PlanThe Standard for Occupational Exposures to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories, which clarifies the handling of hazardous chemicals in medical laboratories.

          

  195. Tricuspid ValveA valve that is situated at the opening of the right atrium of the heart into the right ventricle and that resembles the mitral valve in structure but consists of three triangular membranous flaps.

          

  196. OliguriaA scanty output of urine

          

  197. EpinephrineInflammation of a vein as a result of repeated venipuncture on that vein

          

  198. DigitalisAn important cardiac drug that indirectly acts to raise the intracellular concentration of calcium, thereby increasing the strength of ventricular contractions in people suffering from congestive heart failure.

          

  199. Anthropometric MeasurementsMEASURES THE EFFICIENCY OF THE HEART DURING A PREDETERMINED AMOUNT OF EXERCISE

          

  200. chole-cartilage

          

  201. mening-Line between two waveforms

          

  202. Requirements of an Executive Order (5)1. Agencies are to implement inter-operable systems as current systems are upgraded.
    2. Providers and payers with whom agencies do business will also implement inter-operable systems.
    3. Prices paid to beneficiaries will be available both to beneficiaries and to the public.
    4. Agencies and providers will participate in development of information regarding the overall cost of healthcare services and treatments.
    5. Agencies and providers will develop approaches that encourage high-quality and efficient health care.

          

  203. Horizontal Recumbent PositionThis patient position is used for most physical exams. The patient lies on his/her back with legs extended.

          

  204. Allied Health FieldAll departments and services that are peripheral of Physicians and nurses

          

  205. Intermittent FeverFluctuating fever that returns to or below baseline then rises again.

          

  206. Vascular PhaseA circulating leukocyte that produces histamine. Account for 0%-1% of WBCs in the blood.

          

  207. DiaphoresisExcessive sweating

          

  208. halluxAbsence of breathing

          

  209. HematocritA localized collection of blood outside the blood vessels, usually in liquid form within the tissue. An ecchymosis, commonly called a bruise, is a hematoma of the skin larger than 10mm.

          

  210. Respiration Rate abnormalitiesObjective findings, often called signs, are gained from the physician's examination of the pt. Include: Physical exam & findings, lab and radiology reports, diagnosis, treatment prescribed, progress notes, condition at the time of termination of treatment.

          

  211. plasiamilk; milk production

          

  212. Scheduled AppointmentsPractitioners can see more patients with less pressure, scheduling takes skill/organization/efficiency, scheduler must know length of time involved with various procedures, and various classifications of office visits

          

  213. Venous bloodBlood obtained from a vein; oxygen-depleted blood which is darker than arterial blood

          

  214. Saw-toothed wavesNotes used in the patient chart to track the progress and condition of the patient.

          

  215. The stroke volume depends on:Aorta, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, superior and inferior vena cava

          

  216. Heart as a Pumpthe space in the thoracic cavity between the lungs

          

  217. Duty, Derelict, Direct Cause, DamageThe four elements of negligence:
    Duty: Duty of care,
    Derelict: breach of duty of care,
    Direct cause: legally recognizable injury occurs as a result of the breach of duty of care,
    Damage: wrongful activity must have caused the injury or harm that occurred.

          

  218. Category III Code (CPT)Code for a new or experimental procedure or services.

          

  219. Sequence Method (ECG)Determine ventricular rate, select R wave that falls on a dark vertical line, number the next 6 consecutive dark vertical lines as follows: 300, 150, 75, 60, 50.

          

  220. Morphine Sulfateof / pertaining to blood

          

  221. Lub dupNormal heart sound

          

  222. TourniquetsWBC WHICH COUNTERACTS HISTAMINE AND IS INCREASED DURING HEALING PROCESSES. Represent 1-3% of the WBC population

          

  223. NocturiaAn insufficient blood supply to the myocardium. Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries is the most common cause of blood supply reduction.

          

  224. cervic-neck

          

  225. HCPCSHEALTH CARE COMMON PROCEDURE CODING SYSTEM

          

  226. Broken recording(ECG) The stylus goes up and down trying to find the signal. This can be caused by loose electrode or cables, or by frayed or broken wires

          

  227. Serology (immunology) SectionThis section of the lab uses serum to analyze the presence of of antibodies to bacteria, fungi,viruses parasites and antibodies against the body's own substances.

          

  228. erythrocytesINFLAMMATION of LIVER

          

  229. The horizontal axis on ECG presentsAn age-appropriate review of marital status, employment history, substance use and abuse, sexual history, and level of education.

          

  230. 4 Filing Methods15 ml

          

  231. Objective Informationa method of sterilization using ethylene oxide commonly used in hospitals that have room-sized chambers designed for this procedure.

          

  232. Informed consentThe primary purpose of a QC program is to provide reliable data about a patient's health status by ensuring the accuracy of test results while detecting and eliminating errors.

          

  233. Common VehiclePuncture

          

  234. Active FilePatient is currently receiving treatment

          

  235. The running speed for the ECG is25mm/sec.

          

  236. osmo-odor

          

  237. mediastenummachine

          

  238. Medical coding specialistA more accurate measurement of the heart rate and it is taken over the apex of the heart by auscultating using the stethoscope.

          

  239. Procedural Coding (PCT)A 5 digit primary procedure or service code found in the tabular index that is selected when performing insurance billing or statistical research.

          

  240. Protected Health Information (PHI)Any information about health status, provision of health care, or payment for health care that can be linked to an individual patient.

          

  241. 60-Cycle interference(ECG) Can produce deflections occurring at rapid rate that may mimic atrial flutter. this is caused by electrical appliances or apparatus being used nearby while the tracing is taken.

          

  242. Pulmonic ValveLocated between the right ventricle and the pulmonary trunk

          

  243. Retro-cardi-acBEHIND the HEART

          

  244. Negligencebrain

          

  245. rhexisPuncture

          

  246. SystoleContraction phase of the heartbeat.

          

  247. ren-wrinkle, fold, crease

          

  248. pexysuspension, fixation

          

  249. phon-voice, sound

          

  250. An-esthesiaa condition (IASIS!) of the LACK of FEELING

          

  251. parietal pericardiumAfter a meal

          

  252. Agentsinfectious microorganisms that can be classified into groups namely: viruses,bacteria,fungi,and parasites.

          

  253. Category I Code (CPT)A 5 digit primary procedure or service code found in the tabular index that is selected when performing insurance billing or statistical research.

          

  254. ECG ArtifactsUnwanted interference or jitter on the EKG recording. This makes the EKG reading difficult or impossible, as well as can lead to a misdiagnosis.

          

  255. Problem-Oriented Medical RecordA record organized according to a patient's specific health problems. Four major parts - (1) Database, (2) Problem list, (3) The initial plan, (4) Progress Notes

          

  256. Family HistoryA reveiw of medical events in the patient's family that includes significant information about health or death status of siblings, parents or children, specific diseases related to patient or to family members that may be hereditary.

          

  257. Provisional DiagnosisA temporary diagnosis made before all test results have been received.

          

  258. Social HistoryAn age-appropriate review of marital status, employment history, substance use and abuse, sexual history, and level of education.

          

  259. Chondr-itisINFLAMMATION of the CARTILAGE

          

  260. Blood should be drawn ______ an IV (if a better site cannot be found and that site MUST be used.)Informed Consent

          

  261. Standard PrecautionsOne inspiration (inhale) and one expiration (exhale)

          

  262. Phagocytesanus, rectum

          

  263. Accessioning OrderEach request for blood withdrawl must include accessioning order, number for paper work, and supplies and patients identification. The blood request forms should include the following:
    Patient's name and age from ID plate or wristband, Identification number, date & time the specimen is obtained, name or initials of person who obtains specimen, accessioning number, Physician's name, department for which which work is being done, other useful info (special comments, unusual sampling site, drawn near Iv site...)

          

  264. Pulmonary ArteryThis position is when the patient lies on his/her abdomen with head turned to one side for comfort, the arms may be above head or alongside the body.

          

  265. pcafter meal or on empty stomach

          

  266. EpistaxisAbnormal Condition

          

  267. Hypothalamuslocated at the level of the second intercostal

          

  268. ThrombocytesA blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin.

          

  269. Transmission-Based PrecautionsA set of practices that apply to patients with documented or suspected infection or colonization with highly transmissible or epidemiologically important pathogens for which precautions beyond the standard precautions are needed to interrupt transmission in health-care settings.

          

  270. burso-...

          

  271. BP =(cardiac output) x (vascular resistance)

          

  272. semen-blue

          

  273. Inactive fileA round pinpoint non-raised, lesion with purplish-red spots.

          

  274. myelfungus

          

  275. Common tests for RED top tubeThe blood volume ejected outside the ventricle after each contraction.

          

  276. aVFAugmented Foot Lead. Lead aVF records electrical activity form the midpoint between the right arm and left arm to the left leg.

          

  277. Physical Therapista health care professional trained in the collection of blood specimens

          

  278. arthr-testes

          

  279. UpcodingThe practice of using a code that results in a higher payment to the provider than the code that actually reflects the service or item provided.

          

  280. NOCby mouth, orally

          

  281. colp-hollow

          

  282. ContusionA bruise

          

  283. FistulaPhase of the cardiac cycle in which the heart muscle is relaxed.

          

  284. Higher cardiac output/vascular resistance will result in aWorks under the supervision of physicians; prepares patients for exams; takes vital signs; records medical histories; performs basic lab test, prepare and maintain equipment and supplies; performs secretarial/receptionist duties.

          

  285. Scope of PracticeOne inspiration (inhale) and one expiration (exhale)

          

  286. Oral temp is the most common method of measurement however it is not taken from the following patients:Infants and children less than 6, Patients who have had surgery or facial, neck, nose,or mouth injury, Patients receiving oxygen, Patients with nasogastric tubes, Patients with convulsive seizure, Hemiplegic patients, and Patients with altered mental status.

          

  287. ODRight eye

          

  288. The vertical axis on ECG representsVoltage

          

  289. GlucosuriaA tort, in common law jurisdictions, is a civil wrong[1] which unfairly causes someone else to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person : Battery, Invasion of privacy, defamation of character

          

  290. Standard Precautions are:-Wear gloves when collecting and handling blood, bodily fluids or tissue specimen.
    -Wear face shields when there is is a danger for splashing on mucous membranes.
    -Dispose of all needles and sharp objects in puncture-proof containers without recapping.

          

  291. Gas SterilizationThe third choice for venipunctures. It is the least firmly anchored and located near the brachial artery. If the needle is inserted too deep, this artery may be punctured.

          

  292. acid-baseH+ removal by blood as buffer, exhalation of CO2, and excretion in urine

          

  293. S1 First heart sound (Lubb)The blood volume ejected outside the heart is equal to the blood volume returning back into the heart.

          

  294. Arterial BloodDirect measure oxygenated blood

          

  295. Nitroglycerincutting into

          

  296. The diameter of the bore of the needle is known as the ____________.Gauge

          

  297. Tunica AdventitiaThe outer layer of tissue of a blood vessel wall, composed of elastic and fibrous connective tissue.

          

  298. Pacemaker SpikeBlood in the urine

          

  299. Epicardiumsudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent

          

  300. acro-Extremities

          

  301. What temperature must water be boiled for disinfection purposes?pH. Glucose, Ketone, Protein, Blood, Bilirubin, Urobilinogen, Nitrite, Leukocyte esterase

          

  302. ophthalm-eye

          

  303. Melan-omaA localized collection of blood outside the blood vessels, usually in liquid form within the tissue. An ecchymosis, commonly called a bruise, is a hematoma of the skin larger than 10mm.

          

  304. Wave SchedulingA certain # of patients are scheduled to arrive at the same time and are seen in which the order they arrive.

          

  305. HPI(cardiac output) x (vascular resistance)

          

  306. Venous Bloodtongue

          

  307. ciliaAccumulation of fluid in tissue

          

  308. PetechiaeAccumulation of fluid in tissue

          

  309. The most common size of winged-infusion needle is:Physical examination, chemical examination, microscopic examination

          

  310. Sinus TachycardiaEnteric gram-negative bacteria that are always nitrite positive can convert urinary nitrate to nitrite. A positive nitrite test is an indication that a significant number of bacteria are present in the urine.

          

  311. InteroperabilityFarsightedness

          

  312. Formula for dilution:a portable electrocardiograph that is worn by an ambulatory patient to continuously monitor the heart rates and rhythms over a 24-hour period.

          

  313. Source-Oriented Medical RecordA record organized according to a patient's specific health problems. Four major parts - (1) Database, (2) Problem list, (3) The initial plan, (4) Progress Notes

          

  314. Fowler's PositionOne inspiration (inhale) and one expiration (exhale)

          

  315. Specimen requirements (tube ID)Patient's full name and date of birth Patient's hospital identification number
    Date and time of collection
    Medical assistant's initials

          

  316. Pre-excitation syndromesThe specimen requires special cleaning of the external genitalia prior to collection. Front to back!

          

  317. ArtifactHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act....

          

  318. spasmsudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent

          

  319. The urinary systemConsists of 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, one urinary bladder and one urethra.

          

  320. HomeostasisA tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.

          

  321. Wandering baselineA sympathetic drug used to manage cardiac arrest, because increases heart contractibility.

          

  322. PolyuriaA bruise

          

  323. mechano-membrane

          

  324. aVRAugmented Right Arm Lead. Lead aVR records electrical activity from midway between the left arm and left leg to the right arm. Lead aVR is usually a negative deflection.

          

  325. Focal lengthLine between two waveforms

          

  326. Electrode Placement for Holter monitioring2 electrodes are placed on bone to minimize artifact near the v1 and v5. 2 electrodes are placed over the sternal head. one ground electrode is placed on the 9th and 10th rib at the right midaxillary line.

          

  327. Needles smaller than ___ gauge are not used for drawing blood because they can cause hemolysis.2

          

  328. Heredityseed, sperm

          

  329. DowncodingA payer's review and reduction of a procedure code (often an E/M code) to a lower level than reported by the provider.

          

  330. Sinus arrhythmiaInner lining of the heart. Consists of epithelial tissue.

          

  331. VectorborneA round pinpoint non-raised, lesion with purplish-red spots.

          

  332. The average adult has ______ of blood.preform some of the same duties as the technologist that do not require advanced skills—study tissues, fluids, and cells. May also determine the cause and presence of a disease. Required a 2 year degree and works under a technologist.

          

  333. AuthenticationFor a chart to be admissible as evidence in court, the person dictating or writing the entries must be able to attest that they were true and correct at the time that they were written. This is done best by initialing entries made to the MR.

          

  334. S2 Second heart sound (Dupp)The transformation of verbal descriptions of medical services and procedures into numeric or alphanumeric designations.

          

  335. History of Present Illness (HPI)Provisional, Differential, Final

          

  336. Visual Acuity-Tested with a Snellen Eye Chart

          

  337. FBSFasting Blood Sugar

          

  338. Bundle of Hisa bundle of modified heart muscle that transmits the cardiac impulse from the atrioventricular node to the ventricles causing them to contract.

          

  339. PostprandialAgainst, opposite

          

  340. Rule of 9'sCalculations for assessing percentage of body surface burned.

          

  341. QRS complexRepresents ventricle depolarization. The QRS Interval is measured from the start of the Q wave or from the beginning of the R wave if no Q wave is present. If no Q wave is present, a normal QRS interval should be less than 0.12 seconds in all leads.

          

  342. salpingo-nose

          

  343. Physical examination of urine consists of:Physical examination, chemical examination, microscopic examination

          

  344. Records for Minor patients should be kept for at least _____ years AFTER she/he reaches legal age.3

          

  345. Mode of TransmissionSpecific ways in which microorganisms travel from the reservoir to the susceptible host.

          

  346. Light-sensitive specimensspecimens are protected from light by wrapping the tubes in aluminum foil immediately

          

  347. Right Coronary Artery (RCA)Branches off the ascending aorta. Supplies the right atrium and sinoatrial node (pacemaker), continues along the coronary sulcus under the right auricle, and gives off two branches of its own (right marginal branch and posterior interventricular branch).

          

  348. lip-fat

          

  349. nephr-kidney

          

  350. Blue Tube tests (common)H & H, hemoglobin, hematocrit, CBC

          

  351. BPMBeats Per Minute

          

  352. Myocardial InfarctionOne inspiration (inhale) and one expiration (exhale)

          

  353. Common Cardiovascular AgentsPale,cold clammy skin/Rapid,weak pulse/Increased,shallow breathing rate/Expressionless face;staring eyes

          

  354. OrthopneaAn abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually or more than 20 breaths per minute.

          

  355. 3 parts of UrinalysisPhysical examination, chemical examination, microscopic examination

          

  356. Left Coronary ArteryElectrical impulses originate from somewhere else other than the sinus node.

          

  357. PlasmaA liquid that makes up about 55 percent of the blood

          

  358. Basilic VeinThe third choice for venipunctures. It is the least firmly anchored and located near the brachial artery. If the needle is inserted too deep, this artery may be punctured.

          

  359. edema-swelling

          

  360. 2 Types of ListeningActive, Passive

          

  361. AfebrileAbsorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Elimination

          

  362. Closed FilePatients have died, moved away, or otherwise discontinued treatment

          

  363. PRE-Collection Phleb analytical errorsThe aggregate electronic record of health-related info on a pt that is created and gathered across MORE THAN ONE HEALTHCARE ORGANIZATION and is managed and consulted by licensed clinicians and staff involved in the pt's health care.

          

  364. Precordial Chest Unipolar Leadsall electrodes are positive and record the heart electricity in the horizontal plane.

          

  365. Tortby rectum

          

  366. cerebr-brain

          

  367. Continuous FeverThe method which an infectious agent leaves its reservoir

          

  368. Stroke Volume (Preload)The standards of right and wrong in a medical setting.

          

  369. AxillaryUnder the arm (armpit)

          

  370. ChuxProtected Health Information

          

  371. plexusdevelopment

          

  372. RBCs (Erythrocytes) make up _____ of formed elements in blood.Bigger

          

  373. P WaveArterial depolarization

          

  374. Waveformrefers to movement away from the isoelectric line either upward (positive) deflection or downward (negative) deflection.

          

  375. Ventricular FibrillationChaotic. Waves & complexes can't be analyzed. Cannot circulate blood, causing death.

          

  376. Tortuous veinsthese are winding or crooked veins. These are very susceptible to infection and since blood flow is impaired, the collection may produce erroneous test results.

          

  377. Cardiac Output =(Stroke volume) x (HR per/min)

          

  378. onychnail

          

  379. Encounter formsForms developed to indicate services rendered, diagnoses treated, and charges incurred during a patient encounter for the purpose of billing and claims submission

          

  380. Modifiers (CPT)A two-digit character that is appended to a CPT code to report special circumstances involved with a procedure or service.

          

  381. For patients allergic to iodine, ___________ ____________ is used.chlorhexidine gluconate

          

  382. centesisdestroy,dissolution,separation

          

  383. Endocardium% of total blood volume that is formed elements.

          

  384. Electophoresisdestroy,dissolution,separation

          

  385. Modified Wave SchedulingEx: Schedule two patients for the same time and then the third patient is scheduled for half an hour later.

          

  386. Autoclave temperature212 degrees F
    121 degrees C

          

  387. President Bush put forth an executive order that included that every American's medical record be in electronic form by ______.2014

          

  388. Parasympathetic (Vagus Nerve)Generally has an inhibitory effect via the neurotransmitter Acetylcholine which may cause the following to happen:
    *Slows down pacemaker and HR
    *Slows the conduction of electricity in AV node
    *Decreases the strength of atrial and ventricular contraction.

          

  389. Informed ConsentA legal term that indicates that a person is receiving treatment voluntarily and has bee n provided with a basic understanding of the risks, benefits and alternatives of that treatment.

          

  390. ECG Electrodesare sensors that pick up electrical activity, conducting to the ECG machine, 10 electrodes are used for the 12-Lead ECG, most electrodes are disposable.

          

  391. PunctureA type of wound in which a hole is made by a sharp object

          

  392. Emergency Medical TechnicianInfection control practice used to prevent the transmission of pathogens

          

  393. pyle-gate, opening

          

  394. Chemical exam of urine consists of:-Name of person calling
    -Name of person call is for
    -Caller's phone #s
    -Reason for the call
    -Action to be taken
    -Date and time of call
    -Initials of person taking the message

          

  395. dynam-power

          

  396. (acronym.) BeCause Better Specimens, Y'all, Generate Perfect GoalsMethods of Medical Asepsis

          

  397. Event Monitoringtransmission of certain diseases due to the bite of the insect or animal.

          

  398. -desisdestroy,dissolution,separation

          

  399. Diagnostic CodingAll of the characteristics of normal sinus rhythm, except that the rate is greater than 100 BPM

          

  400. History of Present Illness (HPI)RUPTURE of the UTERUS

          

  401. Purkinje FibersDistribute electrical charge to cardiac muscle cells of ventricles, causing depolarization of cells, which results in both ventricles contracting together.

          

  402. Administering medicationfollow all physician orders exactly as written; if unsure about an order, ask for clarification; administer a medication only after the order is written in the Pt's chart; use the 7 rights and perform 3 order and label checks when dispensing and administering drug

          

  403. Post-nasalBEHIND the NOSE

          

  404. Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs)A diagnostic study to measure arterial blood gases to attain information needed and manage a patient's respiratory status.

          

  405. Gingiv-itisINFLAMMATION of the GUMS

          

  406. traumat-Study of sound properties

          

  407. Etiologycutting into

          

  408. Semilunar valvesDeflection seen following the T wave but preceding the next P wave. Represents the repolarization of the Purkinje Fibers. Round and symmetric less than 1.5 mm in height. A prominent U Wave is due to hypokalemia (low potassium, blood level.)

          

  409. NeutrophilsA circulating leukocyte that produces histamine. Account for 0%-1% of WBCs in the blood.

          

  410. FUOFever of Unknown Origin

          

  411. Main Elements of a Discharge SummaryProvisional, Differential, Final

          

  412. Winged infusion setsa bundle of modified heart muscle that transmits the cardiac impulse from the atrioventricular node to the ventricles causing them to contract.

          

  413. brady-neck

          

  414. -plegiaParalysis

          

  415. AV JunctionThe atrioventricular junction; the portion of the electric conduction system of the heart located in the upper part of the interventricular septum that conducts the excitation impulse from the atria to the bundle of His.

          

  416. Patient Bill of Rightsmost widely used technique to chemically analyze urine.

          

  417. OSafter meal or on empty stomach

          

  418. Supra-buccalA set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life processes.

          

  419. Non-sterile procedureProctosigmoidoscopy

          

  420. -astheniaWeakness

          

  421. qhseach night or at bedtime

          

  422. Failure to Obtain BloodThis position is when the patient lies on his/her abdomen with head turned to one side for comfort, the arms may be above head or alongside the body.

          

  423. squam-Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan

          

  424. tachy-angle at the end of the eyelid

          

  425. ID Needlekidney

          

  426. U WaveDeflection seen following the T wave but preceding the next P wave. Represents the repolarization of the Purkinje Fibers. Round and symmetric less than 1.5 mm in height. A prominent U Wave is due to hypokalemia (low potassium, blood level.)

          

  427. celio-abdomen

          

  428. Phlebotomista health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs

          

  429. Nurse Practitioner- NPNurse with Advance degree, certified for a special area or age of patient care, works in a variety of healthcare settings or independent practices to make health assessments and deliver primary care

          

  430. Conduction BlocksElectrical impulses go down the usual pathway but encounter blocks and delays

          

  431. Ancillary Diagnostic Servicesantibodies produced in response to atypical pneumonia, must be kept at 37 C.

          

  432. Trans-Derm/alBLACK/DARK TUMOR (of the skin...wouldn't it be nice if the called it DermaMelanOma!! ;)

          

  433. -lisiseach night or at bedtime

          

  434. Most Physicians keep medical records for ______ years at minimum.A record organized according to a patient's specific health problems. Four major parts - (1) Database, (2) Problem list, (3) The initial plan, (4) Progress Notes

          

  435. Small Box method (ECG)count number of small boxes between a R-R and divide into 1500 (one min =1500 small boxes).

          

  436. The tracing marked on the paper is done...Contact (direct & indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Common vehicle, Vectorborne

          

  437. blephar-joint

          

  438. Medical AssistantWorks under the supervision of physicians; prepares patients for exams; takes vital signs; records medical histories; performs basic lab test, prepare and maintain equipment and supplies; performs secretarial/receptionist duties.

          

  439. histo-away from

          

  440. Gram StainA method of differentiating bacterial species into two large groups (gram-positive and gram-negative). Gram staining differentiates bacteria by the chemical and physical properties of their cell walls by detecting peptidoglycan, which is present in a thick layer in gram-positive bacteria. The Gram stain is almost always the first step in the identification of a bacterial organism.

          

  441. ParamedicArterial depolarization

          

  442. -iasisAbnormal Condition

          

  443. Each request for a blood specimen must include an ___________________.Accessioning order

          

  444. Neur-astheniaAn insufficient blood supply to the myocardium. Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries is the most common cause of blood supply reduction.

          

  445. Ectopic RhythmElectrical impulses originate from somewhere else other than the sinus node.

          

  446. Common Errors in Blood Pressure Measurements:A 5 digit primary procedure or service code found in the tabular index that is selected when performing insurance billing or statistical research.

          

  447. Red Top TubeFluctuating fever that remains elevated; it does not return to baseline temperature.

          

  448. _________ are the needle sizes routinely used for venipuncture.Bigger

          

  449. Sclerosed Veinsneck

          

  450. Monocytes3-8% of leukocytes; largest leukocyte; U- or kidney-shaped nucleus; leave circulation, enter tissue, differentiate into macrophages. 2nd WBC at site of infection; increase. with chronic infections

          

  451. QRS DurationOften used for wheelchairs, large furniture/object and mostly used in hospitals.

          

  452. Battery depletionThis may result in varying QRS amplitude.

          

  453. 4 Types of CommunicationNonverbal, Verbal, Listening, observing

          

  454. EosinophilsWBC WHICH COUNTERACTS HISTAMINE AND IS INCREASED DURING HEALING PROCESSES. Represent 1-3% of the WBC population

          

  455. Serous Pericardium(ECG) The stylus goes up and down trying to find the signal. This can be caused by loose electrode or cables, or by frayed or broken wires

          

  456. Medicaid/Medicare patient records must be kept for at least ____ years.10

          

  457. Daily Urine output for average adultProctosigmoidoscopy

          

  458. 5 main types of mode of transmission:Contact direct and Indirect , Droplet, Airborne, Common Vehicle, Vectorborne

          

  459. Category II Code (CPT)Special codes that can help providers track revenue and reimbursement.

          

  460. onych-nail, claw

          

  461. Arrhythmias of Sinus OriginBlood in the urine

          

  462. Medical AsepsisInvolves procedures and practices that reduce the number and transfer of pathogens. For example, performing hand hygiene and wearing gloves, nothing on floor, clean from least soiled to most soiled.

          

  463. 3 Types of FeverContinuous, Intermittent, Remittent

          

  464. -OSTOMYContraction phase of the heartbeat.

          

  465. Exercise Stress Test(platelets) small irregularly shaped packets of cytoplasm, essential for blood coagulation. LIFE SPAN: 9-12 days. AVERAGE #: 140K to 400K per Microliter of blood.

          

  466. Fasting SpecimensA procedure used in medical asepsis using various chemicals that can be used to destroy many pathogenic microorganisms.

          

  467. Flexible Office Hoursthe ability to schedule and appointment after work or school extended hours

          

  468. -OTOMYcutting into

          

  469. HematuriaBlood in the urine

          

  470. Purkinje Fibersfibers in the ventricles that transmit impulses to the right and left ventricles, causing them to contract.

          

  471. Reverse isolationPrecaution used for individuals who are immune-compromised to protect THEM from harmful organisms that may be brought in from outside. Transplant patients are placed on this (along with others). Everyone who enters room wears gown, gloves & mask. All equipment entering room needs to be disinfected.

          

  472. vesic-bladder

          

  473. Sterilization methods-steam -dry heat -filtration -gas -ionizing radiation

          

  474. 7 Requirements of Phone MessagesSpecific ways in which microorganisms travel from the reservoir to the susceptible host.

          

  475. cheil-fat

          

  476. Barrier ProtectionHear attack occurs due to lack of blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle

          

  477. BradypneaHistory and Physical Exam

          

  478. Progress NotesNotes used in the patient chart to track the progress and condition of the patient.

          

  479. Gold Tube Tests (common)Serology, endocrine, immunology, including HIV

          

  480. Appendix ACPT appendix where all modifiers be found.

          

  481. Phlebotomist dutiesprepare patients for collections, collect routine skin punctures and venous specimines for testing, prepare specimen, maintain confidentiality collect and prepare point of care testing (POCT) etc

          

  482. With patients that have just finished eating, drinking, or smoking:Vital signs reflect the functions of three body processes necessary for life

          

  483. Cost-Rib

          

  484. Registered DieticianOften used for wheelchairs, large furniture/object and mostly used in hospitals.

          

  485. Red/Gray Speckled TubeClot activator and gel for serum separator tubes (SST). Contain clot activators: glass particles, silica and celite which hastens clot formation, and thixtropic gel, a serum separator which when centrifuged forms a barrier between the serum and the plasma/cells preventing contamination of the serum with cellular elements. Must be inverted 5 times.

          

  486. SegmentLine between two waveforms

          

  487. D antigenThis is what is referred to as Rh positive or Rh negative and is the most important antigen after A and B.

          

  488. Presbyopiadevelopment

          

  489. Turbidmuddy, having sediment stirred up, clouded to the point of being opaque

          

  490. Somatic tremora large vein of the arm that empties into the axillary vein

          

  491. CPTBoth eyes

          

  492. EdemaAccumulation of fluid in tissue

          

  493. RemittentTransfer of patient care from one physician to another.

          

  494. rhin-nose

          

  495. OSHA (Occupational Safety & Health Administration)Responsible for the identification of the various hazards present in the workplace and for the creation of rules and regulations to minimize exposure to such hazards.

          

  496. glosso-...

          

  497. Vacutainer has lost it's vacuum because?record the hearts electrical activity in the frontal plane of the body.

          

  498. Red tube Tests (common)Determine ventricular rate, select R wave that falls on a dark vertical line, number the next 6 consecutive dark vertical lines as follows: 300, 150, 75, 60, 50.

          

  499. Common Symptoms of ShockContinuous, Intermittent, Remittent

          

  500. Capillary bloodDirect measure oxygenated blood

          

  501. ROSeach night or at bedtime

          

  502. HematomaA localized collection of blood outside the blood vessels, usually in liquid form within the tissue. An ecchymosis, commonly called a bruise, is a hematoma of the skin larger than 10mm.

          

  503. The Gram staining procedure consists of the following sequence:1) Dye - (crystal violet)
    2) Mordant - Gram's iodine
    3) Decolorizer - 94% ethyl alcohol/acetone mixture
    4) Counterstain- safranin stain

          

  504. Heart Baselocated at the level of the second intercostal

          

  505. aden-gland

          

  506. Cardiac circulationthe route taken by the blood within the heart

          

  507. Blood request forms should include:-Patient's name and age from ID plate or wristband
    -Identification number
    -Date and time for specimen is obtained
    -Name of initials of person who obtains the specimen
    -Accessioning number
    -Physician's name
    -Department for which work is being done
    -Other useful info, for ex, special comments: unusual sampling site, drawn near an IV site, etc.

          

  508. My-algiagate, opening

          

  509. Urinary BacteriaOne of two arteries (branches of the pulmonary trunk) that carry venous blood (AWAY) from the heart to the lungs.

          

  510. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)performed to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and to aid in diagnosing hypoglycemia

          

  511. Basic Steps in Medical CodingRead, Analyze, Abstract the procedure or service documented, compare it with the encounter form, operative report or other documentation.

          

  512. Bundle branchesare sensors that pick up electrical activity, conducting to the ECG machine, 10 electrodes are used for the 12-Lead ECG, most electrodes are disposable.

          

  513. Endothelial cellsMaintains and regulates body temperature

          

  514. "Code also"The amount of force exerted by the blood on the peripheral arterial walls.

          

  515. Eponymssudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent

          

  516. Mid-Stream SpecimenReflect the functions of three body processes necessary for life. Determinations that provide information about body conditions; include temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure.

          

  517. Metabolismrelating to a fever.

          

  518. Order of DrawBlood Cultures (yellow) / Sodium Citrate (light blue) / Serum (red or tiger strip) / Heparin (green) / EDTA (lavendar) / Glucose (gray)

          

  519. Median Cubital VeinThe third choice for venipunctures. It is the least firmly anchored and located near the brachial artery. If the needle is inserted too deep, this artery may be punctured.

          

  520. Serumcoil

          

  521. Oste-o-path-yBEHIND the HEART

          

  522. Medical Lab Tech -MLTpreform some of the same duties as the technologist that do not require advanced skills—study tissues, fluids, and cells. May also determine the cause and presence of a disease. Required a 2 year degree and works under a technologist.

          

  523. AvulsionThe atrioventricular junction; the portion of the electric conduction system of the heart located in the upper part of the interventricular septum that conducts the excitation impulse from the atria to the bundle of His.

          

  524. Prothrombin timeNotes used in the patient chart to track the progress and condition of the patient.

          

  525. Routine Urinalysisperformed to screen for urinary and systemic disorders.

          

  526. AV Nodeaway from

          

  527. Superior Vena CavaBlood Cultures (yellow) / Sodium Citrate (light blue) / Serum (red or tiger strip) / Heparin (green) / EDTA (lavendar) / Glucose (gray)

          

  528. Kubler-RossBLACK/DARK TUMOR (of the skin...wouldn't it be nice if the called it DermaMelanOma!! ;)

          

  529. -OSISabnormal condition

          

  530. Susceptible HostPatient is currently receiving treatment

          

  531. Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN)Read, Analyze, Abstract the procedure or service documented, compare it with the encounter form, operative report or other documentation.

          

  532. A meter is ______ inches long.A certain # of patients are scheduled to arrive at the same time and are seen in which the order they arrive.

          

  533. AggregateThe biological process whereby genetic factors are transmitted from one generation to the next.

          

  534. Ocular lensEyepiece of the microscope

          

  535. Basal Statefor phlebotomy procedures, this refers to the patients condition in the early morning, approx. 12 hours after the last ingestion of food.

          

  536. ReferralTransfer of patient care from one physician to another.

          

  537. CystoscopeA strong, pressurized, steam-heated vessel used for sterilization.

          

  538. EDTA(Current Procedural Terminology) the most commonly used system of procedure codes.

          

  539. Grouping proceduresperformed to screen for urinary and systemic disorders.

          

  540. DisinfectionA procedure used in medical asepsis using various chemicals that can be used to destroy many pathogenic microorganisms.

          

  541. Peripheral vascular resistanceHemostasis phase in which injury to a blood vessel causes it to constrict the flow of blood (vasoconstriction).

          

  542. FebrileA pathological sinus or abnormal passage leading from an abscess cavity or hollow organ to the surface or from one abscess cavity or organ to another, i.e., rectal/vaginal fistula-and opening from the rectum to the vagina.

          

  543. dendr-enlarged

          

  544. trich-hair

          

  545. Which color Vacutainer is never used for Hematology?Green top tube. Additive heparin interferes with the Wright stain.

          

  546. Procedures: Tabular Index and Alphabetic Index (Volume 3)Time. 1mm=0.04 sec. 5mm=0.2 sec.

          

  547. First Morning SampleMost common sample for routine urinalysis. Also called the Early Morning Specimen. Urine formed over approx 8 hour period.

          

  548. aVLAugmented Left Arm Lead. Lead aVL records electrical activity from the midpoint between the right arm and left leg to the left arm.

          

  549. Advance bookinga hand held device carried in pocket which is switched on only when patient is experiencing symptoms. Recorded from anterior chest wall on magnetic tape or computer chip which is scanned later and transmitted later.`

          

  550. The smaller the gauge, the _________ the diameter of the needle.23 gauge, 1/2 to 3/4 inch long.

          

  551. Personal and Medical HistoryCreated using gathered from the patient. Usually includes information such as past illnesses, surgical operations, and the patient's daily health plans.

          

  552. 12 to 20 per minuteAlso known as a plain vacuum tube. Contains no additive or coag. Collected blood clots by normal coagulation process is 30-60 minutes. No need to invert tube.

          

  553. EndocardiumInner lining of the heart. Consists of epithelial tissue.

          

  554. Throat culturecollects blood from capillaries, usually finger using lancet

          

  555. Dermal Puncturecollects blood from capillaries, usually finger using lancet

          

  556. Code of EthicsThe standards of right and wrong in a medical setting.

          

  557. EMR(Current Procedural Terminology) the most commonly used system of procedure codes.

          

  558. LeukopeniaLine between two waveforms

          

  559. PERRLAenlarged

          

  560. Prone PositionFluctuating fever that remains elevated; it does not return to baseline temperature.

          

  561. What are the 3 layers of the heart?All departments and services that are peripheral of Physicians and nurses

          

  562. Apical pulseA more accurate measurement of the heart rate and it is taken over the apex of the heart by auscultating using the stethoscope.

          

  563. TelemetryThe medical term meaning transmission of ECG signals via radio waves

          

  564. AV BlocksAV blocks are identified as a delay or interruption of the electrical impulse conduction beyond the AV node. It is evaluated by measuring the PR interval in ECG traces. THE PR INTERVAL IS THE KEY OF DIFFERENTIATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF THE AV BLOCKS!

          

  565. Specific GravityDensity of an object relative to water. No units.

          

  566. Gray Top TubeFasting blood sugar, Glucose tolerance test, blood alcohol levels, lactic acid measurement. Contains additives and anticoagulants.

          

  567. aur-(cardiac output) x (vascular resistance)

          

  568. RBA - Risks, Benefits, AlternativesInformed Consent

          

  569. orchi-testes

          

  570. Green tube Tests (common)Contains anticoagulant Heparin. Blood gas determinations and pH assays

          

  571. Vagus nerve (Parasympathetic)212 degrees F
    121 degrees C

          

  572. 4 Ways to describe Urine ClarityContact (direct & indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Common vehicle, Vectorborne

          

  573. Backup Systems for the EMRHemostasis phase in which injury to a blood vessel causes it to constrict the flow of blood (vasoconstriction).

          

  574. Blood PressureThe amount of force exerted by the blood on the peripheral arterial walls.

          

  575. Chief Complainta health care professional trained in the collection of blood specimens

          

  576. DABDA - 5 Stages of GriefCellular: RBC (erythrocytes), WBC(Leukocytes), Platelets (thrombocytes)

          

  577. Yellow/Gold Top TubeSTERILE. Contains the anticoag sodium polyanethoesulfonate (SPS). These are used to collect specimens to be cultured for the presence of microorganisms. The SPS aids in the recovery of microorganisms by inhibiting the actions of complement, phagocytes and certain antibiotics. Invert 8 times.