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40 True/False questions

  1. Package Design for Material Handling Efficiency-Package design
    -Unitization
    -Communication

          

  2. Special considerations important to selection and operation of materials handling equipment.E-fulfillment
    Environmental concerns
    Regulatory environment
    Returns processing

          

  3. Packaging Perspectives-A Pack is a container for an individual product or group of products bundled together
    -Master Cartons are containers used to group individual packs
    -Containerization or Unitization refers to grouping master cartons into larger units for handling. Grouped master cartons are called Unit Loads

          

  4. Handlingof vehicle results in shipping "full" without reaching weight limit, i.e., light weight product fills up the volume within the transport before the weight limit is reached.

          

  5. There are many advantages of using durable pallets, however, they cost 3 x's as much as wood pallets-Relatively low cost
    -Strong material that can carry significant weight
    -Easily replaced if damaged
    -Fully recyclable
    -Can be manufactured from recycled supplies

          

  6. Weigh outof transport vehicle results in shipping air in space that can't be filled with product, i.e., heavy weight product reaches the weight limit of the transport before the space volume within the transport is filled.

          

  7. Automated SystemsSemi automated systems often supplement mechanized equipment
    -High fixed cost, low variable cost with low flexibility
    Examples:
    Sortation systems
    Live racks
    Robotics
    Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)

          

  8. Advantages of wood pallets-Transport Equipment: industrial trucks, automated guided vehicles (AGVs), monorails, conveyors, cranes and hoists.
    -Storage Systems: bulk storage, rack systems, shelving and bins, drawer storage, automated storage systems.
    -Unitizing Equipment: palletizers
    -Identification and Tracking Systems: Labels, Bar codes, RFID, etc..

          

  9. Unitization-Sometimes a single unlikely idea can have a massive impact across the world.

    -Frustration drove Malcom McLean, a small-town truck driver, to invent the shipping container. Containerization was born, and it transformed the modern global economy.

          

  10. Benefits of Rigid Containerization-Sometimes a single unlikely idea can have a massive impact across the world.

    -Frustration drove Malcom McLean, a small-town truck driver, to invent the shipping container. Containerization was born, and it transformed the modern global economy.

          

  11. Material handling systems require different amounts of labor and capital investments-Manual
    -Mechanized
    -Semi-automated
    -Automated
    -Information-directed

          

  12. Containerization-Sometimes a single unlikely idea can have a massive impact across the world.

    -Frustration drove Malcom McLean, a small-town truck driver, to invent the shipping container. Containerization was born, and it transformed the modern global economy.

          

  13. Master Carton Stacking Patterns-The Block method is used with cartons of equal width and length.
    -With differential widths and lengths, the Brick, Row, or Pinwheel pattern is employed.
    -Except for the block method, cartons are placed in the unit load arranged in an interlocking pattern with adjoining tiers placed at 90-degree angles to each other.

          

  14. Mechanized systems employ a wide range of handling equipment-Most mechanized systems combine different handling devices
    -Moderate fixed and variable cost with good flexibility
    Examples:
    -Forklift
    -Rider pallet trucks
    -Towlines
    -Tractor trailers
    -Conveyors
    -Carousels
    Paperless picking

          

  15. Basic Handling Considerations-Handling method depends on the materials being moved!
    -Bulk materials are handled without the use of master cartons
    e.g., powders/liquids, etc.
    Need specialized equipment
    -Unit loads, containers and master cartons can be handled in many different ways

          

  16. Load stability is enhanced withEfficient short-distance movement of goods that usually takes place within the confines of a building such as a plant, or a warehouse, or between a building and a transport.

          

  17. Environmental concerns-Environment impact of warehouse operations and material handling equipment
    -Handling and disposal of hazardous materials used or stored in warehouse operations

          

  18. Material Handling:-Basic handling considerations
    -Mechanized systems
    -Semi-automated systems
    -Automated systems
    -Information-directed systems
    -Special handling considerations

          

  19. Information-directed SystemsInformation-directed systems combine the controls of automated handling with the flexibility of mechanized handling
    -Moderate fixed and variable cost with high flexibility and utilization
    -Offers selected benefits of automation without substantial capital investment
    -Main drawback is accountability regarding work assignment

    Examples
    RF Wireless (Wi-Fi)
    Pick-to-Light
    Voice Picking

          

  20. Material Handling Principles:-Material should be moved as little as possible
    -Reduce time in motion by using the shortest routes possible and by using automated and/or mechanical material handling equipment
    -The material movement should be in lots rather than in individual units
    -The design of the material handling equipment should be such that it can increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the material movement.
    -Gravity should be used wherever possible
    -Re-handling and back tracking of materials should be avoided
    -Periodic repair, maintenance, and inspection of existing material handling equipment should be performed routinely.

          

  21. Semi Automated SystemsAutomated systems now focus on high-rise storage and retrieval
    -Highest fixed cost, lowest variable and labor cost with low flexibility
    -Potential to automate is the elimination of direct labor by substituting capital equipment

    Examples:
    Order selection systems
    Automated storage and retrieval system (AS/RS)

          

  22. E-fulfillment DemandsInfluence warehousing and materials handling in four ways:
    1.)Large volume of small orders
    Difficult to achieve economies of scale in picking operations
    2.)Wide range of products requires large inventories
    Requires ability to receive and merge a large number of small orders rapidly
    3.)People-intensive facilities needed to provide flexibility in picking
    4.)Consumer expectations require many activities within the warehouse to be electronically scanned and tracked

          

  23. Packaging is typically viewed as-A Pack is a container for an individual product or group of products bundled together
    -Master Cartons are containers used to group individual packs
    -Containerization or Unitization refers to grouping master cartons into larger units for handling. Grouped master cartons are called Unit Loads

          

  24. Packaging for Materials Handling Efficiency-Package design
    -Unitization
    -Communication

          

  25. Types of equipmenPlaces special demands on a firm's warehousing and materials handling

          

  26. The four most common causes of product damage in a logistical system are:-Handling: Appropriate for automation?
    -Stowability: Cube efficiency. Space utilization
    -Security: Can package be sealed to detect break-in?
    -Unitization: Modular packaging
    -Information: Identification and tracking
    -Protection from spoilage or damage

          

  27. Modular Packaging-Few organizations can reduce their master carton requirements to a one size fits all.

    -When master cartons of more than one size are required, extreme care should be taken to arrive at an assortment of compatible units.

          

  28. Manual SystemsManual systems for picking, sorting and movement of inventory
    -Labor-intensive
    -Slow
    -Human Limitations
    -Repetitive motion
    -Strain injuries
    -Higher error rates

          

  29. Material Handling Equipment (MHE)Material Handling Equipment (MHE): equipment used for the movement, storage, protection, consumption and disposal of materials within a facility or site, including.

          

  30. E-fulfillmentInfluence warehousing and materials handling in four ways:
    1.)Large volume of small orders
    Difficult to achieve economies of scale in picking operations
    2.)Wide range of products requires large inventories
    Requires ability to receive and merge a large number of small orders rapidly
    3.)People-intensive facilities needed to provide flexibility in picking
    4.)Consumer expectations require many activities within the warehouse to be electronically scanned and tracked

          

  31. Cube outof transport vehicle results in shipping air in space that can't be filled with product, i.e., heavy weight product reaches the weight limit of the transport before the space volume within the transport is filled.

          

  32. Overview of Packaging and Handling-Packaging Perspectives

    Handling
    -Basic handling considerations
    -Mechanized systems
    -Semi-automated systems
    -Automated systems
    -Information-directed systems
    -Special handling considerations

          

  33. Pallet Poolsof vehicle results in shipping "full" without reaching weight limit, i.e., light weight product fills up the volume within the transport before the weight limit is reached.

          

  34. Regulatory environment-OSHA is extending its regulatory influence over warehouse operations and technology

          

  35. Communication Functionality of Packaging-Few organizations can reduce their master carton requirements to a one size fits all.

    -When master cartons of more than one size are required, extreme care should be taken to arrive at an assortment of compatible units.

          

  36. Handling equipment should . . .-be as standardized as possible
    -be designed to provide maximum continuous product flow
    -involve investment in handling rather than stationary equipment
    -be utilized to the maximum extent possible
    -minimize the ratio of dead weight to payload
    -incorporate gravity flow into the system design if possible

          

  37. Unitization-Sometimes a single unlikely idea can have a massive impact across the world.

    -Frustration drove Malcom McLean, a small-town truck driver, to invent the shipping container. Containerization was born, and it transformed the modern global economy.

          

  38. Specialized Situations-Completely Robotic Facilities Exist for Specialized Situations
    -Some bulk and container loading and unloading facilities have gone completely robotic
    EX: Port of Brisbane

          

  39. Cube and weight minimization-Sometimes a single unlikely idea can have a massive impact across the world.

    -Frustration drove Malcom McLean, a small-town truck driver, to invent the shipping container. Containerization was born, and it transformed the modern global economy.

          

  40. Role of Packaging in Logistics-Packaging Perspectives

    Handling
    -Basic handling considerations
    -Mechanized systems
    -Semi-automated systems
    -Automated systems
    -Information-directed systems
    -Special handling considerations