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42 True/False questions

  1. Intermodal transportationUsing a container that can be transferred from the vehicle of one mode to a vehicle of another, and with the movement covered under a single bill of lading

          

  2. Common CarrierA for-hire carrier that has been exempted from economic regulation through provisions in carious pieces of legislation

          

  3. Contract CarrierTransportation carrier that has agreed to serve the general public and assumes four legal obligations: service, delivery, reasonable rates, and avoidance of discrimination

          

  4. Globally Harmonized System of Classification and labeling of Chemicals (GHS)An effort by the United Nations to classify and label hazardous materials that provides three key pieces of information (1) a symbol, (2) a signal work, and (3) a hazard statement

          

  5. Department of Transportation (DOT)U.S. federal government body with primary responsibility for transportation safety regulation

          

  6. Slip sheetA flat sheet of either fiberboard material or plastic that is placed under the unit load

          

  7. Part-to-picker systemAn order picker goes to where the product is located (A forklift)

          

  8. Land bridge servicesTransportation service that is supplemental to line-haul transportation

          

  9. ConsigneeThe receiver of a shipment

          

  10. Line-haulTerminal-to-terminal movement of freight or passengers

          

  11. Shrink-wrapPlastic wrapping that when heated shrinks in size to form a cover over the product

          

  12. Private carrierA for-hire carrier that has been exempted from economic regulation through provisions in carious pieces of legislation

          

  13. Exempt carrierTransportation carrier that has agreed to serve the general public and assumes four legal obligations: service, delivery, reasonable rates, and avoidance of discrimination

          

  14. TerminalA carrier or public facility where freight (or passengers) is sifted between vehicles or modes

          

  15. Closed-loop systemsTransport products that are ground into a powder, mixed with water, and then shipped in slurry form through a pipeline

          

  16. Dimensional weightConsiders a shipment's density (the amount of space occupied relative to weight) to determine a shipment's billable weight

          

  17. Shippers' associationsNonprofit membership cooperatives that perform basically the same function as freight forwarders

          

  18. Rail gaugeThe distance between the inner sides of two parallel rail tracks

          

  19. Materials HandlingThe short-distance movement of material between two or more points

          

  20. Truckload (TL) carrierCompanies whose primary business is other than transportation provide their own transportation service by operating truck, railcars, ships, or airplanes

          

  21. Unit load (unitization)An alternative name for airfreight containers

          

  22. Surface Transportation BoardTruck trailers on flatcars

          

  23. Slurry systemsA flat sheet of either fiberboard material or plastic that is placed under the unit load

          

  24. Unit load devices (ULD)An alternative name for airfreight containers

          

  25. Accessorial serviceTransportation service that is supplemental to line-haul transportation

          

  26. Less-than-truckload (LTL) carrierA motor carrier that focuses on shipments of greater than 10,000 pounds

          

  27. PalletFlat board boat used to transport heavy products

          

  28. LockTwenty-foot equivalent unit; a measure of the number of 20-foot containers that are used or handled

          

  29. TransportationTruck trailers on flatcars

          

  30. Piggyback transportationTruck trailers on flatcars

          

  31. ErgonomicsThe science that seeks to adapt work or working conditions to suit the abilities of the worker

          

  32. Parcel CarriersCompanies that specialize in transporting parcels

          

  33. PackagingMaterials used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery, and presentation of goods.

          

  34. Picker-to-part systemThe pick location is brought to the picker (A carousel)

          

  35. BrokerFlat board boat used to transport heavy products

          

  36. Cube outTwenty-foot equivalent unit; a measure of the number of 20-foot containers that are used or handled

          

  37. Ton MilesThe number of tons times the number of miles

          

  38. Freight ForwarderConsolidates freight shipments and buys transportation services in volume trades

          

  39. Building-blocks conceptCargo reaches a vehicle's or a container's weight capacity without filling its cubic capacity

          

  40. Weighing outOccurs when a cargo takes up a vehicle's or a container's cubic capacity before reaching its weight capacity

          

  41. BargeA small platform on which goods are placed for handling by mechanical means

          

  42. TEURaises or lowers barges so that they can meet the river's level as they move upstream or downstream