Pre test 1 CMA flashcards |

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An abnormal decrease in the size of a muscle is

Atrophy

The cell from which a muscle develops is called

Myoblast

The abbreviation for the right ear is

AD

An otoscope is used to

Inspect the exterior ear canal

This procedure is used to puncture the chest and remove fluid

Thoracentesis

Which of the following laboratory tests would be abnormal for a patient with anemia

Hematocrit and hemoglobin

Hyperparathyroidism may be treated by which medical specialist

Endocrinologist

An abnormal increase in total number of white blood cells is called

Leukocytosis

The term for extremely rapid breathing is

Hyperpnea

Which of the following suffixes refers to pain

algia

A suffix used to denote a surgical repair is

plasty

A mammogram is a radiograph of the

Breast

The term alopecia is synonymous with

Baldness

Another term for chewing

Mastication

A nevus in the antecubital area is a

Mole on the inside of the elbow

An inflammation of a joint is called

Arthritis

Fat is the main component of

Adipose tissue

The study of the cause of disease is referred to as

Etiology

The main function of the olfactory nerve is

Smelling

An oophorectomy is a surgical procedure performed on the

Ovaries

The medical specialty that is involved with disease and treatment of the male and female urinary system is

Urology

This diagnostic procedure allows for visualization of the urinary bladder

Cystoscopy

The correct medical term for hives is

Urticaria

The membrance that surrounds the heart is

Pericardium

A mucous membrance

Lines body cavities that open to the outside

The ventral region of the body is described as

Anterior

The body cavity that contains the intestines is the

Abdominal

Movement of a body part toward the midline of the body is

Adduction

The plane that divides the body into front and back halves is

Transverse

Reye's syndrome

Can follow a viral illness is children

The vertebrae located in the lower back are the

Lumbar

This acute infectious skin disease is caused by staphylococci

Impetigo

The bone located in the posterior of the skull is the

Occipital

The type of bone fracture in which the bone is bent and partially broken is a

Greenstick fracture

The peripheral nervous system is composed of how many pairs of spinal nerves

31

The pons and medulla make up the

Brainstem

The failure of bone marrow to produce red blood cells results in which type of anemia

Aplastic

Protrusion of a part of the stomach through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm is a

Hiatal hernia

Another name for the tympanic membrane is the

Eardrum

The largest artery in the body is the

Aorta

The sinoatrial node

is the pacemaker of the heart

Am x-ray taken ot confirm a fracture of the distal forearm would incluse the

Radius and ulna

Which of the following organs is located in the right upper quadrant

Liver

Which of the following nerves stimulates the diaphragm

Phrenic

An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is known as

Scoliosis

The alpha cells in the pancreas are responsible for the production of

Glucagan

The surgical removal of the gallbladder is a

Cholecystectomy

Which of the following cranial nerves is involved in blindness

Optic

The number of permanent teeth is

32

Baby teeth are called

Deciduoas

Legally a physician

May refuse to accept a patient if he or she chooses

An itinerary

Is a detailed outline of a trip

Professionalism may best be displayed by

Staying calm when dealing with angry patients

The ability to imagine taking the place of the patient and accepting the patient's behavior is

Empathy

The patient's medical record belongs to

The physician

A breast mass is found in a women whose mother and sister have died of breast cancer. She cancels her next three follow up appointments, which defense mechanism is she using

Denial

Personality differences are due to

1. age
2. experience
3. Heredity
4. Environment

Which of the following is not a characteristic desirable in a medical assistant

Impatience

Which of the following is not an example of sterotyping

Young children react differently to stressful situations

To release medical information

The patient must sign a release form

Which of the following should be reported to the health department

Human immunodeficiency virus

which of the following is an example of objective data

vital signs

Which of the following telephone calls should be given immediately to the physician

Another physician

In Maslow's hierarchy of needs the need to be loved and free from loneliness is a

Social need

If a patient refuses to consent to treatment the medical assistant should

Delay treatment and inform or consult with the physician

An enforceable contract contains

1. An offer
2. An acceptance
3. A consideration
4. A capacity

The opposite of anterior is

Posterior

Informed consent includes which of the following elements

1. Benefits and risks of the treatment
2. Purpose of treatment
3. Nature of the patients condition
4. Assessment of the patient's understanding of the treatment.

All of the following are reasons for revoking a physician's license except

Providing atypical care

The control center of a cell is

Nucleus

Subcutaneous tissue

1. is found under the skin
2. Contains fat
3. Is an injection site
4. Connects the dermis to the muscle surface

Which of the following is not a bone of the lower extremity

Humerus

The muscle in the upper extremity that is used as an injection site is the

Deltoid

The pacemaker of the heart is the

Sinoatrial node

Gas exchange in the lungs take place in the

Alveoli

The liver

1. Makes Bile
2. Detoxifies harmful substances
3. Produces heparin
4. Stores glycogen

The fertilized ovum implants into the

Endometrium

In the male testosterone is produced in the

Testes

The larges portion of the brain is the

Cerebrum

There are _________ pairs of spinal nerves

31

Gustatory receptors are located in the

Mouth

Insulin

Decrease blood sugar levels

A decrease in the total number of white blood cells is called

Leukopenia

The abbreviation meaning immediately is

stat

The physician is legally obligated to report

1. deaths
2. births
3. Communicable disease
4. abuse

The prefix brady denotes

Slow

The opposite of superficial is

Deep

An authorization in advance to withdraw artificial life support is

An advance directive

Unconsciously avoiding the reality of an unpleasant event is

Denial

Tell me more about it, is an example of

An open-ended statement

The study of the cause of disease is

Etiology

Nonverbal communication may be conveyed by

1. Touch
2. Eye contact
3. Body position
4. Silence

Bulimia is

An eating disorder

A cerebral vascular accident can also be called a

Stroke

Rubeola is

Measles

A sexually transmitted disease caused by a protozoal infestaion is

Trichomoniasis

An eletrolyte that has an important influence on the activity of the heart muscle is

Potassium

Which of the following respiratory disorders is characterized by a loss of lung capacity

Emphysema

The type of membrance that lines cavities of the body that open to the outside is

Mucous

Another name for an open fracture is a

Compound fracture

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